Sonia Eyaan
Politics 3.0: A New Democratic Model Forged by Civil
Society and Digital Technology
“In the digital era, political parties represent the 19th century.
We need to take a 22nd century approach in order to bri...
Summary
What do the French think of national politics? (case study)
Use of social media by politicians
Digital technology ...
What do the French think of national
politics? (case study)
What do the French think of national politics?
82% 93%
88%
80%
86%
74%
How can digital
technology help to
recast politics?...
Use of social media by politicians
Use of social media by politicians …
Posting selfies
Publicizing campaign
agendas
Interacting with
constituents
Giving vot...
… Self-promotion and influencing voters
Source: Politiquement correct
Cyber trespass
Cyber contraband
Cyber contraband
Child pornography
Cyber stalking
Drug sales
Computer-based
fraud
And yet,...
According to the 2014 McAfee Labs Top Security Threat Predictions:
Mobile malware will dominate the greater malware realm ...
87%
48%
52%
7%
76%
Agree that the
risk of becoming
a victim of
cybercrime has
increased in the
past year
Have changed some...
… The development of the cyber hate …
Geography of Hate (USA)
Students at Humboldt State University have geotagged
racist ...
… The craze for cyber-activism…
Avaaz.org
Avaaz is a campaigning
community that brings
people-powered politics
to decision...
And media coverage of cyber “anarchist vigilantes” who don’t play
by the rules of the political game
Chaos Computer Club (...
Digital media in the service of a
participatory and inclusive democracy
Communities and think tanks are vital if a democracy is to function correctly.
However, the world is changing. The rapid d...
Open Government for an open democracy
Open Government Partnership
OGP was launched in 2011 to provide an international
pla...
The IBM report “Using Crowdsourcing In Government” provides a
strategic view of crowdsourcing and identifies four specific...
Political crowdsourcing: a participatory approach to democracy 2/2
The IBM report “Using Crowdsourcing In Government” prov...
Digital technology in the service of
ethical, moral politics
Campaign accounts for the 2012 French presidential election
Does this scandal point to a system
that is no longer adapted to the current
challenges facing political parties?
Mr. Sark...
Political crowdfunding “Made in the USA”…
2008
2012
2014...
• By using a donation-based
crowdfunding strategy to target sm...
… A political campaigning tool…
To test a
candidate’s
popularity
ahead of
time
To increase
donor
involvement
in decision-
...
…And general interest projects
Give money to
the homeless
In France, the National Monuments
Center has joined force with
M...
World Bank Group President Jim
Yong Kim joined UN Secretary-
General Ban Ki-moon in April 19,
2013, for Global Voices on
P...
Innovate
Collect,
compile and
analyze
exchanges
Generate
collective
knowledge
Ensure
meeting
continuity
Avoid
electoral
ca...
Moving towards forward-looking,
predictive politics
Information literacy in 2025 and beyond 1/3
Information teleportation
A team of scientists at the University of Delft‘s
Ka...
Information literacy in 2025 and beyond 2/3
Holographic Information
Holography is a technical spatial
representation that ...
The artificial brain
Following on from the Human Brain Project that was
launched in 2005 in the Lausanne École
Polytechniq...
Information literacy today
Research for predicting critical societal events in the
near to distant future (1 to 5+ years) ...
The relationship between big data and open data
Big data that is not open is not
democratic.
Open data does not have to be...
Young people at the heart of the democratic process
Adopting a forward-looking
approach means exploring the
future and ant...
How to facilitate full awareness of citizenship and the democratic process
Serious game/simulationCo-design / e-magazine
L...
Involve young citizens in designing the democracy of tomorrow
The Weingartner Digital Citizenship
Challenge
This challenge...
Conclusion
Democracy
From politics 2.0 to Politics 3.0
Politics 2.0
Expert blogs
Online donations by
supporters
Citizen Forums
Conten...
39
Sonia Eyaan
LinkedIn: Sonia Eyaan
Twitter @Eyaansonia
of 39

Politics 3.0 : A New Democratic Model Forged by Civil Society and Digital Technology

How social media could help to forged a new Democratic Model?
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Social Media      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Politics 3.0 : A New Democratic Model Forged by Civil Society and Digital Technology

  • 1. Sonia Eyaan Politics 3.0: A New Democratic Model Forged by Civil Society and Digital Technology
  • 2. “In the digital era, political parties represent the 19th century. We need to take a 22nd century approach in order to bring politics into the 21st century. ” Divina Frau-Meigs, media researcher
  • 3. Summary What do the French think of national politics? (case study) Use of social media by politicians Digital technology in the service of a participatory and inclusive democracy Digital technology in the service of ethical, moral politics Moving towards forward-looking, predictive politics
  • 4. What do the French think of national politics? (case study)
  • 5. What do the French think of national politics? 82% 93% 88% 80% 86% 74% How can digital technology help to recast politics? According to the May 2014 BVA-Orange national political barometer: Say that they do not trust political parties Believe that politicians do not make interesting proposals Feel that government policy is ineffective Consider that parties do not select the best potential candidates Consider that parties are not managed transparently Believe that government policy is not fair
  • 6. Use of social media by politicians
  • 7. Use of social media by politicians … Posting selfies Publicizing campaign agendas Interacting with constituents Giving voting instructions Settling scores Posting anecdotes President Obama, the Danish Prime Minister Helle Thorning- Schmidt and Britain's David Cameron took a happy selfie at Nelson Mandela's memorial service (Dec. 10, 2013) Who is Nadine Morano, a former minister under President Sarkozy, talking to?
  • 8. … Self-promotion and influencing voters Source: Politiquement correct
  • 9. Cyber trespass Cyber contraband Cyber contraband Child pornography Cyber stalking Drug sales Computer-based fraud And yet, cybercrime continues to grow…1/3 Cyber theft Advertising or soliciting prostitution through the internet
  • 10. According to the 2014 McAfee Labs Top Security Threat Predictions: Mobile malware will dominate the greater malware realm with a heavy-handed emphasis on technical advancement that will drive the volume of attacks to new highs. The rising popularity of unregulated virtual currencies such as Bitcoin will cause cybercriminals to launch malicious ransomware attacks on a worldwide scale. Attacks on social media platforms will not only put users’ private information at risk, but social media breaches will become nearly ubiquitous by the end of the year Data stored in cloud-based applications will continue to be a favored target for cybercriminals and possibly put big data at a great risk. The small business sector will most likely witness the bulk of these attacks. And yet, cybercrime continues to grow…2/3
  • 11. 87% 48% 52% 7% 76% Agree that the risk of becoming a victim of cybercrime has increased in the past year Have changed some of their online passwords during the past year Avoid disclosing personal information online Still do not feel well informed about the risks of cybercrime Have been the victim of credit card or banking fraud online In the IBM 5in5 report (2013) IBM imagines that 5 years from now, a digital guardian will protect you online. This guardian, who is trained to focus on the people and items it is entrusted with, based on 360 degree analysis of an individual’s data, devices and applications, will make inferences about what is normal or reasonable activity. Deviations that could be precursors to an attack or identity theft will trigger an In a Eurobarometer poll on cybercrime (22 November 2013) out of 27,680 internet users in the EU: And yet, cybercrime continues to grow…3/3 12% Have already had a social media or email account hacked
  • 12. … The development of the cyber hate … Geography of Hate (USA) Students at Humboldt State University have geotagged racist , homophobic and anti-disability tweets in the United States and plotted them on an interactive map. The students read each individual tweet and manually code the sentiment of each tweet to determine if the given word was used in a positive, negative or neutral way. #putosjudios Over 17,500 anti-Semitic tweets posted in Spain (May 2014) after the victory of Tel Aviv against Real Madrid in the Euroleague men's basketball final. Lookismus gegen rechts A blog which posts pictures and names of internet users who make racist comments online has caused a stir in Germany. Is it going too far?
  • 13. … The craze for cyber-activism… Avaaz.org Avaaz is a campaigning community that brings people-powered politics to decision-making worldwide. The organization operates in 15 languages and claims over 30 million members in 194 countries. MafiaLeaks.org The website is “a mediator“ between potential informants on Mafia activity and those who can act on the information, such as journalists, anti- Mafia organizations and law enforcement agencies. FWD.us A lobbying group led by Mark Zuckerberg and Joe Green, based in the United States that aims to lobby and advocate for its version of immigration reform and changes to the US education system
  • 14. And media coverage of cyber “anarchist vigilantes” who don’t play by the rules of the political game Chaos Computer Club (CCC) The CCC is Europe's largest association of hackers. It describes itself as “a galactic community of life forms, independent of age, sex, race or societal orientation, which strives across borders for freedom of information.” The CCC also advocates transparency in government and the human right to communication. Anonymous A loosely associated international network of activist and hacktivist entities. The Anonymous collective became increasingly associated with collaborative hacktivism on a number of issues internationally. Supporters have called the group "freedom fighters" and “digital Robin Hoods” while critics have described them as "a cyber lynch-mob" or "cyber terrorists"
  • 15. Digital media in the service of a participatory and inclusive democracy
  • 16. Communities and think tanks are vital if a democracy is to function correctly. However, the world is changing. The rapid development of social media is a game-changer. Adopting a digital, collaborative strategy encourages interactions between citizens.
  • 17. Open Government for an open democracy Open Government Partnership OGP was launched in 2011 to provide an international platform for domestic reformers committed to making their governments more open and responsive to citizens. Since then, OGP has grown from 8 to 64 countries, in which government and civil society are working together to develop government reforms.
  • 18. The IBM report “Using Crowdsourcing In Government” provides a strategic view of crowdsourcing and identifies four specific types: Knowledge Discovery and Management Distributed Human Intelligence Tasking The National Archives of Australia The National Archives of Australia (NAA) launched the arcHIVE project to encourage the public to transcribe archive records into their collection to make them easier to find. Political crowdsourcing: a participatory approach to democracy 1/2 Datapoa In November 2013, Porto Alegre launched a crowdsourcing platform that gathers information directly from citizens on matters such as sanitation, health, the environment and traffic to help improve urban life. 1 2
  • 19. Political crowdsourcing: a participatory approach to democracy 2/2 The IBM report “Using Crowdsourcing In Government” provides a strategic view of crowdsourcing and identifies four specific types: Avoin Ministeriö The Open Ministry (Avoin ministeriö in Finnish) is a non-profit organization that helps crowdsource legislation. Since March 1, 2012 the Citizens' Initiative Act in Finland requires the parliament to vote on initiatives that are supported by 50,000 people online. Next Stop Designing Chicago BRT Station 2013 Burnham Prize Competition: NEXT STOP is a competition that seeks to integrate innovative and compelling transportation design into Chicago’s urban fabric, which can transform space and community. Broadcast Search Peer-Vetted Creative Production 3 4
  • 20. Digital technology in the service of ethical, moral politics
  • 21. Campaign accounts for the 2012 French presidential election
  • 22. Does this scandal point to a system that is no longer adapted to the current challenges facing political parties? Mr. Sarkozy’s campaign accounts following the Bygmalion scandal According to Mediapart, more than 17 million euros were concealed from the French National Commission for Election Financing (CNCCFP). Which digital tools can lead to more ethical campaigns?
  • 23. Political crowdfunding “Made in the USA”… 2008 2012 2014... • By using a donation-based crowdfunding strategy to target small donors, half of Obama’s donations came from crowdfunding. • Social media and crowdfunding relied on an emotional connection, which created a direct link between potential donors and Obama’s message. Sunlight Foundation held a series of webinars in 2014 on the influence of money in elections and to promote more transparent political campaigns. VoteRaise.org is a new, nonpartisan crowdfunding platform that launched in May 2014 to give people the option of raising or donating early contributions for a campaign, with a guaranteed refund if the candidate stays out of the race. • The Obama campaign raised $750 million from small donors.(John McCain raised $350 million) • 2/3 of financing came from small gifts ($86 on average)
  • 24. … A political campaigning tool… To test a candidate’s popularity ahead of time To increase donor involvement in decision- making To increase campaign finance transparency To establish direct communication between donors and candidates To raise early campaign funds
  • 25. …And general interest projects Give money to the homeless In France, the National Monuments Center has joined force with MyMajorCompany, a French crowd funding specialist, to raise money for four national landmarks, including restoration projects at the Panthéon and Mont St. Michel. Handup.us is unique in that it allows you to specify a specific homeless individual to receive your donations. The site also identifies why the individual is seeking funding. These individuals are often identified by the neighborhood they usually frequent. Restoration of French national heritage
  • 26. World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim joined UN Secretary- General Ban Ki-moon in April 19, 2013, for Global Voices on Poverty, an interactive event featuring world leaders, opinion makers, and a global online audience discussing what it takes to end poverty. Following his fifth State of the Union address, President Obama took a virtual road trip across the country via Google+ Hangouts to discuss the issues and policies laid out in the speech with citizens from around the country. A GLOBAL INTERACTIVE DEBATE ORGANIZED BY THE WORLD BANK BARACK OBAMA VIRTUAL ROAD TRIP (GOOGLE+ HANGOUT) Online events…
  • 27. Innovate Collect, compile and analyze exchanges Generate collective knowledge Ensure meeting continuity Avoid electoral campaign budget overruns …A solution to increase democratic interactions
  • 28. Moving towards forward-looking, predictive politics
  • 29. Information literacy in 2025 and beyond 1/3 Information teleportation A team of scientists at the University of Delft‘s Kavli Institute of Nanoscience used the concept of quantum entanglement to transport information a distance of three meters from one diamond to another without passing it through the space in between. The teleportation of information will help to create a more secure communication network. Quantum cryptography will make it possible for one government to communicate with another in complete confidentiality, with no need for a shared secret key that would could be intercepted by a network of cyber terrorists. CREDIT: voyager624/Shutterstock
  • 30. Information literacy in 2025 and beyond 2/3 Holographic Information Holography is a technical spatial representation that simultaneously reproduces all the viewing angles of a set of information. Human subjectivity and the multiple realities perceived by each person can be seen through this complexity. Use of these tools will show how a change in reference point and observer can directly affect the information that can be perceived. By removing all the emotional and subjective factors that clutter up data, holographic information will, for example, show the various possible scenarios if a candidate is elected (or not). CREDIT: Avatar, James Cameron
  • 31. The artificial brain Following on from the Human Brain Project that was launched in 2005 in the Lausanne École Polytechnique in Switzerland, the Brain initiative started in April 2013 during President Obama’s second term. These projects aim to gather as much data as possible on the brain, map neurons and, ultimately, to convert the contents of a brain into digital format and to transfer them to a computer. Information literacy in 2025 and beyond 3/3 CREDIT: Andrew Ostrovsky / iStockphoto / THINKSTOCK
  • 32. Information literacy today Research for predicting critical societal events in the near to distant future (1 to 5+ years) is in progress. A conference on "Predicting the Likelihood of Financial Crises With the Help of Information Theory“ was held at The Graduate Institute of Geneva (IHEID) in October 2013. In order to win the 2012 election, Barack Obama used big data, in particular to determine the optimum amount to request from donors. Specialists agree that big data will play an even greater role in the 2016 US presidential election. According to Virginia Tech university research, there is a potential to use ‘big data’ as a lever for tracking trends and making forecasts for critical societal events, including civil unrest, elections, disease outbreaks, and criminal activities, with quantifiable accuracy a few days or weeks before they occur. BIG DATA
  • 33. The relationship between big data and open data Big data that is not open is not democratic. Open data does not have to be big data to matter. Big, open data does not have to come from government. But, when the government turns big data into open data, it is especially powerful. This Venn diagram maps the relationship between big data and open data, and how they relate to the broad concept of open government. There are a few important points to note. 4 points are explained in in this Guardian article Source: Joel Gurin
  • 34. Young people at the heart of the democratic process Adopting a forward-looking approach means exploring the future and anticipating initiatives that will facilitate "living together in harmony". Today's children are the citizens of tomorrow: which tools encourage their ownership of the main issues facing our society?
  • 35. How to facilitate full awareness of citizenship and the democratic process Serious game/simulationCo-design / e-magazine Les petits citoyens A multimedia platform that is dedicated to children and teaches. The aim is to provide support for children in media and citizenship education. 5 mayors during electoral campaigns After experiencing a ballot, democracy and municipal administration, this project will enable pupils in Montréal to choose a candidate and to help him/her win an election. SimCityEDU An adapted version of Sim City that is distributed in schools, to help children become aware of environmental issues, and to teach them how to solve problems using digital techniques
  • 36. Involve young citizens in designing the democracy of tomorrow The Weingartner Digital Citizenship Challenge This challenge dedicated to American students is looking for creative new ideas to help make the internet, including all forms of social media, a better tool for strengthening democracy. The winners were announced at the Weingartner Digital Citizenship Forum on February 11, 2014.
  • 37. Conclusion
  • 38. Democracy From politics 2.0 to Politics 3.0 Politics 2.0 Expert blogs Online donations by supporters Citizen Forums Content curation Content aggregation Big data Artificial Intelligence Crowdsourcing Crowdfunding Cyber Petitions Politics 3.0 The era of pooling The era of sharing Information Skills & Knowledge Finance Citizen Actions Politics 3.0: Digital technology used to recast democracy
  • 39. 39 Sonia Eyaan LinkedIn: Sonia Eyaan Twitter @Eyaansonia

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