Narrative
theory in our
mini-film
What is narrative?
Narrative, or story, is a spoken or written
account of connected events.
Vladimir Propp
Vladimir Propp was a Russian critic and literary theorist who’s research suggested that
characters have a n...
Todorov
Todorov proposed that a film goes through 5 stages; the equilibrium, disequilibrium,
acknowledgement, rectificatio...
Barthes
Barthes theory is focused around the significance of certain scenes, props, and sounds within
a medium. In our pra...
Levi-Strauss
Levi-Strauss stated that within medium there are always sets of opposite values, he called this
concept Binar...
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Narrative theory in our 1 miniute practise film

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      Entertainment & Humor      
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Transcripts - Narrative theory in our 1 miniute practise film

  • 1. Narrative theory in our mini-film
  • 2. What is narrative? Narrative, or story, is a spoken or written account of connected events.
  • 3. Vladimir Propp Vladimir Propp was a Russian critic and literary theorist who’s research suggested that characters have a narrative function in the text. Through his detailed research of over 100 folk tales in the 1920’s Propp proposed that there are 7 different character types. The first being the ‘Hero’ who leads the narrative and becomes the narrative equilibrium through a quest or solving a mystery. Although usually male, Hero’s can be of either gender. In our mini-film Dave, a happy go lucky student is the hero. Within the film he has a ‘quest’ to make his new academic year as energetic and fun as possible. The second character is known as the ‘Villain’. The Villain seeks to obstruct the hero in completing they’re quest for riches, glory and/or power. Occasionally it’s because they want to be the hero/heroine themselves. This character concept is reflected in our mini-film when two bullies, Matt and Mr Girvan, seek to ruin Dave (the Hero) day. The third character is the ‘Helper' who assists the Hero for part or most of the quest but cannot complete it themselves. In our story no Helper is present. The fourth character is the dispatcher who sends the hero on his way. This is ‘Dave’s’ dad who takes him into school in the morning. The fifth character type is the donor who will assist the hero in his quest by giving him/her important information or equipment. This will be reflected in our mini-film when students in the corridor boost Dave’s moral by greeting and smiling at him, although this reference is vague. The sixth character is the ‘Princess or prize’ whom the hero will sought for as part of the narrative. It can come in the form of a person, object or some form of social status/recognition. The final character concept is the ‘False-Hero’ who either tries to take prize or credit for the hero’s actions. This will not be present in our mini film.
  • 4. Todorov Todorov proposed that a film goes through 5 stages; the equilibrium, disequilibrium, acknowledgement, rectification and then re-equilibrium. During our film all 5 stages are represented, the opening scene features an excited Dave who’s ready for school. He then encounters the school bully which offsets the tone of the film. This is then reinforced by him being late to class and being told off. Later he see’s his friends who are happy to see him, thus restoring the equilibrium when he leaves school happy again.
  • 5. Barthes Barthes theory is focused around the significance of certain scenes, props, and sounds within a medium. In our practice film we use a sound of a jail door slamming to symbolize that he's now trapped in school whilst the teacher is angry at him. Our other example was with the song choice of Mr. Blue Sky by Electric Light Orchestra. The upbeat nature of the song represents the excitement and happiness of his first day back. However, once he is shouted at the music stops which helps to emphasize the disequilibrium.
  • 6. Levi-Strauss Levi-Strauss stated that within medium there are always sets of opposite values, he called this concept Binary opposition. A classic example of Binary Opposition is the 'Good vs. Evil' conflcit within the narrative. This theory is reflected within our practise film when an opposition is shown between Dave's happyness and the sadness of the bully/classroom. The secound example is the Student vs. Teacher opposition, Dave has more of a laid back attitude to learning whereas Mr Girven is very strict and full on. Finally, the opposision of freedom vs improsonment, when Dave is outside the school he is free to roam and talk to whomever he wants where as in the classroom he's unable to leave and therefore becomes detracted from everyday social interactions. wordpress post - what ahve i learnt from practise film - need better organisation - smart clothes

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