NATIONAL FIRE SERVICE
DAY - 14TH APRIL
Our Nation observes 14th April as the “Fire Service Day”.
This day is also observed...
BOMBAY DOCK
14th April - FIRE
 CASE STUDY
14th APRIL 1944
 DATE : 14TH APRIL 1944
 LOCATION : VICTORIA DOCK
 SHIP : S S FORT STIKINE
 CAPACITY : 7000 TONS
 CAR...
S.S.FORT STIKINE
HISTORY
 Ship left Birkinhead-UK : 24th Feb’1944
 Convey of 20 other ships with cargo for
Karachi and Bombay.
 Karachi ...
 Reached Karachi - 30th March, where a part
of cargo was discharged, leaving void of
2,86,000 cu.ft in her hold.
 New Ca...
BY LAWS OF B.P.T
 A ship carrying explosives is not allowed
into the Docks, but under rule 88 of the
Defence of India Rul...
The Memorable Day
 Throughout the morning she was active as
cargo hooks swayed a load of commodities
from the “Fort Stiki...
 2:00 pm – a wisp of smoke noticed from the
No 2 hold of the ship.
 Frantic series of short blast of whistles
warning of...
 The Firemen though aware of the dangerous
situation , there was no panic.
 The prompt arrival of the Fire Engines then
...
 2:30 pm – large part of Fire Services were
on plier.
 Total 32 jets in action, pouring gallons of
water into the ship h...
 The water stream played over the deck head
turned to Steam.
 It was now clear that the fire was out of
control.
 Sides...
 4:05- Ground rumbled and EXPLOSION, Fort
Stikine blew up.
 With it went Gallant Firemen and Fire engine
disappeared fro...
RESULT OF EXPLOSION
 ENTIRE DOCK UPTO FEW KMS. WERE IN
FLAME.
 FRACTURE OF THE 24” WATER MAIN BY A
METAL PIECE AT LEAST ...
View of Harbour after first
Explosion
Workers fleeing the scene after the
second explosion
CASUALTIES
 The number of persons who died in the
explosion will never be known and figures
are conflicting
 NFPA Hand b...
CLAIM
 Couple of months after disaster 3083 people
had requested claims for damage by fire or
blasts and to the property....
COMPENSATION PAID
 Govt. paid out 850 lakhs as damage by fire
and blast.
 Marine insurance- Rs.150 lakhs.
 Paid for uni...
Words of Lt.Edward F.Oliver, US Coast
Guard, US Naval Institute
 “Few have ever heard of the greatest dynamite gun
powder...
KILLED INJURED
Bombay Auxiliary Fire Services 42 85
Bombay Fire Brigade 24
Bombay Salvage Corps 12 02
Bombay Port Trust Em...
Warehouse with Railroad Cars.
Railroad Cars
1944 Bombay harbour explosion
propeller piece
Mumbai Fire fighters Memorial
In 1968, late though the Govt. of
India designated
April 14th as
FIRE SERVICE DAY
in recognition of the valor &
sacrifice ...
Let us all Indians pay homage to all those
brave firefighters by observing
02 min silence
THANK YOU
JAI HIND
Nalin Chaudha...
of 27

National fire service day 14 th april

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National fire service day 14 th april

  • 1. NATIONAL FIRE SERVICE DAY - 14TH APRIL Our Nation observes 14th April as the “Fire Service Day”. This day is also observed as “MARTYRS DAY” to pay homage to those brave fire fighters who sacrificed their lives in the massive fire and explosion at Bombay dockyard on 14th April 1944.
  • 2. BOMBAY DOCK 14th April - FIRE  CASE STUDY
  • 3. 14th APRIL 1944  DATE : 14TH APRIL 1944  LOCATION : VICTORIA DOCK  SHIP : S S FORT STIKINE  CAPACITY : 7000 TONS  CARGO : AMMUNITION  BELONGED : BRITISH MINISTRY OF WAR AND TRANSPORT
  • 4. S.S.FORT STIKINE
  • 5. HISTORY  Ship left Birkinhead-UK : 24th Feb’1944  Convey of 20 other ships with cargo for Karachi and Bombay.  Karachi cargo – RAF Planes, general stores, Explosives and ammunitions.  Bombay Cargo – 1395 tons of explosives and ammunitions and service stores.
  • 6.  Reached Karachi - 30th March, where a part of cargo was discharged, leaving void of 2,86,000 cu.ft in her hold.  New Cargo – Cotton, Timber, Lubricating oil, Resin, Sulphur and other combustible.  LEFT KARACHI : 9th APRIL  Reached BOMBAY : 12th APRIL.  No explosives or ammunition were off loaded until the Ship had been alongside for 24 hrs.
  • 7. BY LAWS OF B.P.T  A ship carrying explosives is not allowed into the Docks, but under rule 88 of the Defence of India Rules this by-law is suspended in cases where Military Officer has given a certificate of “Grave Urgency”.  Such a certificate WAS GIVEN in case of Fort Stikine.
  • 8. The Memorable Day  Throughout the morning she was active as cargo hooks swayed a load of commodities from the “Fort Stikine”  Firemen at the fire stations as usual were shining their brass to keep their Fire Engines shining.
  • 9.  2:00 pm – a wisp of smoke noticed from the No 2 hold of the ship.  Frantic series of short blast of whistles warning of Fire aboard.  The ship crew started pouring musky water in the ship hold.  Fire engines from Alexander Dock and AF squad promptly arrived, and started hose streams in the smoking hold.
  • 10.  The Firemen though aware of the dangerous situation , there was no panic.  The prompt arrival of the Fire Engines then seemed no reason to think that the fire could not be controlled.  Soon it became apparent that the firemen were “losing ground”.  A call was put through to the Fire Brigade control for additional appliances
  • 11.  2:30 pm – large part of Fire Services were on plier.  Total 32 jets in action, pouring gallons of water into the ship hold.  The fire still gained.  There was something preventing the water from reaching the seat of fire.  The Deck Head under the Firemen’s feet grew hotter
  • 12.  The water stream played over the deck head turned to Steam.  It was now clear that the fire was out of control.  Sides and Deck became Cherry Red, blenching thick black and brown smoke.  Flames shot mast high.  Orders to abandon ship.  But sound never reached Firemen's ear.
  • 13.  4:05- Ground rumbled and EXPLOSION, Fort Stikine blew up.  With it went Gallant Firemen and Fire engine disappeared from the face of Earth.  No. of ships destroyed, which were moored nearby.  At one stroke the key port of Bombay was taken out of war.  4:36 – SECOND EXPLOSION-product of No.4&5 hold cast upwards to height of 3000 ft.  Result : ??????
  • 14. RESULT OF EXPLOSION  ENTIRE DOCK UPTO FEW KMS. WERE IN FLAME.  FRACTURE OF THE 24” WATER MAIN BY A METAL PIECE AT LEAST 20 FEET LONG, COMPLETELY BLOCKING FRERE ROAD BY FIRE DEBRIS, AND DISLODGED TRAM WIRES  DESTRUCTION OF 14 OTHER SHIPS.  336 PERSONS BURNED  66 FIREMEN DEAD  ALL AROUND PEOPLE AND ANIMAL LYING DEAD.  MANY FIREFIGHTERS DISABLED
  • 15. View of Harbour after first Explosion
  • 16. Workers fleeing the scene after the second explosion
  • 17. CASUALTIES  The number of persons who died in the explosion will never be known and figures are conflicting  NFPA Hand book- Listed 731 dead.  Other Sources- 1500 dead/missing, over 3000 injured.
  • 18. CLAIM  Couple of months after disaster 3083 people had requested claims for damage by fire or blasts and to the property.  11,735 had put up claim for uninsured properties.  466 uninsured people had claimed as compensation for personal injuries.
  • 19. COMPENSATION PAID  Govt. paid out 850 lakhs as damage by fire and blast.  Marine insurance- Rs.150 lakhs.  Paid for uninsured properties – 300 lakhs.  Personal injuries – 13 lakhs.  Miscellaneous policy – 4.5 lakhs
  • 20. Words of Lt.Edward F.Oliver, US Coast Guard, US Naval Institute  “Few have ever heard of the greatest dynamite gun powder explosion of World War II – a blow to the allied war machine beyond the wildest dreams of a potential saboteur. The explosion nearly wiped out “Gateway of India” and destroyed or damaged nearly 1,00,000 tons of allied shipping. The cost of the disaster has been put at more than a billion dollars. In terms of human lives, the figure is more difficult to arrive at. Official figures listed only those who passed through the hospitals and aid station. It was estimated that there were 1500 dead and missing and injured. How many simply disappeared will never be known”
  • 21. KILLED INJURED Bombay Auxiliary Fire Services 42 85 Bombay Fire Brigade 24 Bombay Salvage Corps 12 02 Bombay Port Trust Employees 84 Not Known City Police 14 55 Ship Crews 41 123 Army 15 30 Air Force - 15 Navy 07 160 Crew of Country Craft 04 10
  • 22. Warehouse with Railroad Cars.
  • 23. Railroad Cars
  • 24. 1944 Bombay harbour explosion propeller piece
  • 25. Mumbai Fire fighters Memorial
  • 26. In 1968, late though the Govt. of India designated April 14th as FIRE SERVICE DAY in recognition of the valor & sacrifice of the firemen who lost their lives in the explosion and those who laid down their lives “IN LINE OF DUTY”
  • 27. Let us all Indians pay homage to all those brave firefighters by observing 02 min silence THANK YOU JAI HIND Nalin Chaudhary (9978411037)

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