Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation
Tilman Rasche BE MSc
Senior Inspector of Mines, DEEDI
Preven...
3© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Safety Clip
4© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Aim of Workshop
• Workshop...
5© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
‘Take Home’ Questions - Co...
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Sca...
7© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Presentations
• Collision ...
8© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
‘Discussion’ 1045 - 1130
•...
Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation
Pictures
Graphs
Disturbing & Thought provoking
May cause bou...
10© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
What about your
workplace...
11© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Why do we see what we see...
12© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
~ 3 out of 4 = ~ 75%
- ve...
13© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
23232121181814141010
Mino...
14© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Does the size of
your equ...
15© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Hazards:
• LTA visibility...
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Hazards
• Moving equipmen...
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Awaren...
18© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Some typical OC scenarios...
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Typical Underground Scena...
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MSHA - UG Fatalities - Co...
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HPI analysis – equipment ...
22© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
‘There are only so many w...
23© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Visibility = Opportunity ...
24© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Shuttlecar or Truck Miner
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Person vs Machine 1
Peopl...
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Person vs Machine 2
Peopl...
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Distance travelled (m) vs...
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Note: Collision Avoidance...
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• Your thoughts
• Current...
30© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
• What can it do – what c...
31© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
• Redundancy – fail safe ...
32© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Day 1 Presentations
Preco...
33© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Day 1 so far
• Issues
• G...
34© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Day 2 - Start 0830 hrs
En...
35© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Day 2 Presentations
Accum...
36© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Recap
Manufacturers Prese...
37© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Recap
Conclusion – where ...
38© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Some CAS Technologies
• R...
39© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
CAS
NOW
40© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Reliable
Defences –
non
p...
41© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
AND
Reliable
Organisation...
42© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
RA Tools
Human behaviour
...
43© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Ex National Offshore Petr...
44© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Powerline hazard – Pyroly...
45© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Example of a well delinea...
46© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Heavy/light vehicle
colli...
47© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Risk Management is all
ab...
48© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Specifically….. 1
1. Are ...
49© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Specifically….. 2
1. Is t...
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Specifically ….3
1. Light...
51© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Specifically ….4
1. Risk ...
52© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
In Summary
• (V2V, V2P V2...
53© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
No silver bullet but coll...
54© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Decisions can be life tak...
55© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010
Closing Address
Steve Ben...
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Prevention of vehicle interaction collisions

Proximity detection workshop, NSW Mine Safety, 2011, mining, health, safety
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Government & Nonprofit      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Prevention of vehicle interaction collisions

  • 1. Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation Tilman Rasche BE MSc Senior Inspector of Mines, DEEDI Prevention of Vehicle Interaction Collisions Hands-on Proximity Detection and Collision Avoidance Systems Workshop Proximity Detection Systems PDS Collision Avoidance Systems CAS Collision Awareness Systems CAS
  • 2. 3© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Safety Clip
  • 3. 4© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Aim of Workshop • Workshop to showcase current technologies and solutions – CAS OEMs • ‘Making a Case for Proximity detection’ • …raise awareness of vehicles interaction hazards and resultant risks… so we can make better and safer decisions … and design safer places of work • Share industry leading practise with each other – free lessons – better Risk Assessments and Scoping • Collective Industry issues – Collective Solutions – Win/Win - Future • Raise awareness of current solutions used …about Control Effectiveness of those solutions – robustness of your SHMS … Additional Risk Controls • What do the equipment OEMs do? • Enable you to scope THE collision avoidance system for your site
  • 4. 5© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 ‘Take Home’ Questions - Control Effectiveness • How good/effective are the controls you currently have in place? • Where are you pitching your controls – Elimination or PPE? – Are the controls actually available ? – Are the controls reliable, robust/resilient and effective? – Does the control actually address/match the hazard? – ‘How good is it ???’ Individually – as a system??? – Will the controls be used? ‘Feelgood vs real application’ – Does the control rely on the intervention of a person, eg the operator, or are they automatic? – Do your controls meet legislative requirements? • Have you looked at the design of your equipment? • KPIs – how do you measure effectiveness of your solutions)
  • 5. 6© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 Scale & Chain SOP Coalsterilized Lim ited face height Through OB IB Coalblasting Rock m ass m odelling Survey/scanning technology Dozerpush faces to lim itface height IB blastingOffsetdistance Pum pslowered overhighwall Accesscontrolby OCE Double Arch Boat Equipm entuse restriction Lim ited accessforsom e vehicles to pit Selective prestripping Top flitch m ethod Use largest Elimination ? An example from a recent Queensland workshop on pitwall safety
  • 6. 7© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Presentations • Collision of Surface Plant – Case Study - Steve Bath • Investigation Unit Report – Tony Smith • Functional Safety SIL – Marcus Punch • Human Factors - Julie Pengelly • ‘How good do our people need to be’ – Peter Standish • Morning Tea 1025 to 1045 • Facilitated Discussion 1045 • Manufacturers presentations 1130 • Lunch 1230 – 1300 • Manufacturers presentations • Wrapup 1530 - 1630
  • 7. 8© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 ‘Discussion’ 1045 - 1130 •Some thoughts first… •Current issues •Future legislative requirements •Control effectiveness What are the outcomes you need to get from this workshop? What are the questions you need to ask to pick the right system for your site?
  • 8. Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation Pictures Graphs Disturbing & Thought provoking May cause bouts of unease May contain traces of nuts For a mature audience – you! Sorry, no nudity The following presentation is rated PG, it contains
  • 9. 10© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 What about your workplace culture?
  • 10. 11© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Why do we see what we see… Increasing dependence on mine vehicles – OC & UG More & more vehicles, increase in size & speed – Visibility around machine – Operator & Pedestrian behaviour – Recurring accidents – Same picture worldwide Key mining hazard but there are solutions Its up to all of us to solve the problem….
  • 11. 12© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 ~ 3 out of 4 = ~ 75% - vehicle related
  • 12. 13© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 23232121181814141010 MinorMinor (eg first aid)(eg first aid) 25252424222219191515 InsignificantInsignificant (eg(eg no injury)no injury) 2020171713139966 ModerateModerate (eg medical /(eg medical / hospital treat)hospital treat) 16161212885533 MajorMajor (eg permanent(eg permanent disability)disability) 111177442211 CatastrophicCatastrophic (eg fatality)(eg fatality) RareRare (almost(almost impossible)impossible) UnlikelyUnlikely (not likely to(not likely to happen)happen) PossiblePossible (heard of it(heard of it happening)happening) LikelyLikely (has(has happened)happened) AlmostAlmost certaincertain (common /(common / repeating)repeating) Likelihood Consequence Maximum reasonable consequence? Most likely consequence? Likelihood? ‘Pegging’ the Risk - Rank
  • 13. 14© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Does the size of your equipment matter?
  • 14. 15© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Hazards: • LTA visibility • LTA hazard awareness
  • 15. 16© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Hazards • Moving equipment (‘tons’ of kinetic energy - CAT 797F, payload 360 ton GVM 623 tons, 3,800 HP, top speed 67 km/h, 14.8m long, ~10m wide) Boeing 747-400 178 tons 3.5* • LTA visibility • LTA hazard awareness
  • 16. 17© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 Awareness Communication Ability Attitude Other ind./team factor Fatigue Noind./team factor Supervision Dump truck - rear Most Individual/Team Factors contributing to HPI’s LTA awareness = function (Selection, Induction, Training, LTA Hazard & Risk management, Risk Normalisation, Supervision, personal attitudes and capabilities etc.) Human factors
  • 17. 18© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Some typical OC scenarios…. V2V V2P slow speed e.g. Parkup areas V2V collision or reversing over dump V2V – overtaking collision V2V – high speed rear end collision V2V - rear end collision V2V V2P V2I reversing collisions V2I or V2P forward collision V2V collision - intersection V2V collision – mining face V2V collision – fast –slow moving vehicles V2V – head on collisionV2V – slow speed rear end collision
  • 18. 19© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Typical Underground Scenarios, there are many more….. Shuttle Car Continuous Miner No Go-Zones !
  • 19. 20© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 MSHA - UG Fatalities - Continuous Miner Most/all could be avoided if Proximity Systems had been available and installed Of the 29 fatalities, 72% of victims were operating the remote at the time of the accident. Not operating the remote Maintenance activity Victim locationX Operating the remote Legend A moving RCCM collided with another at an intersection, causing the stationary RCCM to pivot and crush the other Op
  • 20. 21© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 HPI analysis – equipment type vs outcome, n= 286 as of July 2007 0 5 10 15 20 25 cabledamage Faultcondition uncontrolledmovement personalinjurydrillsteel fallofmaterailontocm brokencutterhead gasrelease kneeinjurymaterialonfloor personalinjurymesh potentialpersinjury cabledamage uncontrolledmovement electricshock IncorrectIsolation machinedamage Potentialcrushofpersoninnogozone Continuous miner Shuttle car - underground Count of Outcome
  • 21. 22© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 ‘There are only so many ways to kill people, and we know them all’
  • 22. 23© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Visibility = Opportunity to identify a hazard & react in time ??
  • 23. 24© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Shuttlecar or Truck Miner
  • 24. 25© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Person vs Machine 1 People are inherently unreliable Mental processing time • Sensory – perception/recognition • Interpretation – what does this mean – friend or foe? (Car stopped in the middle of the road) • Response Selection Expectation • Expected to brake – 0.7 secs = 0.5 secs perception 0.2 secs movement • Unexpected – 1.25 secs = 1.05 secs perception 0.2 secs movement • Surprise – 1.5 secs =1.2 secs perception 0.3 secs movement Movement time • Brake engagement time – foot movement, on pedal, depress, mechanical delays
  • 25. 26© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Person vs Machine 2 People are inherently unreliable • Other factors • Urgency – time to collision • Cognitive load – ‘non driving’ matters – music, mobile phone, ‘autopilot’ • Age ~ lower levels of fitness ~ lower response capability • Gender • Nature of signal – can it be seen? Is it distinct? Is the vehicle in front accelerating/decelerating? Aspect – frontal/from side • Visibility • Reaction time at night – visual contrast
  • 26. 27© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Distance travelled (m) vs time (secs) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 1 2 3 4 5 6 Time secs Distancetravelledm 5 km/hr 10 km/hr 20 km/hr 30 km/hr 40 km/hr
  • 27. 28© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Note: Collision Avoidance system defects only rank #2 priority on this truck prestart checklist Would you be happy for your airline to treat collision avoidance with the same level of ‘concern’ ?
  • 28. 29© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 • Your thoughts • Current issues • Control effectiveness • Legislative requirements • Brainstorm: What are the outcomes you need to get from this workshop? – What are the questions you need to ask to pick the right system for your site?
  • 29. 30© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 • What can it do – what can it not? • Low Speed vs High Speed - mix • V2V, V2P V2I (vehicle to vehicle, vehicle to person, vehicle to infrastructure) • Detection Capability & Range – near and far field • Detection Sensitivity – near/far field, vehicles, people, stationary objects, infrastructure • Directional Algorithms – Context – collision likely? • Standalone vs dependant on other systems – Integration - OEMs • Active vs Passive systems – machine shutdown? (Energy control) System Feature Questions 1
  • 30. 31© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 • Redundancy – fail safe – self checking • Intuitive & Simple – human interface • Normalisation – desensitization of operators - false alarming • Operator Interference • Cabin Clutter – Veiling - Ergonomics • Interference from other systems & environment – Physics • Golden ‘Rules’ & Company standards • KPIs – effectiveness – how do we know it helps us? • How will contractors be protected? System Feature Questions 2
  • 31. 32© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Day 1 Presentations Preco AMT Lunch Sick Becker InfoTronix Afternoon Tea Ivolve MST Issued raised – Gap Analysis – Wrap up 1530 - 1630
  • 32. 33© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Day 1 so far • Issues • Gap analysis • Wrap up
  • 33. 34© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Day 2 - Start 0830 hrs Enjoy your evening
  • 34. 35© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Day 2 Presentations Accumine Safemine Modular Mining Systems Morning tea WesTrac Recap Day 1 and manufacturers presentations Thiess Lunch Moolarben Coal Rio Tinto Afternoon Tea Recap – Brainstorm – Conclusions Closing Address 1600 Homework
  • 35. 36© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Recap Manufacturers Presentations
  • 36. 37© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Recap Conclusion – where to from here?
  • 37. 38© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Some CAS Technologies • RFID – tags and readers • Radar • ‘Magnetic bubble’ • Laser scanning • GPS – surface only • Cameras • Combination of the above • Opencut and Underground metalliferous - available now • Underground Coal – requires IS certification - 2011 • Cost from $5k per vehicle
  • 38. 39© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 CAS NOW
  • 39. 40© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Reliable Defences – non proximity detection NO CRUSH INJURIES Reliable Organisational factors Reliable Team & Individual factors Known & Controlled Environment Reverse ICAM - Consider a Systems Approach – Control Effectiveness - ALARA Reliable Defences – Proximity Detection AND AND ALARA ? Take Home Questions – Risk Assessment
  • 40. 41© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 AND Reliable Organisational factors Reliable Team & Individual factors Known & Controlled Environment Reverse ICAM - Consider a systems approach – control effectiveness Reliable Defences 81% System Success 19% System Failure Individual Success % System Success % (Reliability) System Failure% (Unreliability) 99% 96% 4% 90% 65% 35% 85% 52% 48% 90% and 99% for ‘reliable defences’ 72% 28% 95% 95% 95% 95%
  • 41. 42© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 RA Tools Human behaviour Engineering Control Administrative Control - Procedure PPE Elimination Substitution RelianceonPeopletocontrolrisk Risk Risk 1. Major Hazard Baseline RA 2. Project/Change Issue RA eg. Coll. Awareness 4. Individual ‘continuous’ Face RA 3. Routine & Non Routine Task Planning RA HR Control OptionsPeople Req’d HR Resources Risk & Issue RA Tools ‘Specialists’ ‘Generalists’ Mine workers 1. High Level QRA, Engineering type analysis, FTA, BTA, FMEA, HAZOP WRAC 2. FTA, BTA, FMEA, HAZOP, WRAC 3. WRAC 4. JSA DegreeofDifficulty Tilmans ‘Meaning of Life’ Ver.1.0
  • 42. 43© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Ex National Offshore Petroleum Safety Authority (NOPSA) Guidance material - Control Measures and Performance Standards Guidance - N-04300-GN0271 Rev 1, July 2010 Easy – not very effective Challenging but more effective
  • 43. 44© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Powerline hazard – Pyrolysis Q: Is the system capable of helping here? What can it do? Other uses – detection of fixed hazards
  • 44. 45© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Example of a well delineated and well designed ‘walkway’ to the truck ‘go line’ ‘Isolation’ – hard barriers – note ‘height’ of bunds ½ hub height of largest vehicle ½ ½
  • 45. 46© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Heavy/light vehicle collides with heavy/ light vehicle, structure or pedestrian, single vehicle accident LTA Personal Hazard Awareness LTA Operating Acts & Behaviours LTA Road design standards LTA Lighting, Signeage LTA Supervision LTA HazID -Hazard awareness/ perception LTA Speed – operator awareness LTA Intersection design standards LTA Barriers – delineation LTA Operator Behaviours LTA Task planning Congestion/restriction LTA Vehicle design – visibility LTA Training & Competencies LTA Licensing LTA Ownership -Peer maturity LTA Procedural compliance LTA Communication – Integration Roles & responsibilities LTA Safe work procedures LTA Protection systems - barriers LTA Warning systems LTA Combination of prox detection systems (redundancy) LTA Emergency facilities LTA Prox Detection systems LTA Procedures/training LTA Communication LTA Change management LTA Competent people – supervision & teams LTA Site specific roles and responsibilities LTA Installation & Commissioning LTA $ Resources & Budget LTA Comprehensive risk review LTA Operation & Maintenance LTA Review/auditing of controls – peer & systems review LTA Design Standards (Environment & equipment) LTA Induction Vehicle damage Minor Personal injury – single person Single fatality Multiple fatalities Minor Personal injury – multiple persons Property damage Serious Personal injury – single person Serious Personal injury – multiple persons Simplified Bowtie – Vehicle Collision Organisational Factors Defences Controlled Working Environment Team & Individual Factors
  • 46. 47© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Risk Management is all about Control
  • 47. 48© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Specifically….. 1 1. Are collision hazards, risk and controls are captured in your Risk Register? 2. Does your mine site induction elements address collision hazards? (golden rules, separation distances, speed limits, prestart checks, fatal risk control protocols) 3. What are your site’s ‘controls’ – procedures, rules, training materials, training routines etc. that address collision hazards? 4. Current controls’ – vehicle– cameras, mirrors, changes in cab design? 5. Current site’s ‘controls’ – people? 6. Current site controls- working environment – delineation, marking and separation of roads, signeage, speed controls, intersection design 7. Signeage conforming to standard? Can they be seen? Cleanliness? 8. Road design standard address collision hazards 9. % of vehicles that are/are not equipped with a prox detection/collision avoidance system?
  • 48. 49© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Specifically….. 2 1. Is there a prestart check for the proximity detection system? 2. If found unserviceable during prestart what is the stated procedure e.g. parkup, notification to maintenance, no procedure etc? 3. Vehicle separation distances? How do you know they are actually observed? 4. Speed limits? 5. Full risk assessment covering vehicle collision hazards as its main concern/theme? 6. Conflict points incl. overhead services 7. Are all relevant collisions hazard identified and addressed in the risk assessment? Cross reference them to other incidents? 8. Separation of pedestrians from other traffic - Pedestrian crossings? 9. Separation of LV from other traffic, Separation HV to HV? 10.How are ‘human factors’ – ie operator interaction with the prox. system, cab layout, ergonomics, alarming, operator interference are resolved?
  • 49. 50© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Specifically ….3 1. Lighting sufficient? 2. In-vehicle noise levels? 3. Give-way policy? 4. Speed limiting devices – are they fitted? Are they working? 5. Are speed limits enforced? 6. Vehicle housekeeping? (visibility – windows, mirrors and cameras) 7. Separate access points into the traffic circuit? Do they maximise visibility? 8. Well marked and well controlled railway crossings? Do they maximise visibility? 9. Site working on scoping up a prox system? 10.Are you planning to involve a human factors specialist to cover human factors aspects while scoping up a proximity system? 11.Made contact with any of the proximity systems manufacturers to discuss a possible site trial or system implementation? 12.Made contact with any of the mining equipment manufacturers to discuss OEM assistance re prox system?
  • 50. 51© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Specifically ….4 1. Risk Controls generally – where do they lie in the hierarchy of controls? Please describe the range of controls. 2. Controls from the risk assessment actually been implemented? Are they actually available and in place? 3. How do the controls provide effective protection? 4. Do the controls rely on the intervention of a person, eg the operator, or are they automatic? 5. How did you establish effectiveness of your control approach? 6. How did you measure the effectiveness of the controls? 7. Standard Vehicle separation distances (m) – normal traffic, queuing, parkup. 8. In the field – estimate separation distances between vehicles and compare to site standards 9. Your site’s approach of vehicle parkup process and areas? Designated parkup areas? How are vehicles parked up? (thanks to Prof Tim Horberry UQ for helping with this list)
  • 51. 52© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 In Summary • (V2V, V2P V2I) Accidents are preventable • If we don’t do it – there will be more fatalities • Proximity detection systems are not the complete answer but are an essential part of the solution • Must also look at human factors – human unreliability • Up to industry as end-user to scope proximity system functionality and work with designer/manufacturers • Proximity Detection Technology is available or rapidly becoming available • Australian Underground coal mines not covered yet due to IS approval issues • Need a side by side integrated combination of approaches • COLLISIONgate – 2010 – UQ-DEEDI (ACARP)
  • 52. 53© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 No silver bullet but collision awareness/avoidance systems will help in creating a higher level of safety
  • 53. 54© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Decisions can be life taking Decisions can be life giving Its your call… Decisions – in a nutshell
  • 54. 55© The State of Queensland, Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, 2010 Closing Address Steve Bentham Senior Inspector Electrical Engineering

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