STRUCTURE CONTROL
SYSTEM
Prepared by:-
-Naman Kantesaria(120280106039)
-Jay Patel(120280106037)
-Vipul Chavda(120280106063)
INTRODUCTION
 Civil engineering structures located in environments where
earthquakes or large wind forces are common will...
SEISMIC PROTECTION OF STRUCTURES
 The Traditional Technique of a seismic
Design
( increase the stiffness of structures by...
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF SEISMIC
RESPONSE CONTROL
 Control systems add damping to the structure and/or alter the
structure’s d...
STRUCTURE CONTROL SYSTEMS
1.Passive control systems
2.Active Control systems
3.Semi-active control systems
4.Hybrid contro...
PASSIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS
 The passive control system does not require an external
power source and being utilizes the stru...
THE PASSIVE CONTROL DEVICES INCLUDES
1. Base Isolation
2. Passive Energy Dissipating
(PED) Devices
BASE ISOLATION
 A building mounted on a material with low lateral stiffness,
such as rubber, achieves a flexible base.
 ...
BEHAVIOR OF BUILDING STRUCTURE
WITH BASE ISOLATION SYSTEM
Conventional Structure Base-Isolated Structure
VARIOUS TYPE OF BASE ISOLATION
Elastomeric Bearings:
-Low-Damping Natural or Synthetic Rubber Bearing
- High-Damping Natu...
ELASTOMERIC BEARINGS
Major Components:
- Rubber Layers: Provide
lateral flexibility
- Steel Shims: Provide
vertical stiff...
LOW DAMPING NATURAL OR SYNTHETIC
RUBBER BEARINGS
 Linear behavior in shear for shear
strains up to and exceeding 100%.
 ...
HIGH-DAMPING NATURAL RUBBER
BEARINGS
• Damping increased by adding extra-fine carbon black, oils or resins,
and other prop...
LEAD-RUBBER BEARINGS
 damping properties can be improve by
plugging a lead core into the bearing
 damping of the lead-pl...
SLIDING BEARINGS
 The imposed lateral force is resisted
by the product of the friction
coefficient and the vertical load
...
PASSIVE ENERGY DISSIPATING DEVICES
(PED)
 Mechanical devices to dissipate or absorb a portion of
structural input energy,...
METALLIC YIELD DAMPERS
 Metallic yield damper:
relies on the principle that
the metallic device
deforms plastically, thus...
FRICTION DAMPERS
 here friction
between sliding faces
is used to dissipate
energy
VISCO-ELASTIC DAMPERS
 Visco-elastic (VE)
dampers utilize high
damping from VE
materials to dissipate
energy through shea...
VISCOUS FLUID DAMPERS
 A viscous fluid damper
consists of a hollow
cylinder filled with a
fluid. As the damper
piston rod...
TUNED MASS DAMPERS AND TUNED
LIQUID DAMPERS
A mass that is connected to a
structure by a spring and a
damping element with...
Tuned mass dampers
Tuned Mass dampers
ACTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS
In the active control, an external source of energy is used to
activate the control system by provi...
TYPES OF ACTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS
 Active Mass Damper Systems
 Active Tendon Systems
 Active Brace Systems
ACTIVE MASS DAMPER SYSTEMS
 It evolved from TMDs
with the introduction of
an active control
mechanism.
ACTIVE TENDON SYSTEMS
 Active tendon control
systems consist of a
set of pre-stressed
tendons whose
tension is controlled...
SEMI-ACTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS
 It compromise between the passive and active control
devices.
 the structural motion is uti...
SEMI-ACTIVE DEVICES
1.Stiffness control devices
2.Electro-rheological dampers
3.Magnetorhelogical dampers
4.Friction contr...
ELECTRO-RHEOLOGICAL DAMPERS
 ER fluids that contain
dielectric particles suspended
within non-conducting
viscous fluids
...
STIFFNESS CONTROL DEVICES
Modify:
- the stiffness
-the natural vibration
characteristics
So create a non-
resonant condi...
MAGNETO-RHEOLOGICAL DAMPERS
 MR fluid contains micron-size,
magnetically polarizable particles
dispersed in a viscous flu...
HYBRID CONTROL SYSTEMS
 Combine controls system together
 Passive + Active
 Passive + Semi-Active
 Smart base-isolatio...
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structure control system

structure control system
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Engineering      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - structure control system

  • 1. STRUCTURE CONTROL SYSTEM Prepared by:- -Naman Kantesaria(120280106039) -Jay Patel(120280106037) -Vipul Chavda(120280106063)
  • 2. INTRODUCTION  Civil engineering structures located in environments where earthquakes or large wind forces are common will be subjected to serious vibrations during their lifetime. These vibrations can range from harmless to severe with the later resulting in serious structural damage and potential structural failure.
  • 3. SEISMIC PROTECTION OF STRUCTURES  The Traditional Technique of a seismic Design ( increase the stiffness of structures by enlarging the section of columns, beams, shear walls, or other elements) Modern Approach through Structural Controls (by installing some devices, mechanisms, substructures in the structure to change or adjust the dynamic performance of the structure)
  • 4. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF SEISMIC RESPONSE CONTROL  Control systems add damping to the structure and/or alter the structure’s dynamic properties. Adding damping increases the structural energy-dissipating capacity, and altering structural stiffness can avoid resonance to external excitation, thus reducing structural seismic response.
  • 5. STRUCTURE CONTROL SYSTEMS 1.Passive control systems 2.Active Control systems 3.Semi-active control systems 4.Hybrid control systems
  • 6. PASSIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS  The passive control system does not require an external power source and being utilizes the structural motion to dissipate seismic energy or isolates the vibrations so that response of structure can be controlled
  • 7. THE PASSIVE CONTROL DEVICES INCLUDES 1. Base Isolation 2. Passive Energy Dissipating (PED) Devices
  • 8. BASE ISOLATION  A building mounted on a material with low lateral stiffness, such as rubber, achieves a flexible base.  During the earthquake, the flexible base is able to filter out high frequencies from the ground motion and to prevent the building from being damaged or collapsing - deflecting the seismic energy and - absorbing the seismic energy
  • 9. BEHAVIOR OF BUILDING STRUCTURE WITH BASE ISOLATION SYSTEM Conventional Structure Base-Isolated Structure
  • 10. VARIOUS TYPE OF BASE ISOLATION Elastomeric Bearings: -Low-Damping Natural or Synthetic Rubber Bearing - High-Damping Natural Rubber Bearing - Lead-Rubber Bearing (Low damping natural rubber with lead core) Sliding Bearings - Flat Sliding Bearing - Spherical Sliding Bearing
  • 11. ELASTOMERIC BEARINGS Major Components: - Rubber Layers: Provide lateral flexibility - Steel Shims: Provide vertical stiffness to support building weight while limiting lateral bulging of rubber - Lead plug: Provides source of energy dissipation
  • 12. LOW DAMPING NATURAL OR SYNTHETIC RUBBER BEARINGS  Linear behavior in shear for shear strains up to and exceeding 100%.  Damping ratio = 2 to 3%  Advantages: - Simple to manufacture - Easy to model - Response not strongly sensitive to rate of loading, history of loading, temperature, and aging.  Disadvantage: -Need supplemental damping system
  • 13. HIGH-DAMPING NATURAL RUBBER BEARINGS • Damping increased by adding extra-fine carbon black, oils or resins, and other proprietary fillers • Maximum shear strain = 200 to 350% • Damping ratio = 10 to 20% at shear strains of 100% • Effective Stiffness and Damping depend on: - Elastomer and fillers - Contact pressure - Velocity of loading - Load history (scragging) - Temperature
  • 14. LEAD-RUBBER BEARINGS  damping properties can be improve by plugging a lead core into the bearing  damping of the lead-plug bearing varies from 15% to 35%.  The Performance depends on the imposed lateral force  The hysteretic damping is developed with energy absorbed by the lead core.  Maximum shear strain = 125 to 200%
  • 15. SLIDING BEARINGS  The imposed lateral force is resisted by the product of the friction coefficient and the vertical load applied on the bearing
  • 16. PASSIVE ENERGY DISSIPATING DEVICES (PED)  Mechanical devices to dissipate or absorb a portion of structural input energy, thus reducing structural response and possible structural damage. • Metallic Yield Dampers • Friction Dampers • Visco-elastic Dampers • Viscous Fluid Dampers, And • Tuned Mass Dampers And Tuned Liquid Dampers.
  • 17. METALLIC YIELD DAMPERS  Metallic yield damper: relies on the principle that the metallic device deforms plastically, thus dissipating vibratory energy
  • 18. FRICTION DAMPERS  here friction between sliding faces is used to dissipate energy
  • 19. VISCO-ELASTIC DAMPERS  Visco-elastic (VE) dampers utilize high damping from VE materials to dissipate energy through shear deformation. Such materials include rubber, polymers, and glassy substances.
  • 20. VISCOUS FLUID DAMPERS  A viscous fluid damper consists of a hollow cylinder filled with a fluid. As the damper piston rod and piston head are stroked, The fluid flows at high velocities , resulting in the development of friction
  • 21. TUNED MASS DAMPERS AND TUNED LIQUID DAMPERS A mass that is connected to a structure by a spring and a damping element without any other support,in order to reduce vibration of the structure Tuned liquid dampers are similar to tuned mass dampers except that the mass-spring-damper system is replaced by the container filled with fluid
  • 22. Tuned mass dampers Tuned Mass dampers
  • 23. ACTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS In the active control, an external source of energy is used to activate the control system by providing an analog signal to it. This signal is generated by the computer following a control algorithm that uses measured responses of the structure
  • 24. TYPES OF ACTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS  Active Mass Damper Systems  Active Tendon Systems  Active Brace Systems
  • 25. ACTIVE MASS DAMPER SYSTEMS  It evolved from TMDs with the introduction of an active control mechanism.
  • 26. ACTIVE TENDON SYSTEMS  Active tendon control systems consist of a set of pre-stressed tendons whose tension is controlled by electro-hydraulic servomechanisms
  • 27. SEMI-ACTIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS  It compromise between the passive and active control devices.  the structural motion is utilized to develop the control actions or forces through the adjustment of its mechanical properties  The action of control forces can maintained by using small external power supply or even with battery
  • 28. SEMI-ACTIVE DEVICES 1.Stiffness control devices 2.Electro-rheological dampers 3.Magnetorhelogical dampers 4.Friction control devices 5.Fluid viscous dampers 6.Tuned mass dampers 7.Tuned liquid dampers
  • 29. ELECTRO-RHEOLOGICAL DAMPERS  ER fluids that contain dielectric particles suspended within non-conducting viscous fluids  When the ER fluid is subjected to an electric field, the dielectric particles polarize and become aligned, thus offering resistance to the flow.
  • 30. STIFFNESS CONTROL DEVICES Modify: - the stiffness -the natural vibration characteristics So create a non- resonant condition during earthquake
  • 31. MAGNETO-RHEOLOGICAL DAMPERS  MR fluid contains micron-size, magnetically polarizable particles dispersed in a viscous fluid  When the MR fluid is exposed to a magnetic field, the particles in the fluid polarize, and the fluid exhibits visco-plastic behavior, thus offering resistance to the fluid flow.
  • 32. HYBRID CONTROL SYSTEMS  Combine controls system together  Passive + Active  Passive + Semi-Active  Smart base-isolation  Reduce external power requirement  Improve reliability  When loss of electric during earthquake, hybrid control can act as a passive control  Reduce construction and maintenance costs due to active or semi-active

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