Amity School of Architecture & Planning
BUILDING BYE - LAWS
& CODES PRACTICES
B. Arch IV Semester
Course Code: BAR 408
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Codes Practices
Introduction to Codes of Practice
Introduction to various building...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
3
“Building codes are a series of ordinances
enacted by a state or local governmen...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
4
Ensure public health and safety throughout a building.
Most have come into play ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
5
A building code is a document containing standardized requirement for the
design...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
6
The codes includes various aspect for regulation on design
& construction viz;
F...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
7
The purpose of all these building codes is to ensure
public safety, health & wel...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
NATIONAL BUILDING CODES
Introduction
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
9
The National Building Code of India (NBC), (a
comprehensive building Code), is a...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
10
The Code mainly contains administrative regulations,
development control rules ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
These studies resulted in a recommendation that a
NATIONAL BUILDING CODE be prepar...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
• The Bureau of Indian Standards was established with the
objective of harmonious ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
History and Overview - National building code
The first version of the NATIONAL BU...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Based on the changes effected in the:
• Steel Code,
• Masonry Code
• Loading Codes...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
In the last about two decades since the publication of the 1983
version of the Cod...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
The revised
NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF
INDIA – 2005
was formally released on 16th
S...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
It is the third revision compiled under the aegis
of the Bureau of Indian Standard...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
CONTENTS OF NBC 2005
• PART 0 INTEGRATED APPROACH – PREREQUISITE FOR
APPLYING PROV...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 0: Integrated Approach Prerequisite
for Applying Provisions of the Code
This ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 1 : DEFINITIONS
It lists the terms appearing in all the parts/sections of
the...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 2: ADMINISTRATION
It covers the administrative aspects of the Code, such as:
...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 3: DEVELOPMENT CONTROL RULES
AND GENERAL BUILDING REQUIREMENTS
It covers :
• ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 4 : FIRE AND LIFE SAFETY
It covers the requirements for fire prevention, life...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 5: BUILDING MATERIALS
It covers the requirements of building materials and
co...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
29 Materials/ components which are covered in this part:
1. Aluminum & other light...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
29 Materials/ components which are covered in this part :
16. Lignocellulosic buil...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 6 : STRUCTURAL DESIGN
This part through its seven sections provides for:
• st...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 1 : Loads, Forces and
Effects
It covers basic design loads to be ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 2 : Soils and
Foundations
It covers structural design (principles...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 3A : Timber
It covers the use of structural timber in structures ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 3B : Bamboo
It covers :
• The use of bamboo for constructional pu...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 4 : Masonry
It covers
• the structural design aspects of unreinfo...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 5A :
Plain and Reinforced Concrete
It covers the general structur...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 5B : Prestressed
Concrete
It covers the general structural use of...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 6 : Steel
It covers the use of structural steel in general buildi...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 7 :
Prefabrication and Systems
Building
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Though desirable for large scale building activities, has yet
to take a firm hold ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 6 : Section 7B : Systems Building and
mixed/ Composite Construction
It covers...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 7 : CONSTRUCTIONAL
PRACTICES AND SAFETY
It covers
• The constructional practi...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 8 : BUILDING SERVICES
This part through its five elaborate sections on utilit...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Part 8 : Section 1 : Lighting and
Ventilation
It covers requirements and methods f...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 8 : Section 2 : Electrical and
Allied Installations
It covers
• The essential...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 8 : Section 3 : Air conditioning,
Heating and Mechanical Ventilation
This sec...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 8 : Section 4 : Acoustics, Sound
Insulation and Noise Control
It covers, requ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 8 : Section 5 : Installation of
Lifts and Escalators
It covers the essential ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 9 : PLUMBING SERVICES
This part through its two sections gives detailed guida...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 9 : Section 1 : Water Supply, Drainage and
Sanitation (including Solid Waste ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 9 : Section 1 : Water Supply, Drainage and
Sanitation (including Solid Waste ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 9 : Section 2 : Gas Supply
It covers the requirements regarding the safety of...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 10 : Section 1 : Landscape
Planning and Design
It covers requirements of land...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
PART 10 : Section 2 :
Signs and Outdoor Display Structures
It covers
• The require...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
• Inclusion of a complete philosophy and direction for
successfully accomplishing ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
• Provision for periodic renewal certificate of occupied buildings
from structural...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
• Inclusion of guidelines for development planning for hilly
areas.
• Revisions of...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
• Inclusion of latest provisions for earthquake resistant design &
construction
• ...
Amity School of Architecture & Planning
Conclusion
Codes set the minimum criteria. You can follow
stricter requirements at...
of 56

national builiding codes

a overview of national builiding codes in architecture and engineering.
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - national builiding codes

  • 1. Amity School of Architecture & Planning BUILDING BYE - LAWS & CODES PRACTICES B. Arch IV Semester Course Code: BAR 408
  • 2. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Codes Practices Introduction to Codes of Practice Introduction to various building codes in professional practice emphasizing the importance of codes and regulations to protect public health, safety and welfare and to ensure compliance with the local authority. Application of Codes of Practice • Understanding the applications of various codes as per various building types. • Conducting a comprehensive code search process and • Representing the above analysis by preparing detailed code data sheets as applicable in the domain which has been chosen for the research.
  • 3. Amity School of Architecture & Planning 3 “Building codes are a series of ordinances enacted by a state or local governmental entity, establishing minimum requirements that must be met in the construction and maintenance of buildings”. The government establishes requirements and standards to protect people from unsafe living and working conditions. Introduction to Building Codes
  • 4. Amity School of Architecture & Planning 4 Ensure public health and safety throughout a building. Most have come into play “after-the-fact” as a learning experience from a major tragedy. They are primarily concerned with Construction requirements Hazardous materials or equipment used in the building 75% of all codes and standards deal with fire Energy conservation Accessibility PURPOSE OF Codes
  • 5. Amity School of Architecture & Planning 5 A building code is a document containing standardized requirement for the design & construction of most types of building. Codes regulate building construction & building use in order to protect the health, safety & welfare of the occupant. Codes express all aspects of construction including structural integrity, fire resistance, safe exists, lighting, electrical, energy conservation, plumbing, sanitary facilities, ventilation, seismic design & correct use of construction materials. Building codes classify standard by use & apply different standards to each classification. For example, schools & office buildings are in separate occupancy category with different performance requirement. What is building code?
  • 6. Amity School of Architecture & Planning 6 The codes includes various aspect for regulation on design & construction viz; For Planning Building/Development work For Structural Design For Constructional aspects For Building Services (HVAC, electrical, Acoustics, lifts etc.) Plumbing Services (Water supply, Sewerage, Drainage, waste management) Landscaping, signs and outdoor display structures What is building code?
  • 7. Amity School of Architecture & Planning 7 The purpose of all these building codes is to ensure public safety, health & welfare as affected by building construction. This purpose includes: Structural strength Sanitary equipment Light & ventilation Fire safety What is building code?
  • 8. Amity School of Architecture & Planning NATIONAL BUILDING CODES Introduction
  • 9. Amity School of Architecture & Planning 9 The National Building Code of India (NBC), (a comprehensive building Code), is a national instrument providing guidelines for regulating the building construction activities across the country. It serves as a Model Code for adoption by all agencies involved in building construction works be they Public Works Departments, other government construction departments, local bodies or private construction agencies. What is National building code?
  • 10. Amity School of Architecture & Planning 10 The Code mainly contains administrative regulations, development control rules and general building requirements; fire safety requirements; stipulations regarding materials, structural design and construction (including safety); and building and plumbing services. The National Building Code was first published in 1970 at the instance of Planning Commission and then revised in 1983. Thereafter three major amendments were issued, two in 1987 and the third in 1997. What is National building code?
  • 11. Amity School of Architecture & Planning These studies resulted in a recommendation that a NATIONAL BUILDING CODE be prepared to unify the building regulations throughout the country. In 1968 A Report on Economies in Construction Cost’ was published by planning commission. It revealed that building bylaws and regulations and some of the prevailing methods of construction were outmoded; some designs were over burdened with safety factors; building bylaws of municipal bodies were outdated etc. History and Overview -National building code
  • 12. Amity School of Architecture & Planning • The Bureau of Indian Standards was established with the objective of harmonious development of standardization activity in India. • This Bureau, Under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986, established Indian Standards, by a process of consultation involving consumers, manufacturers, Government and regulatory bodies, technologists, scientists and testing laboratories through duly constituted committees. History and Overview -National building code
  • 13. Amity School of Architecture & Planning History and Overview - National building code The first version of the NATIONAL BUILDING CODE was published in 1970. Since the publication in 1970 version of the NATIONAL BUILDING CODE a large number of comments and useful suggestions for modifications and additions to different parts and sections of the code were received. The revised version of NATIONAL BUILDING CODE of India was therefore, brought out in 1983
  • 14. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Based on the changes effected in the: • Steel Code, • Masonry Code • Loading Codes • to update Fire Protection Requirements, three voluminous amendments were brought out to the 1983 version of the Code, Two in 1987 and the third in 1997.
  • 15. Amity School of Architecture & Planning In the last about two decades since the publication of the 1983 version of the Code, substantial further experience had been gained in the areas of the • Building planning, • Designing and • Construction. Intensive efforts involving wide consultative process have resulted in finalization and publication of the NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF INDIA – 2005 reflecting the state-of-the-art and contemporary applicable international practices.
  • 16. Amity School of Architecture & Planning The revised NATIONAL BUILDING CODE OF INDIA – 2005 was formally released on 16th September 2005 at New Delhi
  • 17. Amity School of Architecture & Planning It is the third revision compiled under the aegis of the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). It provides guidelines for regulating building construction activities across the country. It has the basic codes for construction materials, services, systems and processes.
  • 18. Amity School of Architecture & Planning CONTENTS OF NBC 2005 • PART 0 INTEGRATED APPROACH – PREREQUISITE FOR APPLYING PROVISION OF THE CODE • PART 1 DEFINITIONS • PART 2 ADMINISTRATION • PART 3 DEVELOPMENT CONTROL RULES AND GENERAL BUILDING REQUIREMENTS • PART 4 FIRE AND LIFE SAFETY • PART 5 BUILDING MATERIALS • PART 6 STRUCTURAL DESIGN • PART 7 CONSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICES AND SAFETY • PART 8 BUILDING SERVICES • PART 9 PLUMBING SERVICES • PART 10 LANDSCAPING, SIGNS AND OUTDOOR DISPLAY STRUCTURES
  • 19. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 0: Integrated Approach Prerequisite for Applying Provisions of the Code This part covers guidelines to be followed for judicious implementation of the provisions of various parts/sections of the Code.
  • 20. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 1 : DEFINITIONS It lists the terms appearing in all the parts/sections of the National Building Code of India. However, some common definitions are reproduced in this part also.
  • 21. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 2: ADMINISTRATION It covers the administrative aspects of the Code, such as: • Applicability of the Code, • Organization of building department for enforcement of the Code, • Procedure for obtaining development and building permits, and • Responsibility of the owner and all professionals involved in the planning, design and construction of the building.
  • 22. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 3: DEVELOPMENT CONTROL RULES AND GENERAL BUILDING REQUIREMENTS It covers : • The development control rules and general building requirements for proper planning and design at the layout and building level to ensure health safety, public safety and desired quality of life. • Provides provisions for covered area, plinth area, FAR, amenities, land use classification, height/ size of rooms, kitchens etc.
  • 23. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 4 : FIRE AND LIFE SAFETY It covers the requirements for fire prevention, life safety in relation to fire, and fire protection of buildings. The code specifies planning and construction features and fire protection features for all occupancies that are necessary to minimize danger to life and property. The code categorizes the buildings as follows: Group A - Residential Group B - Educational Group C - Institutional Group D - Assembly Group E - Business Group F - Mercantile Group G - Industrial Group H - Storage Group J - Hazardous
  • 24. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 5: BUILDING MATERIALS It covers the requirements of building materials and components, and criteria for accepting new or alternative building materials and components.
  • 25. Amity School of Architecture & Planning 29 Materials/ components which are covered in this part: 1. Aluminum & other light materials & their alloys 2. Bitumen & Tar products 3. Builders hardware's 4. Building chemicals 5. Building lime and products 6. Burnt clay products 7. Cement & concrete (i/c reinforcement) 8. Composite matrix products 9. Conductors & cables 10. Doors/windows & ventilators 11. Electrical wiring & accessories 12. Fillers, stoppers & putties 13. Floor coverings, roofing's & other finishes 14. Glass 15. Gypsum based materials
  • 26. Amity School of Architecture & Planning 29 Materials/ components which are covered in this part : 16. Lignocellulosic building materials (timber bamboos etc.) 17. Paints & allied products 18. Polymers, plastics etc. 19. Sanitary appliances & water fittings 20. Soil based blocks 21. Steel & its alloys 22. Stones. 23. Structural sections 24. Thermal insulation materials 25. Threaded fasteners & rivets 26. Unit weight of building materials 27. Water proofing & damp proofing materials 28. Welding electrodes & wires 29. Wire ropes & wire products
  • 27. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 6 : STRUCTURAL DESIGN This part through its seven sections provides for: • structural adequacy of buildings to deal with both internal and external environment, and • provide guidance to engineers/ structural engineers for varied usage of material/ technology types for building design.
  • 28. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 1 : Loads, Forces and Effects It covers basic design loads to be assumed in the design of buildings. The live loads, wind loads, seismic loads, snow loads and other loads, which are specified herein, are minimum working loads which should be taken into consideration for purposes of design.
  • 29. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 2 : Soils and Foundations It covers structural design (principles) of all building foundations such as raft, pile and other foundation systems to ensure safety and serviceability without exceeding the permissible stresses of the materials of foundations and the bearing capacity of the supporting soil.
  • 30. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 3A : Timber It covers the use of structural timber in structures or elements of structures connected together by fasteners/ fastening techniques.
  • 31. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 3B : Bamboo It covers : • The use of bamboo for constructional purposes in structures or elements of the structure, • Ensuring quality and effectiveness of design and construction using bamboo. • Minimum strength data, dimensional and grading requirements, • Seasoning, preservative treatment, design and jointing techniques with bamboo which would facilitate scientific application and long-term performance of structures. • Guidelines so as to ensure proper procurement, storage, precautions and design limitations on bamboo.
  • 32. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 4 : Masonry It covers • the structural design aspects of unreinforced load bearing and non-load bearing walls, • Constructed using various bricks, stones and blocks permitted in accordance with this section. • provisions for design of reinforced brick and reinforced brick concrete floors and roofs.
  • 33. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 5A : Plain and Reinforced Concrete It covers the general structural use of plain and reinforced concrete.
  • 34. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 5B : Prestressed Concrete It covers the general structural use of pre-stressed concrete. It covers both work carried out on site and the manufacture of precast pre-stressed concrete units.
  • 35. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 6 : Steel It covers the use of structural steel in general building construction including the use of hot rolled steel sections and steel tubes.
  • 36. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 7 : Prefabrication and Systems Building
  • 37. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Though desirable for large scale building activities, has yet to take a firm hold in the country. Includes a few recommendations on the need to avoid ‘progressive collapse’ of the structures. Part 6 : Section 7A : Prefabricated Concrete:
  • 38. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 6 : Section 7B : Systems Building and mixed/ Composite Construction It covers recommendations regarding modular planning, component sizes, joints, manufacture, storage, transport and erection of prefabricated elements for use in buildings and such related requirements for mixed/composite construction.
  • 39. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 7 : CONSTRUCTIONAL PRACTICES AND SAFETY It covers • The constructional practices in buildings; • storage, stacking and handling of materials and • safety of personnel during construction operations for all elements of a building and demolition of buildings. The objective can be best achieved through proper coordination and working by the project management and construction management teams.
  • 40. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 8 : BUILDING SERVICES This part through its five elaborate sections on utilities provides detailed guidance to concerned professionals/ utility engineers for meeting necessary functional requirements in buildings.
  • 41. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Part 8 : Section 1 : Lighting and Ventilation It covers requirements and methods for lighting and ventilation of buildings.
  • 42. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 8 : Section 2 : Electrical and Allied Installations It covers • The essential requirements for electrical installations in buildings to ensure efficient use of electricity including safety from fire and shock. • General requirements relating to lightning protection of buildings.
  • 43. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 8 : Section 3 : Air conditioning, Heating and Mechanical Ventilation This section covers • The design, construction and installation of air conditioning and heating systems and • equipment installed in buildings for the purpose of providing and maintaining conditions of air temperature, humidity, purity and • Distribution, suitable for the use and occupancy of the space.
  • 44. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 8 : Section 4 : Acoustics, Sound Insulation and Noise Control It covers, requirements and guidelines regarding planning against noise, acceptable noise levels and the requirements for sound insulation in buildings with different occupancies.
  • 45. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 8 : Section 5 : Installation of Lifts and Escalators It covers the essential requirements for the installation, operation, maintenance and also inspection of lifts (passenger lifts, goods lifts, hospital lifts, service lifts and dumb-waiter lifts) and escalators so as to ensure safe and satisfactory performance.
  • 46. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 9 : PLUMBING SERVICES This part through its two sections gives detailed guidance to concerned professionals/ plumbing engineers with regard to plumbing and other related requirements in buildings.
  • 47. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 9 : Section 1 : Water Supply, Drainage and Sanitation (including Solid Waste Management) It covers • The basic requirements of water supply for residential, business and other types of buildings, including traffic terminal stations. • General requirements of plumbing connected to public water supply and design of water supply systems. • Provisions on Rain Water Harvesting have also been included
  • 48. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 9 : Section 1 : Water Supply, Drainage and Sanitation (including Solid Waste Management) It also covers • The design, layout, construction and maintenance of drains for foul water, surface water and subsoil water and sewage; • Together with all ancillary works, such as connections, manholes and inspection chambers used within the building and from building to the connection to a public sewer, private sewer, individual sewage-disposal system, cess-pool, or to other approved point of disposal/ treatment work. • It further includes the provisions on solid waste management.
  • 49. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 9 : Section 2 : Gas Supply It covers the requirements regarding the safety of persons and property for all piping uses and for all types of gases used for fuel or lighting purposes in buildings.
  • 50. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 10 : Section 1 : Landscape Planning and Design It covers requirements of landscape planning and design with the view to promoting quality of outdoor built environment and protection of land and its resources.
  • 51. Amity School of Architecture & Planning PART 10 : Section 2 : Signs and Outdoor Display Structures It covers • The requirements with regard to public safety, structural safety and fire safety of all signs (advertisements) and outdoor display structures including the overall aesthetical aspects of imposition of signs and outdoor display structures in the outdoor built environment. • Terminologies related to signages and explanatory figures have been added.
  • 52. Amity School of Architecture & Planning • Inclusion of a complete philosophy and direction for successfully accomplishing the building projects through integrated multidisciplinary approach right from conceptual stage through planning, designing, construction, operation and maintenance stages. • A series of reforms in building permit process. • Provision for ensuring safety of buildings against natural disaster& certification of structural sufficiency by engineer & structural engineer. • Permission of two stage permit for high rise residential and special buildings. Salient Features of NBC – 2005
  • 53. Amity School of Architecture & Planning • Provision for periodic renewal certificate of occupied buildings from structural, fire, electrical, health safety point of view • Provision for empowering engineers/architects for sanctioning plans for residential buildings up to 500 sqm. • Revision of parking requirements for metro & mega cities. (mega cities are metros with population more than 50 lacs) • Up gradation of special requirements for low income housing for urban areas. • Inclusion of special requirements for low income housing for rural habitat planning. Salient Features of NBC – 2005
  • 54. Amity School of Architecture & Planning • Inclusion of guidelines for development planning for hilly areas. • Revisions of the provisions for building and facilities for physically challenged • Fire safety norms completely revamped through detailed provisions on fire prevention, life safety and fire protection • Inclusion of new categories of starred hotels, heritage structures & archeological monuments for fire safety provisions • Substitution of halon based fire extinguishers/fire fighting system • Promotion to new/innovative building materials/technologies Salient Features of NBC – 2005
  • 55. Amity School of Architecture & Planning • Inclusion of latest provisions for earthquake resistant design & construction • Inclusion of details on multi-disaster prone districts • Inclusion of new chapter on design & construction using bamboos • Chapter on pre-fabricated & composite construction for speedier construction • Up gradation of provision of safety in construction. • Complete revision of provision on building & plumbing services in line with applicable international practices. • Provision on Rain Water Harvesting • Inclusion of new chapter to cover landscaping needs. Salient Features of NBC – 2005
  • 56. Amity School of Architecture & Planning Conclusion Codes set the minimum criteria. You can follow stricter requirements at any time. They are not always perfectly clear. When two requirements are similar, go with the strictest requirement Not all of them will apply to every design situation. Work with the code official to resolve discrepancies.