Political Parties
By Mr. Siddharth
Chandrasekar
Why do we need political parties ?
• To organise elections and to form
Governments
• It is a group of people who come toge...
What do political parties do?
• They agree on policies and programmes to
promote collective good
• Persuade people to know...
What are the three components of a
political party?
• Leaders
• Active Members
• Followers
Functions of a Political Party...
• They contest elections, select candidates & puts
forward policies
• They make a decisi...
What will be the situation without
Political Parties ?
• Independent candidates will be there
• No promise would be made w...
What are the needs fulfilled by
Political Parties ?
• Representation
• Parties gather views on various issues and
present ...
How many parties should we have?
• One party system
• Example - China – Communist Party of China
• Two Party /Bi Party
• E...
What is an Alliance or Front ?
• Joining of several parties for contesting elections
and winning power
• Political scenari...
Political Parties...
National Parties
• They have units in various states .Have same policies,
programmes and strategy tha...
Political Parties…
State Party
• Must have secured 6% of total votes in an
election to legislature of a state and win at l...
What are the challenges to Political
Parties ?
Lack of Internal Democracy
• Concentration of power in one or few leaders
•...
What are the challenges to Political
Parties ?
Money & Muscle Power
• They focus on elections
• Use short cut methods to w...
How can we reform Political Parties?
• Elected MLA’S & MP’S should not defect
• Reduction of influence of money
• Parties ...
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Politicalparties 090623024016-phpapp02 (1)

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
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Transcripts - Politicalparties 090623024016-phpapp02 (1)

  • 1. Political Parties By Mr. Siddharth Chandrasekar
  • 2. Why do we need political parties ? • To organise elections and to form Governments • It is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the Government What is a political party?
  • 3. What do political parties do? • They agree on policies and programmes to promote collective good • Persuade people to know why their policies are better than others • They seek to implement policies by winning popular support through elections • They reflect fundamental political divisions in a society • They are a part of society and involve in partisanship
  • 4. What are the three components of a political party? • Leaders • Active Members • Followers
  • 5. Functions of a Political Party... • They contest elections, select candidates & puts forward policies • They make a decisive role in making laws • Parties form and run Governments • Opposition checks the Government and preserves democracy • Parties shape public opinion • Parties provide people access to Government machinery and welfare schemes
  • 6. What will be the situation without Political Parties ? • Independent candidates will be there • No promise would be made with regard to policy changes • Governmental unity will be at stake • Representatives will be accountable to their constituency but not responsible to run it
  • 7. What are the needs fulfilled by Political Parties ? • Representation • Parties gather views on various issues and present it to the Government • Parties bring various representatives to form responsible Government • Parties have the mechanism to support or restrain Government, make policies, justify or oppose them • Parties are a necessary condition for democracy
  • 8. How many parties should we have? • One party system • Example - China – Communist Party of China • Two Party /Bi Party • Example - U.S.A. and U.K. • Multi Party –several parties compete and more than two parties have a reasonable chance of coming to power on their own strength or in alliance(coalition government) • Example - India
  • 9. What is an Alliance or Front ? • Joining of several parties for contesting elections and winning power • Political scenario becomes messy • Political instability • Various interests and opinions to enjoy political representation • Social and geographical diversity is not easily absorbed by two or three parties Effects of multi party system... Why has India gone in for a multi party system?
  • 10. Political Parties... National Parties • They have units in various states .Have same policies, programmes and strategy that is decided at national level • Secure at least 6% of votes in Lok Sabha or assembly elections in 4 states and win at least 4 seats in Lok Sabha • Example - Congress I, Bharatiya Janata Party What are recognised political parties? • They are recognised by the Election Commission by giving symbols • Only official candidates can use these symbols
  • 11. Political Parties… State Party • Must have secured 6% of total votes in an election to legislature of a state and win at least 2 seats • Example DMK, Telugu Desam & AIADMK Name some State Parties that have National level political organisations ? • Samajwadi Party, Samata Party & Rashtriya Janata Dal
  • 12. What are the challenges to Political Parties ? Lack of Internal Democracy • Concentration of power in one or few leaders • No membership register, no meetings, no internal elections and insufficient information for ordinary members • They do not have scope to influence decisions Dynasty Succession • Leaders have unfair advantage to favour people close to them • Do not practice open and transparent procedure for functioning • Top positions always controlled by family members
  • 13. What are the challenges to Political Parties ? Money & Muscle Power • They focus on elections • Use short cut methods to win • Moneyed candidates come to power • Rich tend to influence • Criminals are supported in order to win elections Offering of Meaningful Choice • Decline in ideological differences • Agreement on fundamental aspects • Narrowing down of differences on economic policies • No choice of leadership
  • 14. How can we reform Political Parties? • Elected MLA’S & MP’S should not defect • Reduction of influence of money • Parties to hold their organisational elections & file income tax returns • Regulation of internal affairs of political parties • Mandatory for political parties to give minimum number of tickets • State funding of elections • People can petition political parties • Political parties can improve if those who want improvement, join parties

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