NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Medical
Surgical
Nursing
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Fingernail
Toenail
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Infection
Injury
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Brittle or Crumbly
 Sign of aging
 Long exposure to water of chemical
 Fungal infection
 Lichen pla...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Discolored Nails
Yellow nail
 Fungus
 Psoriasis
 Nail varnish
 Lymphoedema
 Sinusitis
 Bronchiect...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Discolored Nails
Half white, half brown nails
 Kidney failure
Green-black
 Pseudomonas
 Give antibio...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Discolored Nails
White nails
 Cirrhosis
 HF
 DM
 Iron deficiency anemia
 Chemotherapy
 Overactive...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Loose Nails
 Injury
 Fungal infection
 Psoriasis
 Warts
 Amyloidosis
 Raynaud’s disease
 Allergi...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Koilonychia
Indented spoon shaped
 Iron deficiency
 Hemochromatosis (too much iron)
 Raynaud’s disea...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Pitting/Dents on the Nails
 Psoriasis
 Eczema
 Reactive arthritis
 Alopecia areata
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Beau's lines
Grooves across the fingernails
 Chemotherapy
 Raynaud’s disease
 Injury
 Cold temp.
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Clubbing
Unusually curved fingertip & nails
 COPD
 CF
 Lung cancer
 IBD
 Endocarditis
 Bronchiect...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Muehrcke's lines
Parallel white lines that extend all the way across the nails
Sign of low levels of pr...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Dark stripes running down the nail
 Fairly common with dark skin people
 Can be subungual melanoma (s...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Splinter Hemorrhages
Red or brown little streaks under the nails
lines of blood caused by tiny damaged ...
NAIL ABNORMALITIES
Paronychia
Painful red swollen nail fold
Inflammation of the nail fold
 Infection, Injury, Irritation,...
THANK YOU Sharon Opoola, RN
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Nail Abnormalities

Nursing
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Healthcare      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nail Abnormalities

  • 1. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Medical Surgical Nursing
  • 2. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Fingernail Toenail
  • 3. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Infection Injury
  • 4. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Brittle or Crumbly  Sign of aging  Long exposure to water of chemical  Fungal infection  Lichen planus  Underactive thyroid  Overactive thyroid  Psoriasis Take Biotin (Vit. B7) Wear gloves Apply moisturizers
  • 5. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Discolored Nails Yellow nail  Fungus  Psoriasis  Nail varnish  Lymphoedema  Sinusitis  Bronchiectasis  TB  Jaundice  Chronic paronychia
  • 6. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Discolored Nails Half white, half brown nails  Kidney failure Green-black  Pseudomonas  Give antibiotic drops  Soak in antiseptic solution  Soak in vinegar Grey  Antimalarials  Minocycline Brown  Thyroid disease  Malnutrition  Nail varnish
  • 7. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Discolored Nails White nails  Cirrhosis  HF  DM  Iron deficiency anemia  Chemotherapy  Overactive thyroid  Malnutrition
  • 8. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Loose Nails  Injury  Fungal infection  Psoriasis  Warts  Amyloidosis  Raynaud’s disease  Allergic reaction  Sarcoidosis  Overactive thyroid
  • 9. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Koilonychia Indented spoon shaped  Iron deficiency  Hemochromatosis (too much iron)  Raynaud’s disease  Lupus erythematosus
  • 10. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Pitting/Dents on the Nails  Psoriasis  Eczema  Reactive arthritis  Alopecia areata
  • 11. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Beau's lines Grooves across the fingernails  Chemotherapy  Raynaud’s disease  Injury  Cold temp.
  • 12. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Clubbing Unusually curved fingertip & nails  COPD  CF  Lung cancer  IBD  Endocarditis  Bronchiectasis  Cirrhosis  Polycythemia  Stomach or bowel cancer
  • 13. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Muehrcke's lines Parallel white lines that extend all the way across the nails Sign of low levels of protein in the blood  Malnutrition
  • 14. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Dark stripes running down the nail  Fairly common with dark skin people  Can be subungual melanoma (skin cancer affecting the nail bed)
  • 15. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Splinter Hemorrhages Red or brown little streaks under the nails lines of blood caused by tiny damaged blood vessels  Lupus erythematosus  Psoriasis  Endocarditis
  • 16. NAIL ABNORMALITIES Paronychia Painful red swollen nail fold Inflammation of the nail fold  Infection, Injury, Irritation, Eczema, Psoriasis, DM, HIV Acute  herpetic whitlow—caused by cold sore virus  Staphylococcus aureus  Treat with antibiotic creams or tabs Chronic  Cleaners  Bartenders  Canten staff  Fishmongers
  • 17. THANK YOU Sharon Opoola, RN

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