Narrative styles and Theories
Closed Narrative
A closed narrative structure means that there are no
loose ends and the documentary has a clear
conclusio...
Open Narrative
Open narrative is when the documentary ends with
unanswered questions and all the ends are loose as
they ha...
Linear
Having a linear narrative structure means that the
documentary follows a timeline of events and the
different piece...
Non-Linear
A non-linear narrative structure means that there is no
order to what is shown in the documentary.
Single-Strand Narrative
Single-strand narrative is where the documentary
follows one narrative.
Multi-Strand Narrative
Multi-strand narrative is where there are more than
one narrative strand being told in the document...
Circular Narrative
Circular Narrative is where a documentary starts and
finishes on the same point. This can bring quick
c...
Theories
Todorov’s Theory
Todorov’s theory states that most stories and plots
follow the same pattern/path. There are five steps to...
Propp’s theory
Propps theory states that every narrative/story has a
certain set of characters.
These include:
- The Hero
...
Levi-Strauss’ Theory
Levi-Strauss says that as humans we make sense of
the world, people and events by seeing and using
bi...
Roland Barthes’ Theory
Barthes believes that texts/narratives may be ‘open’ or closed’. He states
that there are 5 codes w...
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Narrative styles and Theories

Narrative styles and Theories
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Narrative styles and Theories

  • 1. Narrative styles and Theories
  • 2. Closed Narrative A closed narrative structure means that there are no loose ends and the documentary has a clear conclusion and it has answered all questions that could be asked.
  • 3. Open Narrative Open narrative is when the documentary ends with unanswered questions and all the ends are loose as they haven’t been concluded, leaving the audience to wonder and ask questions.
  • 4. Linear Having a linear narrative structure means that the documentary follows a timeline of events and the different pieces in the documentary are shown in chronological order.
  • 5. Non-Linear A non-linear narrative structure means that there is no order to what is shown in the documentary.
  • 6. Single-Strand Narrative Single-strand narrative is where the documentary follows one narrative.
  • 7. Multi-Strand Narrative Multi-strand narrative is where there are more than one narrative strand being told in the documentary and they can sometimes overlap or be told at the same time.
  • 8. Circular Narrative Circular Narrative is where a documentary starts and finishes on the same point. This can bring quick closure to a documentary and doesn’t leave any loose ends.
  • 9. Theories
  • 10. Todorov’s Theory Todorov’s theory states that most stories and plots follow the same pattern/path. There are five steps to this theory: 1) Equilibrium (the story starts at equilibrium) 2) A disruption (the equilibrium is disrupted) 3) Realisation (where they recognise what the problem is) 4) Restored Order (an attempt to restore equilibrium ) 5) Equilibrium (the story ends at equilibrium)
  • 11. Propp’s theory Propps theory states that every narrative/story has a certain set of characters. These include: - The Hero - The Villain - The Donor - The Dispatcher - The Helper - The False Hero
  • 12. Levi-Strauss’ Theory Levi-Strauss says that as humans we make sense of the world, people and events by seeing and using binary opposites. He found that narrative are arranged around the conflict of binary opposites.
  • 13. Roland Barthes’ Theory Barthes believes that texts/narratives may be ‘open’ or closed’. He states that there are 5 codes which are in any narrative. 1) The Hermeneutic/Enigma code - Refers to mystery within a text, clues are dropped but no clear answers are given. There are many unanswered questions and leaves the audience wanting to know more. 2) Proairetic/Action code - Sequences of action footage adds to suspense and drama in the text 3) Semantic code - Suggests/refers to additional meanings of the text, connotations. 4) Symbolic Code - That the text is made up of symbols 5) Referential Code - Anything in the text that refers to an external body of knowledge eg. scientific, cultural and historical knowledge.