Preparedby:
MonicaSan Juan
Acquisition is innately determined,
that we are born with a built-in-
device of some kind that predisposes
us to language...
 He said that every child
is born with a biological
predisposition to learn
language- any language
 He came up with the ...
1. Ability to distinguish speech sounds from
other sounds in the environment
2. Ability to organize linguistic events into...
Children need to
access to samples
of a natural
language to
activate the
device
Once the LAD is
activated, they
discover t...
Primary
Linguistic
Data
Child’s
Speech
Grammatical
Knowledge
The Rules
General
Language
Learning
Principles
 A set of innate principles and adjustable
parameters that are common to all human
languages
 Focuses on the structural ...
 Language is organized
that depends on the
structural
relationships between
elements in a
sentence
 Language usually
con...
 The child’s language at any stage is systematic in
that the child is constantly forming hypotheses
on the basis of the i...
 LAD hypothesize the grammar in the
language you are exposed to
 If it is fits to the grammar, then
continue the hypothe...
 Pivot Grammar
- The early grammars of
child language
Sentence Pivot word
Open word
 Neurons in the brain are
said to fo...
1. Freedom from the restrictions of the so-called
“scientific method” to explore the unseen,
unobservable, underlying, abs...
 Children are born with a specific innate ability to
discover for themselves the underlying rules of a
language system on...
Nativist theory
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Nativist theory

Nativist Theory by Noam Chomsky
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nativist theory

  • 1. Preparedby: MonicaSan Juan
  • 2. Acquisition is innately determined, that we are born with a built-in- device of some kind that predisposes us to language acquisition. Children are biologically programmed for language acquisition
  • 3.  He said that every child is born with a biological predisposition to learn language- any language  He came up with the idea of a language organ, which is known as the Language Acquisition Device (LAD).
  • 4. 1. Ability to distinguish speech sounds from other sounds in the environment 2. Ability to organize linguistic events into various classes which can later be refined 3. Knowledge that only a certain kind of linguistic system is possible and that other kinds are not 4. Ability to engage in constant evaluation of the developing linguistic system
  • 5. Children need to access to samples of a natural language to activate the device Once the LAD is activated, they discover the structure of the language to be learned They discover it by matching the innate knowledge of UG to the structures of the particular language in the environment
  • 6. Primary Linguistic Data Child’s Speech Grammatical Knowledge The Rules General Language Learning Principles
  • 7.  A set of innate principles and adjustable parameters that are common to all human languages  Focuses on the structural relationships rather than the linear order of the words - e.g. Your cat is friendly? Is your cat friendly?
  • 8.  Language is organized that depends on the structural relationships between elements in a sentence  Language usually contain NP and VP + (Other phrases)  Determine the ways in which language can vary  Head parameter specifies the position at the head in relation to its compliments for different languages  Each phrases has a central elements that is called the head (NP-noun; VP-verb)  English language is a head- first language because head of the phrase always appears before its compliments
  • 9.  The child’s language at any stage is systematic in that the child is constantly forming hypotheses on the basis of the input received and then testing those hypotheses in speech. As the child’s language develops, those hypotheses get continually revised, reshaped or sometimes abandoned
  • 10.  LAD hypothesize the grammar in the language you are exposed to  If it is fits to the grammar, then continue the hypothesis, but if it is not, there is a testing of a new hypothesis again
  • 11.  Pivot Grammar - The early grammars of child language Sentence Pivot word Open word  Neurons in the brain are said to form multiple connections  A child’s linguistic performance may be the consequence of many levels of simultaneous neural interconnections and not a serial process of one rule being applied.
  • 12. 1. Freedom from the restrictions of the so-called “scientific method” to explore the unseen, unobservable, underlying, abstract linguistic structures being developed in the child 2. Systematic description of the child’s linguistic repertoire as either rule-governed or operating out of a parallel distributed processing capacities 3. Construction of a number of potential properties of Universal Grammar
  • 13.  Children are born with a specific innate ability to discover for themselves the underlying rules of a language system on the basis of the samples of a natural language they are exposed to  Language acquisition is something that happens to a child placed in a certain environment not something the child does  Children acquisition of grammatical rules is guided by principles of an innate UG which could apply to all language