Flood protection and Climate Adaptation in Cities
NAP Expo, Bonn April 15, 2015
Piet Dircke
Global Director Water Manageme...
The 20th century was the century
of nations. The 21st century will
be the century of cities.
• New Orleans New York
Rotterdam
Source: Rode Delta’s
2050: majority of world population lives in Coastal Cities
Jakarta
S...
Coastal Cities: Driving the World Economy
More People are at Risk from Flooding
Imagine the result
Opportunities in urban climate adaptation & flood resiliency
•Sustainable urban water management
•Multi...
6
The Netherlands: half of the country
vulnerable to flood risk
Total Vulnerable
to flooding
Surface
Area
41.528 km² 55%
I...
7
The Netherlands:
Centuries of land reclamation
Sea level rise and land subsidence
Imagine the result
First Dutch Delta Plan
1
5
4
3
2
Imagine the result
The delta under pressure: future
challenges
Sealevel rise
35-85 cm/100y‫‏‬
More /extreme
storms?
More/i...
Imagine the result
Dutch Delta Plan II:
•Adapting to climate change
•Sea level rise
•Future challenges
•National systems a...
Multi-layer approach to flood risk prevention
and climate adaptation
1
2
3
Dutch Best Practice: Delay - Store - Discharge
Multiple Lines of Defense
Integrated approach:
Multiple Layers of Defense
3
2
1
Outer Layer of Defense (Regional)
– Larger, engineered solutions
Mid...
© 2013 ARCADIS15 April 201516
Source, NYT:
How to Think Like The Dutch in a Post Sandy World
© 2013 ARCADIS15 April 201517
Towards Integration
and Collaboration
15 april 2015 Titel van de presentatie
LARGEST PORT OF EUROPE THREE WATERBOARDS
40 KM HARBOUR 612.000 INHABITANTS
2800 KM ...
Regio Rotterdam: kwetsbaar
precipitation
Groundwater
Threats coming from 4 directions
Climate change and water challenges
15 april 2015
WATER CHALLENGES ROTTERDAM
WATER OPPORTUNITIES ROTTERDAM:
QUALITY IN PUBLIC SPACE
ROTTERDAM
APPROACH
100% climate proof
in 2025
+
attractive and
economically
strong city
+
holistic approach
+
LT Vision =>...
ROTTERDAM ADAPTATION
STRATEGY
ROBUST
SYSTEM
UNDERGROUND WATER STORAGE
UNDERGROUND WATER STORAGE
URBAN FLOODPLAIN
GREEN ROOFS FOR AN ATTRACTIVE CITY
Water Plaza
Water Plaza
MORE SPACE FOR WATER
KWS (NL)Benelux Flood Defence System
Rotterdam revitalized waterfront and floating pavilion
Rotterdam Revitalized Waterfro...
Rotterdam Multipurpose Urban Dikes Concept
KWS (NL)Benelux Flood Defence System
Beach Resort Scheveningen: Dike-under-Boulevard concept
New Orleans, USA
Flooded city by Hurricane Katrina in aug. 2005
New Orleans
West Closure Complex New Orleans
IHNC storm surge barrier New Orleans
A Safe city – but were is the water ?
New Orleans Dutch Dialogues
INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT STRATEGY
Rio Tiete Linear Parks Sao Paulo
design sessions
Miami South Florida Resilient Redesign
Room for the LA River
SF Mission Bay
Adapting to Rising Tides
49
Temporary flood resiliency proofing
Verizon downtown buildings
Imagine the result
Critical Facilities: NYC Health and Hospitals Corporation
Coler Hospital – Roosevelt Island
Bellevue Hospital
Metropolitan...
© 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201554
Bellevue Hospital Emergency Department
Elevated Emergency
Department and Critical
Infrastruc...
© 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201555
Bay Park WWTP, Southern Nassau County
Perimeter Protection and
Elevated Critical Infrastruct...
© 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201556
New York MTA Flood Protection and Resiliency (USA)
Perimeter Protection and
Elevated Critica...
© 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201557
Different Solutions for NYCT
Vent Covers
Watertight Manholes
Conduit Seals
Floodproof Door
KWS (NL)Benelux Flood Defence System
NYC Manhattan Seaport City
© 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201559
Southern Manhattan Multi-Purpose Levee
BIG U – Manhattan
Flip Down Deployables
Elevated Landscapes
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
BIG U
Jakarta
Urgency: Pluit sea wall 18 October 2013
• more than 4 million people almost unprotected against floods
• Ports, industries...
• Land below mean sea level 1990
77
In 1990 only 12% of
North Jakarta was
below sea level
• Land below mean sea level 2010
78
In 2010 already 58% of
North Jakarta was below
sea level
• Land below mean sea level 2030
79
In 2030 more than 90%
of North Jakarta will be
below sea level
Jakarta Long-term flood prevention plan
• Pumping stations
80
Jakarta NCICD Masterplan
Imagine the result
NCICD Solutions: short-medium-long
term
Accelerated sewerage and
waste water treatment
Slowed down subs...
Thank you!!
NAP Expo 2015 Session IX Flood risks in a changing climate
NAP Expo 2015 Session IX Flood risks in a changing climate
NAP Expo 2015 Session IX Flood risks in a changing climate
NAP Expo 2015 Session IX Flood risks in a changing climate
NAP Expo 2015 Session IX Flood risks in a changing climate
NAP Expo 2015 Session IX Flood risks in a changing climate
NAP Expo 2015 Session IX Flood risks in a changing climate
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NAP Expo 2015 Session IX Flood risks in a changing climate

Keynote: Flood risks in a changing climate by Piet Dircke, ARCADIS
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - NAP Expo 2015 Session IX Flood risks in a changing climate

  • 1. Flood protection and Climate Adaptation in Cities NAP Expo, Bonn April 15, 2015 Piet Dircke Global Director Water Management
  • 2. The 20th century was the century of nations. The 21st century will be the century of cities.
  • 3. • New Orleans New York Rotterdam Source: Rode Delta’s 2050: majority of world population lives in Coastal Cities Jakarta Shanghai
  • 4. Coastal Cities: Driving the World Economy More People are at Risk from Flooding
  • 5. Imagine the result Opportunities in urban climate adaptation & flood resiliency •Sustainable urban water management •Multifunctional flood protection & economic development •Living with water & building with nature •Community resiliency •Sustainable urban water fronts, linear parks
  • 6. 6 The Netherlands: half of the country vulnerable to flood risk Total Vulnerable to flooding Surface Area 41.528 km² 55% Inhabitants 16,8 million 60% GNP 700 billion US$ 65%
  • 7. 7 The Netherlands: Centuries of land reclamation
  • 8. Sea level rise and land subsidence
  • 9. Imagine the result First Dutch Delta Plan 1 5 4 3 2
  • 10. Imagine the result The delta under pressure: future challenges Sealevel rise 35-85 cm/100y‫‏‬ More /extreme storms? More/intense rainfall Spatial developments Increased erosion Subsidence 10 cm/100yr Salt intrusion Decreased river discharge - 60% Increased river discharge + 10%
  • 11. Imagine the result Dutch Delta Plan II: •Adapting to climate change •Sea level rise •Future challenges •National systems approach •Living with Water •Building with Nature •Room for the River •Long term 2100 - 2200
  • 12. Multi-layer approach to flood risk prevention and climate adaptation 1 2 3
  • 13. Dutch Best Practice: Delay - Store - Discharge
  • 14. Multiple Lines of Defense
  • 15. Integrated approach: Multiple Layers of Defense 3 2 1 Outer Layer of Defense (Regional) – Larger, engineered solutions Middle Layer of Defense – Connecting “transition” zone Inner Layer of Defense (Local) - Smaller-scale solutions - Smart Planning - Green Infrastructure
  • 16. © 2013 ARCADIS15 April 201516 Source, NYT: How to Think Like The Dutch in a Post Sandy World
  • 17. © 2013 ARCADIS15 April 201517 Towards Integration and Collaboration
  • 18. 15 april 2015 Titel van de presentatie LARGEST PORT OF EUROPE THREE WATERBOARDS 40 KM HARBOUR 612.000 INHABITANTS 2800 KM SEWER SYSTEM 400 KM CANALS + 1000 PUMPING STATIONS ROTTERDAM 2014 ROTTERDAM 1652
  • 19. Regio Rotterdam: kwetsbaar precipitation Groundwater Threats coming from 4 directions Climate change and water challenges
  • 20. 15 april 2015 WATER CHALLENGES ROTTERDAM
  • 21. WATER OPPORTUNITIES ROTTERDAM: QUALITY IN PUBLIC SPACE
  • 22. ROTTERDAM APPROACH 100% climate proof in 2025 + attractive and economically strong city + holistic approach + LT Vision => ST Actionplan
  • 23. ROTTERDAM ADAPTATION STRATEGY ROBUST SYSTEM
  • 24. UNDERGROUND WATER STORAGE
  • 25. UNDERGROUND WATER STORAGE
  • 26. URBAN FLOODPLAIN
  • 27. GREEN ROOFS FOR AN ATTRACTIVE CITY
  • 28. Water Plaza
  • 29. Water Plaza
  • 30. MORE SPACE FOR WATER
  • 31. KWS (NL)Benelux Flood Defence System Rotterdam revitalized waterfront and floating pavilion Rotterdam Revitalized Waterfront & Floating Pavilion
  • 32. Rotterdam Multipurpose Urban Dikes Concept
  • 33. KWS (NL)Benelux Flood Defence System Beach Resort Scheveningen: Dike-under-Boulevard concept
  • 34. New Orleans, USA Flooded city by Hurricane Katrina in aug. 2005 New Orleans
  • 35. West Closure Complex New Orleans
  • 36. IHNC storm surge barrier New Orleans
  • 37. A Safe city – but were is the water ?
  • 38. New Orleans Dutch Dialogues INTEGRATED SUSTAINABLE WATER MANAGEMENT STRATEGY
  • 39. Rio Tiete Linear Parks Sao Paulo
  • 40. design sessions
  • 41. Miami South Florida Resilient Redesign
  • 42. Room for the LA River
  • 43. SF Mission Bay Adapting to Rising Tides
  • 44. 49
  • 45. Temporary flood resiliency proofing Verizon downtown buildings
  • 46. Imagine the result
  • 47. Critical Facilities: NYC Health and Hospitals Corporation Coler Hospital – Roosevelt Island Bellevue Hospital Metropolitan Hospital Coney Island Hospital Imagine the result
  • 48. © 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201554 Bellevue Hospital Emergency Department Elevated Emergency Department and Critical Infrastructure $280 Million
  • 49. © 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201555 Bay Park WWTP, Southern Nassau County Perimeter Protection and Elevated Critical Infrastructure $830 Million
  • 50. © 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201556 New York MTA Flood Protection and Resiliency (USA) Perimeter Protection and Elevated Critical Infrastructure $830 Million Restore New York City’s subway system to pre-Sandy conditions and protect it against future storms. Flood resilient designs for subway stations, tunnels, bus depots
  • 51. © 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201557 Different Solutions for NYCT Vent Covers Watertight Manholes Conduit Seals Floodproof Door
  • 52. KWS (NL)Benelux Flood Defence System NYC Manhattan Seaport City
  • 53. © 2014 ARCADIS15 April 201559 Southern Manhattan Multi-Purpose Levee
  • 54. BIG U – Manhattan Flip Down Deployables Elevated Landscapes BIG U
  • 55. BIG U
  • 56. BIG U
  • 57. BIG U
  • 58. BIG U
  • 59. BIG U
  • 60. BIG U
  • 61. BIG U
  • 62. BIG U
  • 63. BIG U
  • 64. BIG U
  • 65. BIG U
  • 66. BIG U
  • 67. BIG U
  • 68. BIG U
  • 69. Jakarta
  • 70. Urgency: Pluit sea wall 18 October 2013 • more than 4 million people almost unprotected against floods • Ports, industries, fisheries, infrastructure, power plants culture • Sustained land subsidence: risk increases by the day
  • 71. • Land below mean sea level 1990 77 In 1990 only 12% of North Jakarta was below sea level
  • 72. • Land below mean sea level 2010 78 In 2010 already 58% of North Jakarta was below sea level
  • 73. • Land below mean sea level 2030 79 In 2030 more than 90% of North Jakarta will be below sea level
  • 74. Jakarta Long-term flood prevention plan • Pumping stations 80
  • 75. Jakarta NCICD Masterplan
  • 76. Imagine the result NCICD Solutions: short-medium-long term Accelerated sewerage and waste water treatment Slowed down subsidence: piped water supply Upgraded existing sea wall and pumps Large waduk (pumping lake) Outer Sea Wall and land reclamation Tangerang-Bekasi Highway Mainport expansion Future Airport
  • 77. Thank you!!

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