Recognizing Changes in Body
Function
NATCEP Day Seven
Objectives
• Describe changes in vision that may
accompany aging
• Describe how the NA might recognize that a
resident has...
Visual changes that may occur with aging
• Reduced ability to focus vision.
• Decreased sharpness of vision.
• Loss of per...
Diseases that may cause Visual Loss
• Cataracts
– Clouding of the lens of the eyes
• Glaucoma
– Damage to the optic nerve
...
Diseases that may cause Visual Loss
• Macular Degeneration
– Leading cause of severe vision loss in people over
age 60
– O...
Environmental accommodations
• Place objects where the resident can see
them; keep the same location.
• Keep surroundings ...
Eye Glass care
• Wearing correct eye glasses.
• Clean and fit properly.
• Store properly when not in use.
Hearing Changes
• Reduced ability to hear high-pitched sounds.
• Reduced acuity.
Clues to hearing loss
• Speaks louder than necessary or increases
volume of TV/radio.
• Asks for words to be repeated.
• D...
Communication
• Speak clearly, slowly, facing the resident.
• Turn off background noise.
Hearing Aid/Cochlear Implant care
• Replace batteries as needed.
• Clean according to manufacturer’s
instructions.
• Store...
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Natcep day 7

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Business      Technology      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Natcep day 7

  • 1. Recognizing Changes in Body Function NATCEP Day Seven
  • 2. Objectives • Describe changes in vision that may accompany aging • Describe how the NA might recognize that a resident has impaired vision • Name diseases that may cause visual impairment • Describe ways to change the environment to encourage the visually impaired resident’s independence and to promote safety • Describe ways to care for the visually impaired resident • Describe changes in hearing that may accompany aging
  • 3. Visual changes that may occur with aging • Reduced ability to focus vision. • Decreased sharpness of vision. • Loss of peripheral vision. • Reduced ability to acclimate to darkness. • Increased sensitivity to glare. • Possible impairment of color vision from cataracts.
  • 4. Diseases that may cause Visual Loss • Cataracts – Clouding of the lens of the eyes • Glaucoma – Damage to the optic nerve – Caused by ncreased internal pressure in eye • Blood vessel damage – Diabetes – High Blood Pressure • Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) – Commonly known as Stroke – May remove part of visual field
  • 5. Diseases that may cause Visual Loss • Macular Degeneration – Leading cause of severe vision loss in people over age 60 – Occurs when small central portion of the retina (macula) deteriorates. – Retina is the light-sensing nerve tissue at the back of the eye.
  • 6. Environmental accommodations • Place objects where the resident can see them; keep the same location. • Keep surroundings uncluttered. • Provide good lighting & adjust blinds to prevent glare. • Use large print on signs, black on white.
  • 7. Eye Glass care • Wearing correct eye glasses. • Clean and fit properly. • Store properly when not in use.
  • 8. Hearing Changes • Reduced ability to hear high-pitched sounds. • Reduced acuity.
  • 9. Clues to hearing loss • Speaks louder than necessary or increases volume of TV/radio. • Asks for words to be repeated. • Does not react to a sound out of the visual field.
  • 10. Communication • Speak clearly, slowly, facing the resident. • Turn off background noise.
  • 11. Hearing Aid/Cochlear Implant care • Replace batteries as needed. • Clean according to manufacturer’s instructions. • Store according to manufacturer’s instructions – EXPENSIVE!

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