Natural history of language development
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - Natural history of language development
REPORTER: LOURISE ARCHIE C. SUBANG BSED I - ACHAPTER 3NATURAL HISTORY OF LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENTI. Question: How did really the language of a child developed? Ans. There is no definite or exact sequence on how a child can acquire language. Butsince the birth of child psychology many had developed theories or studies that led to someinformation on how we as children acquire language. As the studies were compiled and revised,it eventually formed a framework basis for the study of Language Development. Traditionally language development depends upon the principle of reinforcement. The principle of reinforcement is a psychological concept based on the idea that the consequences of an action will influence future behavior. Rewarding behavior is considered reinforcement, because it teaches the subject that the behavior is desired, and encourages the subject to repeat it. Punishing a behavior, on the other hand, teaches the subject that the behavior is not desired, and should not be repeated. Other learning theorists however believed that language is acquired by imitation. Noam Chomsky – (American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, political activist, author, and lecturer) rather proposes the nativist theory of language acquisition as the basis of how language is learned. He states that children have an innate Language Acquisition Device or LAD. This enables them to learn a language early and quickly. His theory was supported by the concept of the universality of language that use he same set of sounds and combinations. Though some theorists don’t agree with him. Its because that there were clear evidence of the variations of grammatical and syntactic rules. Also it ignores the social context in which language is acquired. Modern theorists clings to the interactionist view of language is learned. They say that children are biologically ready for language but requires extensive experience with spoken language for ample development. Acquiring language is always an active and interactive. This involves the ffg. Formulating Testing Evaluating languages’ rules Jerome Bruner ( American psychologist who has contributed to cognitive psychology and cognitive learning theory in educational psychology, as well as to history and to the general philosophy of education) one of the modern theorists. He also point out the critical roles in which the parents and other caregivers have in the language acquisition process. He proposes the use of Language Acquisition Support System (LASS). This refers to the importance of a child’s social support network, which works in conjunction with innate mechanisms to encourage or suppress language development.
THE ANTECEDENTS OF THE LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT What do you mean of the word “antecedent”? It means that which precedes or goes before. So therefore, antecedents of the language development talks about the ways or means which help the child to prepare him/her in learning the language. Just like in going o school you prepare yourself. Now here are the following devises that makes up the antecedents. PSUEDODIALOGUES – this is one of the early training devices. Characterized by the give and take of the conversation between the child and the mother or other person. Adults maintain the flow of conversation. Example: oooglie oooglie googlie googlie PROTODECLARATIVES – the child uses gestures to make a description about the statement. PROTOIMPERATIVES – the child still uses gestures but these gestures are used to let someone do for him/her. Make statements about the things and let someone do it for him/her. HISTORY OF THE LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENTTraditionally language developmentdepends upon the principle ofreinforcement. Other learning theorists believed that language is acquired by imitation.Noam Chomsky - rather proposes thenativist theory of language acquisition asthe basis of how language is learned. Modern theorists clings to the interactionist view of language is learned. Under the modern theorists is Jerome Bruner - . He also point out the critical roles in which the parents and other caregivers have in the language acquisition process. He proposes the use of Language Acquisition Support System (LASS).
THE ANTECEDENTS OF THE LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT ANTECEDENTmeans that which precedes or goes before. So therefore, antecedents of the language development talks about the ways or means which help the child to prepare him/her in learning the language. FORMS/TYPES OF ANTECEDENTS PSUEDODIALOGUES – this is PROTODECLARATIVES PROTOIMPERATIVES one of the early training – the child uses – the child still uses devices. Characterized by the gestures to make a gestures but these give and take of the description about the gestures are used to conversation between the child statement. let someone do for and the mother or other him/her. Make person. Adults maintain the statements about the flow of conversation. things and let Example: oooglie oooglie someone do it for googlie googlie. him/her. INTERNET REFERENCES: www.wisegeek.com www.teachnology.com www.google.com BOOK REFERENCES: CHILD AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT (SUBJECT TEXTBOOK)