S.R. LUTHRA INSTITUTEOF MANAGEMENTProductions and Operations ManagementMBA SEM 2GROUP NO :- 1(A2)PRIYANKA BACHKANIWALA-4RA...
6/6/2013THE MAKING OF BOEING
NEED FOR BOEING 777
EXPERTS OPINION Experts questioned the need for a new modelexisting 747 was running successfully Unnecessary spending hu...
BOEING COMMENT Why do auto manufacturers keep improvingtheir latest models to suit customers, need.Because they are dynam...
Boeing Comment … (contd.) To cut costs on designing and devdeloping thenew 777 model, Boeing adopted a uniqueprocess. Th...
BACKGROUND Boeing was founded in 1916 byWilliam Boeing and GeorgeWestervelt and was initially called the Pacific Aero Pro...
BACKGROUND …(Contd.) Boeing and its subsidiaries operated in six key businesssegments:1.Commercial Airplanes2 Aircraft an...
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OFBOEING 777
 The aircraft was built at the Boeing plantEverett, USA. Production process involved“collaborative product design and dev...
 Development process of Boeing 777 wassubstantially different from that previousBoeings Company actively sought suggesti...
 1st time customer played important role in making of an aircraft.Private engineers of airlines and other officials came ...
 Company organized its workers into 238 crossfunctional staff design teams, each responsible forspecific activity. Over 7...
 Boeing 777 was termed the 1st ‘paperless airplane’ itwas design by Computer aided three dimensionalinteractive applicati...
DISTINGUISHINGFEATURES
 Fly-By-Wire(FBW) Advanced technology glass flight deck. Overhead space solution. Lightweight and economical material....
Fly-By-Wire Fly-By-Wire is where all mechanical linkagesbetween the controls and movable surfaces areremoved and instead ...
Advanced technology glass flightdeck. The 777 flight deck was designed in horizontalformat and the navigation and engine ...
Contd.. Large flat-panel displays present flight information in areadily accessible form, allowing pilots to quicklyoptim...
Overhead space solution The design of 777 with a larger diameter andcircular shape provided more space in overheadarea of...
Lightweight and economical material Advanced 7000 and 2000 series aluminum alloys,damage tolerant composites and advanced...
Advanced wings. In 777 wings were consideredone of its best features. They were efficient and hadwings with longer span ...
Enhanced Ground ProximityWarning System (EGPWS) EGPWS is an independent monitor of an aircraftfitted into the cockpit and...
BENEFITS Elimination of over 3000assembly interfaces, withoutphysical prototyping Reduction in engineeringchange request...
BENEFITS ..(Contd.) Superior design Operational efficiency &spacious interiors Comfort to customers Bright interiors E...
Boeing 787 Dreamliner
ACHIEVEMENTS In June 2007,Boeing 777achieved the top position inthe manufacturing categoryof the Annual ComputerworldSmit...
5 New models By December 2004, the 777 was availableinthe following 5 models: 777-200 777-200ER 777-200LR 777-300 77...
QUESTION/ANSWER
Why the Boeing Company didlaunched the 777 model inspite of the existing 747doing extremely well? Describethe distinguishi...
 Just like auto manufacturing keep improvingtheir models to suit customers needs, becausethey are dynamic and market driv...
 Distinguishing features:-1) Unique fuselage cross section.2) Boeing’s 1st application of Fly- By –Wire.3) An advanced te...
Que:2Critically examine and commenton the collaborative anddevelopment process of Boeing777? And what could be thepossible...
According to the building process of Boeing, its quitedifficult whe company is working with various teams onparticular pro...
So that, In Boeing 777, Boeing collaborated with :CAD/CAMCATIAIBM Mainframe computersThat will help them to fix the proble...
QUESTION 3 :Illustrate the role of computer based technologies in thedesign and development process of the 777. Do you thi...
ANS : Boeing used Computer aided Design (CAD)and Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM). Boeing had invested in CAD/CAMtechn...
 The CAD/CAM technology was used to digitallypre-assemble the aeroplane on computer toovercome problem. It improved accu...
 At the center a main frame of IBM 8 unitswere installed. Boeing-777 was termed the first paperlessaeroplane. It was 100...
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Pom final boeing

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Business      Technology      
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Transcripts - Pom final boeing

  • 1. S.R. LUTHRA INSTITUTEOF MANAGEMENTProductions and Operations ManagementMBA SEM 2GROUP NO :- 1(A2)PRIYANKA BACHKANIWALA-4RAKSHIT BHAVSAR-13KOSHA DOSHI-24AANCHAL JAIN-37SONAM LALWANI-51TOPIC : Making of Boeing
  • 2. 6/6/2013THE MAKING OF BOEING
  • 3. NEED FOR BOEING 777
  • 4. EXPERTS OPINION Experts questioned the need for a new modelexisting 747 was running successfully Unnecessary spending huge amount ondevelopment of Boeing 777 ( whose attributes areroughly similar to the existing 747. Developing a new aircraft is highly complex affair.They can improve efficiency for operators andconvenience in existing. Cost would be cheaperthan developing a new one.
  • 5. BOEING COMMENT Why do auto manufacturers keep improvingtheir latest models to suit customers, need.Because they are dynamic and market drivenand want stay in business without hanging onold models. They want to survive in the competitive world.
  • 6. Boeing Comment … (contd.) To cut costs on designing and devdeloping thenew 777 model, Boeing adopted a uniqueprocess. They adopted collaborative designing anddevelopment process that involved customer, aircarriers, technicians , finance experts, computerexperts an even other manufacturers of aircraft. Boeing 777 was first aircraft to be digitallydesigned by computers and was expected to bebest in efficiency and quality in its class.
  • 7. BACKGROUND Boeing was founded in 1916 byWilliam Boeing and GeorgeWestervelt and was initially called the Pacific Aero ProductsCompany.The company’s name was changed to Boeing in1917.Boeing began manufacturing aircraft for the USmilitary during WorldWar 1. BoeingAirTransport (BAT) was formed to run airmailservices. BAT also trained pilots, set up airfields andprovided maintenance staff for the services. The management than realized that to accelerate thecompany’s growth it needed to design, mass produce andsell its own aircraft. AfterWorld War 2, the company shiftedits focus from the defense industry to commercial jets. In 1962, Boeing manufacturedAir Force One for theAmerican President’s use. In late 1969, Boeing entered thefield of spacecraft manufacturing by contributing to theApollo program.
  • 8. BACKGROUND …(Contd.) Boeing and its subsidiaries operated in six key businesssegments:1.Commercial Airplanes2 Aircraft andWeapon Systems3. Network Systems4. Support Systems and Launch5. Orbital Systems(collectively ,Integrated Defense Systems)6. Boeing Capital Corporation(BCC) The commercial aircraft division contributed around 60% of thetotal revenues. Boeing’s manufacturing plants were located at :1. Everest(Washington)2.Wichita(Kansas)3. Long Beach(California)
  • 9. DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OFBOEING 777
  • 10.  The aircraft was built at the Boeing plantEverett, USA. Production process involved“collaborative product design and development.Boeing aimed at achieving three specific goalswhen it built the aircraft. Goals are : Reduce aircraft development time significantly Meet customer customer requirements better byinvolving them without in the development process Avoid costly modification
  • 11.  Development process of Boeing 777 wassubstantially different from that previousBoeings Company actively sought suggestion frommajor carrier including United airlines,Nippon airlines, British Airlines, Japanairlines, Cathay airlines to developconfiguration They focused on operations with differentroutes, traffic loads and service frequency.
  • 12.  1st time customer played important role in making of an aircraft.Private engineers of airlines and other officials came on site toassist in making by Computer Aided Design (CAD) andComputer Aided Manufacturing (CAM). Boeing has invested in CAD-CAM in 1980 to develop software tomanufacture Boeing 777. Studies at Boeing showed that part interference and difficulty inproperly fitting the parts together in the aircrafts final assemblywere the most common problems in manufacturing aeroplanes. That CAD/CAM technology used to digitally pre-assemble theaeroplane on a computer to overcome these problems. Thatimproves accuracy in design and assembly of parts andinstantaneous communication that helps in their improvement ofquality and that also reduces cycle time to introduce newaeroplane in market.
  • 13.  Company organized its workers into 238 crossfunctional staff design teams, each responsible forspecific activity. Over 75 design teams collaborateddirectly over a combination of private and secure publicnetwork. The team used 2200 computer terminalsduring the development process. The major team involved in this process includeddesigners, manufacturing, representative, tooling staff,engineers, finance personnel, suppliers and customersand each and every one connected with sophisticatedcomputers linked by the largest mainframe installation ofits kind in the work consisting of 8 IBM mainframecomputers.
  • 14.  Boeing 777 was termed the 1st ‘paperless airplane’ itwas design by Computer aided three dimensionalinteractive application (CATIA) system. A moving assembly line kept production moving at asteady pace, allowing employees to gauge status at aglance and reduce the amount of work –in progressinventory. The use of a moving line allowed the777programme to improve quality and reduce costs andat the same time shorten the time taken to final aircraft.
  • 15. DISTINGUISHINGFEATURES
  • 16.  Fly-By-Wire(FBW) Advanced technology glass flight deck. Overhead space solution. Lightweight and economical material. Advanced wings. Enhanced Ground ProximityWarningSystem(EGPWS)
  • 17. Fly-By-Wire Fly-By-Wire is where all mechanical linkagesbetween the controls and movable surfaces areremoved and instead carried out automatically. Where pilot’s control are processed by a computerand send to the flight control surface actuatorswith electrical rather than mechanical signals.
  • 18. Advanced technology glass flightdeck. The 777 flight deck was designed in horizontalformat and the navigation and engine informationappeared on six large display screens. The display arrangement saved space, weightedless, required less power and generated less heatthus did not required air conditioning at all. Pilot preferred this arrangement because the flatpanel display remained clearly visible under allconditions including direct sunlight.
  • 19. Contd.. Large flat-panel displays present flight information in areadily accessible form, allowing pilots to quicklyoptimize flight parameters for schedule, passengercomfort, and economy. Electronic checklists, which airlines can customize withairline-specific information and procedures, speed pre-flight checks and save valuable minutes that can bufferdeparture schedules. Adding the electronic flight bag significantly reducesthe need for paper on the flight deck and uses airplane-to-ground connectivity to deliver more criticalinformation to the appropriate departments.
  • 20. Overhead space solution The design of 777 with a larger diameter andcircular shape provided more space in overheadarea of the plane. This area can save up to four passenger seatsand four cargo containers thus this free spaceresult in additional revenue potential. Even extra space could be used as crew reststation, for storage and to increase passengerseating or cargo capacity in the lower decks.
  • 21. Lightweight and economical material Advanced 7000 and 2000 series aluminum alloys,damage tolerant composites and advancedtitanium alloys enabled reduction in weight by over5800 pounds. Improved aluminum alloy offered greatercompression strength and enabled designer to saveweight and improved corrosion and fatigueresistance. Thus, this lightweight and powerful enginescontributed to lower cost, easier to maintain andbetter fuel efficiency and lower emissions making777 environment friendly.
  • 22. Advanced wings. In 777 wings were consideredone of its best features. They were efficient and hadwings with longer span andincreased thickness. This advanced wings enhanced777’s ability to achieve highercruise speed, climb quickly andcruise at higher altitudes. Also it allowed the plane tocarry full passenger payloads athigh elevation and hightemperature airfield.
  • 23. Enhanced Ground ProximityWarning System (EGPWS) EGPWS is an independent monitor of an aircraftfitted into the cockpit and displays picture ofgeographical terrain surrounding the airplane. It displays and give audible alert for a minutebefore any problem with terrain arose to pilotand it is faster by 10-15 seconds than any othersystems.
  • 24. BENEFITS Elimination of over 3000assembly interfaces, withoutphysical prototyping Reduction in engineeringchange requests, cycle timefor engineering requests andmaterial rework Improvement in assemblytolerances for fuselage by 50times
  • 25. BENEFITS ..(Contd.) Superior design Operational efficiency &spacious interiors Comfort to customers Bright interiors Economic advantages to non-stop rideswhich were not available earlier
  • 26. Boeing 787 Dreamliner
  • 27. ACHIEVEMENTS In June 2007,Boeing 777achieved the top position inthe manufacturing categoryof the Annual ComputerworldSmithsonian Awards In 1995, It won the Robert J.CollierTrophy, awarded bythe US National AeronauticAssociation
  • 28. 5 New models By December 2004, the 777 was availableinthe following 5 models: 777-200 777-200ER 777-200LR 777-300 777-300ER
  • 29. QUESTION/ANSWER
  • 30. Why the Boeing Company didlaunched the 777 model inspite of the existing 747doing extremely well? Describethe distinguishing features ofBoeing 777 as compared toother models manufactured byBoeing and its competitors?
  • 31.  Just like auto manufacturing keep improvingtheir models to suit customers needs, becausethey are dynamic and market driven and don’twant to be out of business by hanging out to oldmodels, Boeing also felt the same and so tosurvive in the competition they had to keepinnovating new airplane models .Thus, BoeingAirplane company announced the developmentof a new airplane model- Boeing 777 – in late1980s.
  • 32.  Distinguishing features:-1) Unique fuselage cross section.2) Boeing’s 1st application of Fly- By –Wire.3) An advanced technology glass flight deck withfive liquid crystal displays.4) A comparatively large scale use of composites.5) An extremely powerful engines.6) Efficient wings with longer span and increasedthickness.7) Enhanced ground proximity warning system.
  • 33. Que:2Critically examine and commenton the collaborative anddevelopment process of Boeing777? And what could be thepossible drawbacks of suchprocess?
  • 34. According to the building process of Boeing, its quitedifficult whe company is working with various teams onparticular project where approximate 233 differentdesigning teams working together for the making of 1aircraft.In previous models They have used to prepare plan onpapers and share all the designing details as well asfixing planouts accordingly.In which they found problems in fitting and fixing parts ofaircraft while they are assembling the whole aircraft bydifferent partsAnswer:
  • 35. So that, In Boeing 777, Boeing collaborated with :CAD/CAMCATIAIBM Mainframe computersThat will help them to fix the problem of fitting anddesigning of the aircraft. Also to identify 3D model inassembling and designing of a aeroplane. Also, theytreduced cycle time of making of same.
  • 36. QUESTION 3 :Illustrate the role of computer based technologies in thedesign and development process of the 777. Do you thinkthe use of computers in aircraft designing/manufacturing isa complicated and expensive exercise? Comment.
  • 37. ANS : Boeing used Computer aided Design (CAD)and Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM). Boeing had invested in CAD/CAMtechnologies in 1980 by the late 1980’s thecompany had evolved a single strategy forapplying the technology for manufacturingactivities after numerous pilot programs
  • 38.  The CAD/CAM technology was used to digitallypre-assemble the aeroplane on computer toovercome problem. It improved accuracy in design and assembly ofparts as ell as instantaneous communication. Ithelped in improving aeroplane design andreduce the cycle time. The major team involved in this process includedDesigner’s manufacturing, majorrepresentatives,tooling staff engineers,etc.
  • 39.  At the center a main frame of IBM 8 unitswere installed. Boeing-777 was termed the first paperlessaeroplane. It was 100% digitally designedaircraft using Computer-Aided 3-D interactiveapplication. Data management,user prodctivity andvisualisation. 3-D, view upto 500 parts,corrections arepossible.

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