Structuralism in linguistics Bc. Michaela Ficnarová
Programme <ul><li>Ferdinand de Saussure </li></ul><ul><li>Main points of structuralism </li></ul><ul><li>Prague Linguistic...
Who was Ferdinand de Saussure? <ul><li>Swiss linguistic theorist </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of structuralism in linguistics...
Main points of structuralism <ul><li>Study of synchronic language </li></ul><ul><li>Language as a system or structure </...
Prague Linguistic Circle <ul><li>Influence group of linguists and literary scientists in Prague </li></ul><ul><li>The foun...
Summarize <ul><li>Ferdinand de Saussure (Swiss linguistic theorist) </li></ul><ul><li>Main points of structuralism (stud...
That´s all… <ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have any questions, comments? </li></ul>
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Prezentace kpi

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Technology      Education      
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Transcripts - Prezentace kpi

  • 1. Structuralism in linguistics Bc. Michaela Ficnarová
  • 2. Programme <ul><li>Ferdinand de Saussure </li></ul><ul><li>Main points of structuralism </li></ul><ul><li>Prague Linguistic Circle </li></ul>
  • 3. Who was Ferdinand de Saussure? <ul><li>Swiss linguistic theorist </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of structuralism in linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>His conception of general linguistics in Course in General Linguistics </li></ul>
  • 4. Main points of structuralism <ul><li>Study of synchronic language </li></ul><ul><li>Language as a system or structure </li></ul><ul><li>Langue = abstract system of language </li></ul><ul><li>X </li></ul><ul><li>Parole = concrete use of language </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic sign = signifier (sound image) and signified (concept) </li></ul><ul><li>All signs are arbitrary </li></ul>
  • 5. Prague Linguistic Circle <ul><li>Influence group of linguists and literary scientists in Prague </li></ul><ul><li>The founder and first president Vilém Mathesius </li></ul><ul><li>Members (Roman Jakobson, Jan Mukařovský…) </li></ul><ul><li>Their linguistic theories </li></ul>
  • 6. Summarize <ul><li>Ferdinand de Saussure (Swiss linguistic theorist) </li></ul><ul><li>Main points of structuralism (study of synchronic language, language as a system or structure, langue and parole, linguistic sign, all signs are arbitrary) </li></ul><ul><li>Prague Linguistic Circle </li></ul>
  • 7. That´s all… <ul><li>Thank you for your attention! </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have any questions, comments? </li></ul>