Keywords0 Pros0 Cons0 License number0 License card0 Congestion0 Sidewalk
Outline0 Introduction of Motorcycles0 Pros of Motorcycles0 Cons of Motorcycles0 Conclusion0 References
Introduction0 Definition of motorcycle
Pros0 Initial cost x10
Pros x1000 Initial cost
Pros (Cont’d)0 Operating and Maintenance cost Motorcycle Engine Volume > 125 cc Cars’ Engine Volume ...
Pros (Cont’d)0 Lack of distinct traffic regulation
Pros (Cont’d)0 Congestions
Pros (Cont’d)0 No licensed motorists
Pros (Cont’d)0 No plaque licensed number
Pros (Cont’d)0 Parking space
Pros (Cont’d)0 Fuel consumption 0 Cars: about 9-10 liter/Km 0 Motorcycle: about 2.5 liter/Km
Cons0 Lack of safety
Cons (Cont’d)0 Bad weather
Cons (Cont’d)0 Air pollution 0 3999 tons of PM10 0 650232 tons of CO 0 1272 tons of Nox 0 161118 tons of NMVOC 0...
Cons (Cont’d)0 Injuries of motorcycles
Cons (Cont’d)0 Sound pollution 0 Normal room: 40 db 0 Whisper: 35 db 0 Ears damage in 85 db 0 Ears hurt in 120 db ...
Cons (Cont’d)0 Lack of culture
Conclusion0 Motorcycle has many positive points0 Its cons cannot be negligible0 Iran culture
References0 “Air Quality Deterioration in Tehran Due to Motorcycles” [Online], By: M. Shafiepour and H. Kamalan, Faculty ...
Any Question?
Influence of Motorcycles on Traffic Stream in Tehran [Naeem rezghi]
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Influence of Motorcycles on Traffic Stream in Tehran [Naeem rezghi]

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Influence of Motorcycles on Traffic Stream in Tehran [Naeem rezghi]

  • 1. Keywords0 Pros0 Cons0 License number0 License card0 Congestion0 Sidewalk
  • 2. Outline0 Introduction of Motorcycles0 Pros of Motorcycles0 Cons of Motorcycles0 Conclusion0 References
  • 3. Introduction0 Definition of motorcycle
  • 4. Pros0 Initial cost x10
  • 5. Pros x1000 Initial cost
  • 6. Pros (Cont’d)0 Operating and Maintenance cost Motorcycle Engine Volume > 125 cc Cars’ Engine Volume > 1400 cc
  • 7. Pros (Cont’d)0 Lack of distinct traffic regulation
  • 8. Pros (Cont’d)0 Congestions
  • 9. Pros (Cont’d)0 No licensed motorists
  • 10. Pros (Cont’d)0 No plaque licensed number
  • 11. Pros (Cont’d)0 Parking space
  • 12. Pros (Cont’d)0 Fuel consumption 0 Cars: about 9-10 liter/Km 0 Motorcycle: about 2.5 liter/Km
  • 13. Cons0 Lack of safety
  • 14. Cons (Cont’d)0 Bad weather
  • 15. Cons (Cont’d)0 Air pollution 0 3999 tons of PM10 0 650232 tons of CO 0 1272 tons of Nox 0 161118 tons of NMVOC 0 4-stroke vs. 2-stroke
  • 16. Cons (Cont’d)0 Injuries of motorcycles
  • 17. Cons (Cont’d)0 Sound pollution 0 Normal room: 40 db 0 Whisper: 35 db 0 Ears damage in 85 db 0 Ears hurt in 120 db 0 MOTORCYCLE: 90 db (45% of Tehran sound pollution)
  • 18. Cons (Cont’d)0 Lack of culture
  • 19. Conclusion0 Motorcycle has many positive points0 Its cons cannot be negligible0 Iran culture
  • 20. References0 “Air Quality Deterioration in Tehran Due to Motorcycles” [Online], By: M. Shafiepour and H. Kamalan, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng., 2005, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 145-152. Available: http://ijehse.tums.ac.ir/index.php/ijehse/article/viewFile/43/420 “Pattern of motorcycle-related injuries in Tehran, 1999 to 2000: a study in 6 hospitals” [Online], Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, Vol. 12, Nos 1/2, 2006, By: M. Zargar, A. Khaji and M. Karbakhsh. Available: http://www.emro.who.int/publications/emhj/1201_2/PDF/9.pdf0 “Motorbikes Produce Almost Half of Tehran’s Sound Pollution” [Online], By: Arwa Abuarwa ,February 5th. Available: http://www.greenprophet.com/2011/02/motorcycles-sound-pollution-tehra/0 “Motorbikes Produce Almost Half of Tehran’s Sound Pollution” [Online], By: Arwa Abuarwa ,February 5th. Available: http://www.greenprophet.com/2011/02/motorcycles-sound-pollution-tehra/0 “Prediction Model of Motorcycles Accidents in the Intersections of the City of Tehran” [Online], J. Shahi, Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran, M. Ahmadi Nejad, Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran, A. Sheikholeslami, Ph.D. Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran. Available: http://www.trijournal.ir/84/PDF/ShahiWi84.pdf0 “More than 2 m Motorcycles in Tehran” [Online], Tehran Municipality official website, Sunday, May 27, 2012. Available: http://en.tehran.ir/ViewArticle/tabid/77/ArticleId/501/More-than-2-m-Motorcycles-in-Tehran.aspx
  • 21. Any Question?