The post-election environment
Jo Casebourne
Programme Director
A new context?
A not dissimilar environment to 2010 But important differences in focus
2
Public service reform
Europe and ...
A new – but familiar - government
3
323
100 200 300 300 200 100
Conservatives307 LibDem s57 DUP8 SNP6 Labour258
SDLP3 Plai...
A new – but familiar - Cabinet
4
People
A familiar cast of permanent secretaries –
for now
5
People
Civil service capacity has fallen People
Continued – but accelerated – budget
reductions (I)
7
Purse-strings
Continued – but accelerated – budget
reductions (II)
8
Purse-strings
Similar – but more urgent - priorities
9
Priorities
Public service reform
Europe and wider world
Devolution
• New commissi...
PRIORITIES: DECENTRALISATION AND
DEVOLUTION
10
The UK is highly centralised
11
Structure of general government revenues across levels of government (2000 and 2009)
Prior...
London’s economy dominates UK cities
12
Economic output in capital vs other cities, EU countries (capital = 100)
Priorities
There is higher trust in local decision-makers
13
Who do you trust most to make decisions about how services are provided ...
And other reasons to decentralise…
Arguments for:
- More responsive, tailored public services
- Stimulating local economic...
… as well as reasons not to
But…
- Weak evidence base for economic growth
- Easier said than done
- Centralised services c...
Devolution/decentralisation mean different
things to different people
16
Political Administrative
Fiscal Economic
‘Types’ ...
The Coalition Government did deliver several
changes
17
Devolved nations:
- Scotland Act, 2012
- Wales Act, 2015
- Stormon...
And more changes to come (I)
18
Priorities
More changes to come (II)
19
Conservative manifesto pledges:
- “We will devolve far-reaching powers over economic developm...
There are signs decentralisation is being
taken seriously
20
The decentralising team
Priorities
PRIORITIES: PUBLIC SERVICE REFORM
21
Responses to pressures not yet fixed
22
Priorities
“Give choice to the
user. Encourage
competition between
the suppliers. ...
Trends towards more, more complex, and
larger scale outsourcing
Complex
Simple
Natureofservice
Payment for
outcomes
Paymen...
Risk that cuts will trigger structural reforms
24
Priorities
Ambitious talk for savings from digital
25
Priorities
“We are going to find the [£10 billion]
savings… the systems for fin...
- END -
26
About the Institute
The Institute for Government is an independent charity with cross-party and Whitehall governance
worki...
of 27

National Volunteering Forum, 14 July 2015 - Jo Casebourne, Institute for Government

Jo Casebourne from the Institute for Government examines what the new Government means for the voluntary sector.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Government & Nonprofit      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National Volunteering Forum, 14 July 2015 - Jo Casebourne, Institute for Government

  • 1. The post-election environment Jo Casebourne Programme Director
  • 2. A new context? A not dissimilar environment to 2010 But important differences in focus 2 Public service reform Europe and wider world Devolution Purse-strings Priorities People
  • 3. A new – but familiar - government 3 323 100 200 300 300 200 100 Conservatives307 LibDem s57 DUP8 SNP6 Labour258 SDLP3 Plaid3 Green1 Alliance1 Independent1 SinnFein5 323 100 200 300 300 200 100 Conservatives331 Green1 LD 8 SNP56 Labour232 DUP8 Plaid3 SDLP3 UKIP1 UUP2 Ind1 SinnFein4 2015 2010 People
  • 4. A new – but familiar - Cabinet 4 People
  • 5. A familiar cast of permanent secretaries – for now 5 People
  • 6. Civil service capacity has fallen People
  • 7. Continued – but accelerated – budget reductions (I) 7 Purse-strings
  • 8. Continued – but accelerated – budget reductions (II) 8 Purse-strings
  • 9. Similar – but more urgent - priorities 9 Priorities Public service reform Europe and wider world Devolution • New commissioning models? • Structural reform? • Digital? • May 2016 referendum • ECHR/ HRA • Nations • Cities and regions
  • 10. PRIORITIES: DECENTRALISATION AND DEVOLUTION 10
  • 11. The UK is highly centralised 11 Structure of general government revenues across levels of government (2000 and 2009) Priorities
  • 12. London’s economy dominates UK cities 12 Economic output in capital vs other cities, EU countries (capital = 100) Priorities
  • 13. There is higher trust in local decision-makers 13 Who do you trust most to make decisions about how services are provided in your local area? Source: polling by Populus for LGA, n=1000 Priorities
  • 14. And other reasons to decentralise… Arguments for: - More responsive, tailored public services - Stimulating local economic growth - Better prospects for joined-up government - Greater accountability to the public through elected local leaders – including directly elected mayors 14 Priorities
  • 15. … as well as reasons not to But… - Weak evidence base for economic growth - Easier said than done - Centralised services can deliver economies of scale - Governance, capability and accountability issues remain at the local level (though less for devolved nations) 15 Priorities
  • 16. Devolution/decentralisation mean different things to different people 16 Political Administrative Fiscal Economic ‘Types’ of decentralisation Recipients of decentralised authority Individuals Neighbourhoods Professionals Local groups Local government Central Govt Devolved Govt Devolved Govt Devolved government as agent or autonomous Priorities
  • 17. The Coalition Government did deliver several changes 17 Devolved nations: - Scotland Act, 2012 - Wales Act, 2015 - Stormont House Agreement, 2014 - Smith Commission Agreement, 2014 English cities and regions: - 2012 Mayors - City Deals, 2012- - ‘Devolution deals’ and the Northern Powerhouse, 2014- Priorities
  • 18. And more changes to come (I) 18 Priorities
  • 19. More changes to come (II) 19 Conservative manifesto pledges: - “We will devolve far-reaching powers over economic development, transport and social care to large cities which choose to have elected mayors” - “We will legislate to deliver the historic deal for Greater Manchester” - “We will devolve further powers over skills spending and planning to the Mayor of London.” City devolution bill, enabling: - the creation of ‘Metro Mayors’ for Combined Authority areas; - Metro Mayors to take on the functions of PCCs; - greater flexibility on the functions that can be conferred on a combined authority; - new, streamlined local governance models as agreed by councils Priorities
  • 20. There are signs decentralisation is being taken seriously 20 The decentralising team Priorities
  • 21. PRIORITIES: PUBLIC SERVICE REFORM 21
  • 22. Responses to pressures not yet fixed 22 Priorities “Give choice to the user. Encourage competition between the suppliers. Pay by results wherever appropriate” Markets for public services “there will be no more of these pointless re- organisations that aim for change but instead bring chaos” Structural reform Digital “we’re going really become a much more digital organisation…”
  • 23. Trends towards more, more complex, and larger scale outsourcing Complex Simple Natureofservice Payment for outcomes Payment for activity Type of contract Reoffending Desktop Hip replacements Drug treatment (DIP) Payroll Estate management Troubled families Priorities
  • 24. Risk that cuts will trigger structural reforms 24 Priorities
  • 25. Ambitious talk for savings from digital 25 Priorities “We are going to find the [£10 billion] savings… the systems for finding these savings are in much better shape than 5 years ago… take the impact of digital for instance. GDS… has the opportunities to go into other areas it hasn’t been in before” – Matt Hancock, MCO at the Institute for Government, May 22, 2015
  • 26. - END - 26
  • 27. About the Institute The Institute for Government is an independent charity with cross-party and Whitehall governance working to increase government effectiveness. Our funding comes from the Gatsby Charitable Foundation, one of the Sainsbury Family Charitable Trusts. We work with all the main political parties at Westminster and with senior civil servants in Whitehall, providing evidence-based advice that draws on best practice from around the world. We undertake research, provide the highest quality development opportunities for senior decision makers and organise events to invigorate and provide fresh thinking on the issues that really matter to government. 27

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