Natural resources renewable and non renewable
Definition of natural resources and their categories along with examples explained briefly.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Natural resources renewable and non renewable
WHAT ARE NATURAL RESOURCES?
Resources that occur in our nature are known as
These can not be produced by our man-kind.
1. Sun light
CLASSIFICATION OF NATURAL RESOURCES
Natural Resources can be classified into TWO categories:
WHAT ARE RENEWABLE RESOURCES?
• Resources that can be replenished naturally in the
course of time are called Renewable Resources.
WHAT ARE NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCES?
• Resources that exist in limited supply and cannot
be replaced if they are used up are called Non-
ii. Natural gas
iv. Nuclear fuels
• Solar energy
• Wind energy
• Hydro power
• Geo Thermal energy
• Solar energy is radiant light and heat from the sun harnessed using a range of
ever-evolving technologies such as solar photovoltaic cells.
• The Sun is a powerful source of energy that provides the Earth with as much
energy every hour as we collectively use in a year worldwide.
• Energy from the sun is harnessed in two ways:
1. Active solar involves capturing and redistributing sunlight through the use of
solar panels, pumps or solar fans to generate power usually on a large scale.
2.Passive solar works to reduce the amount of energy traditionally used to power
a location, such as a building or house. An example is building a house in the
natural direction of sunlight to trap heat.
• The Electrical energy that is obtained from harnessing the wind with
wind mills or wind turbines is called Wind Energy.
•Winds are caused by the uneven heating of the atmosphere by the sun,
the irregularities of the earth's surface, and rotation of the earth.
•Wind turbines convert the kinetic energy in the wind into mechanical
•Large wind farms consist of hundreds of individual wind turbines which
are connected to the electric power transmission network.
• Hydro power is the energy derived from the falling water or running water.
• Falling water is channeled through water turbines.
• The pressure of the flowing water on turbine blades rotates a shaft and
drives an electrical generator, converting the motion into electrical energy.
• But hydroelectric power doesn't necessarily require a large dam. Some
hydroelectric power plants just use a small canal to channel the river water
through a turbine.
• Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth.
• Thermal energy is the energy that determines the temperature of matter.
• The geothermal energy of the Earth's crust originates from the original
formation of the planet (20%) and from radioactive decay of minerals (80%).
• The geothermal gradient, which is the difference in temperature between the
core of the planet and its surface, drives a continuous conduction of thermal
energy in the form of heat from the core to the surface.
• Resources of geothermal energy range from the shallow ground to hot water
and hot rock found a few miles beneath the Earth's surface, and down even
deeper to the extremely high temperatures of molten rock called magma.
PROS & CONS
Save Money: A lot of money can be saved as the money paid in the form of Power
bill will be reduced.
Green energy: Pollution produced by the burning of fossil fuels like petrol, cutting trees for timber
can be decreased to a great extent.
•Cons (mostly mythical):
Upfront cost: Some people hold off on purchasing solar panels because they imagine that they
can’t afford the initial expense. But, the amount spent on installing Solar panels can
be gained in a few years, as they save on Electricity produced from traditional sources
such as coal, wood etc.
Maintenance: Homeowners unfamiliar with solar technology sometimes fear that complex
repairs will be needed. In fact, solar panels have no moving parts, so there’s no wear
and tear. Rain is generally sufficient to keep the panels free from dust and grime.
Wind energy is a green energy source and does not cause pollution.
The potential of wind power is enormous – 20 times more than what the entire human
The operational costs associated with wind power are low.
Wind is a fluctuating (intermittent) source of energy and is not suited to meet the base load energy
demand unless some form of energy storage is utilized (e.g. batteries, pumped hydro).
The manufacturing and installation of wind turbines requires heavy upfront investments – both in
commercial and residential applications.
Wind turbines can be a threat to wildlife (e.g. birds, bats).
Hydroelectricity is very reliable energy. There are very little fluctuations in terms of
the electric power that is being by the plants, unless a different output is desired
Adjusting water flow and output of electricity is easy. At times where power
consumption is low, water flow is reduced and the magazine levels are being
conserved for times when the power consumption is high.
Hydroelectric power plants may affect fish is a complex interaction between
numerous physical and biological factors.
Building power plants in general is expensive.
Electricity generation and energy prices are directly related to how much water is
available. A drought could potentially affect this.
No fuel required (no mining or transportation)
Not subject to the same fluctuations as solar or wind.
Smallest land footprint of any major power source.
Virtually limitless supply.
Prime sites are often far from population centers
Losses due to long distance transmission of electricity
Sulfur dioxide and silica are emitted.
2. Natural gas
4. Nuclear resources
• Liquid petroleum -crude oil- is the only nonrenewable resource in
• A fossil fuel that is being used up faster than new reserves are
discovered, the oil supply may only last through the middle of this
• Industrial nations, with the U.S. far in the lead, are the biggest
consumers of crude oil.
• Gasoline, heating oil, and diesel fuel are the primary uses of the
resource, although manufacturers utilize oil as the base for such
products as plastics and industrial chemicals.
• Natural gas is a fossil fuel formed when layers of buried plants, gases, and
animals are exposed to intense heat and pressure over thousands of years.
• The energy that the plants originally obtained from the sun is stored in the
form of chemical bonds in natural gas.
• It is primarily composed of methane, but contains ethane, propane and
butane as well.
• Once drillers extract natural gas, processing plants remove the propane and
butane for use as liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), a household and industrial
• According to the current usage statistics and the volume of world reserves,
the supply of natural gas should last another century.
• Coal, which is a primary resource of energy in India, is the product of
millions of years of pressure on original organic matter from plants buried
• It is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually
occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams.
• Anthracite, the purest form of coal, contains about 94 - 95% of carbon.
• At the power plant, coal is commonly burned in a boiler to produce steam.
The steam is run through a turbine to generate electricity.
• The global supply of coal, given the current rate at which it is used, should
last at least two more centuries.
• Nuclear power, or nuclear energy, is the use of exothermic nuclear
processes, to generate useful heat and electricity.
• The term includes nuclear fission, nuclear decay and nuclear fusion.
• Presently the nuclear fission of elements in the actinide series of
the periodic table produce the vast majority of nuclear energy in the
direct service of humankind.
• In nuclear fission, neutrons smash into the nucleus of Uranium atoms and
release energy in the form of heat. Water is converted to steam by this
heat and it is used to drive the turbines.
• Nuclear (fission) power stations, excluding the contribution from naval
nuclear fission reactors, provided about 5.7% of the world's energy and
13% of the world's electricity in 2012.
Use various resources only when needed.
Avoid the wastage of resources.
Avoid the use of material from wild life sources.
Use energy efficient electrical appliances.
Use pressure cooker for cooking which saves 75% of the LPG used in homes.
Old vehicles should not be used as they are less fuel-efficient and also cause pollution.
Utilize renewable energy sources as much as possible. Encourage use of solar cooker, pump etc
We should recycle the waste and waste water for agriculture purposes.