National Association of Independent Schools
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee
Seattle Girls’ School
Cultural Competency:
An Independen...
National Association of Independent Schools
Goals
Culture and Cultural Competency
Frameworks of Cultural Competency
Applyi...
National Association of Independent Schools
Culture [consists] primarily of the
symbolic, ideational, and intangible
aspec...
National Association of Independent Schools
Culture is the collective
programming of the mind
which distinguishes the
memb...
National Association of Independent Schools
What is Culture?
Graphic from the Anti-Defamation League
Artifacts and Behavio...
National Association of Independent Schools
Dimensions of Identity and Culture
This model of identifiers and culture was c...
National Association of Independent Schools
School Culture
Scavenger Hunt
National Association of Independent Schools
School Culture
Scavenger Hunt Findings
National Association of Independent Schools
Cultural Competency:
Many Models
Cultural competence is a set of congruent
beh...
National Association of Independent Schools
Cultural Competency:
Many Models
Cultural competence comprises four
components...
National Association of Independent Schools
Cultural Competency:
Many ModelsSteven Jones
National Association of Independent Schools
Cultural Competency:
Key Elements
Value Orientation
Diversity as Value Added
R...
National Association of Independent Schools
At Your Schools…
What is your school’s
current statement or
understanding of
c...
National Association of Independent Schools
Cultural Competency is NOT
Deficit Ideology
Political Correctness
Paralysis of...
National Association of Independent Schools
Barriers of Cultural Competency
Myth of Not Enough
Myth of Zero Sum Game
Myth ...
National Association of Independent Schools
Missing From the Conversation:
Intra-Group Competency
National Association of Independent Schools
Ladder of Empowerment for
Marginalized People
Empowerment and Liberation
Commu...
National Association of Independent Schools
Ladder of Allyship for
Members of Dominant Groups
Allyship and Liberation
Comm...
National Association of Independent Schools
Missing From the Conversation:
Growth Mindset
Claude Steele
Stereotype Threat
...
National Association of Independent Schools
Missing From the Conversation:
Storytelling
• National Coalition Building Inst...
National Association of Independent Schools
An Educational Imperative
The Moral Case
The Academic Case
The Economic Case
I...
National Association of Independent Schools
21st Century Education
and Excellence
Critical Thinking
Collaboration
Communic...
National Association of Independent Schools
You cannot be truly competent as
a learner, educator, professional,
or institu...
National Association of Independent Schools
At Your Schools…
What are some of your
school’s barriers,
misinterpretations, ...
National Association of Independent Schools
Break
National Association of Independent Schools
Getting There From Here
National Association of Independent Schools
Cultural Proficiency Continuum
National Association of Independent Schools
Cultural Proficiency Continuum
National Association of Independent Schools
Developmental Stages From Exclusive to Inclusive
National Association of Independent Schools
Organizational Development
Model of Inclusion
National Association of Independent Schools
Milton Bennett’s
Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity
National Association of Independent Schools
Hallmarks of Earlier Phases
• People feel pressure to fit in
• People fear spe...
National Association of Independent Schools
Hallmarks of Later Phases
• People can bring their full selves to school
• The...
National Association of Independent Schools
At Your Schools…
Where is your school in its development toward
cultural compe...
National Association of Independent Schools
Tools for Getting Us There
National Association of Independent Schools
Examining Policy
Tary J. Tobin and
Claudia G. Vincent
National Association of Independent Schools
Examining Pedagogy
• Do You See Me?
• Do You Hear Me?
• Will You Treat Me Fair...
National Association of Independent Schools
Examining the Self
William Taylor’s Reflective Competence Model
National Association of Independent Schools
Exercise: Utilizing the Tools
National Association of Independent Schools
Last Thoughts…
National Association of Independent Schools
Schools Have ZPDs, Too!
Status Quo:
Reliance on what the school
does already a...
National Association of Independent Schools
• Policy – Enumeration of the school’s diversity
commitment through mission, s...
National Association of Independent Schools
Assess and Reassess
Demographic Trends
Entrance Numbers
Attrition Numbers
Disc...
National Association of Independent Schools
Making Choices, Setting Priorities
National Association of Independent Schools
Final Questions or Comments?
National Association of Independent Schools
Presenter
Information
Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee
Outreach Specialist
Seattle Girls’...
National Association of Independent Schools
Cultural Competence and
Educational Excellence
"How Diversity Affects Teaching...
National Association of Independent Schools
Miscellaneous Resources
• Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman, “Privilege and
...
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NAIS DLI Cultural Competency Strand

A comprehensive look at culture, cultural competency, frameworks, and tools for independent schools looking to approach cultural competency in individual, interpersonal, and institutional ways.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      Business      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - NAIS DLI Cultural Competency Strand

  • 1. National Association of Independent Schools Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Seattle Girls’ School Cultural Competency: An Independent School Imperative
  • 2. National Association of Independent Schools Goals Culture and Cultural Competency Frameworks of Cultural Competency Applying the Frameworks Next Steps Resources
  • 3. National Association of Independent Schools Culture [consists] primarily of the symbolic, ideational, and intangible aspects of human societies… It is the values, symbols, interpretations, and perspectives that distinguish one people from another. James A. Banks What is Culture?
  • 4. National Association of Independent Schools Culture is the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one category of people from another. Geert H. Hofstede What is Culture?
  • 5. National Association of Independent Schools What is Culture? Graphic from the Anti-Defamation League Artifacts and Behaviors Values
  • 6. National Association of Independent Schools Dimensions of Identity and Culture This model of identifiers and culture was created by Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman for NAIS Summer Diversity Institute, adapted from Loden and Rosener’s Workforce America! (1991) and from Diverse Teams at Work, Gardenswartz & Rowe (SHRM 2003).
  • 7. National Association of Independent Schools School Culture Scavenger Hunt
  • 8. National Association of Independent Schools School Culture Scavenger Hunt Findings
  • 9. National Association of Independent Schools Cultural Competency: Many Models Cultural competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes and policies that come together in a system, institution or individual and enable that system, institution or individual to work effectively in cross-cultural situations. Terry Cross
  • 10. National Association of Independent Schools Cultural Competency: Many Models Cultural competence comprises four components: (a) Awareness of one's own cultural worldview, (b) Attitude towards cultural differences, (c) Knowledge of different cultural practices and worldviews, and (d) Cross-cultural skills. Developing cultural competence results in an ability to understand, communicate with, and effectively interact with people across cultures. Mercedes Martin & Billy Vaughn
  • 11. National Association of Independent Schools Cultural Competency: Many ModelsSteven Jones
  • 12. National Association of Independent Schools Cultural Competency: Key Elements Value Orientation Diversity as Value Added Respect Relationships Equity Thought Orientation Knowledge Awareness Systems Thinking Action Orientation Consciousness Building Capacity Building Assessment Adaptation
  • 13. National Association of Independent Schools At Your Schools… What is your school’s current statement or understanding of cultural competency? How do you or your school apply this term in the daily life of school?
  • 14. National Association of Independent Schools Cultural Competency is NOT Deficit Ideology Political Correctness Paralysis of “Not Offending” Colorblindness or Colormuteness Goal with Finite End
  • 15. National Association of Independent Schools Barriers of Cultural Competency Myth of Not Enough Myth of Zero Sum Game Myth of Morality Myth of “Tonsils” Theory Myth of Meritocracy Myth of Individuality Myth of Liberal Agenda
  • 16. National Association of Independent Schools Missing From the Conversation: Intra-Group Competency
  • 17. National Association of Independent Schools Ladder of Empowerment for Marginalized People Empowerment and Liberation Community of Resistance Collective Action Challenging Self Awareness & Investigation Exclusion and Immersion Rage/Depression Not dominant Internalized Oppression “***Ism” pushes us down Resistance, awareness, education empowers us
  • 18. National Association of Independent Schools Ladder of Allyship for Members of Dominant Groups Allyship and Liberation Community of Resistance Collective Action Challenging Awareness & Investigation Distancing Own Group Members Dissonance and Resistance Ignorance and Passivity Internalized Supremacy “***Ism” limits us and separates us from others Allyship, awareness, education liberates us
  • 19. National Association of Independent Schools Missing From the Conversation: Growth Mindset Claude Steele Stereotype Threat Identity Contingencies Research on Whites and Race Conversations Carol Dweck Fixed vs Growth Mindset Mindsets and Learning Outcomes Combine the Two and You Get…
  • 20. National Association of Independent Schools Missing From the Conversation: Storytelling • National Coalition Building Institute • Advisory Curriculum • Affective Curriculum • Community Building • Classroom Practice • Home Visits
  • 21. National Association of Independent Schools An Educational Imperative The Moral Case The Academic Case The Economic Case Institutional Excellence Teaching Excellence Student Excellence
  • 22. National Association of Independent Schools 21st Century Education and Excellence Critical Thinking Collaboration Communication Creativity Cosmopolitanism
  • 23. National Association of Independent Schools You cannot be truly competent as a learner, educator, professional, or institution until you are culturally competent.
  • 24. National Association of Independent Schools At Your Schools… What are some of your school’s barriers, misinterpretations, or gaps in achieving cultural competency? How have you tried to address these?
  • 25. National Association of Independent Schools Break
  • 26. National Association of Independent Schools Getting There From Here
  • 27. National Association of Independent Schools Cultural Proficiency Continuum
  • 28. National Association of Independent Schools Cultural Proficiency Continuum
  • 29. National Association of Independent Schools Developmental Stages From Exclusive to Inclusive
  • 30. National Association of Independent Schools Organizational Development Model of Inclusion
  • 31. National Association of Independent Schools Milton Bennett’s Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity
  • 32. National Association of Independent Schools Hallmarks of Earlier Phases • People feel pressure to fit in • People fear speaking up • “Who you know” is more important than “what you know” (relationship-based culture) • You only trust those closest to you (cliques) • Denial of differences is considered a virtue (“we don’t see differences here”) • It’s hard for outsiders to learn the rules (sink or swim to prove yourself)
  • 33. National Association of Independent Schools Hallmarks of Later Phases • People can bring their full selves to school • The school encourages and welcomes people to contribute different opinions and points of view • There is a performance driven culture • People form dynamic and diverse groups (trust) • Differences are seen as additive and productive • Success is explicitly defined, and the school supports people in achieving it • The school has an interactive culture • People have the competencies to adapt to different cultural contexts.
  • 34. National Association of Independent Schools At Your Schools… Where is your school in its development toward cultural competency? What makes you think so?
  • 35. National Association of Independent Schools Tools for Getting Us There
  • 36. National Association of Independent Schools Examining Policy Tary J. Tobin and Claudia G. Vincent
  • 37. National Association of Independent Schools Examining Pedagogy • Do You See Me? • Do You Hear Me? • Will You Treat Me Fairly? • Will You Protect Me?
  • 38. National Association of Independent Schools Examining the Self William Taylor’s Reflective Competence Model
  • 39. National Association of Independent Schools Exercise: Utilizing the Tools
  • 40. National Association of Independent Schools Last Thoughts…
  • 41. National Association of Independent Schools Schools Have ZPDs, Too! Status Quo: Reliance on what the school does already and naturally Zone of Proximal Development: Mindful and strategic change toward the next stage of growth Too Much, Too Fast: Unrealistic demands on the community
  • 42. National Association of Independent Schools • Policy – Enumeration of the school’s diversity commitment through mission, strategic plan, handbooks, websites, etc. • Programming – Diversity training and programming for all constituencies (board, admin, faculty, staff, students, families, etc.). Diversity and inclusivity curriculum. • Practice – Consistent and meaningful revisit of policy and programs. Climate assessments, proactive changes, and meaningful responses to incidents. • People – Critical mass of people who are supportive AND active on all levels. • Pecuniary – Funding, people, and time allocated in the strategic plan and daily life for supporting diversity efforts. Identifying Growth Zones – The 5Ps
  • 43. National Association of Independent Schools Assess and Reassess Demographic Trends Entrance Numbers Attrition Numbers Disciplinary Cases Academic Cases Financial Aid Breakdowns Climate Surveys Exit Interviews Programmatic Surveys Pre-Post Assessments Every 1-2 Years
  • 44. National Association of Independent Schools Making Choices, Setting Priorities
  • 45. National Association of Independent Schools Final Questions or Comments?
  • 46. National Association of Independent Schools Presenter Information Rosetta Eun Ryong Lee Outreach Specialist Seattle Girls’ School 2706 S Jackson Street Seattle WA 98144 (206) 805-6562 rlee@seattlegirlsschool.org http://tiny.cc/rosettalee
  • 47. National Association of Independent Schools Cultural Competence and Educational Excellence "How Diversity Affects Teaching and Learning Climate of Inclusion has a Positive Effect on Learning Outcomes," by Sylvia Hurtado. 2, 3, 5 http://www.diversityweb.org/research_and_trends/research_evaluation_impact/b enefits_of_diversity/ sylvia_hurtado.cfm • University of Michigan . Gratz v. Bollinger, et al., No. 97-75321 (E.D. Michigan), Grutter v. Bollinger et al., No. 97-75928 (E.D. Michigan). 1 "The Educational Value of Diversity." Center for Institutional Diversity. •"Who Benefits from Racial Diversity in Higher Education?" by Mitchell J. Chang, Associate Dean of the College of Liberal Arts, Loyola Marymount University, and Alexander W. Astin, Director, Higher Education Research Institute, University of California- Los Angeles. 2, 3 http://www.diversityweb.org/Digest/W97/research.html •"Fostering Intercultural Harmony in Schools Research Findings." Report, prepared by Kathleen Cotton, Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, Portland, Oregon, 1993. "Cooperative Learning, Multicultural Functioning and Student Achievement. San Bernadino, CA: San Bernadino School District, 1990. 2, 4 http://www.nwrel.org/scpd/sirs/ 8/topsyn7.h
  • 48. National Association of Independent Schools Miscellaneous Resources • Karen Bradberry and Johnnie Foreman, “Privilege and Power,” Summer Diversity Institute, National Association of Independent Schools, 2009 • Po Bronson and Ashley Merryman, Nurture Shock • Kevin Jennings, GLSEN (Gay Lesbian and Straight Education Network) www.glsen.org • Allan G. Johnson, Privilege, Power, and Difference • Johnnie McKinley, “Leveling the Playing Field and Raising African American Students’ Achievement in Twenty-nine Urban Classrooms,” New Horizons for Learning, http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/differentiated/ mckinley.htm Michael J Nakkula and Eric Toshalis, Understanding Youth.