Political Structures and Schools A short primer
Constitutional structures: Federal <ul><li>Federal constitution: nothing explicit, but application of constitutional prin...
Constitutional structures: States <ul><li>State constitutions bind each state separately </li></ul><ul><li>As with the fe...
The fabric of educational politics <ul><li>Law and politics: warp and weft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitutions, laws, and ...
Fabric of educational politics, cont’d <ul><li>Major theoretical question: what determines outcomes? Some ideas: </li></u...
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Political Structures And Schools

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Political Structures And Schools

  • 1. Political Structures and Schools A short primer
  • 2. Constitutional structures: Federal <ul><li>Federal constitution: nothing explicit, but application of constitutional principles to education </li></ul><ul><li>“ Police powers” and the 10th amendment </li></ul><ul><li>14th amendment and Brown v. Board of Education (1954) </li></ul><ul><li>San Antonio v. Rodriguez (1973) and the limits of protected classes </li></ul><ul><li>The power of the federal purse (e.g., No Child Left Behind Act, Lau v. Nichols ) </li></ul>
  • 3. Constitutional structures: States <ul><li>State constitutions bind each state separately </li></ul><ul><li>As with the federal constitution and federal courts, state courts have ultimate interpretation of state constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>States thus are bound by both their own constitutions and the federal constitution </li></ul><ul><li>General features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Substantive requirements for education (unlike the feds!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some assurance of education at K-12 level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some language about efficiency, effectiveness, or quality </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. The fabric of educational politics <ul><li>Law and politics: warp and weft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Constitutions, laws, and court opinions provide a structure that responds to political pressures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political debates use the legal structure for rhetoric, as a type of moral authority </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Fabric of educational politics, cont’d <ul><li>Major theoretical question: what determines outcomes? Some ideas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pluralist model (interest-group coalitions and access) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict model (schools as arena for conflict) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational model (school systems can act on their own behalf) </li></ul></ul>

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