Principles of Ergonomics, Body
Mechanics and Body Alignment
NATCEP Day Twelve
Objectives
• Define & discuss ergonomics as it applies to the STNA
• Define body mechanics
• Identify & demonstrate the ru...
Ergonomics
• Adapting the environment using techniques
and equipment to prevent injury and
provide more efficient care.
• ...
Body Mechanics
• Describes the body movements used
when you move a resident or an object
• Purpose
– Make the best use of ...
Rules of Body Mechanics
• Use as many large muscles or groups of large muscles
as possible.
• Stand erect!
• Place the fee...
Rules of Body Mechanics
• Work in the direction of your efforts, not
against them. Avoid twisting!
• Always count with the...
Positions
• Supine: The back-lying position
• Prone: Lying on the abdomen (stomach)
with the head turned to one side.
• La...
General Principles for Lifting and
Moving the Resident
• FIRST: explain the procedure to the resident first
• Protect priv...
Correct Body Alignment
• Head
– Erect, not forward or extended backward
• Spinal Cord
– Straight, normal position
• Extr...
Importance of Correct Body Alignment
•
•
•
•
•
•
Promotes comfort
Prevents pain
Strain not placed on joints, muscles or t...
Correct Body Alignment
Correct Body Alignment
Correct Body Alignment
Correct Body Alignment
Correct Body Alignment
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Natcep day 12 part two

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      Business      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Natcep day 12 part two

  • 1. Principles of Ergonomics, Body Mechanics and Body Alignment NATCEP Day Twelve
  • 2. Objectives • Define & discuss ergonomics as it applies to the STNA • Define body mechanics • Identify & demonstrate the rules of good body mechanics – SKILL: Transfer Person Using Mechanic Lift – SKILL: Transfer Person Using Sit-to-Stand Lift • Demonstrate general principles for lifting and moving residents – – – – SKILL: SKILL: SKILL: SKILL: Moving the Person up in Bed with an Assistive Device Position Person on Side Transfer from Bed to Wheelchair Transfer from Wheelchair to Bed • Describe correct body alignment • Explain why correct body alignment is important • Demonstrate correct body alignment
  • 3. Ergonomics • Adapting the environment using techniques and equipment to prevent injury and provide more efficient care. • Shared responsibility – STNA • Gaining and using skills for properly caring for residents – Employer • Facilitating a safe workplace, work environment and appropriate equipment
  • 4. Body Mechanics • Describes the body movements used when you move a resident or an object • Purpose – Make the best use of strength and avoid fatigue and injury
  • 5. Rules of Body Mechanics • Use as many large muscles or groups of large muscles as possible. • Stand erect! • Place the feet apart, with the knees bent, the width of your shoulders when lifting – broad base of support. • Be a close as possible to what you are lifting or moving. • Push, pull or roll, if possible, rather than lift a heavy object. • Use your arms to support the object.
  • 6. Rules of Body Mechanics • Work in the direction of your efforts, not against them. Avoid twisting! • Always count with the person you’re working with and lift/move on the same count. • Use 2 people when moving residents who cannot assist you. • Pivot and turn with short steps or turn our whole body when changing directions. • Use mechanical lifts or other devices per facility policy and manufacturers’ recommendations. • Don’t follow plan of care or policy when moving resident = neglect!
  • 7. Positions • Supine: The back-lying position • Prone: Lying on the abdomen (stomach) with the head turned to one side. • Lateral: The side-lying position • Fowler’s: A semi-sitting position with the head of the raised between 45-60 degrees
  • 8. General Principles for Lifting and Moving the Resident • FIRST: explain the procedure to the resident first • Protect privacy! • Give the most support to the heaviest parts of the body. • Hold the resident close to your body for best support • Use smooth and steady, not jerky, motions. • Lock the bed and chair! • Elevate the bed if possible when moving or repositioning a bedfast resident. • Use draw sheet when indicated to avoid shearing and tearing of skin. • Use the gait belt around the resident’s waist for safety.
  • 9. Correct Body Alignment • Head – Erect, not forward or extended backward • Spinal Cord – Straight, normal position • Extremities – Depends on position of person • Feet – Walking, not slanted forward • Wrists – Neither flexed or extended • Hips – Straight in line with the thighs
  • 10. Importance of Correct Body Alignment • • • • • • Promotes comfort Prevents pain Strain not placed on joints, muscles or tissue Prevents contractures Prevents skin breakdown Promotes sense of well being
  • 11. Correct Body Alignment
  • 12. Correct Body Alignment
  • 13. Correct Body Alignment
  • 14. Correct Body Alignment
  • 15. Correct Body Alignment

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