A REVIEW OF THE PILOT BLOCKS
Primary Survey & Analysis
by Digital Empowerment Foundation
NATIONAL OPTIC
FIBRE NETWORK
Stat...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks2
© 2015 DIGITAL EMPOWERMENT FOUNDATION
All rights reserved.
Written by: Os...
3NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) is a governme...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks4
INTRODUCTION
The National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) is a project of th...
5NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
PLACING THE NOFN IN POLICY HISTORY
The NOFN is the latest in a series of ...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks6
cember 2016. (Department of Telecommunications, 2014) It also states that...
7NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
BBNL OBJECTIVES & NOFN TIMELINES
The Telecom Commission approved a 3-phas...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks8
Organisation
RAILTEL
Coverage
15% Coverage
Areas
Arunachal Pradesh, Dadra...
9NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
SUMMARY OF RESULTS
TOTALS
Of the 112 institutions covered under the surve...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks10
Of the 75 institutions with NOFN connections, only 68% (51) have access ...
11NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
PANCHAYATS
An overwhelming majority of 96.5% (56) of the total 58 claime...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks12
DETAILED RESULTS
ARAIN BLOCK, AJMER DISTRICT, RAJASTHAN
Arain is one of ...
13NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
While when it was asked to school authorities regarding NOFN connectivit...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks14
PRAVADA BLOCK, VISHAKAPATNAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH
Pravada Block has ...
15NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
6 respondents from GPs claimed that though the NOFN infrastructure was p...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks16
DISCUSSION
Our study found gaps in the claims of BBNL which points to a ...
17NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
RECOMMENDATIONS
Based on our findings, DEF suggests that a committee of ...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks18
Testing NOFN
speed at Arian
Panchayat
19NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
OFC (Optical Fibre
Network)
equipments in pilot
locations
Access infrast...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks20
Primary School located in Salapuvani gram
panchayat of Visakhapatnam Dis...
21NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
Higher secondary
school located in
Akodiya gram
panchayat, Arian
Bharaka...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks22
ANNEXURES
ANNEXURE 1: RESPONDENTS DETAILS AT ARAIN
23NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
ANNEXURE 2: RESPONDENT DETAILS AT VIZAG
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks24
25NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
ANNEXURE 3: RESPONDENT DETAILS AT PANISAGAR
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks26
27NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
ANNEXURE 4: QUESTIONNAIRE TO STUDY CONNECTIVITY AND ACCESS
INFRASTRUCTUR...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks28
Section D: Understanding NOFN (National Optic Fibre Network) Status
(Ple...
29NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
1.
2.
3.
4.
Are you aware that Gram Panchayat is
connected with NOFN?
If...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks30
ANNEXURE 5: OSAMA’S COLUMN ON BROADBAND, ACCESS AND CONNECTIVITY
PUBLISH...
31NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
S.NO
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
Published in
MON, MAY (12 2014)
SAT, JAN (0...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks32
ANNEXURE 6: ARTICLES RELATED TO BROADBAND, ACCESS & NOFN PUB-
LISHED AT ...
33NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
S.NO
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
Published in
Govt to rope in pvt
bodies for OFC ...
NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks34
S.NO
15
16
17
18
Published in
Broadband users
rise to 82.22 million
in N...
35NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
A REVIEW OF THE PILOT BLOCKS
NATIONAL OPTIC
FIBRE NETWORK
Status Study
of 36

National Optical Fibre Network - A Review of the Pilot Blocks

The National Optical Fibre Network (NOFN) is aimed at providing broadband connectivity to 2, 50,000 Gram Panchayats in an effort to provide last mile connectivity as critical infrastructure. The NOFN’s aim is to provide all necessary government services to citizens in an effort to allow then access to information which would lead to their empowerment and development. To check the issues and challenges in the implementation of the NOFN, a pilot project was implemented in 59 Gram Panchayats in 3 Blocks In an effort to assess the rollout of the NOFN in the Pilot blocks, DEF conducted a study to analyse connectivity in the pilot locations.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Internet      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National Optical Fibre Network - A Review of the Pilot Blocks

  • 1. A REVIEW OF THE PILOT BLOCKS Primary Survey & Analysis by Digital Empowerment Foundation NATIONAL OPTIC FIBRE NETWORK Status Study
  • 2. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks2 © 2015 DIGITAL EMPOWERMENT FOUNDATION All rights reserved. Written by: Osama Manzar, Ritu Srivastava & Rajat Kumar Contacts Digital Empowerment Foundation House No. 44, 3rd Floor, Kalu sarai, New Delhi - 110 016, India Tel: +91-11-26532786/26532787 Email: def@defindia.net URL: www.defindia.net Except for use in a review, the reproduction or utilization of this work or part of it in any form or by electronic or other means now known or hereafter invented including xerography, photocopying, and recording and in any information storage, transmission or retrieval system, including CD ROM, online or via the internet, is for- bidden without the written permission of the publishers. This is not a claim on the authenticity of facts and figures mentioned in the book. It is hereby declared that no- body from editors, researchers and publishers will be responsible for any error.
  • 3. 3NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) is a government project aimed at providing broadband connectivity to 2, 50,000 Gram Panchayats in an effort to provide last mile con- nectivity as critical infrastructure. Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL) was created to implement the project. Through funding of Rs. 20,000 Cr from the Universal Service Ob- ligation Fund (USOF), the government committed itself to delivering this project effec- tively (BBNL 1). The NOFN’s aim was to provide all necessary government services to citizens in an effort to allow then access to information which would lead to their empowerment and develop- ment. It was a result of the coming together of policy and a vision of managing a high qual- ity network with a link to services to provide on-demand access to citizens. Testing the viability of such a large-scale network infrastructure project is imperative. To check the issues and challenges in the implementation of the NOFN and contrast it with the planning and management schedule, BBNL implemented a pilot project in 59 Gram Panchayats in 3 Blocks. (BBNL 2) In December 2014, DEF conducted a study to analyse connectivity in the pilot locations of the NOFN (which consists of 30 Gram Panchayats in Rajasthan, 15 in Andhra Pradesh and 14 in North Tripura). The study reveals that there is a fairly large gap between the initial claims made and the re- alities. There is an uneven distribution of NOFN among the gram Panchayats. Even in the pilot phase, only 67% of the Panchayats had a hard-line connection to NOFN (20.5% have no connection to NOFN at all). Not all the Panchayats with a connection were actually con- nected to NOFN – only 45.5% of the Panchayats surveyed had access to the services pro- vided by NOFN. Further, the average broadband connectivity is 50 MBPs at Gram Panchayat level, which falls short of the envisioned goal of 100 MBPs. Even where there is NOFN connectivity, the ecosystem of services is below the planned suite. As for the rural areas beyond the Pan- chayats, NOFN connectivity has not reached/been distributed there as BBNL promised. This study highlights the importance of the NOFN as not only physical infrastructure but an integral part of allowing citizens access to services. This further links to highlighting the importance of proper management and sustainability of any infrastructure that is laid down by the government.
  • 4. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks4 INTRODUCTION The National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) is a project of the Government of India (GoI) envisioning optical fiber connectivity to 2,50,000 Gram Panchayats (GP) in all states and UTs. It has a total outlay of Rs. 20,000 Cr and is funded by the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) of the Government. It was envisioned as a network to provide last mile con- nectivity at the village level and to allow access to government to citizen (G2C) services. As part of the vision of allowing broadband access at all administrative levels and at vari- ous governance institutions, the NOFN is to be integrated with pre-existing network infra- structures: State Wide Area Networks (SWANs), State Data Centres (SDCs), National Knowledge Network (NKN) and National Informatics Centre Network (NICNET); to create a national network backbone.
  • 5. 5NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks PLACING THE NOFN IN POLICY HISTORY The NOFN is the latest in a series of pan-India programs that focus on augmenting the net- work infrastructure of the country. Its evolution begins with the National e-Governance Plan, which was created in 2006 to provide ICT enabled delivery of Government services. Public IT platforms such as State Wide Area Networks (SWANs), State Data Centres (SDCs) and Common Service Centres (CSCs) were important in the successful implementation of the NeGP. SWANs were envisioned to provide connectivity from the State/UT Headquarters (SHQ) up to the Block Headquarters (BHQ) level via District/ sub-Divisional Headquarters (DHQ), in a vertical hierarchical structure with a minimum bandwidth capacity of 2 Mbps per link. The Common Service Centre (CSC) was the cornerstone of the NeGP and it was envisioned as community level access centre to video, voice, data and content services in the realms of e-governance, education, health, telemedicine, entertainment as well as other private serv- ices. Providing communities with access to information and services relating to liveli- hoods, education, health, access to market, entertainment and utility services was a vision of the CSC initiative. In 2010, ITU & UNESCO setup the Broadband Commission for Digital Development that underlined that expanding broadband access in every country was vital to accelerating progress towards the MDGs by the target date of 2015 and sought commitments from all member countries to create and implement such plans. Later in 2010, the Office of the Ad- viser to the Prime Minister; Public Information Infrastructure & Innovations; released a whitepaper that emphasised the need to connect all the Gram Panchayats in India via an optical fiber network. In 2011, the GoI approved the creation of the National Optical Fiber Network. A Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV); Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL) was created to imple- ment and coordinate the project. BBNL was awarded a National Long Distance Operating (NLDO) license, Department of Telecom which provided it wholesale bandwidth license. On-ground implementation responsibility was outsourced to 3 Public Sector Undertakings (PSU); BSNL, RAILTEL and PGCIL (Power Grid Corporation Ltd.) which further had discre- tion to outsource cable laying tasks to private Internet Service Providers (ISP). The funding for the project was to come from the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) at a cost of USD 4 billion. The USOF is funded through a Universal Service Levy (USL) which has presently been fixed at 5% of the Adjusted Gross Revenue (AGR) of all Telecom Service Providers except the pure value added service providers. In addition, the Central Govt. may also give grants and loans. The NOFN was scheduled to roll out in a phased manner by December 2012. (Department of Telecommunications, 2013) A pilot project covering 59 GPs in 3 Blocks was scheduled for completion by October 2012. The Department of Telecommunications, in their 2013- 2014 Annual Report has stated that the NOFN rollout deadline has now been shifted to De-
  • 6. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks6 cember 2016. (Department of Telecommunications, 2014) It also states that as of October 2012, the 59 GPs included in the pilot project have been provided with 100Mbps band- width. In 2012, the Digital Empowerment Foundation (DEF) implemented the National Digital Literacy Mission (NDLM) programme, a joint effort of the industry and civil society organi- zations in pilot locations of NOFN. The programme aimed to make one adult per house- hold to digitally literate. With 12 months of ground intervention in 3 blocks across India, the programme made 1700 adults to be digitally literate. The thrust behind this pilot was not mere digital literacy drive but to also draw key lessons and understanding on the usage of NOFN connectivity in India: the trends, need, scope, challenges, and future prospects. In 2014, DEF conducted a status study to analyse connectivity and access infrastructure in pilot locations of the NOFN. The primary objective of this survey was to understand the sta- tus of NOFN connectivity, accessibility and whether it has been extended further to achieve the objectives of ‘Digital India’ mission. The study was conducted in 30 GPs of Arain (Ra- jasthan), 15 GPs of Pravada (Andhra Pradesh) and 14 GPs of Panisagar (North Tripura).
  • 7. 7NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks BBNL OBJECTIVES & NOFN TIMELINES The Telecom Commission approved a 3-phase implementation of the NOFN programme1 . As per the Telecom Commission’s phase plan, the first phase of the NOFN planned to cover 100,000 gram panchayats by 31st March 2014. The second phase aimed to cover an- other 100,000 by March 2015. And in the third phase, an additional 50,000 by September 2015. However, according to DOT’s Annual Report 2013-2014, the timeline for deploying NOFN has been further revised and extended. The revised timeline is: The deployment of NOFN was based on the utilizing the existing optic fibre network of BSNL, PGCIL and RAILTEL in the ratio of 70%, 15% and 15% respectively. As per NOFN de- ployment plan, BSNL was asked to handle 18 territories of the country, RAILTEL in 11 and PGCIL was asked to deploy in 4. 1 Document procured from BBNL Phase Pilot Phase 1st Phase 2nd Phase 3rd Phase Timeline October 2012 31st March 2014 31st March 2015 September 2015 Coverage 3 Blocks 100,000 GPs 100,000 GPs 50,000 GPs Phase Phase I Phase II Phase III Timeline 31st March 2015 31st March 2016 31st December 2016 Coverage 1,00,000 GPs 1,00,000 GPs 50,000 GPs Organisation BSNL POWERGRID Coverage 75% Coverage 15% Coverage Areas Andaman and Nicobar, Assam, Bihar, Chandigarh, Chattisgarh, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Kar- nataka, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand and West Bengal Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand and Orissa
  • 8. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks8 Organisation RAILTEL Coverage 15% Coverage Areas Arunachal Pradesh, Dadra and Nagar Havelli, Daman and Diu, Gujarat, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Pondicherry, Tamil Nadu and Tripura SURVEY OBJECTIVES • To understand the current status of access infrastructure in the pilot locations • To understand whether connectivity is available at gram panchayats • To understand whether the connectivity provided under NOFN has been further distributed METHODOLOGY AND SAMPLE DETAILS The study was conducted through randomised quota sampling. The purpose of the NOFN was to provide internet connectivity at the Panchayat level. Our study focused on the pres- ence of NOFN connection infrastructure and connectivity at a total of 112 Schools, Govern- ment Offices and Panchayats. A total of 107 persons (83 males and 24 females across 58 Gram Panchayats responded to the survey2 . A full list of respondents along with demo- graphic information can be found in Annexures 1, 2 & 3. The results presented in this study are based on responses from government officers, teachers and others who were the planned target beneficiaries of the NOFN rollout. The questionnaire used in the survey can be found in Annexure 4. 2 In later stage of NOFN implementation, Dharmanagar block was excluded from NOFN Pilot stage plan (BBNL)
  • 9. 9NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks SUMMARY OF RESULTS TOTALS Of the 112 institutions covered under the survey, our study found that 67% (75) had the hard-line connection to the NOFN and 20.5% (23) have no connection to the NOFN (See Figure 1). However, when we viewed connection and connectivity as mutually exclusive, we found that only 45.5% (51) of the total had a working NOFN connection whereas 21.4% (24) had a hard-line connection to the NOFN but no access to services (See Figure 2). Figure 1: Status of NOFN Availability in Pilot Blocks Figure 2: Status of NOFN Connectivity in Pilot Blocks
  • 10. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks10 Of the 75 institutions with NOFN connections, only 68% (51) have access v/s 32% that only have the connection (See Figure 3). It should be stated that access implies the presence of a connection. SCHOOLS Of the 26 schools covered in this study, equal numbers had a NOFN connection V/s ab- sence of the same (46% (12) each). We received no responses from only 2 institutions (See Figure 4). GOVERNMENT OFFICES Of the 28 government offices studied, 39% (11) had no NOFN connection V/s. 25% (7) hav- ing one. We received no responses regarding 36% (10) of the offices in the study area. (See Figure 5) Figure 3: Connection V/S Access in Pilot Blocks Figure 4: Status of NOFN Connectivity in Schools of Pilot Blocks Figure 5: Status of NOFN Connectivity in Govt. Offices
  • 11. 11NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks PANCHAYATS An overwhelming majority of 96.5% (56) of the total 58 claimed NOFN connectivity, with only 2 giving no response. (See Figure 6) Figure 6: Status of NOFN Connectivity in Panchayats
  • 12. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks12 DETAILED RESULTS ARAIN BLOCK, AJMER DISTRICT, RAJASTHAN Arain is one of the largest blocks in the Ajmer District of Rajasthan. It is close to the histor- ical town of Kishangarh. The NOFN promises bandwidth of 100 MBPs. However, during our study, we found that the average speed is 50MBPs. Out of 30 GPs, 67% (20) have NOFN connections, and 33% (10) do not have NOFN connectivity (Fig 7). The study also reveals each GP has a Rajiv Gandhi Seva Kendra (IT Centre) and an NOFN connection has been available for the past two years, however 20% of them have computers which are either not working or not in good condition. Moreover, 10% of the respondents at the IT centre claimed that they received NOFN connectivity; however, it was discon- nected later (Fig 8). In the cases where connectivity is available, panchayat members are limited to generating birth and death certificates. Demographic Indicator Total Population Households Total Literacy Rate Governance Structures Educational Institutions Healthcare Institutions Value 6149 persons 3187 males 2962 females 1077 children ~2000 HHs 80% 78% (male) 962% (female) 30 Gram Panchayats 73 Primary Schools 70 Middle Schools 49 Secondary Schools 11 Primary Health Centres 1 Community Health Centre Figure 7: Status of NOFN Connection Vs. Access - Arain
  • 13. 13NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks While when it was asked to school authorities regarding NOFN connectivity – the respon- dents said that they are aware about NOFN line to be connected to their schools but none of these schools are connected. Figure 8: Status of NOFN Access Infrastructure - Arain Tilonia is a small village and a Panchayat in Ajmer dis- trict in Rajasthan, located 8 kilometres off National Highway 8, also known as Jaipur - Ajmer highway con- necting Mumbai. Tilonia is also one of those very few villages of India which can be found on Google Map and if you search Tilonia, there would hundreds of re- sults come. And the reason of Tilonia being popular worldwide and searchable on Internet is because of the great works of Barefoot College and the college is also located in Tilonia village barely a kilometre from the railway station of Tilonia. In fact Tilonia Panchayat or Gram Sabha building is also quite vibrant and buzzing with activ- ities. They have two ancient computers but functional and the computer operator is a volunteer provided by Barefoot College, her name is Kaushalya. The Sarpanch, Kamla is also a very active Leader and have operational computer at her home also. In other words, Tilonia is a kind of Panchayat and village which has seen many progressive developments including many legislations also it has influenced like equal wages for women, RTI, Right to Hear and so on. Bare- foot College itself is functional less than 500 meters from the Panchayat building, where even BSNL ex- change is also located. Yet, the Tilonia Panchayat do not have Internet connectivity. When this researcher reached Tilonia Gram Sabha on 17th around noon to find out whether the National Optic Fibre Net- work (NOFN) has reached the Panchayat building, I was pleasantly surprised that NOFN line was very much installed and there was a box on a wall which had a stamp of BBNL (Bharat Broadband Network Limited), the special purpose vehicle or a company created by Depart- ment of Telecom to manage and implement 20,000 crore fund allocated to ensure that every
  • 14. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks14 PRAVADA BLOCK, VISHAKAPATNAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH Pravada Block has 20 GPs within it. Out of 14 GPs cov- ered by our study3 , 10 have NOFN connections; however, 35% of GPs mentioned that NOFN connection is not working in their GP; 7% claimed that they do not have connection; 7% GPs are using other connectivity and 14% are not aware about NOFN connectivity. (See Figure 9) Figure 9: NOFN Con- nection Vs. Access in GPs - Pravada Demographic Indicator Total Population Governance Structures Educational Institutions Healthcare Institutions Value 78165 persons 39430 males 38735 females 20 Gram Panchayats 48 Primary Schools 4 Middle Schools 10 Secondary Schools 2 Primary Health Centres 3 Though Pravada has 20 GP, however 14 GPs have been covered in the Pilot NOFN Phase (BBNL) one of the 249,450 Panchayats has 100MBPS dedicated fibre line to ensure people and gov- ernment services at the last mile is adequately and efficiently delivered. However, the real story is that the NOFN line that is mysteriously hanging from BBNL box on a wall in the Panchayat House is without life and soul. The box and the wire is there for the last about one year as per the staff working at the Panchayat house, but it is non functional. There's is no data flow or for that matter any Internet life in the BBNL box or the fibre pipe. The appended photos are self explanatory about the exist- ing situation of the NOFN and its functionality and even its potential at Tilonia Panchayat which is sym- bolic to the fact laying and installing the fibre line across all 250,000 is one task but to make them work to benefit the masses is another chal- lenge. We have, as a country, government after government, made millions of structures, roads, and infrastructure but if they are seen as whether they are functional or live or active for the citizens, the answer would be a sorry No. Because to make a infrastructure is a very small part of its sustained functionality for which the approach has to be well planned, exe- cuted and monitored.
  • 15. 15NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks 6 respondents from GPs claimed that though the NOFN infrastructure was present, it has not been working after the recent cyclone. Moreover, the connection is limited for using MeeSeva Services. While in 12 schools located in Pravada, 41% (5) do have internet connection, however, 25% (3) said that the connection is not working in their schools. Moreover, an overwhelming majority of 50% do not have NOFN connectivity (See Fig 10). PANISAGAR BLOCK, NORTH TRIPURA DISTRICT, TRIPURA Panisagar is one of the blocks of North Tripura district. In Panisagar, there are 14 schools located in 14 GPs of Panisagar4 . The study identifies that NOFN line has been reached 14 GPs, but average internet connec- tivity available is just 3-4 hours per day. Fur- ther, the connection has not been extended from Panchayats to any government institution or offices. Apart from BSNL, RAILTEL is also authorized for further distribution of NOFN connection, however, the study also iden- tifies that there exists a communication gap between RAILTEL and BSNL officials. Even though C-DOT is the implementation partner for signal transmission and all equipment related maintenance at panchayat level, BSNL is not facilitating smooth communication with C-DOT to ensure a high level of NOFN connectivity at Panisagar. Of Panisagars’ 14 schools, 57% (8) have NOFN connection. Surprisingly, the NOFN connec- tivity is not available at 6 of them. Therefore, these schools are left to gain access to the in- ternet via private ISPs, defeating the purpose of the NOFN. And in only 2 schools does the NOFN connection work. Of the 14 government offices in the area, 78% (11) do not have a connection and 2 have connections but lack access to the network. Figure 10: Status of NOFN Connection V/s Access in Schools - Pravada Demographic Indicator Area Total Population No of Gram Panchayats ADC Villages Value 116.4 53,845 11 3 4 14 Gram Panchayat include 11 GPs+3 ADC (Autonomous District Council) Villages (BBNL)
  • 16. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks16 DISCUSSION Our study found gaps in the claims of BBNL which points to a less than optimal deploy- ment of the NOFN in the pilot blocks. The NOFN was envisioned as not only a physical net- work backbone but an access enabling infrastructure. However, our findings show that the presence of a connection is not a predicator of the presence of access. In one of the blocks, the speed of the connection was shown to be less than the 100MBPs promised by the NOFN. The quantum of services available at the GP level also shows a level of inadequacy. Further, the vision of the NOFNs’ stakeholder matrix was to allow cooperation between BBNL, PSUs, State Governments and others. However, given the hurdles identified in the distribution of the NOFN, It is clear that communication and cooperation between the stakeholders leaves a lot to be desired. Claim As on October 2012, the pilot phase has been completed and covered 59 Gram Panchayats in 3 Blocks According to the mission of BBNL, 100 MBPs Broadband connectivity to be provided at all the Gram Panchayats According to BBNL, the NOFN con- nectivity can be provided further in rural regions. The mission of BBNL states that connectivity will be further pro- liferated for G2C, B2C and P2P Broadband services in rural areas. BBNL guidelines states that NOFN line can be further provided through telecom service provider/internet service provider Reality The study identifies that even in pilot phase, NOFN hard line has been reached to 3 Blocks but not completely covered 59 Gram Pan- chayats. The study identifies that just 67% had the hard-line connection to the NOFN and 20.5% have no connection to the NOFN The study identifies that average broadband connectivity is 50MBPs at gram panchayat level. The study identifies in Arain block, the NOFN connection has not been further distributed beyond gram panchayat. The study identifies that the usage of NOFN connectivity is limited to e-Governance services that too birth and death registra- tion certificates. The study reveals that BBNL has not further provided through telecom service providers/internet service providers
  • 17. 17NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks RECOMMENDATIONS Based on our findings, DEF suggests that a committee of independent reviewers should be constituted at USOF to oversee the effective rollout of the NOFN and delivery of services. The current implementation of the NOFN in the pilot blocks has been very top-down. We suggest engaging with local community leaders and CSOs & NGOs to ensure a horizontal and bottom-up approach. This would be advantageous in accounting for stakeholder in- centives, ensuring mechanisms for participation and impact assessment. This would all eventually lead to the long term sustainability and expansion of the NOFN. Expanding the ecosystem of services provided through the NOFN to the subjects stated in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution of India would empower local governance insti- tutions and allow the full realisation of the 73rd Constitutional Amendment. Finally, the government should look at the mechanisms of further distribution of NOFN connectivity at the local level by exploring the possibility of village level ISP licenses similar to local community radio licensing. BIBLIOGRAPHY BBNL 1. (n.d.). Project-National Optical Fibre Network(NOFN). Retrieved from Bharat Braodband Network Limited: http://www.bbnl.nic.in/content/page/na- tional-optical-fibre-networknofn.php BBNL 2. (n.d.). Pilot Projects. Retrieved from Bharat Broadband Network Limited: http://www.bbnl.nic.in/content/page/pilot-projects.php Department of Telecommunications. (2013). Annual Report 2012-13. New Delhi: Ministry of Communication and Information Technology. Department of Telecommunications. (2014). Annual Report 2013-14. New Delhi: Ministry of Communication and Information Technology.
  • 18. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks18 Testing NOFN speed at Arian Panchayat
  • 19. 19NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks OFC (Optical Fibre Network) equipments in pilot locations Access infrastructure & equipments in pilot locations
  • 20. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks20 Primary School located in Salapuvani gram panchayat of Visakhapatnam District Gorlivanipalem Zilla Panchayat Office Naidupalem Panchayat Office
  • 21. 21NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks Higher secondary school located in Akodiya gram panchayat, Arian Bharakanikum Zilla Panchayat School
  • 22. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks22 ANNEXURES ANNEXURE 1: RESPONDENTS DETAILS AT ARAIN
  • 23. 23NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks ANNEXURE 2: RESPONDENT DETAILS AT VIZAG
  • 24. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks24
  • 25. 25NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks ANNEXURE 3: RESPONDENT DETAILS AT PANISAGAR
  • 26. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks26
  • 27. 27NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks ANNEXURE 4: QUESTIONNAIRE TO STUDY CONNECTIVITY AND ACCESS INFRASTRUCTURE STATUS IN GRAM PANCHAYATS OF NOFN (NATIONAL OPTIC FIBRE NETWORK) Survey Questionnaire Guidelines for Survey Interview: 1. Please note that the questionnaire below is addressed to an individual respondent only. 2. Make sure that all answers are given by the respondent and nobody else on his/her behalf. 3. Note that interviews should not be conducted in groups. 4. Before starting the interview, introduce yourself and ask if the respondent is willing to spare half an hour for the survey. If not, request for another appointment at a suitable time. 5. All the * marked questions are compulsory. They HAVE to be answered. 6. Try to get clear responses. Avoid writing 'NA' for relevant questions. Find alternative ways to get the answer. 7. Make sure you are familiar with all questions in the survey before you conduct the survey 8. This questionnaire is confidential and it will not be shared with any interviewee Section A: Interview Information Section B: Respondent Information Section C: Geographic Location Date * Interviewer Name * Interview Duration (minutes) * Respondent Name * Mobile/Phone Number Email Address Gender * Male Female State District Name Block Name Gram Panchayat Name Address Pin Code Take the photo of the location (make sure that GPS is On) Attach the photograph in JPG
  • 28. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks28 Section D: Understanding NOFN (National Optic Fibre Network) Status (Please put tick mark on the basis of answer given by interviewee) D.1 Block Development Officer/Local Railtel/BBNL/BSNL Officer D.2. Sarpanch/ Panchayat Member/ Sarpanch Secretary Respondent Name * Mobile/Phone Number Email Address Gender * Male Female Respondent Name * Mobile/Phone Number Email Address Gender * Male Female 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Whether NOFN Line has been deployed or not Whether NOFN line is working or not For how long NOFN line has been working. Whether NOFN line is further distributed Are you distributing this connection further connectivity? If yes, please give details about where it has been distributed Who is providing you backhaul (backend) connectivity? Who is further it distributing? How are you further distributing the connection? What is the cost of further distribution? Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) ( ) Year ( ) Month Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) Schools ( ) Gram Panchayat ( ) Government Office ( ) Post Office ( ) PHC ( ) Hospital ( ) BSNL ( ) Railtel ( ) Powergrid ( ) BSNL Railtel Wi Fi Land Line
  • 29. 29NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks 1. 2. 3. 4. Are you aware that Gram Panchayat is connected with NOFN? If not, do you want that your GP should have internet connectivity? If Yes, then how long your gram panchayat has been connected with internet For what purpose, are Gram Panchayat Members using connectivity Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) 1. 2. 3. 4. Are you aware that school is connected with NOFN? If not, do you want that your school should have internet connectivity? If Yes, then how long your school has been connected with internet Are you paying any cost for internet connectivity? Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) 1. 2. 3. 4. Are you aware that Govt. Office/Post Office is connected with NOFN If not, do you want that your Govt. office/Post office should have internet connectivity? If Yes, then how long your Government/Post Office has been connected with internet. Are you paying any cost for your connectivity? Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) D.3. School Respondent Name * Mobile/Phone Number Email Address Gender * Male Female D.3. Government Office Respondent Name * Mobile/Phone Number Email Address Gender * Male Female
  • 30. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks30 ANNEXURE 5: OSAMA’S COLUMN ON BROADBAND, ACCESS AND CONNECTIVITY PUBLISHED AT LIVEMINT S.NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Published in MON, NOV (17 2014) MON, NOV (03 2014) MON, OCT (27 2014) MON, OCT (06 2014) SUN, SEP (28 2014) MON, JUL (07 2014) SUN, JUN (15 2014) MON, JUN (02 2014) SUN, MAY (18 2014) News Smart villages before smart cities Zuckerberg, Facebook, Internet.org and Indian villages Digital infrastructure in panchayat villages Undoing of IT labs in schools Towards Digital India: One positive step at a time Broadband push raises hopes Bringing Internet to villages The connected world of Jhamtse Gatsal Osama Manzar | Taking minorities on board News http://www.livemint.com/Op inion/Xw9R1LObKb- dORUQjHbG94J/Smart-vil- lages-before-smart-cities.ht ml?utm_source=copy http://www.livemint.com/Op inion/FBePf7xWFjQ3rxyQ3UDT BI/Zuckerberg-Facebook-In- ternetorg-and-Indian-vil- lages.html http://www.livemint.com/Op inion/ZxH8C4VRZQgcV7KRdh- pnHN/Digital-infrastructure- in-panchayat-villages.html http://www.livemint.com/Op inion/TSf7gsuCUDdlsM8LKT- gcpN/Undoing-of-IT-labs- in-schools.html http://www.livemint.com/Op inion/7gK0XbQt0VRQVLHm41ZJ ON/Towards-Digital-India- One-positive-step-at-a- time.html http://www.livemint.com/Op inion/Z387BiruNKVTQa1TGNdx gM/Broadband-push-raises- hopes.html http://www.livemint.com/Op inion/TQil2t6ZYHiKMWqY- pOU50O/Bringing-Internet- to-villages.html?utm_source =copy http://www.livemint.com/Opi nion/hvO3t6UZFGUJvjXRC6EuxL /The-connected-world-of- Jhamtse- Gatsal.html?utm_source=copy http://www.livemint.com/Opi nion/FnhZ8l7eWJXG52PuRX- IlZI/Osama-Manzar--Taking- minorities-on-board.html?ut m_source=copy
  • 31. 31NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks S.NO 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Published in MON, MAY (12 2014) SAT, JAN (04 2014) MON, NOV (25 2013) Mon, Jul (08 2013) Sun, Jun (30 2013) Mon, Jun (24 2013) Mon, Jun (17 2013) Sun, Jun (02 2013) News A digital inclusion vision for next government New Year Ideas | Live and work in a village Let NGOs provide rural Net services Mobiles for social change Uttarakhand crisis underlines community radio’s importance Broadband Internet’s rural role Move to mobile governance Tribal development with digital inclusion News http://www.livemint.com/Op inion/L4oBcDyegvs00s4j7csEH O/A-digital-inclusion-vi- sion-for-next- govt.html?utm_source=copy http://www.livemint.com/Lei sure/vecMn5hW6yxVR- CBEEamXIO/New-Year-Ideas- -Live-and-work-in-a-villag e.html http://www.livemint.com/Spe- cials/Nvjt8MPtKbZYuMt5eLv7JI/Le t-NGOs-provide-rural-Net-ser- vices.html?utm_source=copy http://www.livemint.com/Opini on/VFWm6SnjiD5BnUVy7vJdDM/ Mobiles-for-social- change.html?utm_source=copy http://www.livemint.com/Opini on/DaNUP0lpIPqbXmlmhawaJI/ Uttarakhand-crisis-underlines- community-radios-impor- tance.html?utm_source=copy http://www.livemint.com/Opini on/XOWcOGavkFlYOvMUGbk5QK/ Broadband-Internets-rural- role.html?utm_source=copy http://www.livemint.com/Opini on/R7wrt21KLGLlB3BavN30wO/M ove-to-mobile- governance.html?utm_source= copy http://www.livemint.com/Op inion/D690VlyjUVXGSpT3Hv- MUFI/Tribal-development- with-digital-inclusion.html? utm_source=copy
  • 32. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks32 ANNEXURE 6: ARTICLES RELATED TO BROADBAND, ACCESS & NOFN PUB- LISHED AT NATIONAL NEWSPAPERS S.NO 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Published in Andhra Pradesh government plans 15 Mbps broadband service at Rs 150/month Sterlite to shut broadband services from February 12 Keralas Idukki First District to Join NOFN Videocon Telecom to invest Rs 340 crore for ISP expan- sion Why India’s Pro- posal at the ITU is Troubling for Inter- net Freedom (Part 1) – CIS India TRAI wants private sector entry in NOFN, promote cable broadband & others You ambushed each other, and now you’re trying to get someone else to save you – Venky Nishtala, CTO, Rediff News 11 Jan, 2015 Jan 15, 2015 January 13 2015, The Economic Times January 7, 2015 October 30, 2014 September 26, 2014 August 7, 2014 News http://economictimes.india- times.com/arti- cleshow/45840683.cms?inte nttarget=no&utm_source=co ntentofinterest&utm_mediu m=text&utm_campaign=cpp stutm_source=copyurce=cop ym_source=copy http://articles.economic- times.indiatimes.com/2015- 01-15/news/58108987_1_sterl ite-technologies-ltd-broad- band-services-sterlite-net- works http://articles.economic- times.indiatimes.com/2015- 01-13/news/58024200_1_first -district-digital-india- idukki http://www.telecomlead.co m/telecom-services/video- con-telecom-invest-rs-340- crore-isp-expansion-55266 http://www.medianama.co m/2014/10/223-why-indias- proposal-at-the-itu-is- troubling-for-internet-freed om-part-1-cis-india/ http://www.medianama.co m/2014/09/223-trai-broad- band-adoption-consulta- tion/ http://www.medianama.co m/2014/08/223-you-am- bushed-each-other-and- now-youre-trying-to-get-so meone-else-to-save-you- venky-nishtala-cto-rediff/
  • 33. 33NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks S.NO 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Published in Govt to rope in pvt bodies for OFC con- nectivity Special ISP Fees Could Unlock Cable Last Miles For B’Band DoT wants to make Broadband Internet a basic right in new National Broad- band Policy ACT reveals new brand identity, claims largest non- telecom ISP in India with 5 lakh sub- scribers Broadband growth rate just around 5 % between Feb- Mar this year TRAI gives recom- mendation for re- serve price per MHz in 800 MHz band Appreciable in- crease in broad- band subscribers between May and June this year News Sep 5, 2014 July 04, 2014 June 20, 2014 26 July, 2014 14 May, 2014 29 Nov, 2014 22 August, 2014 News http://timesofindia.india- times.com/city/delhi/Govt- to-rope-in-pvt-bodies-for- OFC-connectivity/arti- cleshow/41749889.cms http://www.lightreading.in/l ightreadingindia/news- analysis/296896/special-isp- fees-unlock-cable-miles-b- band?utm_source=refer- rence_article http://www.medianama.co m/2014/06/223-dot-wants- to-make-broadband-inter- net-a-basic-right-in-new-n ational-broadband-policy/ http://www.indiantelevi- sion.com/iworld/broad- band/act-reveals-new-bran d-identity-claims-largest- non-telecom-isp-in-india- with-5-lakh-subscribers-14 0726 http://www.indiantelevi- sion.com/regulators/trai/bro adband-growth-rate-just- around-5-between-feb- mar-this-year-140514 http://www.indiantelevi- sion.com/regulators/trai/trai -gives-recommendation- for-reserve-price-per-mhz- in-800-mhz-band-141129 http://www.indiantelevi- sion.com/regulators/trai/ap- preciable-increase-in-broad band-subscribers-between- may-and-june-this-year- 140822
  • 34. NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks34 S.NO 15 16 17 18 Published in Broadband users rise to 82.22 million in November Google ready to help India imple- ment PM Modi’s “Digital India” ini- tiative Broadband pene- tration: Trai criti- cises telecom department deci- sion to involve only state-owned com- panies DoT asks state gov- ernments to waive right of way charges for speed- ing up NOFN rollout News 09 Jan, 2015 Jan 15, 2015 Sep 26, 2014 Sep 2, 2014 News http://www.indiantelevi- sion.com/iworld/broad- band/broadband-users-rise -to-8222-million-in-no- vember-150109 http://namastebharat.in/7449 /google-ready-to-help- india-implement-pm-modis- digital-india-initiative http://articles.economic- times.indiatimes.com/2014- 09-26/news/54353345_1_nofn -project-digital-india- bharat-broadband-networks http://articles.economic- times.indiatimes.com/2014- 09-02/news/53480148_1_nof n-dot-digital-india-initia- tive
  • 35. 35NOFN Status Study: A Review of the Pilot Blocks
  • 36. A REVIEW OF THE PILOT BLOCKS NATIONAL OPTIC FIBRE NETWORK Status Study

Related Documents