NAOTO ABE PORTFOLIO
M1B4B3Profile Design Works…p2~p21p3~6M1「Interlinking Network」・Based on the new subway,consider the urban network.p7~8M1「Ec...
Design Works2
World Architecture WorkshopNational phaseMaster 1st GradeAbout1.Travel to different cities every year, this workshop facin...
It is important to create a new value in the east and west. North-South = Economy, East-West = ??Think the network that co...
World Architecture WorkshopInternational phaseMaster 1st GradeCREA-TECH  - Team HNaoto Abe Aurelia GACHETYou Tei Buisan St...
 First, pass the axis east-west,built the building along the axis.Dotted with buildings, the road willextend. Then network...
Internatinal Joint Studio JapanMaster 1st GradeAboutSendai city coast area has serious dameged by TSUNAMI in 11.3.2011.Thi...
Flow DepthMax flow depth0 1 2 3 4 5 (km)ForestryschoolSawmillMeetingFun spaceSafety DangerHigh waySafetyAreaDangerousArea1....
Diploma ploject4th GradeAboutBuild a architecture is to be part of the urban history. If the archi-tecture is important in...
GL+5000GL±03FL2FL4FL5FL6FLRFLGL+13000GL+18500GL+25000GL+33500GL+39500Station space will be openspace that has been widelyr...
Urban planning4th GradeAboutPast, many architects proposed the shape of the urban. Many of themwere architecture named urb...
Roof becomes tile, wood, and green.North face is black, south side is white, Unified landscape.Ground surface is changed t...
Its essential that when we think a plan, consider the surrounding en-vironment. In recent years, increased attention to th...
(m)10400055000EVA’AShopShopShopSKEVEV Place the collective housing oneach city block. Currently life inthe house has been ...
Museum3rd GradeAboutIn this exercise, we have to think that the Sendai as center of theTohoku get a richer environment. In...
DIVIDING LINEDiagramThe site located between the city and nature, I set the two concepts.1, Discontinuity - By severing th...
Other works17
About“Earthquake disaster of east Japan”happened 14:46.11.3.2011.What can we do for reconstruction in damaged area? What c...
14Use of district :Outside the cityplanning area Fire zones    :UnspecifiedRoad       :Width 10mSite area    :1272.21㎡Main...
Detailed design4th GradeAboutMany houses were broken and flooded by TSUNAMI with huge earthquake.People lost their house, ...
580×68025802580580×68025802580580×68025802580580×68025802580580×68025802580Temporaryconstruction 1,50021,0005,0003,5006,00...
Various ICompetition Model22
FIN.
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Naoto abe portfolio

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
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Transcripts - Naoto abe portfolio

  • 1. NAOTO ABE PORTFOLIO
  • 2. M1B4B3Profile Design Works…p2~p21p3~6M1「Interlinking Network」・Based on the new subway,consider the urban network.p7~8M1「Ecological Industry」・Propose a reconstructionplan based on prevention andindustrial.p9~10B4「Plaza+Station~Liberation front from Functionalism」・Restructure the urban spacemade of functionalism.p11~12B4「Urban surface to be updated」・Proposed rule to determinethe shape of the urban onthe theme of "environment" .p13~14B3「Aramachi New Fabric」・Proposed a collective hous-ing that read the contextof this site.p15~16B3「Dividing Line」・Proposal of the museum thatis in response to the cityand nature.Other Works…p17~Software From:Nihonmatsu,Fukushima,JapanCareer:1990 Born in Nihonmatsu    1995 Interested in Architecture.2004 Interested in Handball.    2005 Enter a Fukushimahigashi high school, Join a handball club.    2007 Won the tournament 4 times, I was elected a member of Fukushima.    2008 Enter a Miyagi university department of project design.    2012 Graduation from Miyagi university.    2012 Enter a Tohoku university graduate school of engineering.2013~~2012.22011.11~2011.5~7~2011.12010.4~52010.6~72011.10~~2010.1~2009.12009.42009.5~72012.10~122012.4~6World Architecture WorkshopJapan StudioWriting & Making ModelDiploma ProjectKyoto Architecture SchoolCafeHouse2009.10~11 Brand Building2009.12~DomitoryMuseumLibraryUrban PlanningA single word:I’m a mood maker.Naoto Abe(阿部 直人)IllustratorPhotoshopVectorworksAutocadArchicadSketchupMaxwellRinoceroseCinema4DModelUrban PlanningUrban PlanningStationUrban planningCollective housingMuseump18~19B4「BANYA Project」・In areas affected bythe disaster, the de-signed a hut for thereconstruction.p20~21B4「House-W Project」・Designed a rental housingfor those who lost theirhomes by the tsunami.Detailed Design Detailed DesignB21
  • 3. Design Works2
  • 4. World Architecture WorkshopNational phaseMaster 1st GradeAbout1.Travel to different cities every year, this workshop facing the characteris-tics of each place.2.Places are the local city of each country. It is not a privileged place. Wethink globally, act locally.Problem of the "periphery" is as important as theproblem of the "center".3.Workshop participants speak a different native language. English is the onlycommon language.4.Through domestic and international WS work, undertake their own cultural idea-s to foreign works. And, we must think of a different scale of architectureand urban.Interinking Network3
  • 5. It is important to create a new value in the east and west. North-South = Economy, East-West = ??Think the network that connects the east and west that has been partitioned.InternationalCenter st.Sendai st. Yakushido st.SHOPOFFICERESIDENCERESEACH INSTITUTEArai St.HOTEL1F 3F 5F2F 4F 6F Arrange the shops, hotel, offices in south. Arrange the residential area close to an existing housing in the northwest.Arrange the research institute in the northeast near the highway. Connecting each building in the running road, Betweenbuildings are the courtyard and the farm. Shop area image.Shop has lined along the running road whichis a flow line. There is an office area inthe back left. Courtyard used for running andcycling.Courtyard image.Slope is the vertical flow line, connectingthe upper and lower floors.Agricultural landof courtyard is used as allotment garden.Others work - Hospital & Art Others work - Park My work - ComplexZoningInterinking Network In the near future of Sendai city,Tozai subway line is completed. Thecurrent city has evolved around theNanboku subway.How to change thecity by the new network ? What sortof relationship is built by new net-work. We have to think about urbanstructure in the future.Increase in obesity080 85 90 95 2000 05 10 15 20 25 301950 55 60 65 70 75 35 40 45 205039.6%%51.8%8.6%46%26% 10%7%11%・Population of Japan tend todecrease, older population isincrease on the other hand.・High percentageof car traffic inlocal cities.ShoppingShoppingResearchResearchWorkingWorkinginspectioninspectionSightseeingSightseeingConection with the head officeConection with the head officeTo install, drag this iconInstall the hospitality to lifeSports & Health・Office・Reseach Institute・Hotel・ResidentialConcept diagramCyclingWalkingRunningDog runResidentialReseachHotelOfficeShopFlow line(Running road)4
  • 6. World Architecture WorkshopInternational phaseMaster 1st GradeCREA-TECH  - Team HNaoto Abe Aurelia GACHETYou Tei Buisan StellaTeam H5
  • 7.  First, pass the axis east-west,built the building along the axis.Dotted with buildings, the road willextend. Then network is completed.Master plan DiagramCREA-TECH Characterize each station. Eacharea are construction based on thetechnology such as "technology×〇〇".ZoningCase Study 1(Others Work)Case Study 2(My Teamwork)Case Study 3(My Work)Separated skin becomes digital signage. Propose a public center used technol-ogy. There are a public bath and ashared kitchen with a heat that bornin waste incineration. And, provide alibrary to manage the number of booksin a small space by using the e-book.People connected with the technology,it is a public center to share the pro-fits.ImageImage There is media center with accommoda-tions and office in this area. Mediacenter is composite facilities thatprovide a information for user. Thereare water management system that col-lect rain water for manage grass inmain road. Has become an area that connect the technology and life.Mixed the creative in-dustries with univer-sities and companies,produce a synergisticeffect.Icon building of Oroshimachi station.Building of used technology. Float abuilding by magnetic force.Explanation1 2 31236
  • 8. Internatinal Joint Studio JapanMaster 1st GradeAboutSendai city coast area has serious dameged by TSUNAMI in 11.3.2011.This area has a reconstruction plan, but there are many problem andit difficult to development. Therefore, in this studio, international-ly shared this problem, aims to support the reconstruction plan.In this area lost many lives in the disaster, so it is important tomemorialize. On the other hand, while we consider that always livingwith the disasters, create the future of this land.Ecological Industry7
  • 9. Flow DepthMax flow depth0 1 2 3 4 5 (km)ForestryschoolSawmillMeetingFun spaceSafety DangerHigh waySafetyAreaDangerousArea1.There are safety area in westof highway so flood area isoverlapped on highway.The range of a 30-minute walkto the safety area, Plotted indifferent colors at the heightof safety.2.This site is the plain sothere are no hill for evacua-tion. The further go to east,The further go to east, a highrisk of tsunami.Then we arranged a evacuationhill consider residential area.3.Arrnaged evacuation hill,almost this area becomes safetyarea. And, we do forestry fromstill a dangerous place.4.Increase safety area as a result,dangerous area becomes visible likea“Dangerous area=Forestry”.This landscape handed down memoryof disaster for coming ages, itprotect each life.Biotope AgricultureIndustry MemorialProtection againstdisasterForestry Hills Plating treesAnimalhusbandryPurificationfunctionSFAAnimal husbandry10gou RoadSFAHillsMemorial areaForestryBiotopeMemorial park+4.2 +4.2 +9.5 +2.8 +2.2 +7.6±020m20mPaddyPaddyPaddyPaddyTsunami height 9.54Tsunami height 9.54Flood areaFlood areaSendai easten roadSendai easten roadTeizan canalNagahamaArahama EmbankmentTeizan canalNagahamaEmbankmentPine forest+2.5 +2.0 +6.7 +1.1 +1.1 +7.0+15.8AABB±0《Hills》A place of refuge in times ofdisaster. Burning hills on 3.11 everyyear, it’s for the management and memorial.《Animal Husbandry》Farm uses the slopeof the road. Purification of waste instepped wetlands.《SFA》Located near Onuma pond. A woodstructure. There is a forestry around theschool.《10gou Road》The road also plays therole of the embankment. Make the axis todamaged elementary school.《Biotope》Arrange in the point of thewaterway. Maintaining biodiversity byplanting.《Memorial》Planting a cherry on thebasis of the houses affected by theTSUNAMI. The cherry blossom season,come the day of 3.11.《Forestry》Visualize the risk of TSUNAMI,forest is transmitted to posterity.Estab-lish a sawmill to processing the tree.System・Sendai city coast area has damaged about 3000ha by TSUNAMI in 3.11.Houses were flooded, farm were impossible to used.What kind of plan dowe think this wide area. What is the plan suitable for this wide area?Ecological Industry3000haConsider the new problem caused by disaster, and the problemsthat have emerged, we think the reconstruction of this area.2."Scale advantage" is the to handle a larger problem that can not behandled in a single architecture.Specifically, playback the agriculture of the damaged areas, be stop reduction of farmers in the Tohokuarea. There is a possibility to solve such a big problem.Concept… 「Sato」「Scale advantage」1.「Sato」is the Japanese idea. Its "managed nature" that was able toget a sustainable profit. There are farm, canal, tideland in this area.Read this context, we think the reconstruction plan.Fishermen and farm-ers get profit from "Sato" while protecting the circulation cycle.・Agriculture and fisheries has been done in this land, it was making scenery. We plan to consider the system of "Sato"and decline agriculture.1. Agriculture+α Established the "SFA" that do production as well as research and processing. With a focus on agricultural school af-fected by the disaster, foster students and an farming. Trainers reduct the skills and knowledge to the Tohoku region.2.Inheritance of memory. Space and landscape created by agriculture and "Sato", tells the memories of the disasterto the future.8
  • 10. Diploma ploject4th GradeAboutBuild a architecture is to be part of the urban history. If the archi-tecture is important in the urban, how it should be built. Are weable to change the city by way of build a architecture?Urban was planned by the functionalism. Railway changed the urbanstructure, Urban was divided. Reorganize the railway station as thecentral space that is freed from the functionalism.Plaza + Staion9
  • 11. GL+5000GL±03FL2FL4FL5FL6FLRFLGL+13000GL+18500GL+25000GL+33500GL+39500Station space will be openspace that has been widelyreleased. Used as plaza ineveryday or used in the eventPlaza + StaionReorganizing the inorganicstructure of the urban andnetwork made of functional-ism,freeing the urban.〜Functionalism Liberation Front〜1.Central plaza2.Sub plaza3.Rental cycle4.shop5.Bus platform6.Bus & Taxi platform7.Train platform8.CafecommunityEVENTOPENSPACECarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCar CarCarCarCarCarBusBusBusStationBusBusTaxiTaxiCarCarCar CarTaxiCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarCarTo cargo handling room812234455 6 7The car is on the ground infront of the station in themain.Buildings relationship withthe deck is thin.Inside of station withouthangout.Step born by different plan-ning.Deck mechanically handle peo-ple.Dedicated movement road,named the plaza.Not related to adjacentfacilities. Cars occupy public space.1F Detail plan N8 24(m)Station・The development of the west sideof the station has progressed by re-construction plan. The road hierar-chy made by the large plan, commu-nity have been aggregated.・The current figure. Major roadcrossing the grid shape. Thereare many human activities alongthe main road, it is not a sur-face spread.・Most of the west side of the sta-tion has been spread by WWII. Atthis time, most of the width ofthe road is constant. Therefore,community is also dotted.Bus and taxi occupy the groundin front of the station.Aggregate the transportationsystem, create a space.1.Many people have no place to staying. Parks and open space far from the station.2.The spatial extent of the line, movement of people is diffused.Deck made as to connect the sta-tion and surrounding facilities.By repetition this, those are nouniformity.There are a lot of building in the urban, the urban has been established by them.Japanese cities developed priority to efficiency and economy (Functionalism) became a uniform.Functionalism guarantee the "Universality", buildings exist independent of environment now.Then, history and uniqueness are lost from the urban,there became homogeneous and inorganic space.However, originally, urban space should each has a different charm.This proposal is a "Liberation Front" of urban space that is bounded to the function.1947(2 years later WWII) 1956 2012Building2nd planned deck3rd planned deck1st planned deckDistance of parking andtrain is close. Conveniencewill rise by traffic networkaggregation.Slanted roof is also to befloor. To obscure the ele-ment.Problem 2Problem 1…There is a gap between east and west.…There is noattractive space.Problem 3System diagram…Each plan are completed by the individual.10
  • 12. Urban planning4th GradeAboutPast, many architects proposed the shape of the urban. Many of themwere architecture named urban. However, the urban is a collection ofarchitecture. Urban should be designed as well as the architecture.In other words, Urban design is to make a rule of way of collectionof architecture. The architect was indifferent to the rules so far.Today, the rules of the urban has become complicated by the changesand additions. As a result, nobody can not predict the future shapeof the city.What the rule of the urban should be.Surface of the urban to be updatedPhase 1 Make the rules on the theme of "environment".Phase 2 Exchange the rules, designed on the basis of it.11
  • 13. Roof becomes tile, wood, and green.North face is black, south side is white, Unified landscape.Ground surface is changed to green and soil.Design to the ground surface of urban adjustthe thermal environment.Roof are green or tile, ground is soil.South of the city is white, the north isunified in black. Big build-ing has amajor impacton the envi-ronment.Betweenbuildingsare used asAsphalt surface willemit a lot of heat.By changing the ground surface toform a good thermal environment.South sideNorth sideUsage rule: Environmental GROUND SurfaceSurface of the urban to be updated2100SsSsSwSgS・1/x × α/100=(S-Ss-Sg)・1/yw=×α100α=10.56%Heat load of asphalt Heat load of SoilAsphalt SoilValue to be equal to the heat load of asphalt and soil.・Expression that controls the horizontal plane texture (less than 2100mm).Material of the roof surface and the site is defined bythe following equations.1,Make a frame based onfloor area ratio. 5,Leaves a frame whenbreak the building.6,Reuse the frame, reduceenvironmental impact.3,Using a frame, Changingthe fittings dependingon the season and weather.4,Set the brightness ofthe material.NExisting frameFrame is leave duringbreaking. Until the nextbuilding stands, becomesgood space for the environment.Built while reusing frame.Give joinery to adjust thethermal environment in theframe.DiagramCase Study2,Design the surface solarradiation based on the frame.Build a buildingwhile preservingthe frame.In this way, thesurface of urbanwill be updated.Open space aggravate thethermal environment.Move the furniture, makesgood place for the envi-ronment.SSgSsSwxy…Site area…Green area…Shadow area…Other area except green…Thermal coefficient of the material of the S…Thermal coefficientof the material tobe usedex)When the heat of solar radiation surface exceeds the specified value,1,Change to materials that are difficult to generate heat.2,Reduce the area to generate heat.Make a frame basedon floor area ratio.Making the rules of thecolor on the walls ofthe north and south.12
  • 14. Its essential that when we think a plan, consider the surrounding en-vironment. In recent years, increased attention to the living envi-ronment and the natural environment, the plan was to be done careful-ly. So, now, how do we plan? Area of this subject is broad, the an-swer is found in a number of thought.Based on their own perspective, we do validation and representationof the location.Urban Planning3rd GradeAramachi new fabricAbout13
  • 15. (m)10400055000EVA’AShopShopShopSKEVEV Place the collective housing oneach city block. Currently life inthe house has been completed.There-fore, we should connect to theurban through a city block fromthe house.This district has a temple ineach city block. Each temple havea approach,but there is no ap-proach in site of setting. So ex-tend approach from the road tothe temple.The lands of this area are longand narrow, pitch of buildings arealso narrow. Therefore, there aremargin that does not have the capability.Integrate the margin andsubdivided.Along the way, there are a lot ofshops. This is remaining of theEdo era. Those historical storesare important. This area is close to the city,so there are high-rise building.On the other hand, there are low-rise wooden densely, there is nounity. Requires a certain degreeunity of volume.So many car pass in main road ofthe old. But the alley has beenused by people.Planting and bicy-cle are placed in alley, the peo-ple life will be visible.There are many shop & house, be-cause it was a town of merchants.In addition, the form of tenementwith depth and narrow frontage ischaracterized. Tenement is repre-sent the history of this area.There are hangout in the alley.People gather to hangout, sharethe space. Create a space likehangout.・Histric axis・Unity for each city block ・Shop & Housing ・Continuity of the volume・Margin integrated and sub-division.・Alley ・Form of tenement ・Hangout1F Arrangement Plan30 6 12 24(m)NEV1122A-A’Section2.Shared garden.Made near the main street, topromote the use.1.Make the connection of upper and lower floors.Create a three‐dimensional relationship.Shop & HousingShop & HousingShop & HousingShop & HousingShop & HousingShopShopShopHouseShop&HouseCollectivehousingCommerceOtherParkingHospital,SchoolTemple,etc...Use of buildingNumber of StairsRoad widthStructure1F2F3F4F5F ~Non-woodenWooden4~Below 6m6~Below 8m8~Below11mMoreBelow 4mConstitutionAramachi new fabric3.Shop & Housing. Pro-vide a shop&house foreach city block.4.Make a migratory. Various movements shouldbe present.5.Between the house isthe garden. Activitiesand life will be visual-ized.6.Corridor is not justthe flow line. Plantingis placed, people willextend the area of life.14
  • 16. Museum3rd GradeAboutIn this exercise, we have to think that the Sendai as center of theTohoku get a richer environment. In this case, what the museum shouldbe now. Also, we have to consider that the museum harmonize with theurban and the surrounding environment. Based on the above, asking toyou to propose a rich new space.Dividing Line15
  • 17. DIVIDING LINEDiagramThe site located between the city and nature, I set the two concepts.1, Discontinuity - By severing the two things, each of which stand out.2, Architectur-ize - Captures the characteristics of the city and nature,build a architecture.Southeast ElevationA-A’ SectionLooks chaotic,nature has order.Looks chaotic,orderly architecture.Looks orderly,urban is chaotic.Looks orderly,chaotic architecture.25100(m)50 100・To match the height of the floor with road, tofacilitate access. Rooftop landscape becomes gently.・Exhibition spaceDifferent volume create a vari-ety exhibition space. Thereare outdoor exhibition in be-tween the volume.・Exhibition roomShow a different look by reflection and volume anddepth.・Corridor imageMoving away from the city by underground corridor.Proposed museum that exists between the city and nature.A’AMeeting roomCurator roomDarkroomMachine roomAir-conditioned roomCopy roomOffice ReferenceroomHot watersupply roomEVEVSK±0Collection chamberFumigationchamberRepair roomCargo roomUnloadingchamberWind removalchamberReceptionShopEntrance holeExhibition roomExhibition roomOutdoorexhibitionOutdoorexhibitionExhibition room Exhibition roomExhibition roomBe open to the public as aplace for music and perfor-mance. It becomes screen toproject an image.Architecture is integrated with the landscape.Connect road and the roof, it will lead the people.Approach from the outside. Enjoy the exhibition spaceat inside and outside.・Exhibition space with the reflection of the mirror.Make a real andimaginary, to obscure the relationship between the city and nature.16
  • 18. Other works17
  • 19. About“Earthquake disaster of east Japan”happened 14:46.11.3.2011.What can we do for reconstruction in damaged area? What can architec-ture do?People who lived coast area have been living with sea. Fishery hasdamaged by TSUNAMI. Regenerate of fishery has great meaning in recon-struction of this area. Before and after the fishery, the fishermengather and talk in this“BANYA”. "Banya" is at the forefront of fish-ery.It is an important place of beggining and end.BANYA projectDetailed design4th Grade18
  • 20. 14Use of district :Outside the cityplanning area Fire zones    :UnspecifiedRoad       :Width 10mSite area    :1272.21㎡Main use     :OtherConstruction area:51.90㎡The total area  :39.06㎡Daylighting area :7.80㎡>3.78㎡          (26.49×1/7:Necessary area)Ventilation area :5.94㎡>1.32㎡          (26.49×1/20:Necessary area)Smoke control system :告1436-4-イ (Building Standards Law Japan)Structure :WoodStairs      :1FHeight      :Maximum height4.05m Eaves height3.83mRoof       :Structural plywood@12mm Two-ply          Asphalt roofingWall       :Structural plywood@12mm One-plyFloor height  :389mmDiameter of the pillar :120mmLength between beams :2916mm(120>88.3=2916×1/33)Pillar:Cryptomeria120×120Wall:Structural plywood@12mmPillar:Cryptomeria45×120Floor:Cryptomeria60×30Floor:Structural plywood@15mm One-ply18201820364010160Beam:Cryptomeria120×180Cryptomeria:120×45Wall:Structural plywood@12mmFloor:Structural plywood@15mmSteel bundle(Galvanized)Withstand load.1800kgfLevel.246±54An openingH=9101201560Slit H96(Acrylic Insert)Slit H184(Acrylic Insert)Roof:Structural plywood@12mm  Two-plyAsphalt roofingAdhesive layer23kgPressing the edge:ST angle L-30Cryptomeria:60×60FL:GL+389GL±0A A’Window:Structural plywood@12mmGL455FL:GL+389Eaves height:GL+3834Maximum height:GL+4052Slit H96(Acrylic Insert)Roof:Structural plywood@12mmTwo-plyRoofing 23kg36407280 3340 455GLFL:GL+389Shizugawa,Minamisanriku town Summary of BANYANEast Elevation S = 1:200Detail S = 1:40 A-A’Section S = 1:200Plan S = 1:200・It is necessary to start constructionwithin one month after the earthquake.・Fireproof performance is required ifarea over 50 square meters.・Not need a basis.Material:Buy cheap material that affected.Cost:Consider module.Construction:Divided into two volumes.One ismeeting building, the other one is sanitarybuilding.■Building code84 - Building restrictions in the Stricken City.■Building code84-2 - Easing restrictions on the construction of simple structure.■Building code85 - Easing restrictions on temporary building.Design conditionBefore After19
  • 21. Detailed design4th GradeAboutMany houses were broken and flooded by TSUNAMI with huge earthquake.People lost their house, they must be live in temporary housing.In current situation, there are serious damage, reconstruction planis not advancing. So it can not secure a place for public housing indisaster. Thus, born the movement that a person with land to buildrental housing.HOUSE-W project20
  • 22. 580×68025802580580×68025802580580×68025802580580×68025802580580×68025802580Temporaryconstruction 1,50021,0005,0003,5006,0001,5007,2004,0008,5004,0005,50067,700Wood costsFoundationconstructionRoofconstructionBuilding materialconstructionInteriorconstructionWageElectricityconstructionFacilityconstructionWater supply anddrainage constructionSeptic tankconstructionTotalToilet, water,electricity, scaffoldingItem Cost($) NotesPrecut,hardwareLevelingIncluding a rain gutterSash, insulationJoinery50×180×0.8Sanitary appliances, water heaterAssumption subsidyBudget:$30,000/1 house ($1=¥100)Arrangement plan:5 housesCondition:・Wood finish like log house     ・Septic tank, kitchen, bathtoilet, parking establisheach house.Design conditionQuotation21
  • 23. Various ICompetition Model22
  • 24. FIN.

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