National strategies
on integrating climate change adaptation
Le Minh NHAT Ph.D
Director
Climate Change Adaptation Division...
OUTLINE
1. General information
2. Relevant policy documents for Integrating in Viet Nam
3. Steps of mainstreaming CCA into...
• Population: 92.477.857 (2013)
• GDP/capita: US$ 1960 (2013)
• Area: 331.212 km²
• Economic reform: 1986
 Vietnam has se...
Climate change impact
• 1 of Top 5 countries/nations most vulnerable to climate changes. Sea
level rises 1m, 5% land loses...
2. Relevant policy documents for Integrating
5
Resolution No.24/NQ/TW (2013) by Party Central Committee
National Strategy ...
GOVERNMENT
NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE COMMITTEE
MOF MPI MOC MONRE MARD MOIT MOT
Office of NCCCOffices of CC
Programmes
Line
d...
National Target Program respond to Climate change
The plan includes near term (to 2010) and longer term (to 2015)
priority...
The status of climate policy integration in Vietnam
• In Vietnam, the Government approved the National Target
Programe to ...
• Step T1: Screening
• Step T2: Select the response measure
• Step T3: Integrate climate change into the document of strat...
Step 1: Screening
• To assess the relationship between the socio-economic strategies, planning
processes, and plans with c...
Step 2: Select the response measure
The process of selecting adaptation measures
• Identify adaptation measures: to provid...
Step 3: Integrate climate change into the document of strategies,
planning processes and plans
Three following criteria:
•...
Step 4: Implement policy documents integrated with
climate change adaptation
Similar to implementation of other policies
•...
Step 5: Monitoring and assessment
• Evaluating CCA measures;
• Evaluating integration of CCA into policy
documents,
• Eval...
1. Mainstreaming CC in the process to formulate, approve and
undertake strategies, long and short term plans, development
...
ADAPTATION
MAINSTREAMING
SHORT_MID_LONG TERM
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT (STRUCTURE, NON-STRUCTURE)
NATIONAL-SECTORAL-REGION...
IMPACTS
VULNERABILITY
ADAPTATION
GAPS
Statistical
downscal
ing
methods
RRMOD and
SSARR for
run-off
MAGICC/
SCENGE 5.3
soft...
18
b. Water Sector
19
Conclusion
mainstreaming
NTP-RCC (2008)
Action Plans for
each sector
Other National
Strategy for each
sector
NTP for ea...
20
Conclusion
mainstreaming
Resolution No.24/NQ/TW (2013) by Party Central Committee
National Strategy on ClimateChange (2...
[Institutional set-up]
• National Committee on CC
21
Conclusion
mainstreaming
[scientific base for CC actions]
Climate Cha...
Barriers
• Lacks qualitative data for future climate change prediction.
• No specific guidance on the integrationof climat...
5. Lessons learned
• Coordination among ministries and sectors
– Synergies of adaptation measures to optimize use of
resou...
Thank you for your attention
24
Le Minh NHAT
Director of Climate Change Adaptation Division
DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY, HYD...
of 24

NAP Expo 2015 Session VII, II National strategies on integrating CCA, Vietnam

National strategies on integrating climate change adaptation in Vietnam by Le Minh Nhat
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Environment      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - NAP Expo 2015 Session VII, II National strategies on integrating CCA, Vietnam

  • 1. National strategies on integrating climate change adaptation Le Minh NHAT Ph.D Director Climate Change Adaptation Division – DMHCC MINISTRY OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY, HYDROLOGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE VIETNAM 13-14 April 2015, BONN, GERMANY
  • 2. OUTLINE 1. General information 2. Relevant policy documents for Integrating in Viet Nam 3. Steps of mainstreaming CCA into development plans 4. Mainstreaming CCA into sector plans 5. Lessons learned 2
  • 3. • Population: 92.477.857 (2013) • GDP/capita: US$ 1960 (2013) • Area: 331.212 km² • Economic reform: 1986  Vietnam has seen high economic growth rate in the past decades  Lately, growth has been less impressive GDP Growth Rates (annual %) GDP growth: 8% during 1990-1997 7% during 2000-2005 5-8% from 2006-date 1. General information
  • 4. Climate change impact • 1 of Top 5 countries/nations most vulnerable to climate changes. Sea level rises 1m, 5% land loses, 11% population affected, 7% agricultural activities impacted, 10% GDP reduced. • Most vulnerable regions: Red River Delta and Mekong River Delta • Most vulnerable sectors: Agriculture, Water Resources, Transport, Trade, Education… • Most vulnerable group: the poor, women, children, and ethnic minorities… • Climate changes in Vietnam: increase in strengths and frequencies of extreme weather, disasters, sea level rise, land erosions and slides.
  • 5. 2. Relevant policy documents for Integrating 5 Resolution No.24/NQ/TW (2013) by Party Central Committee National Strategy on Climate Change (2011) NTP-RCC (2008) NTP-RCC for the period 2012- 2015 (2012)Action Plans for each sector National Action Plan on CC for the period 2012-2020 (2012) Green Growth Strategy- GGS (2012) Other National Strategy for each sector NTP for each sector Higher Political Will National Strategies and Policy Actions Particular policies and concrete actions Socio Economic Development Strategy, Plan (2010 - current) Framework of Priority Selection Guide to Adapt CC in Socio Economic Development Plan (2013)
  • 6. GOVERNMENT NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE COMMITTEE MOF MPI MOC MONRE MARD MOIT MOT Office of NCCCOffices of CC Programmes Line departments in provinces International organisations & NGOs Community groups Direct line of command / reporting Cooperation / Partnership Office of SPRCC Office of NTPRCC
  • 7. National Target Program respond to Climate change The plan includes near term (to 2010) and longer term (to 2015) priority activities to address 8 sub‐objectives or program areas: 1. Assessing the impacts of climate change 2. Identifying appropriate responses 3. Developing a scientific‐technical program 4. Strengthening capacity and the policy framework in the relevant organizations and institutions 5. Raising awareness across the country 6. Enhancing international cooperation 7. Mainstreaming the NTP across all sectors 8. Developing specific action plans to respond to climate change ( All ministries, all sectors and localities to respond to CC) NTP‐RCC is more of a “strategy to develop a strategy”
  • 8. The status of climate policy integration in Vietnam • In Vietnam, the Government approved the National Target Programe to Respond to Climate Change (NTP) and the National Strategy on Climate Change, which require that Climate change is integrated into all new development strategies and policies. • Taken into consideration in the decision-making process. 8
  • 9. • Step T1: Screening • Step T2: Select the response measure • Step T3: Integrate climate change into the document of strategies, planning processes and plans • Step T4: Implement the climate change-integrated strategies, planning processes and plans • Step T5: Monitoring and assessment. 9 3. Steps of mainstreaming CCA into development plans
  • 10. Step 1: Screening • To assess the relationship between the socio-economic strategies, planning processes, and plans with climate change and to assess whether or not it is necessary to implement climate policy integration. • Whether or not that region/sector is vulnerable to climate change? • Whether or not the socio-economic development activities will reduce the adaptive capacity or miss the opportunities brought by climate change? • is implemented and based upon, the scenarios for climate change and sea level rise for Vietnam and the assessment report of climate change impacts on sectors/regions belonging to those strategies, planning processes and plans 10
  • 11. Step 2: Select the response measure The process of selecting adaptation measures • Identify adaptation measures: to provide a list of adaptation measures. based on expert consultation and the matrix tables on the climate change impacts on sectors, corresponding adaptation measures and the relevant agencies. • Select adaptation measures: based on criteria, such as effectiveness, cost and feasibility, etc. a matrix table of adaptation measures and selection criteria is developed to select the appropriate adaptation measures. 11
  • 12. Step 3: Integrate climate change into the document of strategies, planning processes and plans Three following criteria: • The target of the climate change response should become one of the targets of the strategy, planning process and plan; • Climate change issues should be integrated into the strategy, planning process and plan appropriately. • Weighting of the integrated climate change aspects with other aspects. 12
  • 13. Step 4: Implement policy documents integrated with climate change adaptation Similar to implementation of other policies • Implementing CCA in parallel with development activities. 13
  • 14. Step 5: Monitoring and assessment • Evaluating CCA measures; • Evaluating integration of CCA into policy documents, • Evaluating implementation of policy documents 14
  • 15. 1. Mainstreaming CC in the process to formulate, approve and undertake strategies, long and short term plans, development projects of all sub-sectors of ARD. 2. Mainstreaming shall be based on the following principles: Ensure the sustainability of socio-economic development, systematic, flexible to each period and concurrent with national regulations; scientific and locality-driven 3. Mainstreaming shall comply with the following 5 steps process: (i) Climate change screening (assess impacts, identify the vulnerability, analyze and select the possible risk → (ii) Select the adaptation measures → (iii) Mainstreaming CC into development policy (iv) Implementation → (v) Monitoring and Evaluation Mainstreaming climate change into sector phanning a. Agricultural Sector
  • 16. ADAPTATION MAINSTREAMING SHORT_MID_LONG TERM INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT (STRUCTURE, NON-STRUCTURE) NATIONAL-SECTORAL-REGIONAL-LOCAL SOLUTIONS: Research and applicationnew weather tolerantcrop varieties Develop flexible crop pattern and shifting cropping calendar, Develop and implement new farming techniques, Improving soil’s nutrition and increasing carbon absorption of lands Efficiency use of land, water and other inputs Diversify with effective application of scientific advances increasing the resilience and livelihood of peoples R&D, DRM, Risk management and agriculture’sinsurance Impacts: Crop yield decreases, Water stress, Land degradation, Loses of species and eco system…trans boundary of mitigating measures Autonomous, Anticipatory, and … Planned Adaptation a. Agricultural Sector
  • 17. IMPACTS VULNERABILITY ADAPTATION GAPS Statistical downscal ing methods RRMOD and SSARR for run-off MAGICC/ SCENGE 5.3 software Penman formulae for ETP CSIRO Mark 2 GCM −Drought increase (3% coastal area, 8% inland area) − Building reservoirs (priority to East of South, Central Highlands and mountainous areas in the North) − Need of a long term strategy on national and regional scale − Water resourceshave not been managed according to basin system − Provision on protection, utilization and management of water resourceshave been insufficient − Low investment for irrigation, having as result imperfect works. −Risk of flood and land erosion becauseof its geographical location of mountains −Deforestation and pollution make water resourcesmore vulnerable −Most populated areas and with more economic activity are the ones with higher risk of floods,and salinization of water resources. − Upgrading drainage system; building new sea dykes − Control population growth; new resettlement areas − Reclaiming areas (hilly midland in the N) for agricultural production − Effectiveuse of water, increasing run-off in low flow season. − Sustainable exploitation of resources. −Studies and predictions in water resources −Run-off:+4% to -19% -ETP increases −Rainfall increases (12-19%) −Increase of peak of discharge −Decrease of return period (from 100 to 20 years and from 20 to 5) −Decrease in groundwater level in central highlands Stalinization of groundwater due to sea level rise. −Increase water stress and conflicts −Drop of hydropower production −Water supplies threatened −Sea level rise: affect islands, coastal ecosystems and communities, sinking of delta land, coastal degradation, loss of coral reefs. 17 b. Water Sector
  • 18. 18 b. Water Sector
  • 19. 19 Conclusion mainstreaming NTP-RCC (2008) Action Plans for each sector Other National Strategy for each sector NTP for each sector Socio Economic Development Strategy, Plan <at the beginning > CC issues had been discussed, but fragmented.
  • 20. 20 Conclusion mainstreaming Resolution No.24/NQ/TW (2013) by Party Central Committee National Strategy on ClimateChange (2011) NTP-RCC (2008) NTP-RCC for the period 2012-2015 (2012)Action Plans for each sector National Action Plan on CC for the period 2012-2020 (2012) Green Growth Strategy- GGS (2012) Other National Strategy for each sector NTP for each sector Socio Economic Development Strategy, Plan (2010 - current)  CC issues have been integrated into SEDS and SEDP Framework of Priority Selection Guide to Adapt CC in Socio Economic DevelopmentPlan (2013) <current> CC issues are mainstreamed through policy actions Awareness raising Workshops to party sysmtem
  • 21. [Institutional set-up] • National Committee on CC 21 Conclusion mainstreaming [scientific base for CC actions] Climate Change scenario GHG inventory Biennial Update Report iNDC Monitoring and Evaluation tools + +
  • 22. Barriers • Lacks qualitative data for future climate change prediction. • No specific guidance on the integrationof climate change into socio-economicdevelopment strategies, planning processes and plans. • Insufficient legal regulations, which require climatechange integration as a compellingstep in the process of developing socio-economicdevelopmentstrategies, planning processes and plans at national, sectoral and local levels; • Limited capacity for integratingclimate change into developmentstrategies, planning processes and plans at national, sectoral and local levels; • Insufficient resources (personnel, time and finance) for implementing climatechange integration into developmentstrategies, planning processes and plans at national, sectoral and local levels ; • Development plans need a lot of detailed information on climate change.However, the model only can predict several factors with uncertainty. The projection of climate extreme values is more difficult than that of the average values; Sometimes the detailed level of spatial and temporal aspects of the climatechange scenario is not sufficient for the developmentplans; • The project needs detailed dataat the local level; however, the climate change scenarios could not meet that requirement
  • 23. 5. Lessons learned • Coordination among ministries and sectors – Synergies of adaptation measures to optimize use of resources • Regional Planning ( multiple provinces ) – Overlap of planning leads to inefficient use of resource – Lack of mechanism to cooperate among provinces; – Weakness in managing and implementing regional plan – Adaptation measures are only considered local benefits but ignored impacts at regional scope; leads to increasing risk of disaster at different places in its region 23
  • 24. Thank you for your attention 24 Le Minh NHAT Director of Climate Change Adaptation Division DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY, HYDROLOGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE E mail : NHATKYOTO@GMAIL.COM

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