HTML Programming and Internet Tools CO1052 /
CO2052
Feb 2010 | p.warnsberg@kingston.ac.uk |
www.twitter.com/petterw
http://www.linkedin.com/in/petterw
Petter Warnsberg
Contact me
• Contact me
– I live in Room SB318 (Sopwith Building)
– email: P.Warnsberg@kingston.ac.uk
and include ...
Contact Module leader
Vincent Lau
• Contact Dr Lau
– Live in Room SB215 (Sopwith Building)
– email: V.Lau@kin...
A Few Administrative Points
• In StudySpace, you can find information such
as:
– Module Guide
– Lecture notes
...
Structure of the Course
Day Time Class type Room Week nos.
...
2008/9 (Semester 1) results
• 45 students
– Passed at first attempt: 30 ( 67%)
– Average mark 46%
• Highe...
Week No Date Session
1 4th Feb 10 Lecture 1 & Workshop: Module introduction, Intr...
Assessments
• Please READ Module Guide
– Penalty for late submissions!
– If needed, negotiate an extension in
adva...
Assessments
• Individual Work folder 40%
– Part 1 submit on 15th March
– Part 2 submit on 10th May
• Group M...
Plagiarism
• Guidelines can be found at:
http://student.kingston.ac.uk/C6/Plagiarism/default.aspx
• Formal Hearing
–...
Reading list
For this module:
 P. Carey, “Creating Web Pages with
HTML, XHTML, and XML”, Thomson
Course Techno...
Reading list
 D. Oliver and M. Morrison,
"Teach Yourself HTML and
XHTML in 24 Hours",
SAMS, 2003.
Go...
Web Resources
Good internet resources:
 World Wide Web Consortium
 http://www.w3c.org/
 W3 Schools
 http://www...
This is digital media
The technology that
drives digital media
evolution
Each generation of online
technology builds on
previous generations
Example:
physical network layer:
hardware layer:
servers & computers
network layer: TCP/IP
protocols layer: HTTP
server software layer:
Apache, IIS
data layer:
databases, XML
browser layer:
content structure layer:
XHTML
content style layer: CSS
dynamic layer: Document
Object Model + JavaScript
extension layer:
Media (Video, audio)
Interactivity (Flash, Silverlight)
Functionality (Add-Ins,
Extens...
Web development
1. HTML/CSS
2. Frontend scripting
3. Backend development
4. Content management
5. Server administratio...
Content of module
HTML Best practice
Describe the content so Make it great:
that machines k...
Example 1
• A typical web page
contains:
– HTML instructions
– Style sheets
• Colors, fonts, sizes, styl
e...
Example 1 – HTML code (see
example on StudySpace)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//...
E-commerce: Amazon.co.uk
Communitites: last.fm/user/petterww
Example 2 – Flash movies
• A Flash Movie that runs within a Web
browser plug-in embedded with HTML
– Flash Movies wri...
Campaigns: Get the glass 40
Example 3 – Dynamic HTML
• Manipulating the HTML and browser
with JavaScript
– Rich interfaces and AJAX
– Enabled w...
Web applications: Google calendar
The Cloud
New type of services
Prosumer
Data portability
Personalisation
Intelligent web – APIs
Intelligent web – Mashups
New platforms
New platforms
Game console integration
New platforms
Android, Wave, Chrome OS, Friend connect
Augmented reality + Profile
Mobile trends
1. Features that make sense in a Mobile
phone.
2. Move towards applications (away from
pages.)
Learning, creating, testing and sharing
...in a fragmented ubiquitous digital landscape
that builds on top of existing...
From browser to server return
What is the Internet?
• A computer network is a collection of
computers that can exchange data via a
telecommunication...
HTTP versus HTML
• HTTP governs how files move over the web
• HTML defines structure of Web documents
...
Why is the Internet important?
• The third most important invention in the
computing history
– The Computer, the Micro...
History
• 1960 ARPAnet
• 1990 World Wide Web, Tim Berners-Lee
created a set of technologies that allowed
information t...
Web Browsers
• Web browsers are software programs that allow
users to access certain types of Internet files in an
int...
Web Server
• A computer, running special software, which
is always connected to the Internet
• Typing and URL in the Web...
Document Formatting
• WYSIWYG
– “What You See Is What You Get”
– Use visual tools to format the document
e.g. Word...
HTML
• Stands for Hyper-Text Mark-up
Language
• It is a Mark-up language and the files
are compiled and presented on
...
HTML (cont…)
• HTML documents are plain text (not
case sensitive) files with embedded
markup codes (tags)
• Any simpl...
HTML versions
• Originally developed at CERN as part of
the WWW project managed by Tim-
Berners-Lee
• The first brows...
XHTML 1.1
• stands for EXtensible HyperText
Markup Language
• Largely based on HTML 4.01
• Defines HTML as an XML appl...
What is a Tag?
• The mark-up „codes‟ in HTML are
called tags
• A tag may be used to describe an
element of a list or t...
Just one Second !
• Is there any point in writing plain HTML
when Microsoft Frontpage is out in the
wild ?
• It produ...
What do these tags look like?
(1)
• Tag names are included in < >
• The text to be formatted is included in
...
What do these tags look like?
• They may also have attributes
<img id="flower" />
• Tags must always have a matching
...
Structure of a Tag
<p id="title">Welcome to CO1052</p>
tag attribute attribute
end
name...
The Mother of all Tags
• Tags in XHTML are case sensitive
– BUT not in HTML
• The most basic tag is the one that specifi...
The Document Type
• To adhere to the XHTML 1.1 standard, the
first line of the document must be the
appropriate docume...
Inside the document
• A document must have a head and title
element given by the nested tags:
<head>
<title>Here go...
HTML/XHTML Document -
example
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC
"-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
"http://w...
So How to Type your HTML
Code then?
• Use simple „text‟ editors, such as
notepad
– And don‟t forget to save fil...
Using notepad
• Follow start > All programs > Accessories > Notepad
...
Using HTML-Kit
• HTML Editor
80
Using Dreamweaver
• WYSIWYG authoring software
81
Publish your own index.html page
http://sites.google.com/site/kuhtml
Keep on trucking
p.warnsberg@kingston.ac.uk | http://twitter.com/petterw
Kingston University HTML Programming and Internet Tools module introduction
Kingston University HTML Programming and Internet Tools module introduction
Kingston University HTML Programming and Internet Tools module introduction
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Kingston University HTML Programming and Internet Tools module introduction

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
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Transcripts - Kingston University HTML Programming and Internet Tools module introduction

  • 1. HTML Programming and Internet Tools CO1052 / CO2052 Feb 2010 | p.warnsberg@kingston.ac.uk | www.twitter.com/petterw
  • 2. http://www.linkedin.com/in/petterw Petter Warnsberg
  • 3. Contact me • Contact me – I live in Room SB318 (Sopwith Building) – email: P.Warnsberg@kingston.ac.uk and include “HTML” in the subject line – “office hours” Mondays 11:00-12:30, – www.petterw.com • For Course URL: – http://sites.google.com/site/kuhtml/ 3
  • 4. Contact Module leader Vincent Lau • Contact Dr Lau – Live in Room SB215 (Sopwith Building) – email: V.Lau@kingston.ac.uk and include “HTML” in the subject line 4
  • 5. A Few Administrative Points • In StudySpace, you can find information such as: – Module Guide – Lecture notes – Practical exercises – Assignments • Outline marking schemes – Useful links and references – Discussion Boards 5
  • 6. Structure of the Course Day Time Class type Room Week nos. Teaching weeks 1,2,3,7,11 and 12 Thursday 9:00-10:00 Lecture CLT Week 9 is “enhancement week”, activities TBC ... Teaching weeks Thursday 10:15-11:00 Lecture JG1009 1,2,3,7,11 and 12 Teaching weeks Thursday 11:00-12:00 Practical JG1009 1,2,3,7,11 and 12 Teaching weeks Thursday 10:15-12:00 Practical JG1009 4, 5, 6, 8 and 10
  • 7. 2008/9 (Semester 1) results • 45 students – Passed at first attempt: 30 ( 67%) – Average mark 46% • Highest mark 94% (3 students > 90%) • Seek helps asap if needed 7
  • 8. Week No Date Session 1 4th Feb 10 Lecture 1 & Workshop: Module introduction, Introduction to HTML/XHTML Lecture 2: Tags 2 11th Feb Workshop: Exercise set 1: Tags Lecture 3 : CSS and CSS Layouts, Introduce individual coursework Part 1 3 18th Feb Workshop: Exercise set 2: Tables and lists 4 25th Feb Workshop: Exercise set 3: CSS 5 4th Mar Workshop: Exercise set 4: CSS Layouts Workshop: Exercise set 5: Images 6 11th Mar Test 1 (on first part of the module, during practical class), Part 1 individual coursework folder submission (on 15/Mar) Lecture 4: Best practice 7 18th Mar Test Results & Discussion, Introduce individual coursework Part 2 Workshop: Exercise set 6: Validation 8 25th Mar Workshop: Exercise set 7: Forms 9 15th Apr Enhancement Week – No Lectures or Practical 10 22nd Apr Workshop: Exercise set 8: Build a Webpage Lecture 5: JavaScript and jQuery 11 29th Apr Workshop: Exercise set 9: JavaScript Lecture 6: Web design 12 6th May Test 2 (on all part of the module, during practical class), Part 2 individual coursework folder submission (on 10/May) Workshop clinic 10th May – 14th May Revision week – No Lectures or Practical
  • 9. Assessments • Please READ Module Guide – Penalty for late submissions! – If needed, negotiate an extension in advance • In-class tests 30% – Test 1 11th March – Test 2 6th May 9
  • 10. Assessments • Individual Work folder 40% – Part 1 submit on 15th March – Part 2 submit on 10th May • Group Mini-Project 30% – Submit on 17th May 10
  • 11. Plagiarism • Guidelines can be found at: http://student.kingston.ac.uk/C6/Plagiarism/default.aspx • Formal Hearing – If found guilty • First offence – 0 given, FZ grade recorded • Second offence – may terminate registration 11
  • 12. Reading list For this module:  P. Carey, “Creating Web Pages with HTML, XHTML, and XML”, Thomson Course Technology, 2006.  D. Gosselin, "Introductory XHTML", Thomson Course Technology, 2003. 12
  • 13. Reading list  D. Oliver and M. Morrison, "Teach Yourself HTML and XHTML in 24 Hours", SAMS, 2003. Good reference book in the subject matter (applications based): P. K. Yuen and V. Lau, "Practical Web Technologies", Addison-Wesley, 2003. 13
  • 14. Web Resources Good internet resources:  World Wide Web Consortium  http://www.w3c.org/  W3 Schools  http://www.w3schools.com/  Tutorials  http://net.tutsplus.com 14
  • 15. This is digital media
  • 16. The technology that drives digital media
  • 17. evolution
  • 18. Each generation of online technology builds on previous generations
  • 19. Example:
  • 20. physical network layer:
  • 21. hardware layer: servers & computers
  • 22. network layer: TCP/IP
  • 23. protocols layer: HTTP
  • 24. server software layer: Apache, IIS
  • 25. data layer: databases, XML
  • 26. browser layer:
  • 27. content structure layer: XHTML
  • 28. content style layer: CSS
  • 29. dynamic layer: Document Object Model + JavaScript
  • 30. extension layer: Media (Video, audio) Interactivity (Flash, Silverlight) Functionality (Add-Ins, Extensions)
  • 31. Web development 1. HTML/CSS 2. Frontend scripting 3. Backend development 4. Content management 5. Server administration 6. Flash development 7. Content and assets
  • 32. Content of module HTML Best practice Describe the content so Make it great: that machines knows what -Usability it is -Accessibility -Production workflow CSS -Validation Style the content so that -Debugging humans can easily take it in -Web design JavaScript Make it interactive so that it becomes more intuitive, faster and obvious to
  • 33. Example 1 • A typical web page contains: – HTML instructions – Style sheets • Colors, fonts, sizes, styl es etc. • Images, animated GIF images, objects, … html_example.htm – Javascripts 35
  • 34. Example 1 – HTML code (see example on StudySpace) <?xml version="1.0" encoding="iso-8859-1"?> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> <head><title> A Shooting Game - ex09-09.htm </title></head> <style> .tx01St={font-family:arial;font-size:18pt;font-weight:bold} .butSt{background-color:#dddddd;font-family:arial;font-weight:bold; font-size:18pt;color:#880000;width:60px;height:40px} .butSt1{background-color:#aaffaa;font-family:arial;font-weight:bold; font-size:18pt;color:#880000;width:110px;height:40px} </style> <body style="background:#dddddd;font-family:arial;font-size:20pt; color:#000088;font-weight:bold"> <div style="position:absolute;top:15px;left:150px">HTML Example - A Shooting Game</div> <img src="line1.gif" style="position:absolute; top:50px;left:150px;width:380px;height:6px" />, .... …… 36
  • 35. E-commerce: Amazon.co.uk
  • 36. Communitites: last.fm/user/petterww
  • 37. Example 2 – Flash movies • A Flash Movie that runs within a Web browser plug-in embedded with HTML – Flash Movies written separately – A Flash SWF file is downloaded along with a Web page from a Web server, but the Flash itself runs on the user‟s computer 39
  • 38. Campaigns: Get the glass 40
  • 39. Example 3 – Dynamic HTML • Manipulating the HTML and browser with JavaScript – Rich interfaces and AJAX – Enabled web applications 41
  • 40. Web applications: Google calendar
  • 41. The Cloud
  • 42. New type of services
  • 43. Prosumer
  • 44. Data portability
  • 45. Personalisation
  • 46. Intelligent web – APIs
  • 47. Intelligent web – Mashups
  • 48. New platforms
  • 49. New platforms Game console integration
  • 50. New platforms Android, Wave, Chrome OS, Friend connect
  • 51. Augmented reality + Profile
  • 52. Mobile trends 1. Features that make sense in a Mobile phone. 2. Move towards applications (away from pages.)
  • 53. Learning, creating, testing and sharing ...in a fragmented ubiquitous digital landscape that builds on top of existing layers of technology.
  • 54. From browser to server return
  • 55. What is the Internet? • A computer network is a collection of computers that can exchange data via a telecommunication mechanism • An internet is a network of computer networks • The Internet (capital ”I”) is one large, globally accessible internet 58
  • 56. HTTP versus HTML • HTTP governs how files move over the web • HTML defines structure of Web documents HTML docu- ments Web Server User‟s Web Browser e.g. www.kingston.ac.uk e.g. k123456.kingston.ac.uk 59
  • 57. Why is the Internet important? • The third most important invention in the computing history – The Computer, the Microprocessor, The Internet • Worldwide communication, access to info, to people and business • Easy to use 60
  • 58. History • 1960 ARPAnet • 1990 World Wide Web, Tim Berners-Lee created a set of technologies that allowed information to be linked together through links in documents (HTML) • 1992 Mark Andreessen created the first Web browser Mosaic • 1994 World Wide Web Consortium 61
  • 59. Web Browsers • Web browsers are software programs that allow users to access certain types of Internet files in an interactive environment • Microsoft‟s Internet Explorer and Netscape‟s Communicator • The Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is the unique address associated with the Web page and is displayed in the browser window, e.g. (http://www.kingston.ac.uk/index.html) • Navigation through hyperlinks which can reference other Web pages, e-mail addresses and files 62
  • 60. Web Server • A computer, running special software, which is always connected to the Internet • Typing and URL in the Web browser or clicking in a link sends a request to the server that hosts this information • The server sends back the requested files and displays them in the Web browser 63
  • 61. Document Formatting • WYSIWYG – “What You See Is What You Get” – Use visual tools to format the document e.g. Word for Windows • Mark-up Languages – Use special „codes‟ to specify the functionality of the content in a document 64
  • 62. HTML • Stands for Hyper-Text Mark-up Language • It is a Mark-up language and the files are compiled and presented on demand, usually by a web browser • However it is not a programming language – Note: there are Mark-up languages that are also programming languages 65
  • 63. HTML (cont…) • HTML documents are plain text (not case sensitive) files with embedded markup codes (tags) • Any simple text editor could be used to create and edit HTML file • The file should be saved with extension .htm or .html 66
  • 64. HTML versions • Originally developed at CERN as part of the WWW project managed by Tim- Berners-Lee • The first browser was Mosaic, by Marc Andreessen who went on to found Netscape • The grey days of incompatibility followed until recently... 67
  • 65. XHTML 1.1 • stands for EXtensible HyperText Markup Language • Largely based on HTML 4.01 • Defines HTML as an XML application 68
  • 66. What is a Tag? • The mark-up „codes‟ in HTML are called tags • A tag may be used to describe an element of a list or the heading of a section • Actually their functionality is much wider and we will attempt to introduce the most basic ones today 69
  • 67. Just one Second ! • Is there any point in writing plain HTML when Microsoft Frontpage is out in the wild ? • It produces very wasteful code • It doesn‟t always give you exactly what you want. 70
  • 68. What do these tags look like? (1) • Tag names are included in < > • The text to be formatted is included in <tagname> text </tagname> • Tags can be nested <b><i>text</i></b> 71
  • 69. What do these tags look like? • They may also have attributes <img id="flower" /> • Tags must always have a matching closing tag 72
  • 70. Structure of a Tag <p id="title">Welcome to CO1052</p> tag attribute attribute end name name value tag 73
  • 71. The Mother of all Tags • Tags in XHTML are case sensitive – BUT not in HTML • The most basic tag is the one that specifies the document type. • The whole of an HTML document must be included between <html> and </html> 74
  • 72. The Document Type • To adhere to the XHTML 1.1 standard, the first line of the document must be the appropriate document declaration e.g. (see next week lecture) <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1- transitional.dtd"> 75
  • 73. Inside the document • A document must have a head and title element given by the nested tags: <head> <title>Here goes the title</title> </head> • The head section is followed by the body <body> everything happens here </body> section. • The body is where everything happens 76
  • 74. HTML/XHTML Document - example <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/ xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> <html> <head> <title> Example of a title </title> </head> <body> <h1>This is an example of h1 heading</h1> </body> </html> 77
  • 75. So How to Type your HTML Code then? • Use simple „text‟ editors, such as notepad – And don‟t forget to save file with file extension .htm or .html • Use „HTML Editor‟ such as HTML-Kit • Use WYSIWYG authoring software such as Dreamweaver from Macromedia 78
  • 76. Using notepad • Follow start > All programs > Accessories > Notepad 79
  • 77. Using HTML-Kit • HTML Editor 80
  • 78. Using Dreamweaver • WYSIWYG authoring software 81
  • 79. Publish your own index.html page http://sites.google.com/site/kuhtml
  • 80. Keep on trucking p.warnsberg@kingston.ac.uk | http://twitter.com/petterw