POLYMER ELECTRONICS
PRESENTED BY: PRESENTED TO:
SHIVANGI SHARMA PRAVEEN JAIN SIR
M.TECH 1YEAR
CCT
1
WHAT IS POLYMER ELECTRONICS?
 Polymers are long-chain molecules consisting of many repeat units
to make a solid materia...
WHAT MAKES POLYMER SO SUITABLE
FOR ELECTRONICS APPLICATION?
 Good insulator of heat
 Can form any shape.
 They have...
ELECTRIC CONDUCTOR POLYMER TYPES
 Depending on the type of charge transport by the carriers responsible for it
 Ionica...
INTRINSICALLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMER
 They do not incorporate any conductive additives.
 They gain their electrical Conduc...
TWO CONDITIONS TO BECOME CONDUCTIVE
1. The first condition is the polymer consists of alternating single and double
bond...
Contd…
2. The second condition is the plastic has to be disturbed - either by
removing electrons from (oxidation), or in...
ICP MATERIAL
 Polyaniline
 Polythiophene
 Polypyrrole
 Polyacetylene
8
PROPERTIES OF ICP
 Electrical conductivity
 Ability to store an electric charge
 Ability to exchange ions
9
ICP AS A MATRIX POLYMER
 It provide design flexibility, good filler incorporation-ability, specific
interactions with f...
ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF ICP BASED
NANOCOMPOSITES
Variation of electrical conductivity (ln σdc) of hydrochloric acid (HC...
APPLICATION
 Fabrication of organic thin film transistors
 Non-volatile memory devices based on organic transistors
...
PRINTED ELECTRONICS
 It is a set of printing methods used to
create electrical devices on various
substract.
 Printe...
PRINTED ELECTRONICS METHODS
 Flexo printing: a high pressure method that is especially well
applicable to print on plas...
ORGANIC THIN FILM TRANSISTOR
 They use organic molecules rather than silicon for their active
material. This active mat...
STRUCTURE OF OTFT
•Differences
–Carrier Transport
•Discrete Energy Levels
•Hopping
–Organic Active Layer
–Depletion ...
APPLICATION OF ORGANIC TFT
Organic Thin Film
Transistor
OLED Device
Liquid Crystal
Device
E-ink
Antenna
Materials ...
ADVANTAGES V/S DISADVANTAGES OF
POLYMER ELECTRONICS
ADVANTAGES
• Manufacture is relative simple and
inexpensive equipm...
CONCLUSION
 ICPs are Electrically-conductive polymers in which the Conductivity
arises from the presence of conjugated ...
of 19

Polymer electronics

we consider polymer as a insulating material like plastic..to use a polymer as conducting polymer is a interested and informative process.
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Engineering      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Polymer electronics

  • 1. POLYMER ELECTRONICS PRESENTED BY: PRESENTED TO: SHIVANGI SHARMA PRAVEEN JAIN SIR M.TECH 1YEAR CCT 1
  • 2. WHAT IS POLYMER ELECTRONICS?  Polymers are long-chain molecules consisting of many repeat units to make a solid material.  Polymers are normally electrical insulators, but to enable their use in electronics, conductive filler such as silver have been added to chemical formulation to increase their electrical conductivity.  The merits in this research area, the Nobel Prize 2000 for Chemistry was awarded to Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid und Hideki Shirakawa. 2
  • 3. WHAT MAKES POLYMER SO SUITABLE FOR ELECTRONICS APPLICATION?  Good insulator of heat  Can form any shape.  They have low density  They require low finishing cost.  Their toughness and ductility is good  Enhanced flexibility allowed for many application.  Solubility in organic solvents, variable processibility. 3
  • 4. ELECTRIC CONDUCTOR POLYMER TYPES  Depending on the type of charge transport by the carriers responsible for it  Ionically conductive polymer: It is used as a solid-state electrolyte in batteries. Eg: poly ethylene oxide which contain lithium perchlorate(LiClO4).  Electronically conductive: 1. Filled conductive polymers 2. Intrinsically conductive polymers 4
  • 5. INTRINSICALLY CONDUCTIVE POLYMER  They do not incorporate any conductive additives.  They gain their electrical Conductivity through a property known as ‘conjugation’.  Conjugated polymers are doped with atoms that donate negative or positive charges enabling current to travel down the polymer chain. 5
  • 6. TWO CONDITIONS TO BECOME CONDUCTIVE 1. The first condition is the polymer consists of alternating single and double bonds, called conjugated double bonds.  In conjugation, the bonds between the carbon atoms are alternately single and double. Every bond contains a localised “sigma” (σ) bond which forms a strong chemical bond. In addition, every double bond also contains a less strongly localised “pi” (π) bond which is weaker. 6
  • 7. Contd… 2. The second condition is the plastic has to be disturbed - either by removing electrons from (oxidation), or inserting them into (reduction), the material. The process is known as Doping. There are two types of doping:  Oxidation with halogen (or p-doping).  Reduction with alkali metal (called n-doping). 7
  • 8. ICP MATERIAL  Polyaniline  Polythiophene  Polypyrrole  Polyacetylene 8
  • 9. PROPERTIES OF ICP  Electrical conductivity  Ability to store an electric charge  Ability to exchange ions 9
  • 10. ICP AS A MATRIX POLYMER  It provide design flexibility, good filler incorporation-ability, specific interactions with fillers and microwave non-transparency. 10
  • 11. ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF ICP BASED NANOCOMPOSITES Variation of electrical conductivity (ln σdc) of hydrochloric acid (HCl) doped Emeraldine base (EB) samples as a function of dopant (HCl) concentration (a) 0.0 M (b) 0.001 M, (c) 0.01 M, (d) 0.1 11 M, (e) 0.3 M, (f) 0.5 M, (g) 0.7 M, (h) 0.9 M and (i) 1.0 M
  • 12. APPLICATION  Fabrication of organic thin film transistors  Non-volatile memory devices based on organic transistors  Development of novel conjugated polymers for photovoltaic device applications  Fabrication of organic photovoltaic cells  Fabrication of organic light-emitting devices (OLED)  Ferroelectric polymers for thin film devices  Gene Sensors  Printed Electronics  Conducting Polymer Actuators and Micropumps.  Responsive Membranes/Hybrid Plastics.  focused upon polymer membranes that incorporated electronically conducting polymers and piezoelectric polymers 12
  • 13. PRINTED ELECTRONICS  It is a set of printing methods used to create electrical devices on various substract.  Printed electronics, specifies the process and subject to the specific requirements of the printing process selected can utilize any solution-based material.  This includes organic semiconductors, inorganic semiconductors, metallic conductors, nanoparticles, nanotubes, etc. 13
  • 14. PRINTED ELECTRONICS METHODS  Flexo printing: a high pressure method that is especially well applicable to print on plastic substrates  Offset printing: a flat printing technique that makes a high resolution possible  Gravure printing: a low pressure printing method that makes high volumes and the use of organic dissolvent possible  Rotary screen printing: a method that allows to print in thick layers 14
  • 15. ORGANIC THIN FILM TRANSISTOR  They use organic molecules rather than silicon for their active material. This active material may be composed of avoide varity of molecules.  ADVANTAGES • Compatibility with plastic substance. • Lower cost deposition process such as spin coating, printing, evaporation, • Lower temperature manufacturing(60-120c)  DISADVANTAGES • Lower mobility and switching speed compared to silicon wafers. 15
  • 16. STRUCTURE OF OTFT •Differences –Carrier Transport •Discrete Energy Levels •Hopping –Organic Active Layer –Depletion Devices • Very Similar to MOSFETs • 3-Terminal Device • Voltage Controlled Switch 16
  • 17. APPLICATION OF ORGANIC TFT Organic Thin Film Transistor OLED Device Liquid Crystal Device E-ink Antenna Materials Integration Technology OLED Display Plastic TFT LCD E-paper, E-book Contactless Smart Card Wearable Computer 17
  • 18. ADVANTAGES V/S DISADVANTAGES OF POLYMER ELECTRONICS ADVANTAGES • Manufacture is relative simple and inexpensive equipment at low cost. • Light weighted and flexible, very durable under stress and flex can be easily applied over a large surface area. • Freedom of choice of their chemical composition • Adaptable in various ways because of printing methods that can be adjusted to current requirements quickly (printed electronics) DISADVANTAGES • Due to their intrinsic physical properties (i.e. limited mobility of charge carriers), the performance of polymer electronic products lacks the speed of its silicon counterpart. • Research is still on going to increase performance for more complex functionality. • To be able to improve performance one should be able to distinguish between problems introduced during preparation, intrinsic material properties, and device 18 characteristics
  • 19. CONCLUSION  ICPs are Electrically-conductive polymers in which the Conductivity arises from the presence of conjugated car-bon-carbon bonds. These conjugated polymers possess interesting and useful properties due to their delocalised electron systems.  Polymer electronics are light, flexible, and less expensive to produce on a mass quantity scale than conventional electronics  Polymer electronics are not a competing product but are considered to be more complementary to its silicon counterpart. 19

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