Managing population health:
Using data & visualizations to inform decisions
Peter Speyer
Chief Data & Technology Office...
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)
• Independent research center at the
University of Washington
• Core...
Managing population health
Goals
• Improve health outcomes
• Control cost
• Compare risk-adjusted
outcomes / quality ...
Managing population health
Goals
• Improve health outcomes
• Control cost
• Compare risk-adjusted
outcomes / quality ...
Measuring outcomes: Global Burden of Disease
www.healthdata.org 5
• A systematic scientific effort
to quantify the comp...
Measuring burden of diseases and injuries
YLDs
Disability Weight
DALYs (Disability-Adjusted Life Years)
YLLs
www.heal...
GBD 2013 to be published this fall
• 323 diseases and injuries, 1,500+ sequelae, 69 risk factors
• 188 countries, 1990 t...
Identify all available data inputs
Population based Encounter level Other
www.healthdata.org 8
• Vital registration
• ...
The Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx.org)
www.healthdata.org 9
Data & Model Flow
4
www.healthdata.org 10
Mortality
2
Causes
of death
3
Non-fatal
health
outcomes
Risk
factors...
Communicating Data for Impact
• Target specific audiences
• Pick relevant format
– Publication in major medical journal...
www.healthdata.org 12
Visualization demos
www.healthdata.org
Powerful data for population health management
• Synthesis of all available data
• Innovative, peer reviewed methods
• ...
www.healthdata.org 14
Looking ahead
• Taking GBD sub-national
– Successful collaborations with UK, China,
Mexico
– US...
Managing population health:
Using data & visualizations to inform decisions
Peter Speyer
Chief Data & Technology Office...
of 15

Population Health - Data & Visualizations for Decision Making

Measurement is key for population health management. Global Burden of Disease provides data on burden by disease, injury and risk factor in countries around the world.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Healthcare      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Population Health - Data & Visualizations for Decision Making

  • 1. Managing population health: Using data & visualizations to inform decisions Peter Speyer Chief Data & Technology Officer speyer@uw.edu @peterspeyer
  • 2. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) • Independent research center at the University of Washington • Core funding by Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and State of Washington • 190 faculty, researchers and staff • Providing rigorous, scientific measurement – What are the world’s major health problems? – How well is society addressing these problems? – How should we best dedicate resources to improving health? Goal: improve health by providing the best information on population health www.healthdata.org 2
  • 3. Managing population health Goals • Improve health outcomes • Control cost • Compare risk-adjusted outcomes / quality • Identify and manage high-risk / high-cost patients Identify affordable inter-ventions Measure health outcomes & risk factors Target interventions at sub-populations/ individuals www.healthdata.org 3
  • 4. Managing population health Goals • Improve health outcomes • Control cost • Compare risk-adjusted outcomes / quality • Identify and manage high-risk / high-cost patients Identify affordable inter-ventions Measure health outcomes & risk factors Target interventions at sub-populations/ individuals www.healthdata.org 4
  • 5. Measuring outcomes: Global Burden of Disease www.healthdata.org 5 • A systematic scientific effort to quantify the comparative magnitude of health loss due to diseases, injuries & risk factors • Applied to different populations – Administrative: global, regional, country, sub-national (e.g. LA county, Shilin county, Paris) – Other populations (e.g. General Motors employees) • GBD 2010 published in the Lancet in 2012 (complete revision)
  • 6. Measuring burden of diseases and injuries YLDs Disability Weight DALYs (Disability-Adjusted Life Years) YLLs www.healthdata.org 6 Health Death Age Deaths Best life expectancy YLLs (Years of Life Lost) YLDs YLDs (Years Lived with Disability)
  • 7. GBD 2013 to be published this fall • 323 diseases and injuries, 1,500+ sequelae, 69 risk factors • 188 countries, 1990 to 2013 • Results publicly available • Collaborative model: 1050 experts, 106 countries www.healthdata.org 7
  • 8. Identify all available data inputs Population based Encounter level Other www.healthdata.org 8 • Vital registration • Censuses • Surveys • Verbal autopsy • Disease registries • Surveillance systems • Hospital records • Ambulatory records • Primary care records • Pharmacy records • Claims data • Literature reviews • Sensor data • Mortuaries / burial sites • Police records
  • 9. The Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx.org) www.healthdata.org 9
  • 10. Data & Model Flow 4 www.healthdata.org 10 Mortality 2 Causes of death 3 Non-fatal health outcomes Risk factors 5 Co-variates 1 YLLs / YLDs / DALYs 6
  • 11. Communicating Data for Impact • Target specific audiences • Pick relevant format – Publication in major medical journals – Policy reports – Infographics – Data visualizations • Tailor granularity of data http://bit.ly/1mogRom www.healthdata.org 11
  • 12. www.healthdata.org 12 Visualization demos www.healthdata.org
  • 13. Powerful data for population health management • Synthesis of all available data • Innovative, peer reviewed methods • Consistent methods make results comparable • Uncertainty bounds for all metrics • Coverage of all causes prevents double-counting, e.g. mortality, anemia • Fully imputed dataset www.healthdata.org 13
  • 14. www.healthdata.org 14 Looking ahead • Taking GBD sub-national – Successful collaborations with UK, China, Mexico – US burden at county level • Expenditure by disease • Forecasts
  • 15. Managing population health: Using data & visualizations to inform decisions Peter Speyer Chief Data & Technology Officer speyer@uw.edu @peterspeyer

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