Computers are plain stupid (but that's just common sense).
I was invented to do a guest lecture on my thesis topic for fellow students in June (2008). Presentation was done way before the actual game went online.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Computers are plain stupid (but that's just common sense).
Computers are plain stupid
(but that’s just common sense)
Nienke Eckhardt & Pim Nauts
Gezond Verstand 2008
. Computers vs. humans
. Common sense?
. been there, done that: previous research
. MIT’s OMCS
. A kid’s OMCS (‘ours’)
. unmatched computational power
. fast, ﬂawless & accurate reasoning
. virtually endless stamina
. all of which are only increasing
. limited working memory
. slow, often wrong reasoning
. need a recharge daily
. no hope for the better (as species)
humans are ‘smart’, computers
. Humans see & know about ‘The World’
. Can add meaning (not just compute)
a & experience.
“...what people in common would agree on; that
which they sense (in common) as their common
“Common sense is the collection of prejudices
acquired by age eighteen.”
. Humans have/learn lots of apparent obvious information
. Enables us to derive meaning from any given situation
. Cows are mammals
. Caffeine keeps you awake
. Mammals need oxygen
. Enable computers to perform
human-like reasoning and derive
. Then they’ll understand (?) !
been there, done that?
. Earlier attempts have been made
. Most viable: Cyc by Doug Lenat (1984)
Cyc Cows are mammals
. 3mil CS-facts put in db.
Mammals need oxygen +
. System creates inferences
cows need oxygen! =
. Millions of facts still not enough
. Terribly expensive ($20mil)
. Completely irrelevant assertions
(“Albania produces crude petroleum products”)
New attempt: MIT’s OMCS
. Open Mind Common Sense (by Push Singh)
. ‘Human Computation’ (Luis von Ahn)
. Uses power of the web
. Anyone can add knowledge (by connecting concepts)
. Adults often unaware of their CS-knowledge
. High- vs. low level facts (ex. water)
. Still a tedious job...
. Children love learning facts
. Children are more conscious of these CS-facts
Are children able to add reliable, useful common
sense knowledge to the OMCS database?
. Current interface not appealing to kids
. Add a game element
. Participants from ‘Kinderunversiteit’ (UvT, TU/e)
. Aged 10 - 12
. Stimuli presented independently
Player #1 (describer) Player #2 (guesser)
Given concept Sees relations
Milk IS A liquid
Describes: AT LOCATION cornﬂakes
IS A liquid
AT LOCATION cornﬂakes Player #2 guesses:
. Correct guess = reliable description!
. Each participant plays both roles
. 3 rounds played, divided into levels of difﬁculty
. Simple, easy-to-use, attractive to children
(possible) Research questions
. Do children prefer ‘easier’ words or particular
.Which relations contain more errors?
.Is there a correlation between age and amount of
difﬁcult words correctly guessed?
. No data at start.
. Game: FLEX/Flash to AMMP-arch
. Working game
. Gather participants
. Gather results
... write thesis!
I do: Anyone any idea what future implications could be?
Marvin Minsky - Society of Mind / The Emotion Machine
(especially chapter 6)
Push Singh - The Open Mind Common Sense Project
Luis von Ahn - Human Computation (PhD.thesis)
Carnegie-Mellon University, 2005
- Human Computation (Google TechTalk)