Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Presentperfecttense 110315131814-phpapp02
When to use Present PerfectWhen to use Present PerfectTense?Tense?1)We use the Present Perfect Tense to talkabout experiences. It is important if we havedone it in our lives or not. It is notimportant when we did it.Examples I have been abroad two times. Anna has never broken a leg. Have you ever eaten sushi?Tip! We often use never and ever with thePresent Perfect Tense to talk aboutexperience.
2)We use the Present Perfect Tense totalk about an action which started in thepast and continuous up to now.Examples I have been a teacher for more than tenyears. We havent seen Janine since Friday. How long have you been at this school?Tip! We often use since and for to sayhow long the action has lasted.
3)We also use the Present Perfect Tense totalk about a past action that has the result inthe present.Examples I have lost my wallet. = I dont have it now. Jimmy has gone to South America. = He isnthere now. Have you finished your homework? = Is yourhomework ready?Tip! We often use just, already and yetwith the Present Perfect Tense for an actionin the past with the result in the present.
How to form Present PerfectHow to form Present PerfectTense?Tense?We make the Present Perfect tense with the correctform of the auxiliary verb have (have/has) and thethird form (past participle) of the mail verb.To form the past participle of the regular verbs, weadd ed to the infinitive.Examples: I have worked as a secretary for two years. Have you ever visited the Disneyland? The film hasnt started yet.Tip! You may want to visitThe English Irregular Verbs pages to learn how weform the past simple (second form) and pastparticiples (third form) of some English verbs.
Present Perfect - PositivePresent Perfect - PositiveSentencesSentencesI have = ´ve been to Moscow.You have = ´ve finished the exercise.He Has = ´s just gone home.She Has = ´s already had a holiday thisyear.It Has = ´s broken!We have = ´ve seen this film before.They have = ´ve bought a new car.
Present Perfect - NegativePresent Perfect - NegativeSentencesSentencesI Have not =haventbeen abroad yet.You Have not =haventanswered myquestion.He Has not = hasnt been home for fiveyears.She Has not = hasnt found a new job.It Has not = hasnt finished yet.We Have not =haventworked on a farm.They Have not =haventseen each other forages.
Present Perfect - Yes/NoPresent Perfect - Yes/NoQuestionsQuestionsHave I ever done it before?Have you been to the cinemarecently?Has he worked here long?Has she already sent the fax?Has it ever been in a crash?Have we done it right?Have they gone home yet?
Present Perfect - InformationPresent Perfect - InformationQuestionsQuestionsWhat have I done?How long have you been here?How manytimeshas he been married?What countries has she visited?Where has it been?How long have we been together?Where have they worked?
Already and YetAlready and YetAlready means that somethinghappened earlier than we expected.With Present Perfect already usuallygoes after have or has and before themain verb.Yet means that something that weexpected has happened or hasnthappened. We usually put it at the endof a sentence.Examples - Weve already had our breakfast. - When are you going to do yourhomework? - But Ive already done it! - Do you want a cup of coffee? - No, thanks. Ive already had one."Examples - Has the post arrived yet? - Have you done your homework? - Not yet. - Havent you got ready yet? Look atthe time!
For and SinceFor and Since We use Present Perfect tense to talk about actionwhich started in the past and continues up to thepresent. Examples I have had this computer for about a year. How long have you been at this school? I havent seen Julia since September.We use for with a periodof time, for example: afew days, half an hour, twoyears.We use since with thetime when the actionstarted, for example: lastyear, June 8, I met you.