Welcome to the
Friedman Foundation
Research Symposium
The 4th Annual International Conference
on School Choice and Reform
...
Types of School Choice Programs
• Vouchers
• Tax-Credit Scholarships
• Education Savings Accounts (ESAs)
• Individual Tax ...
Fourth year in a row
that we see at least two
or more new programs
enacted.
51 private school choice programs
In 24 states and D.C.
Estimated 337,000 students are enrolled in voucher, ESA, or
tax-cr...
We’ve seen large
participation growth in
choice programs
since 2010-11.
Tax-credit scholarship
programs have relatively
larger populations of
eligible children to serve.
Student Eligibility
(% eligible of all K-12 students in jurisdiction)
Top
AZ individual tax-credit scholarships (100%)
Cle...
Voucher programs show
higher participation rates
and average levels of
student funding.
Estimated Participation Rates
(% participation of eligible students)
Highest Participation
Milwaukee, WI, vouchers (35%)
O...
Student Funding
(considering the average voucher/scholarship value
as percentage of state’s current per-student spending)
Most voucher and
tax-credit scholarship
programs are designed to
prioritize disadvantaged
populations of students.
What are some general
features of current
programs in the U.S.?
Out of 23 voucher programs
• 8 limited to low- and middle-income students
• 10 limited to students with special needs
• 11...
Out of 18 tax-credit scholarship programs
• 13 limited to low- and middle-income students
• 2 limited to special needs stu...
2015 ABCs of School Choice
to release next week
About the Friedman Foundation
edchoice.org
• Est. in 1996 by Milton & Rose Friedman
• Based in Indianapolis, IN
• Annual A...
What we mean by “school choice”
• Separate the public education funding
mechanism from the administration and
operation of...
Types of School Choice Programs
• Vouchers – funds typically expended by the state and/or school district
would be allocat...
Data Challenges & Limitations
• Staff turnover in DOE’s and DOR’s. Loss of program and institutional
knowledge and/or data...
Student Eligibility #Ref1
(estimated counts of K-12 students eligible)
Voucher Programs
NC: Opportunity Scholarships 859,8...
Student Eligibility #Ref2
(estimated counts of K-12 students eligible)
Tax-Credit Scholarship Programs
PA: Educational Imp...
Student Eligibility #Ref3
(estimated counts of K-12 students eligible)
ESA Programs
FL: Personal Learning Scholarship Acco...
Student Eligibility #Ref4
(estimated counts of K-12 students eligible)
Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Programs
IL: Tax Cr...
2015 ABCs of School Choice (Friedman Foundation Symposium/Preview) - Slides
2015 ABCs of School Choice (Friedman Foundation Symposium/Preview) - Slides
2015 ABCs of School Choice (Friedman Foundation Symposium/Preview) - Slides
2015 ABCs of School Choice (Friedman Foundation Symposium/Preview) - Slides
2015 ABCs of School Choice (Friedman Foundation Symposium/Preview) - Slides
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2015 ABCs of School Choice (Friedman Foundation Symposium/Preview) - Slides

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - 2015 ABCs of School Choice (Friedman Foundation Symposium/Preview) - Slides

  • 1. Welcome to the Friedman Foundation Research Symposium The 4th Annual International Conference on School Choice and Reform January 18, 2015 Ft. Lauderdale, FL
  • 2. Types of School Choice Programs • Vouchers • Tax-Credit Scholarships • Education Savings Accounts (ESAs) • Individual Tax Credits/Deductions
  • 3. Fourth year in a row that we see at least two or more new programs enacted.
  • 4. 51 private school choice programs In 24 states and D.C. Estimated 337,000 students are enrolled in voucher, ESA, or tax-credit scholarship programs in 2014-15. 23 voucher programs • 13 states and D.C. 18 tax-credit scholarship programs (+1, KS) • 14 states 2 education savings account program (+1, FL) • Arizona and Florida 8 individual tax credit/deduction programs (-1, NC) • 7 states
  • 5. We’ve seen large participation growth in choice programs since 2010-11.
  • 6. Tax-credit scholarship programs have relatively larger populations of eligible children to serve.
  • 7. Student Eligibility (% eligible of all K-12 students in jurisdiction) Top AZ individual tax-credit scholarships (100%) Cleveland, OH, vouchers (100%) GA tax-credit scholarships (94%) OK tax-credit scholarships (79%) NH tax-credit scholarships (65%) Bottom AL refundable tax credit (4%) ME town tuitioning vouchers (3%) MS Nate Rogers vouchers (3%) VT town tuitioning vouchers (3%) MS Dyslexia vouchers (2%) OH Autism vouchers (1%)
  • 8. Voucher programs show higher participation rates and average levels of student funding.
  • 9. Estimated Participation Rates (% participation of eligible students) Highest Participation Milwaukee, WI, vouchers (35%) OH EdChoice vouchers (16%) OH Autism vouchers (13%) Cleveland, OH, vouchers (13%) Racine, WI, vouchers (12%) WI Statewide vouchers (11%) FL McKay special needs vouchers (8%) Less than 2% participation in: • 12 tax-credit scholarship programs • 10 voucher programs
  • 10. Student Funding (considering the average voucher/scholarship value as percentage of state’s current per-student spending)
  • 11. Most voucher and tax-credit scholarship programs are designed to prioritize disadvantaged populations of students.
  • 12. What are some general features of current programs in the U.S.?
  • 13. Out of 23 voucher programs • 8 limited to low- and middle-income students • 10 limited to students with special needs • 11 require “prior-year public school” • 14 require standardized testing (details vary) • 2 based on public school accountability (OH, LA)
  • 14. Out of 18 tax-credit scholarship programs • 13 limited to low- and middle-income students • 2 limited to special needs students • 9 require “prior-year public school” • 6 require standardized testing (details vary) • 2 based on public school accountability (PA, KS) • 15 have statutory budget caps (2 “escalators”)
  • 15. 2015 ABCs of School Choice to release next week
  • 16. About the Friedman Foundation edchoice.org • Est. in 1996 by Milton & Rose Friedman • Based in Indianapolis, IN • Annual Activities/Services in 30+ states • 501(c)(3) / Nonpartisan / Nonprofit • What do we do?  Research, Data Collection & Analysis  Publishing, Media Relations, Marketing  Partnerships/Coalitions, Government Relations
  • 17. What we mean by “school choice” • Separate the public education funding mechanism from the administration and operation of schools, and minimize the inherent conflict of interest in such arrangements. • The direction and flow of education funding should follow the student to whichever school – public or private – that family feels is best to meet the child’s needs and priorities.
  • 18. Types of School Choice Programs • Vouchers – funds typically expended by the state and/or school district would be allocated to a participating family in the form of a voucher to pay partial or full tuition for their child’s private school, including both religious and non- religious options. • Education Savings Accounts (ESAs) – allow parents to withdraw their children from public district and receive a deposit of public funds into government-authorized savings accounts that can apply toward private school tuition/fees, online learning, private tutoring, and post-secondary education expenses • Tax-Credit Scholarships – eligible individual/corporate taxpayers can receive full or partial tax credits when they donate to nonprofits that provide private school scholarships. • Individual Tax Credits/Deductions – tax relief for educational expenses such as private school tuition, books, etc.
  • 19. Data Challenges & Limitations • Staff turnover in DOE’s and DOR’s. Loss of program and institutional knowledge and/or data protocols. About half of contacts “lost” from last year’s data collection. • State agencies with a dedicated “school choice office” made communication and cooperation much easier with contacts and making new contacts. More timely response. • Official data requests (Open Records, FOIA, etc.) necessary for some programs, particularly for the individual tax credits/deductions. • DOEs were typically more responsive than DORs. (though for some reason the folks at LA DOE thought it more important to respond to the US DOJ's data requests…) • Significant challenge estimating eligibility for programs with income limits for specific populations (failing schools, special needs, etc.).
  • 20. Student Eligibility #Ref1 (estimated counts of K-12 students eligible) Voucher Programs NC: Opportunity Scholarships 859,814 IN: Choice Scholarships 682,366 LA: Louisiana Scholarships 461,628 FL: John M. McKay Scholarships for Students with Disabilities§ 379,490 OH: Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarships§ 257,295 NC: Special Education Scholarship Grants§ 190,091 GA: Georgia Special Needs Scholarships§ 188,257 OH: Educational Choice Scholarships 104,707 OK: Lindsey Nicole Henry Scholarships for Students with Disabilities§ 100,798 OH: Income-Based Scholarships 78,787 UT: Carson Smith Special Needs Scholarships§ 78,270 WI: Milwaukee Parental Choice Program‡‡ 74,420 CO: Choice Scholarships§ 63,044 OH: Cleveland Scholarships 47,749 DC: Opportunity Scholarships 35,246 OH: Autism Scholarships§** 18,726 LA: Scholarships for Certain Students with Exceptionalities§ 16,927 MS: Nate Rogers Scholarship for Students with Disabilities Program§** 14,916 WI: Parental Private School Choice Program (Racine)‡‡ 13,448 MS: Dyslexia Therapy Scholarships§ 13,031 WI: Parental Choice Program (Statewide)‡‡ 8,692
  • 21. Student Eligibility #Ref2 (estimated counts of K-12 students eligible) Tax-Credit Scholarship Programs PA: Educational Improvement Tax Credits 1,768,498 GA: Qualified Education Expense Tax Credits 1,671,348 FL: Tax Credit Scholarships 1,352,118 AZ: Original Individual Income Tax Credit Scholarships 1,128,097 AZ: "Switcher" Individual Income Tax Credit Scholarships 1,128,097 IN: School Scholarship Tax Credits 831,144 AZ: Low-Income Corporate Income Tax Credit Scholarships 818,930 OK: Equal Opportunity Education Scholarships 755,350 AL: Education Scholarships 668,555 VA: Educational Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credits 647,181 LA: Tuition Donation Rebate 461,628 IA: School Tuition Organization Tax Credits 272,855 NH: Education Tax Credits 224,766 PA: Opportunity Scholarship Tax Credits†† 138,810 AZ: Lexie's Law Corporate Tax Credits† 130,002 KS: Tax Credit for Low Income Students Scholarships 101,755 SC: Educational Credit for Exceptional Needs Children§ 99,530 RI: Tax Credits for Contributions to SOs 79,238
  • 22. Student Eligibility #Ref3 (estimated counts of K-12 students eligible) ESA Programs FL: Personal Learning Scholarship Accounts 352,879 AZ: Empowerment Scholarship Accounts†‡ 221,574
  • 23. Student Eligibility #Ref4 (estimated counts of K-12 students eligible) Individual Tax Credit/Deduction Programs IL: Tax Credits for Educational Expenses 3,128,369 MN: Education Deduction 1,372,189 IA: Tuition and Textbook Tax Credits 793,749 MN: K-12 Education Credit 247,821 LA: Elementary and Secondary School Tuition Deduction 112,645 IN: Private School/Homeschool Deduction 111,872 AL: Parent-Taxpayer Refundable Tax Credits* 29,366

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