Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation
in the European Union
Karin Zaunberger, European Commission
MORE CLIMATE CHANGE – LESS BIODIVERSITY
how to break the vicious circle ?
increase resilience
decrease vulnerability
• Ecosystem-based approaches to climate
chang...
People
citizen
want to
get
involved!
Ecosystem-based approaches/
Green Infrastructure/
Nature-based solutions
• are ready for use and easily
accessible
• invol...
The Rosetta Stone EBA – NBS – GI
eco-DRR
working with nature for people
Policy Framework(s)
• EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy and the
Roadmap to Resource Efficiency
• EU Adaptation Strategy
• Gree...
Problem in
urbanising Europe:
fragmentation,
habitat degradation,
(intensification and
abandonment) and
loss
Unsustainable...
Green Infrastructure: Elements
Spatial structure
delivering nature
benefits to people
Local or town/city scale Regional an...
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/ecosystems/index_en.htm
http://biodiversity.europa.eu/bise-catalogue, > Green Infra...
Climate
Action
Mayors Adapt http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu
/
Climate
Action
European Development Funds
• 11th European Development Fund (EDF)
• Regional and national programmes provid...
Climate
Action
Disaster Risk Management and Climate
Change Adaptation
• The EU civil protection mechanism legislation prom...
PolicyResearch and
Innovation
Ongoing research
Embedding ecosystem based approaches for disaster
risk reduction & CC adapt...
Climate
Action
• EU research project EcoAdapt on
ecosystem-based strategies and
innovations in water governance
networks f...
The EU's BEST initiative
promoting conservation
and sustainable use of
Biodiversity in EU
Outermost Regions and
Overseas C...
concluding remark
• Divest from measures which have negative
impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services
• Invest in me...
more information
• http://www.unep.org/disastersandconflicts/portals/155/publications/
Eco_DRR_discussion_paper.pdf
• http...
NAp Expo 2015 Session III, II Ecosystem-based adaptationin the EU
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NAp Expo 2015 Session III, II Ecosystem-based adaptation in the EU

Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation in the European Union by Karin Zaunberger, European Commission
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - NAp Expo 2015 Session III, II Ecosystem-based adaptation in the EU

  • 1. Ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation in the European Union Karin Zaunberger, European Commission
  • 2. MORE CLIMATE CHANGE – LESS BIODIVERSITY
  • 3. how to break the vicious circle ? increase resilience decrease vulnerability • Ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation • Green Infrastructure • Nature-based solutions • Eco-DRR – ecological disaster risk reduction use the adaptive forces of nature involve people and build responsibility harness multiple benefits at comparable low cost
  • 4. People citizen want to get involved!
  • 5. Ecosystem-based approaches/ Green Infrastructure/ Nature-based solutions • are ready for use and easily accessible • involve people and build responsibility Job and Business Opportunities • bring multiple benefits • are cost efficient and make economic sense • are to be an integral part of the overall adaptation and mitigation effort and disaster risk reduction effort
  • 6. The Rosetta Stone EBA – NBS – GI eco-DRR working with nature for people
  • 7. Policy Framework(s) • EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy and the Roadmap to Resource Efficiency • EU Adaptation Strategy • Green Infrastructure (GI) Enhancing Europe's Natural Capital • H2020 Focus Area on Nature-based solutions (NbS) policy signals to decisionmakers, planners, promotors to invest in GI and adaptation projects at local, regional, national and cross-boundary level
  • 8. Problem in urbanising Europe: fragmentation, habitat degradation, (intensification and abandonment) and loss Unsustainable land use and fragmentation What are the problems? Climate change mitigation and adaptation – disaster prevention Unsustainable use of ecosystem goods & services Ecosystems that are small or isolated may stop providing us with valuable services such as food, freshwater, water regulation, clean air, recreation facilities Loss of biodiversity in the EU >> Ecosystems currently absorb half of anthropogenic CO2 emissions and provide adaptation functions, including flood protection and disaster risk minimisation ... and the solutions? March 2015 State and Outlook of European Environment May 2015 'State of Nature in the EU' October 2015 Mid-term report on EU Biodiversity Strategy
  • 9. Green Infrastructure: Elements Spatial structure delivering nature benefits to people Local or town/city scale Regional and national scale EU level Descriptor Natural and semi-natural ecosystems, such as pastures, woodland, forest (no intensive plantations), ponds, bogs, rivers and floodplains, coastal wetlands, lagoons, beaches, marine habitats Extensive agricultural and forest landscapes, large marsh and bog areas, rivers and floodplains, shorelines/coastal zones Freshwater systems, major river basins, mountain ranges, regional sea basins Core areas – outside protected areas Local nature reserves, water protection areas, landscape protection areas, Natura 2000 sites Regional and National Parks and wilderness zones (includes Natura 2000 sites) Ecological Networks with cross-border areas, incl. Natura 2000 network Core areas/protected areas Restored areas which were before fragmented or degraded natural areas, brownfield land or disused quarries; transitional ecosystems due to land abandonment or regeneration processes Restored ecosystem types Restored Landscape systems covering a substantial part of agricultural/forestry areas and industrialised sites, including cross-border areas Restoration zones High nature value farmland and multi-use forests (such as watershed forests); protection forests (against avalanches, mudslides, stonefall, forest fires), natural buffers such as protection shorelines with barrier beaches and salt marshes Extensive agricultural landscapes, sustainable forest management on regional and national level, functional riparian systems Transboundary landscape features on river basin or mountain range level, sustainable coastal and marine management zones related to the respective sea basin Sustainable use zones Street trees and avenues, city forests/woodlands, high-quality green public spaces and business parks/premises; green roofs and vertical gardens; allotments and orchards; storm ponds and sustainable urban drainage systems; city reserves incl. Natura 2000 Greenways, green belts, metropolitan park systems Metropolitan areas with substantial share of high quality green areas in Europe, including coherent approaches in cross-border urban zones. Green urban and peri-urban areas Hedgerows, stone walls, small woodlands, ponds, wildlife strips, riparian river vegetation, transitional ecosystems between cropland, grassland and forests Multi-functional, sustainably managed agricultural landscapes, riparian systems Supra-regional corridors, substantial share of structure-rich agricultural, forestry or natural landscapes Natural connectivity features Eco-ducts, green bridges; animal tunnels (e.g. for amphibians), fish passes, road verges, ecological powerline corridor management De-fragmentated landscapes, improved areas along transport and energy networks, migration corridors, river continuum European-wide or transnational defragmentation actions Artificial connectivity features TEN-G?
  • 10. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/ecosystems/index_en.htm http://biodiversity.europa.eu/bise-catalogue, > Green Infrastructure More information on DG ENV and BISE webpages:
  • 11. Climate Action Mayors Adapt http://climate-adapt.eea.europa.eu /
  • 12. Climate Action European Development Funds • 11th European Development Fund (EDF) • Regional and national programmes provide the opportunity to include adaptation measures • Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) • Global Public Goods and Challenges Programme (GPGC) 2 Flagships: • Global Climate Change Alliance (GCCA); • Biodiversity for Life (B4Life) More information see links on the final slide of this presentation • Europe 2020 Strategy, devoting at least 20% of Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) 2014-20 for climate objectives, climate mainstreaming into a range of EU policies Mainstreaming of climate action - adaptation and mitigation - into EU policies European Development Funds (EDF, DCI)
  • 13. Climate Action Disaster Risk Management and Climate Change Adaptation • The EU civil protection mechanism legislation promotes exchange of good practices, incl. on preparing national civil protection systems to cope with the impacts of climate change • Important to enhance synergies between the two communities • Promoting ecosystems for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation (recent UNEP discussion paper) 14
  • 14. PolicyResearch and Innovation Ongoing research Embedding ecosystem based approaches for disaster risk reduction & CC adaptation in coastal areas • Ecosystem-based measures analysed as part of an integrated strategy to reduce vulnerability in coastal areas • Holistic & participatory assessment of vulnerabilities & risks, modelling & new tools for risk assessment and early warning, assessment of adaptation measures (effectiveness, cost, benefits) • Three ongoing research projects from FP7: • RISES-AM-: Long-term assessment of CC impacts & vulnerabilities and adaptation needs in coastal areas under high-end climate change • Green solutions analysed in terms of CC mitigation and adaptation potential • Representative Case Studies for different types of coastal zones • PEARL: Adaptive, sociotechnical risk management measures and strategies for coastal communities • Holistic risk governance • Platform to facilitate the sharing of best practices, European and International • RISC-KIT: Toolkit of methods, tools and management approaches to reduce risk and increase resilience • Coastal Risk Assessment Framework • Web-based management guide with innovative, cost-effective, ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction measures
  • 15. Climate Action • EU research project EcoAdapt on ecosystem-based strategies and innovations in water governance networks for adaptation to climate change in Latin American Landscapes; • SIDS – a joint project with UNEP, UNDP and IUCN aims to strengthen the resilience of coral reefs and associated ecosystems that depend on them by promoting ecosystem-based adaptation and policies and actions • Restoration of Mangroves, Senegal
  • 16. The EU's BEST initiative promoting conservation and sustainable use of Biodiversity in EU Outermost Regions and Overseas Countries and Territories Specific objective area: develop and use ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaptation and mitigation http://ec.europa.eu/best
  • 17. concluding remark • Divest from measures which have negative impacts on biodiversity and ecosystem services • Invest in measures which contribute to maintain and restore biodiversity and ecosystem services • Use available EU financing instruments to implement NbS, EbA, GI, eco-DRR ! • Invest in working with nature for people • Empower people • Encourage multisectoral partnerships • SEEK CONVERGENCE IN IMPLEMENTATION • Ecosystem-based approaches leading to transition
  • 18. more information • http://www.unep.org/disastersandconflicts/portals/155/publications/ Eco_DRR_discussion_paper.pdf • http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/pdf /42si_en.pdf • http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/research/newsalert/pdf /37si_en.pdf • http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/node/37678_en • http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/eu-biodiversity-life-b4life-flagship- initiative-brochure_en Thank you for your attention

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