INFRASTRUCTURE, Libya Date Pos...
Libyas Proposed Rail ...
In 2001, site preparation work was completed; construction of the Ras Ajdir-Tripoli sectorwas still in progress in early 2...
Lagos, Lom, NDjamena, Niamey and Ouagadougou. European destinations include Brussels,Geneva, London and Paris.Fleet detail...
· Air Algerie· Air Malta· Alitalia· Austrian Airlines· British Airways· EgyptAir (also to Benghazi...
provide 620,000 mobile/cellular telephone connections in a network covering 46 towns andcities.UPDATED2005 Janes Informati...
This page was saved from http://search.janes.com Did you know Janes Strategic Advisory Services can provide ...
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Libya - Infrastructure 2005

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Libya - Infrastructure 2005

  • 1. INFRASTRUCTURE, Libya Date Posted: 28-Dec-2005 Janes Sentinel Security Assessment - North Africa INFRASTRUCTUREInfrastructure TOPCountry Railways (km) Roads (km) Waterways Main Airport Main Port (km)Algeria 3,945 60,000 None Algiers AlgiersChad None 380 n/a NDjamena NoneDjibouti 100 330 n/a Djibouti DjiboutiEgypt 4,548 18,300 3,500 Cairo Alexandria InternationalEritrea 118 874 n/a Asmara MassawaEthiopia 781 3,300 n/a Addis Ababa NoneLibya None 28,000 None Tripoli TripoliMali 729 6,000 1,800 Bamako-Snou Koulikoro - River Niger portMauritania 740 3,100 n/a Nouakchott NouadhibouMorocco 1,907 33,000+ None Casablanca CasablancaSomalia None < 2000 n/a Mogadishu Mogadishu (various); (closed since Hargeysa 1995 due to (Somaliland); insecurity); Berbera Berbera (Somaliland); (Somaliland); Kismaayo Boosaaso (JVA) (Puntland); Kismaayo (JVA).Sudan 4,578 km (3,330 4,370 5,000 Khartoum Port Sudan km operational)Tunisia 2,152 9,000 None Tunis-Carthage TunisRoads TOPAbout two-thirds of Libyas road network is paved, either with a surface of bitumen or havingbeen treated with bitumen.Railways TOPThis page was saved from http://search.janes.com Did you know Janes Strategic Advisory Services can provide impartial, thoroughly researched market evaluation, providing© Janes Information Group, All rights reserved you with the same reliable insight you expect to find in our publications and online services?
  • 2. Libyas Proposed Rail Network (Janes Information Group)No railways have operated in Libya since 1965, when the British-laid line between Tubruqand Egypt was dismantled. Nevertheless, the Ghadaffi government has revived plans to builda new 1,435 mm gauge system comprising a line along the Mediterranean coast from theTunisian frontier via Tripoli to the Egyptian frontier and a line south from Sirte to Sabha, inthe heart of a mineral resource area. In 1992 the General Projects Office was established totake forward plans to develop the system and in 2000 this organisation became the RailwaysExecutive Board. The total cost of the project is estimated to be USD10 billion.In March 2000 the Board signed a USD477 million contract with the China Civil EngineeringConstruction Corporation (CCECC) to build and maintain the first phase of the network: a163 km line with 16 stations from Ras Ajdir to Tripoli, plus a 28 km link to the capitals portarea. This followed the establishment in 1998 of a joint Libyan-Chinese committee to overseeinitial stages of the project. Arrangements for operating the new railway remain to bedecided, with concessioning stated to be one possible option. In late 2000 the Boardemployed some 750 staff.Current plans foresee an eventual network of 3,170 km comprising: a 2,170 km line from RasAjdir, at the Tunisian frontier, eastwards via Tripoli, Benghazi and Tubruq to make aconnection with the Egyptian system at Musaid; and a line of some 1,000 km south fromSirte via Waddan to Sabha, with a branch westwards to Tarot. A total of 96 stations will beprovided. The coast line is expected to carry both passenger and freight traffic, especiallyagricultural and petroleum products, while the line to the south will primarily carry iron orefrom the Sabha area to a steelworks at Misratah, east of Tripoli.This page was saved from http://search.janes.com Did you know Janes Strategic Advisory Services can provide impartial, thoroughly researched market evaluation, providing© Janes Information Group, All rights reserved you with the same reliable insight you expect to find in our publications and online services?
  • 3. In 2001, site preparation work was completed; construction of the Ras Ajdir-Tripoli sectorwas still in progress in early 2005. The remaining sectors cover: Sirte-Benghazi; Benghazi-Musaid; and Sirte-Sabha. On the Benghazi-Musaid section preparatory work was in progressbetween Tubruq and Musaid in 2000.Libyan officials announced in December 2001 that the north-south route from Sirte wouldextend south across the Sahara to link Libya with Chad and Niger. This would presumablylink up with the Nigerian system. However, such lavish infrastructure projects are frequentlytouted by Ghadaffi and are rarely followed up.Waterways TOPLibya has no waterways navigable by vessels of appreciable size.Airports TOPLibya has a total of 142 airports, 59 of which have paved runways. Before UN sanctions wereimposed in 1992 international flights operated from Tripoli and Benghazi, and these haveresumed since the suspension of sanctions in 1999. Libyas aviation infrastructuredeteriorated during the sanctions era, when only domestic flights were permitted. However,the regime is working to bring it up to contemporary standards.Apart from the two international airports, there are also significant civilian airports withpaved airstrips at El-Bayda, Ghadamis, Ghat, Khufrah, Sabha and Sirte. Each of these has arunway of about 3,600 m in length. A smaller civilian airstrip at Hun has a runway of about1,800 m.Benghazi Benina TOPReference point N32 05.9 E020 16.3Maximum runway length 3,600 m (11,811 ft)Runway surface Concrete/AsphaltElevation 132 mNearest town/city Benghazi (32 km)Tripoli International TOPReference point N32 39.81 E013 09.54Maximum runway length 3,600 m (11,811 ft)Runway surface AsphaltElevation 80 mNearest town/city Tripoli (24 km)Civil Airlines TOPAfriqiyah Airways TOPAfriqiyah was established in 2001 to foster Ghadaffis diplomatic initiative in Africa and toestablish Tripoli as a rival to Cairo and Casablanca in linking the Mediterranean and sub-Saharan Africa. African destinations include Abidjan, Accra, Bamako, Cotonou, Khartoum,This page was saved from http://search.janes.com Did you know Janes Strategic Advisory Services can provide impartial, thoroughly researched market evaluation, providing© Janes Information Group, All rights reserved you with the same reliable insight you expect to find in our publications and online services?
  • 4. Lagos, Lom, NDjamena, Niamey and Ouagadougou. European destinations include Brussels,Geneva, London and Paris.Fleet detailsAirbus A320-200 unknownBuraq Air TOPIn November 2000, Tripoli permitted the first private airline, Buraq Air, to be set up in Libya.It mostly runs domestic flights, including daily flights between Tripoli (Mittiga airport) andBenghazi, although it runs international services to Istanbul and Aleppo and plans to expandits international services. The company is believed to be linked to Seif el-Islam Ghadaffi.Fleet detailsBoeing 727 3Ilyushin Il-76TD 3Let 410 3Antonov An-12 1Libyan Arab Airlines TOPFleet detailsBoeing 707-300C 3Boeing 707-200 1Boeing 727-200 Advanced 7DA Falcon 20C 1DA Falcon 50 1Fokker F27-400 1Fokker F27-600 12Fokker F28-4000 3GA Gulfstream II 1Note:· The serviceability of many of the aircraft declined due to the UN sanctions. With the suspension of these in 1999 the airline has been able to begin to restructure and modernise its fleet. The figures above should therefore be treated with some caution. Many older aircraft have been reported for sale and LAA is keen to acquire new aircraft, reportedly 24 Airbus A330 and Boeing 777 aircraft.UN sanctions officially proscribed air travel to Libya between 1992 and 1999. Some contactdid however take place, and with the suspension of the sanctions (lifted in September 2003),many major carriers have moved to reintegrate Libya into their networks. Foreign airlinesoperating scheduled services to Tripoli by 2005 included the following:This page was saved from http://search.janes.com Did you know Janes Strategic Advisory Services can provide impartial, thoroughly researched market evaluation, providing© Janes Information Group, All rights reserved you with the same reliable insight you expect to find in our publications and online services?
  • 5. · Air Algerie· Air Malta· Alitalia· Austrian Airlines· British Airways· EgyptAir (also to Benghazi)· Emirates· JAT Airways (Yugoslavia)· KLM Royal Dutch· Lufthansa· Malev Hungarian Airlines· Pakistan International Airlines· Qatar Airways· Royal Air Maroc· Royal Jordanian· Sudan Airways· Swiss (also to Benghazi)· Syrian Arab Airlines (also to Benghazi)· Tunisair· Turkish Airlines· Ukraine International Airlines Ports TOPEast to west, Libya has ports at Zuwarah, Tripoli, Khums, Misratah, Ras Lanuf, Marsa el-Burayqah, Benghazi, Darnah and Tubruq. Tripoli TOPContainer vessels are handled in the Inner Harbour at Tripoli and at a berth in the newlyconstructed Western Harbour. Open storage has recently been made available at the latterfacility. The East Harbour Terminal has a quay of 400 m with a depth alongside of 12 m.Roll-on/off ships can be handled at one end of the terminal and container cranes are available. Telecommunications TOPThe telecommunication network of Libya is relatively modern and well developed, althoughit has had little incentive to develop competitive structures within the protected local market.Almost all urban households have a telephone land connection. Radio relay, troposphericscatter, coaxial cables and domestic satellite stations all allow communication with othercountries with relative ease. In 1999, Libya began to establish a fibre optic network linkingthe towns along its coast.The El Madar Telephone Company, a subsidiary of Libyas state-owned telecoms monopolyGeneral Post and Telecommunications Company (GPTC), established a GSM cellular/mobileservice in November 1996. The network was rolled out west from Benghazi and now coversthe major population centres along the Mediterranean coast.In 2003 Muhammad Ghadaffi set up a mobile telephone company, Libyana, that wasofficially inaugurated on 1 September 2004. This company has reportedly promised toThis page was saved from http://search.janes.com Did you know Janes Strategic Advisory Services can provide impartial, thoroughly researched market evaluation, providing© Janes Information Group, All rights reserved you with the same reliable insight you expect to find in our publications and online services?
  • 6. provide 620,000 mobile/cellular telephone connections in a network covering 46 towns andcities.UPDATED2005 Janes Information GroupThis page was saved from http://search.janes.com Did you know Janes Strategic Advisory Services can provide impartial, thoroughly researched market evaluation, providing© Janes Information Group, All rights reserved you with the same reliable insight you expect to find in our publications and online services?
  • 7. This page was saved from http://search.janes.com Did you know Janes Strategic Advisory Services can provide impartial, thoroughly researched market evaluation, providing© Janes Information Group, All rights reserved you with the same reliable insight you expect to find in our publications and online services?

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