Pompeii гибель помпеи на английском
say thanx to me
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Pompeii гибель помпеи на английском
Eruption of Mount Vesuvius
The city of Pompeii is a partially buriedRoman town-city near modern Naples inthe Italian region of Campania, in theterritory of the comune of Pompei. Alongwith Herculaneum, Pompeii wasdestroyed and completely buried during along catastrophic eruption of the volcanoMount Vesuvius spanning two days in theyear AD 79. The eruption buried Pompeiiunder 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of ash andpumice, and it was lost for nearly 1700years before its accidental rediscovery in1749. Since then, its excavation hasprovided an extraordinarily detailedinsight into the life of a city at the heightof the Roman Empire. Today, thisUNESCO World Heritage Site is one ofthe most popular tourist attractions ofItaly, with approximately 2,500,000visitors every year.
Pompeii and other cities affected by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Theblack cloud represents the general distribution of ash and cinder. Moderncoast lines are shown.A recent multidisciplinary volcanological and bio-anthropological study of the eruption products and victims, merged withnumerical simulations and experiments indicate that at Vesuvius andsurrounding towns heat was the main cause of death of people, previouslysupposed to have died by ash suffocation. The results of this study showthat exposure to at least 250 °C hot surges at a distance of 10 kilometresfrom the vent was sufficient to cause instant death, even if people weresheltered within buildings
The eruption of Vesuvius of 79 AD unfolded in two phases: a Plinian eruption that lastedeighteen to twenty hours and produced a rainof pumice southward of the cone that built up to depths of 2.8 metres (9 ft 2 in) at Pompeii, followed by a pyroclastic flow or nuée ardente in the second, Peléan phase that reached as far as Misenum but was concentrated to the west and northwest. Two pyroclastic flows engulfed Pompeii, burning and asphyxiating the stragglers who had remained behind. Oplontis and Herculaneum received the brunt of the flows and were buried in fine ash and pyroclastic deposits.