Native Americans in The Bronx
Countering the myth of Columbus "discovering" America with an account of some of the first inhabitants of New York City.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Native Americans in The Bronx
NATIVE AMERICANS AND THE BRONX A partial history of Native Americans in New York City to counter the propaganda surrounding Columbus Day
Native Americans lived in the Bronx Language groups deﬁned Indians Nations Kurt Griesshaber 1962 Indian Lake in Crotona Park
Native culturesinclude Mahican, Delaware and WappingerBy 1100 AD,New Yorks maintribes, theIroquoian andAlgonquiancultures, haddeveloped. Natives werewell-establishedpeoples withsophisticatedcultural systems. KEY
Locations of Native Artifacts Found on Hunts Point Hunt Burial Ground 2 1 3 1 2 3 Dickey Estate Hunt Mansion “The Grange”
Bronx River Called Aquehung or River ofHigh Bluffs by the AlgonquianIndians who ﬁrst lived and ﬁshedalong it. The river attractedEuropean traders in the early 1600sfor the sleek, fat beaver living there. Once heavily polluted actionhas been taken recently byenvironmentalists to clean the river. In February 2007 biologistsspotted a beaver in the river. Therehas not been a sighting of a beaverlodge or a beaver in New York Cityfor over 200 years. Jose the Beaver
Remains of a Native American village show 2000 years of habitation Indian paths in the great metropolis, Part 1 By Reginald Pelham BoltonArtifacts from present day Soundview, Bronx
Indian Trails in Manhattan and the Bronx Native Villages in the South Bronx
Quinnahung Kurt Griesshaber 1962Quinnahung means “Long High Place.” Algonquian name for Hunts Point.
Native American L i fe Woodland people lived in houses made of sticks and tree bark called wigwams.Kurt Griesshaber 1962
Mohican Vocabulary • Mohican word • English translation • aquai • hello • nomasis • little grandmother • achwahndowagan • love • aki • earth • mbei • water • stau • ﬁre • we-ku-wuhm • wigwam or house
Henry Hudson 1609Trading House, 1615 Dutch and other Beavers traders came to the Hudson valley to trade with Indians for beaver furs and other products before settlers arrived.
Birth of the BronxJoanas Broncx Signs Treaty with the Kurt Griesshaber Indians in 1642. 1962
Warfare between whites and Indians wascommon and bloody. Warclubs AMNH
Anne Hutchinson denied the dogma of original sin. A controversial idea in colonial America.Kurt Griesshaber 1962 Anne Hutchinson, her servants and 5 of her children allegedly killed by Indians in 1643. Anne’s daughter was kidnapped, married an Indian and resisted returning to the Illustration from an early colony. 19th century book
Hutchinson RiverThe Hutchinson River is asmall freshwater stream in NewYork. It ﬂows 5 miles souththrough Westchester and theBronx, until it empties intoEastchester Bay. The HutchinsonRiver Parkway follows the riverfor most of its distance.The riveris named for Anne Hutchinson.
Deed with native signers 1664 Hunts Point This may certify whom it may concerne that we Shonearoekite, Wapomoe, Tuckorre, Whawhapenucke, Capahase, Quannaco, Shaquiski, Passachahenne, Harrawooke, have aleined and sold unto Edward Jessup and John Richardson, both of the place above said, a certain Tract of land bounded on the east by the River Aquehung or Bronxkx... -from original deed with native signers 1664 Leggett Estate at Rose Bank 1890. Jessup and Richardson The ﬁrst landholders on Hunts Point were Jessup and Richardson. They bought the land from some Indians. The land was later bought by Gabriel Leggett. His name is on Leggett Ave. Thomas Hunt married Gabriel’s daughter Elizabeth.
Native’s enslaved could be inherited • “By deed dated April 2, 1705, Westchester Records, L. 3, p. 165: Elizabeth Legatt of West Farms, widow, to her daughter Mary Legatt, gives "unto the said Mary Legatt, her heirs and assigns forever my two negro children born of the body of Hannah my negro woman, and of the issue of the body of Robin My Indian slave, the boy being named Abram, and the girl named Jenny.*” *EARLY SETTLERS OF WEST FARMS, WESTCHESTER COUNTY, N. Y. Reprinted from the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, July, 1913.]
Some natives were hiding out in a dense wetland now Bronxdale There may have been a Native American settlement there at one time: in Bear Swamp the early 1800s a basin for grindingFording Place near the Indian Village on the Bronx River corn was found cut into a rock 1868 www.nycgovparks.org outcrop. bronxriver.org Before the coming of the white man, this tree stood near the fording-place of the Indian tribes whose trail passed nearby ; down through a gap between rock ledges dashed the stream in a rapid to the point where the fresh water mingled with the salt, for then the tide rose and fell at that point, and the Indians found that at the join- DeLancey Pine ing of the waters, there was at all tides a shoal place suitable for wading the stream. The Indians, on their was used by way to the summer camps at what was afterwards Hunts rebel snipers Point, crossed over to the west bank of the stream and continued southward on a trail following the windings aiming at of the stream, and this stream they named the "Stream of British troops the High Banks" or "Aquehung" on account of the ledges near the near the big pine. Fording PlaceMorris Park Race Track located in Bronxdale until 1913 Valentines manual of old New York on the Bronx
Revolutionary War Battles; 1775-83 Bronx Relics found in the ruins of the Hunt Mansion. British troops pursue retreating Americans from Brooklyn, through Manhattan and north into the Bronx.A cannonball, cutlass and other Revolutionary war items.
Warriors for AmericaNative Americans who fought on the Patriot side. TheStockbridge Indians were originally from the Bronx.
The Queens Rangers. Queen’s Rangers were Colonists who Simcoe’s men on remained loyal to the patrol King. The Britishcommander in the Bronx was John Simcoe, who went on to found Toronto, Canada.
The American CommanderChief Daniel Nimham
AMBUSH Indian Fields Fight. Brave Indian warriors are ambushed by Queens Rangers in map ofVan Courtland Park the battle drawn byon August 31, 1778. a British officer
Kurt Griesshaber 1962
LINKS http://www.mohican-nsn.gov/Departments/Library- Museum/Mohican_History/origin-and-early.htm http://www.bigorrin.org/mohican_kids.htmNimhams Indian Company of 1778The Events Leading up to the Stockbridge Massacre of August 31, 1778by Richard S. Walling http://www.americanrevolution.org/ind2.html