National and Organisational
Culture
Group presentation
Baoping, Raksha & Umesh
Culture
‘the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the
members of one group or category of people from ano...
Specific to
individual
Inherited and
learned
PERSONALITY
Specific to group
or category
Universal
Learned
CULTURE
HUM...
Hofstede’s Dimensions in culture
•
•
•
•
•
Power Distance
Uncertainty Avoidance
Individualism Vs Collectivism
Masculine V...
Layers of Culture
•
•
•
•
•
•
National Level
Regional-Ethnic-Religious-Linguistic Level
Gender Level
Generation Level
Soc...
National Culture
•Culture, in this sense, includes systems of
values; and values are among the building
blocks of culture....
Outside Influences
Nature
Man
- trade
- scientific discovery
- dominations
Origins
Social norms
Consequences
Ecologica...
• Models of National culture:
– Single Dimension models
• Countries are classified culturally on the basis of one
variable...
Organisational Culture
• “an objective entity, consisting a set of
behavioural and cognitive characteristics”
– Schein
• i...
• Brown’s model divides organisational culture
into three layers:
– Outer layer: values about the strategies, mission
and ...
3 aspects of organizational culture
• The general relationship between employees
and their organization;
• The vertical or...
• Hofstede defines six dimensions to
differentiate between organizational cultures
that have similarities with the dimensi...
Differences in national and
organisational culture
• ‘A nation is not an organisation’
• External signs are usually consid...
Symbols
Heroes
Rituals
Values
Place of
socialisation
Level
Nation
Family
Values
Social Class
School
Occupation
Industry
Organisation
Practices
Wor...
• National Culture
– Shared meanings
– Unconditional relationship
– Born into it
– Totally immersed
• Organisational Cult...
Questions for discussion
• Share an example where national culture have
impacted the organisational culture of a
company a...
of 17

Nationalandorganisationalculture 110131043222-phpapp01 (1)

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Technology      News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nationalandorganisationalculture 110131043222-phpapp01 (1)

  • 1. National and Organisational Culture Group presentation Baoping, Raksha & Umesh
  • 2. Culture ‘the collective programming of the mind that distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another.’ --- Hofstede (2001) ‘Culture consists in patterned ways of thinking, feeling and reacting, acquired and transmitted mainly by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievements of human group, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional ideas and especially their attached values.’ --- Kluckhohn, 1951
  • 3. Specific to individual Inherited and learned PERSONALITY Specific to group or category Universal Learned CULTURE HUMAN NATURE Inherited Three levels of uniqueness in human mental programming
  • 4. Hofstede’s Dimensions in culture • • • • • Power Distance Uncertainty Avoidance Individualism Vs Collectivism Masculine Vs Feminine Short term Vs Long Term
  • 5. Layers of Culture • • • • • • National Level Regional-Ethnic-Religious-Linguistic Level Gender Level Generation Level Social Class Level Organisational / Corporate Level
  • 6. National Culture •Culture, in this sense, includes systems of values; and values are among the building blocks of culture. • Although national culture grows with generations, but still stabilising in patterns across generations using some mechanisms
  • 7. Outside Influences Nature Man - trade - scientific discovery - dominations Origins Social norms Consequences Ecological factors -geography -history -demography -economy -technology -urbanisation Value systems of major groups of population Structure and functioning of institutions: -family patterns -role differentiation -educational systems -religion -political systems The Stabilizing of Culture Patterns
  • 8. • Models of National culture: – Single Dimension models • Countries are classified culturally on the basis of one variable – Multiple Dimension models • Nationalities are classified on the basis of more than one varilable – Historical-social models
  • 9. Organisational Culture • “an objective entity, consisting a set of behavioural and cognitive characteristics” – Schein • includes the organizational structure and rules, values, feelings, norms, the organizational ‘climate.’ - Lewis(1998) • Why is it required? • How it is dependent on National Culture?
  • 10. • Brown’s model divides organisational culture into three layers: – Outer layer: values about the strategies, mission and objectives of organisation – Middle layer: beliefs and issues of the organisation which employees talk about – Inner Layer: things which people find it difficult to talk about
  • 11. 3 aspects of organizational culture • The general relationship between employees and their organization; • The vertical or hierarchical system of authority defining superiors and subordinates; • The general views of employees about the organization’s destiny, purpose and goals and their place in it.
  • 12. • Hofstede defines six dimensions to differentiate between organizational cultures that have similarities with the dimensions of Schein: – Process Vs results-oriented; – Employee Vs joboriented; – Parochial Vs professional dependent; – open Vs closed systems of communication; – loose Vs tight control; – normative Vs pragmatic organization
  • 13. Differences in national and organisational culture • ‘A nation is not an organisation’ • External signs are usually considered and people think that National cultures are becoming same as Organisational cultures • National cultures and Organisational cultures are two different phenomena
  • 14. Symbols Heroes Rituals Values
  • 15. Place of socialisation Level Nation Family Values Social Class School Occupation Industry Organisation Practices Workplace
  • 16. • National Culture – Shared meanings – Unconditional relationship – Born into it – Totally immersed • Organisational Culture – Shared behaviours – Conditional relationship – Socialized into it – Partly involved
  • 17. Questions for discussion • Share an example where national culture have impacted the organisational culture of a company and in what way. • Share an example where organisational culture has diluted the national culture. • What influence the values and behaviour of employees more in an organisation – National Culture or Organisational Culture?

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