eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture
Flowchart for Pomegranate Cultivation
Selection of site
Soil and water testing
Prep...
eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture
1. Selection of site
2. Soil and water testing
3. Preparation of land
4. Layout – A...
eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture
A Brief in Right into each of the above Operation
1. Selection of Site
• Select dee...
eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture
5. Selection of manting material from the nursery
• Select well nested hand wood cu...
eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture
10. Irrigation
• Though drought resistant pomegranate has to be irrigated for comme...
eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture
15. Harvesting –harvesting indicis –care after harvesting
• Fruit becomes ready for...
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Pomegranate flowchart

See the Pomogranate Cultivation
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Pomegranate flowchart

  • 1. eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture Flowchart for Pomegranate Cultivation Selection of site Soil and water testing Preparation of land Layout – Alignment, Digging of pits etc. Selection of planting materials from the nursery. Planting in the main yield Care after planting – watering, manuring and plant protection Training and pruning Manuring Irrigation Inter cultivation/Inter Culture Inter cropping Cropping Plant protection Harvesting – Harvest indices, Harvesting and care after harvesting Sorting of Fruits, Transport to Pack Houses/Markets.
  • 2. eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture 1. Selection of site 2. Soil and water testing 3. Preparation of land 4. Layout – Alignment, Digging of pits etc. 5. Selection of planting materials from the nursery. 6. Planting in the main yield 7. Care after planting – watering, manuring and plant protection 8. Training and pruning 9. Manuring 10. Irrigation 11. Inter cultivation/Inter Culture 12. Inter cropping 13. Cropping 14. Plant protection 15. Harvesting – Harvest indices, Harvesting and care after harvesting 16. Sorting of Fruits, Transport to Pack Houses/Markets.
  • 3. eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture A Brief in Right into each of the above Operation 1. Selection of Site • Select deep loamy/alluvial soil. • Also select soil with medium fertility. • Site should be not above 1800m above mean sea level. • Requires hot and dry climate during the period of fruit development and ripening. • The optimum temperature for fruit development is 18 • The Plant Bears well under irrigation so there should be adequate supply of irrigation water Good quality. 2. Soil and water Testing • To Know the suitability of soil , Its Fertility and PH Whether the soil and soil depth meet the hop requirement • Water testing is e to know quality of water of the crop or the amendment to suit pomegranate crop. 3. Preparation of Land • 2-3 deep Plouighing to get fine Tilt • Level the land. • Mark the Planting position as per the recommended 4. Lay-out – Alignment, Digging of pits etc. • Adopt a Spacing o 5x5m in Square System of Planting. • Pintsize 60x60x60 cm • Refill the pith with Top soil mixed with 20-25Kg F&M/Comport + 1Kg SSP on basal Laying of Dried Leaves + Dried Gram. • Slow the soil to settle and if any depression appeals Add Soil to Bring the soil to the surface level.
  • 4. eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture 5. Selection of manting material from the nursery • Select well nested hand wood cuttings of one year • Select healthy, robust Plath free from Pests and diseases Particulate Bacterial light 6. Manting in the mainfield • Best time the planting in the are set of south west mansion (June-July) or February of irrigation futility are available. • Cut open the polybage without disturbing the root system in the ball of earth. • Set the Plant in the hole scooped out in the Center of the Pit. • Press the soil around the plant to remove air pockets in the soil. • Irrigate/water immediately in a bring prepared around the plant. • Stake the plant the support and to a gold tappling. 7. Care after planting-watering, manuring and plant protection • Water /irrigate the newly set plants at uniform intervals for better establishment and survival • Continue watering particularly during only periods • Apply nitrogen in the form of urea at bi monthly intervals to push up growth, with recommended dose. • Protect the plant from pests and diseases, particularly bacterial blight with suitable pesticides. 8. Training and pruning • From second year onwards, established plants may be trained to multiple stem system of training. • Regular pruning is necessary , remove water sources, weak crotches, dead and died, twigsa, criss-crossing • Shoots and old spun ,after harvest of fruits every time • Apply bordaux pest to the cut end 9. Manuring • Follow the region wise recommended manorial schedule • Apply manuar in the beginning of monsoon for decomposition and fertilizer at frequent intervals in split doses • Apply the manure and fertilizer in a trench dug around the plant at a distance. • Irrigate immediately after manuring.
  • 5. eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture 10. Irrigation • Though drought resistant pomegranate has to be irrigated for commercial yields. • Regular irrigation from flowering till harvesting is necessasary otherwise flowers drop and fruits show cracking. • In winter the interval may be 8-10 days and in summer 4-6 days. 11. Inter cultivation/inter culture • Shallow cultivation in the inter spaces to suppress the weeds, to improve cultivation, infilteration &conservation of soil moisture • Inter cultivation by ploughing may be done as per the bahar preferred • Mulch the basin for conservation of moisture &suppress the weeds during the period 12. Inter cropping • During the initial 3-4 years suitable inter crops like vegetables flower crops &legumes 13. Cropping-flowering • Starts cropping in 3-4 year planting • Produces 3 crops in a year under tropical conditions • Choose one of them and adopt suitable cultural practices 14. Plant protection • Important insect pests are pomegranate butterfly, bark eating catter pillar, sap sucking insects(apids, mely bugs, thrips) • Important diseases are bacterial leaf spot (bacterial blight)fruit rot and wilt • Take suitable plant protection to avoid the above pest and diseases.
  • 6. eFresh – Empowering Indian Agriculture 15. Harvesting –harvesting indicis –care after harvesting • Fruit becomes ready for harvesting in 5-7 months • Harvest indices o Color change of the skin from green to reddish yellow or yellow or brown o Fruit become somewhat soft o Ridges of the fruit become flat o Ridges of the fruit disappear and become round o When tapped produce metallic sound or cracking sound o Based beak gets closed • Harvest the fruit with secateurs/clippers • Immediately after harvesting move the fruit to pack houses 16. Sorting of fruits , Transport to Pack Houses/Markets • Sort out the fruit as per the size maturity blemishes • Pack them in bamboo baskets wooden crates or card board boxes with a cushioning of paddy straw or dry grass or paper cuttings • Transport as quickly as to the markets