POLITICAL ORGANIZATION OF SOCIETIES
WHAT’S A STATE?
State is a word with several
meanings:
-A sovereign State is a synonim of
country. At the moment there are...
TYPES OF
STATES
- depending on the head of State
- depending of its origin and
the way of holding power
- depending on the...
STATES DEPENDING ON THE HEAD OF STATE
MONARCHY
- The head of State is a king or queen
- Post held for life and hereditary
...
STATES DEPENDING ON THE ORIGIN AND THE WAY OF HOLDING POWER
DEMOCRACY
Type of State in which all the
citizens participate ...
The citizens participate in the
government through the elections.
In a democratic State elections have
to fulfill some con...
Democratic States have a
Constitution, which is the
supreme law of a country
that includes the rights and
duties of the ci...
In democratic States there is a division of
powers: power is not concentrated, but
divided into three branches and held by...
Democracy can be direct or
representative:
• Direct or participatory
democracy: the citizens make
decisions in assemblies ...
NON DEMOCRATIC STATES
ABSOLUTE MONARCHY
The monarch holds all the powers
or chooses the people who have to
rule on his/her...
DICTATORSHIP
- The rulers have not been
elected by the people. They
have taken the power through a
coup d’État, using forc...
Kim Jong-un, North Korean dictator
Bashar al Assad, Syrian dictator
STATES DEPENDING ON THEIR ROLE IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS
LIBERAL STATE
It’s based on the law of supply and dema...
SOCIAL SECURITY
SOCIAL SERVICES
SERVICES FOR THE
UNEMPLOYED
SOCIAL STATE
It’s based on the idea that public
institutions h...
STATES DEPENDING ON THE LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION AND DECISION
CENTRALIZED STATE
State in which the central
government contro...
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Political organization of societies

Types of States
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political organization of societies

  • 1. POLITICAL ORGANIZATION OF SOCIETIES
  • 2. WHAT’S A STATE? State is a word with several meanings: -A sovereign State is a synonim of country. At the moment there are 206 states in the world, 193 of which are members of the United Nations. -all the institutions created to rule and organize the activities of a country
  • 3. TYPES OF STATES - depending on the head of State - depending of its origin and the way of holding power - depending on the role of the State in economy and social relationships - depending on the levels of organization and decision - MONARCHY - REPUBLIC - DEMOCRATIC STATES - NON-DEMOCRATIC STATES - LIBERAL STATE - SOCIAL STATE - CENTRALIZED STATE - DECENTRALIZED STATE
  • 4. STATES DEPENDING ON THE HEAD OF STATE MONARCHY - The head of State is a king or queen - Post held for life and hereditary -In Parliamentary Monarchy, monarchs haven ´t got any power. They are representative figures. REPUBLIC -the head of the State is a president elected by the citizens. -If the president holds the executive power, it is a presidential republic, like in the USA or in France. - In other cases the president of the republic is only a representative figure and the chief of the executive power is the prime minister, like in Italy or Germany. Sergio Mattarella Joachim Gauck
  • 5. STATES DEPENDING ON THE ORIGIN AND THE WAY OF HOLDING POWER DEMOCRACY Type of State in which all the citizens participate in the government, there is a Constitution, there is a division of powers and the individuals and governments are under the Rule of Law (the institutions of the State have to respect the laws, which can´t be retroactive, that is, that they can´t be applied to a fact that has taken place before the law was approved). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u6jgWxkbR7A
  • 6. The citizens participate in the government through the elections. In a democratic State elections have to fulfill some conditions: -they have to be free: the electors are free to vote or not -they have to be periodic: elections have to take place periodically -plural: there must be different options to choose -by universal suffrage: all the citizens can vote, without exception.
  • 7. Democratic States have a Constitution, which is the supreme law of a country that includes the rights and duties of the citizens and the organization of the State. The USA Constitution was the first to be written in the world The first Spanish Constitution was issued in 1812 and the last one in 1978
  • 8. In democratic States there is a division of powers: power is not concentrated, but divided into three branches and held by different institutions, in order to prevent abuse: • Executive power is held by the Government: they direct the policy and implement the laws approved by the Parliament. • Legislative power lies on the Parliament (one or two chambers). They make laws and control the activities of the government. • Judicial power is held by the Courts of Justice. They control the respect to the laws and punish the people who don´t respect the laws. Judges are not elected, but they have to pass public exams, because they have to be independent.
  • 9. Democracy can be direct or representative: • Direct or participatory democracy: the citizens make decisions in assemblies directly. This is only possible in small places or in certain cases. • Representative democracy: the citizens elect the people who will represent them and rule on their behalf. The representatives of the citizens make the decisions. They belong to political parties. A political party is a group of people who share ideology and prepare a program that they will apply if they win the elections. TYPES OF DEMOCRACY Representative democracy
  • 10. NON DEMOCRATIC STATES ABSOLUTE MONARCHY The monarch holds all the powers or chooses the people who have to rule on his/her behalf. Absolute monarchs affirmed that their power came from God and they were untouchable. Salman ibn Abdulaziz al Saud, King of Saudi Arabia Louis XIV, French absolute monarch in the 17th century Ferdinand VII, Spanish absolute monarch in the 19th century Msvati III of Swaziland
  • 11. DICTATORSHIP - The rulers have not been elected by the people. They have taken the power through a coup d’État, using force and they have imposed their will over the rest of the citizens. -They control the army and they use it to oppress the population. -There are not democratic elections, there is no real division of powers and there is no Constitution.
  • 12. Kim Jong-un, North Korean dictator Bashar al Assad, Syrian dictator
  • 13. STATES DEPENDING ON THEIR ROLE IN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS LIBERAL STATE It’s based on the law of supply and demand and non intervention of the State in economic and social relations. The defendants of this State think that the law of supply and demand is enough to regulate the economic relations between citizens and the State has to keep out of economic activities.
  • 14. SOCIAL SECURITY SOCIAL SERVICES SERVICES FOR THE UNEMPLOYED SOCIAL STATE It’s based on the idea that public institutions have to intervene in economy and social relationships to achive more equity between citizens. A social State provides the citizens with social services, such as retirement pensions, unemployment subsidies, public healthcare and education…
  • 15. STATES DEPENDING ON THE LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION AND DECISION CENTRALIZED STATE State in which the central government controls and makes decisions concerning all the country. DECENTRALIZED STATE State organized in different levels. Every level of the administration (central, regional and local) is in charge of certain affairs and powers are distributed among the different institutions. The USA is an example of decentralized State. States have a lot of powers