In the Beginning…
• Ancient Rome
begin as a group of
villages along the
Tiber River in what
is now Italy.
• Around 750 B.C...
Roman Government
MONARCHY
753-509 B.C.
KING
REPUBLIC
509-27 B.C.
DEMOCRACY
EMPIRE
27 B.C.-476 A.D.
EMPEROR
3 Branches of Government3 Branches of Government
EXECUTIVE
●
2 leaders of the executive branch
●
consuls- elected for one ...
3 Branches of Government3 Branches of Government
LEGISLATIVE
●
SenateSenate
●
most powerful part of themost powerful part ...
3 Branches of Government3 Branches of Government
JUDICIAL
●
had six judges
●
elected every two years.
●
decided punishment...
Patricians & Plebeians
• In the beginning most of
the people elected to the
Senate were patricians.
• Patricians controlle...
Formation of Roman Republic
• For more than 200 years, kings ruled
Rome.
• In 509 B.C. Rome became a republic.
• The Roman...
Roman Expansion
• Under the leadership of ambitious
generals, Rome’s highly trained soldiers
took over most of the land su...
Rome 117 A.D.
The End of the Roman Republic
• A successful Roman general and
famous speaker, Julius Caesar, was
a governor of the territ...
The Roman Empire
• Less than a year after gaining power a
group of angered Senators stabbed
Caesar to death on the floor o...
The Roman Empire
• An empire is a nation or group
of territories ruled by a single powerful
leader, or emperor.
• Emperor ...
The Augustan Age
• During the rule of Augustus the Roman
empire continued to expand.
• Augustus kept soldiers along all th...
The Fall of the Roman Empire
• First a monarchy,
then a republic, then
an empire – all roads
led to Rome for over
1200 yea...
The Fall of the Roman Empire
• The empire was too large
to govern effectively.
• The army was not what it
used to be. Ther...
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political condition of roman empire

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Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
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Transcripts - political condition of roman empire

  • 1. In the Beginning… • Ancient Rome begin as a group of villages along the Tiber River in what is now Italy. • Around 750 B.C. these villages united to form the city of Rome.
  • 2. Roman Government MONARCHY 753-509 B.C. KING REPUBLIC 509-27 B.C. DEMOCRACY EMPIRE 27 B.C.-476 A.D. EMPEROR
  • 3. 3 Branches of Government3 Branches of Government EXECUTIVE ● 2 leaders of the executive branch ● consuls- elected for one year by the upper class. ● DUTIES ● Supervised the SenateSupervised the Senate ● ordered the Roman army during warsordered the Roman army during wars ● Other members of the executive branch ● tax collectors, mayors, city police, and other people in positions of power in cities.
  • 4. 3 Branches of Government3 Branches of Government LEGISLATIVE ● SenateSenate ● most powerful part of themost powerful part of the legislative branchlegislative branch ● group of about 300 malegroup of about 300 male citizenscitizens ● WHAT DID THEY DO?WHAT DID THEY DO? ● They could tell the consulsThey could tell the consuls how much money theyhow much money they could spend and on what.could spend and on what. ● HOW DID THEY GET THEHOW DID THEY GET THE JOB?JOB? ● electedelected
  • 5. 3 Branches of Government3 Branches of Government JUDICIAL ● had six judges ● elected every two years. ● decided punishments for criminals ● job was similar to the job that judges have today in the India.
  • 6. Patricians & Plebeians • In the beginning most of the people elected to the Senate were patricians. • Patricians controlled the law since they were the only citizens allowed to be judges. • Plebeians had the right to vote, but could not hold public office until 287 B.C, when they gained equality with patricians.
  • 7. Formation of Roman Republic • For more than 200 years, kings ruled Rome. • In 509 B.C. Rome became a republic. • The Roman Senate was an assembly of elected representatives. It was the single most powerful ruling body of the Roman Republic.
  • 8. Roman Expansion • Under the leadership of ambitious generals, Rome’s highly trained soldiers took over most of the land surrounding the Mediterranean. • The ancient Romans called the Mediterranean mare nostrum, meaning “our sea”.
  • 9. Rome 117 A.D.
  • 10. The End of the Roman Republic • A successful Roman general and famous speaker, Julius Caesar, was a governor of the territory of Gaul and managed to take control of many nearby territories. • Fearing him the Roman Senate ordered him to resign…but he had other ideas. • Caesar fought for control and won, becoming the dictator of the Roman world, ending the Roman Republic.
  • 11. The Roman Empire • Less than a year after gaining power a group of angered Senators stabbed Caesar to death on the floor of the Roman Senate. (March 15, 44 B.C.) • This caused a civil war that lasted several years. • In 27 B.C., Caesar’s adopted son, Octavian was named the first emperor of Rome.
  • 12. The Roman Empire • An empire is a nation or group of territories ruled by a single powerful leader, or emperor. • Emperor Octavian took the name Augustus. • Augustus ruled the Roman Empire for more than 40 years, known as the Augustan Age.
  • 13. The Augustan Age • During the rule of Augustus the Roman empire continued to expand. • Augustus kept soldiers along all the borders to keep peace in the Roman world. • During this time trade increased with olive oil, wine, pottery, marble, and grain being shipped all across the Mediterranean. This was also a time of great Roman literature.
  • 14. The Fall of the Roman Empire • First a monarchy, then a republic, then an empire – all roads led to Rome for over 1200 years. • Rome had some wonderful emperors. Rome also suffered from a series of bad, corrupt and just plain crazy emperors.
  • 15. The Fall of the Roman Empire • The empire was too large to govern effectively. • The army was not what it used to be. There was corruption in the military - dishonest generals and non-Roman soldiers. • Civil wars broke out between different political groups. • Emperors were often selected by violence, or by birth, so the head of government was not always a capable leader. • The increased use of slaves put many Romans out of work • The rich became lazy and showed little interest in trying to solve Rome problems. • The poor were overtaxed and overworked. They were very unhappy. • Prices increased, trade decreased. • The population was shrinking due to starvation and disease. That made it difficult to manage farms and government effectively. • The eastern half of the Roman Empire received a new name – the Byzantine Empire. It lasted for another 1000 years!