Mr. Wang Qian
National Health and Family Planning Commission, PRC
2014.03.01
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Population Development and...
Population Development in China
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
In 1949 the total population of China
was 540 million, accounting for 1/4 of
world population at that t...
To control population growth, the Chinese
Government advocated family planning in
cities in 1960s, and then in both cities...
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
In 1982, family planning was announced as a
fundamental national policy written into the
constitution, ...
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Family planning related organs were
set up in all levels of government, and
dedicated family planning w...
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Government launched continuous and
extensive communication and education
campaign and also offered free...
Contraceptive Mix of Married Women in
2012已婚妇女避孕方法构成(2012年)
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
CBR CDR NIR
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Sticking to harmonious coordination between
population development and socio-economic
development, the ...
婴儿死亡率(IMR): in 1991 , 50.2‰
in 2012, 10.3‰
孕产妇死亡率(MMR):
in 1991, 80/100,000
in 2012, 24.5/100,000
Average Live Expectancy:...
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Impoverished population in rural areas
in 1978: 250 million
end of 2010 : 26.88million
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Population Dividend:
Higher proportion of working population
and lower proportion of dependent
population
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHF...
illiteracy rate:early of 1950’s,80%
in 2000,6.72%
in 2010,4.08%
Average schooling years:
1980’s,4years;
currently,9years
国...
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Population Development Tendency,
Challenges and Countermeasures
Enormous yet ever-growing population
size.
1.36 billion by the end of 2013)
reach the peak 1.46 billion in around 2030.
国家...
Shrinking family size.
in 1982,4.43
in 2000,3.44
in 2010,3.10
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Accelerated population aging.
In 2012, the number of population aged above 65
totaled 127 million in 2012, or 9.7% of tota...
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Aged 60+
Aged 65+
Aged 80+
Rapid Growth of Aged Population
Continuously higher SRB. China's
SRB has been rising ever since 1980s
and reached 117.7 in 2012.
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Enormous migrant population.
In 2013,245 million,
In the near future, it's anticipated that
another 300 million of rural p...
23
Migrant size and average increase rate
6.57
18.1
70.73
221.43
147.35
102.29
21.35
0
50
100
150
200
250
1982 1987 1990 1...
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
Note: China’s urbanization rate has reached 52.6% in 2012.
Urbanization Rate of the World, the U.K, Bra...
1、To uphold the fundamental national policy
of family planning in order to stabilize the
fertility level at around 1.8.
2 ...
In general, the population policies
established and implemented by China
proceed from China's realities and have
taken the...
Thank you!
国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
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Population Development and Population Policies in China

Este documento, cujo tema é o desenvolvimento populacional e as políticas populacionais da China, foi apresentado durante a reunião plenária da Comissão Nacional sobre População e Desenvolvimento (CNPD), realizada no dia 20 de fevereiro, em Brasília. Autor: Mr. Wang Qian. Leia mais em: www.sae.gov.br
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: News & Politics      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Population Development and Population Policies in China

  • 1. Mr. Wang Qian National Health and Family Planning Commission, PRC 2014.03.01 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC Population Development and Population Policies in China
  • 2. Population Development in China 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 3. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC In 1949 the total population of China was 540 million, accounting for 1/4 of world population at that time. In 1970, 830 million
  • 4. To control population growth, the Chinese Government advocated family planning in cities in 1960s, and then in both cities and rural areas in early 1970s 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 5. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC In 1982, family planning was announced as a fundamental national policy written into the constitution, and the population planning was also included into the National Planning for Social and Economic Development. In December 2001, the Population and Family Planning Law of the People's Republic of China was enacted.
  • 6. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC Family planning related organs were set up in all levels of government, and dedicated family planning workers were assigned in each village or community. In addition, a large number of NGOs sprang up, such as China Family Planning Association which is the largest NGO in China, with current members amounting to 90 million.
  • 7. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC Government launched continuous and extensive communication and education campaign and also offered free contraceptives such as condom and other contraceptive services to the masses. Use Contr acept ives Do not use
  • 8. Contraceptive Mix of Married Women in 2012已婚妇女避孕方法构成(2012年) 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 9. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC CBR CDR NIR
  • 10. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC Sticking to harmonious coordination between population development and socio-economic development, the Chinese Government is closely integrating family planning with women empowerment, poverty reduction in rural areas and universal health, and is particularly integrating maternal and child health care with reproductive health.
  • 11. 婴儿死亡率(IMR): in 1991 , 50.2‰ in 2012, 10.3‰ 孕产妇死亡率(MMR): in 1991, 80/100,000 in 2012, 24.5/100,000 Average Live Expectancy: Mid of 20th Century:about 37 in 2010:74.83 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 12. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 13. Impoverished population in rural areas in 1978: 250 million end of 2010 : 26.88million 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 14. Population Dividend: Higher proportion of working population and lower proportion of dependent population 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 15. illiteracy rate:early of 1950’s,80% in 2000,6.72% in 2010,4.08% Average schooling years: 1980’s,4years; currently,9years 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 16. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC Population Development Tendency, Challenges and Countermeasures
  • 17. Enormous yet ever-growing population size. 1.36 billion by the end of 2013) reach the peak 1.46 billion in around 2030. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 18. Shrinking family size. in 1982,4.43 in 2000,3.44 in 2010,3.10 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 19. Accelerated population aging. In 2012, the number of population aged above 65 totaled 127 million in 2012, or 9.7% of total population. It's projected that the total number of population aged above 65 will exceed 300 million (about 1/5 of total population) in the period from 2035 to 2040. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 20. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC Aged 60+ Aged 65+ Aged 80+ Rapid Growth of Aged Population
  • 21. Continuously higher SRB. China's SRB has been rising ever since 1980s and reached 117.7 in 2012. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 22. Enormous migrant population. In 2013,245 million, In the near future, it's anticipated that another 300 million of rural population will migrate to cities, and the urbanization rate will hit 70% by that time. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 23. 23 Migrant size and average increase rate 6.57 18.1 70.73 221.43 147.35 102.29 21.35 0 50 100 150 200 250 1982 1987 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Year Migrantsize(inmillion) 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 Annualincreaserate
  • 24. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC Note: China’s urbanization rate has reached 52.6% in 2012. Urbanization Rate of the World, the U.K, Brazil, U.S.A, Korea, France, Japan, China and India in 2010
  • 25. 1、To uphold the fundamental national policy of family planning in order to stabilize the fertility level at around 1.8. 2 、 To enhance the quality of new-born population and pay attention to human resource accumulation. 3、To positively respond to population aging. 4 、 To curb the problem of high SRB and promote gender equality. 5 、 To guide the orderly movement and reasonable distribution of population. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 26. In general, the population policies established and implemented by China proceed from China's realities and have taken the future development trend into good consideration, all aiming to realize the long-term balanced development of population itself and the coordinated development between population and economy, society, resources and environment. 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC
  • 27. Thank you! 国家卫生和计划生育委员会 NHFPC

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