PREVENTION OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Dr Soumar Dutta CDMO Guwahati Refinery Hospital
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES An illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products capable of being directly or ind...
EPIDEMIOLOGY EPIDEMIOLOGICAL TRIAD
DYNAMICS OF DISEASE TRANSMISSION
MODES OF TRANSMISSION
MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul>
MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul>
MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul>
MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skin...
MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet ...
MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet ...
Droplet Sprayed into the Air from a Sneeze
MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet ...
MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet ...
MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet ...
<ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditionally 5F’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fli...
<ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water (MC) ...
<ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-borne. </li>...
<ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-borne. </li>...
<ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-borne. </li>...
<ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-borne. </li>...
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREVALENT IN INDIA <ul><li>Respiratory infections : </li></ul><ul><li>Chicken pox. </li></ul><ul><li...
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREVALENT IN INDIA <ul><li>Intestinal Infections: </li></ul><ul><li>Poliomyelitis. </li></ul><ul><li...
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREVALENT IN INDIA <ul><li>Arthropod-borne Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Deng...
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREVALENT IN INDIA <ul><li>Surface Infections: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trachoma </li></ul></ul></u...
<ul><li>Decrease your risk of infectious diseases by understanding how they spread and how you can protect yourself. </li>...
<ul><li>Wash your hands often: </li></ul>Disease Prevention And Control
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often: </li></ul><ul><li>This is especially important before and af...
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul>
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Immuniza...
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use anti...
<ul><li>Only take antibiotics when necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>If they're prescribed, take them exactly as directed — don...
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use anti...
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use anti...
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use anti...
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Don't share personal items. </li></ul>
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Don't share personal items. </li></ul><ul><li>Use your own </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Don't share personal items. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel wisely. </li></ul>
Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Don't share personal items. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel wisely. </li></ul><ul><li>Ke...
ROLE OF DOCTORS IN PREVENTING COMMUNICABLE DISEASES <ul><li>a) Controlling the reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>a. Early Diagno...
ROLE OF DOCTORS IN PREVENTING COMMUNICABLE DISEASES <ul><li>b) Interruption of transmission </li></ul><ul><li>“ Breaking t...
 
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Prevention Of Communicable Diseases.....

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      Lifestyle      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Prevention Of Communicable Diseases.....

  • 1. PREVENTION OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Dr Soumar Dutta CDMO Guwahati Refinery Hospital
  • 2. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES An illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products capable of being directly or indirectly transmitted from man to man,animal to animal or from the environment (air,dust,soil,water,food) to man or animal.
  • 3. EPIDEMIOLOGY EPIDEMIOLOGICAL TRIAD
  • 4. DYNAMICS OF DISEASE TRANSMISSION
  • 5. MODES OF TRANSMISSION
  • 6. MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul>
  • 7. MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul>
  • 8. MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skin to Skin. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mucosa to Mucosa. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mucosa to Skin. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Of the same person or different Person . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eg-STD, AIDS, leprosy, skin and eye infections. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 10. MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet Infection </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet Infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Projection of a spray of droplets of saliva and naso-pharyngeal secretions during coughing, sneezing or speaking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to the surrounding atmosphere. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eg: Respiratory infections, diphtheria, whooping cough, TB, Meningococcal meningitis. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 12. Droplet Sprayed into the Air from a Sneeze
  • 13. MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet Infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact with Soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg: Hookworm larva, Tetanus. </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet Infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact with Soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inoculation into skin or mucosa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg: Rabies, infected needles. </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. MODES OF TRANSMISSION <ul><li>DIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Droplet Infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contact with Soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inoculation into skin or mucosa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transplacental (vertical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg: TORCH agents, syphilis, HBV, AIDS </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. <ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditionally 5F’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flies </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Finger </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fomite </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fluids </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 17. <ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Water (MC) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ice </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood, Serum, Plasma </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tissues and organs </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 18. <ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-borne. </li></ul></ul>
  • 19. <ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air-borne. </li></ul></ul>
  • 20. <ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fomite-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inanimate article or substances other than water or food contaminated by infectious agents </li></ul></ul>
  • 21. <ul><ul><li>INDIRECT TRANSMISSION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicle-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vector-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fomite-borne. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unclean hand and finger. </li></ul></ul>
  • 22. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREVALENT IN INDIA <ul><li>Respiratory infections : </li></ul><ul><li>Chicken pox. </li></ul><ul><li>Measles. </li></ul><ul><li>Mumps. </li></ul><ul><li>Rubella. </li></ul><ul><li>Influenza . </li></ul><ul><li>Diphtheria. </li></ul><ul><li>Meningitis. </li></ul><ul><li>Whooping Cough. </li></ul><ul><li>ARI. </li></ul><ul><li>TB. </li></ul>
  • 23. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREVALENT IN INDIA <ul><li>Intestinal Infections: </li></ul><ul><li>Poliomyelitis. </li></ul><ul><li>Viral hepatitis. </li></ul><ul><li>Acute diarrhoeal </li></ul><ul><li>disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Typhoid fever. </li></ul><ul><li>Cholera. </li></ul><ul><li>Food poisoning. </li></ul><ul><li>Amoebiasis. </li></ul><ul><li>Taeniasis. </li></ul><ul><li>Ascarasis. </li></ul><ul><li>Hookworm infestation. </li></ul>
  • 24. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREVALENT IN INDIA <ul><li>Arthropod-borne Diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Dengue. </li></ul><ul><li>Filariasis. </li></ul><ul><li>Zoonosis: </li></ul><ul><li>Viral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rabies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>JE. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avian flu. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bacterial </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leptospirosis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brucellosis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human salmonellosis . </li></ul></ul>
  • 25. COMMUNICABLE DISEASES PREVALENT IN INDIA <ul><li>Surface Infections: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trachoma </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tetanus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leprosy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AIDS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>STD </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospital Acquired Infections. </li></ul></ul>
  • 26. <ul><li>Decrease your risk of infectious diseases by understanding how they spread and how you can protect yourself. </li></ul>Disease Prevention And Control
  • 27. <ul><li>Wash your hands often: </li></ul>Disease Prevention And Control
  • 28. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often: </li></ul><ul><li>This is especially important before and after preparing food, before eating and after using the toilet. </li></ul>
  • 29. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul>
  • 30. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Immunization can drastically reduce the chances of contracting many diseases. </li></ul>
  • 31. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use antibiotics sensibly. </li></ul>
  • 32. <ul><li>Only take antibiotics when necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>If they're prescribed, take them exactly as directed — don't stop taking them early because your symptoms have gone away. </li></ul>
  • 33. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use antibiotics sensibly. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. </li></ul>
  • 34. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use antibiotics sensibly. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Be smart about food preparation. </li></ul>
  • 35. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Wash your hands often. </li></ul><ul><li>Get vaccinated. </li></ul><ul><li>Use antibiotics sensibly. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Be smart about food preparation. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay special attention to cleaning the 'hot zones' in your home. </li></ul>
  • 36. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Don't share personal items. </li></ul>
  • 37. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Don't share personal items. </li></ul><ul><li>Use your own </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Toothbrush </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Razor blade. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid sharing drinking glasses or dining utensils . </li></ul></ul>
  • 38. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Don't share personal items. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel wisely. </li></ul>
  • 39. Disease Prevention And Control <ul><li>Don't share personal items. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel wisely. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your pets healthy. </li></ul>
  • 40. ROLE OF DOCTORS IN PREVENTING COMMUNICABLE DISEASES <ul><li>a) Controlling the reservoir </li></ul><ul><li>a. Early Diagnosis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Precise treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epidemiological Investigation- study time place & person distribution of the disease and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For institution of prevention and control measures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b.Notification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c. Isolation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>d. Quarantine </li></ul></ul>
  • 41. ROLE OF DOCTORS IN PREVENTING COMMUNICABLE DISEASES <ul><li>b) Interruption of transmission </li></ul><ul><li>“ Breaking the chain of Transmission” </li></ul><ul><li>c) Susceptible Host </li></ul><ul><li>a. Active immunization. </li></ul><ul><li>b. Passive Immunization </li></ul><ul><li>c. Combined Active and passive immunization. </li></ul><ul><li>d) Non-specific measures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better housing, water-supply, sanitation. nutrition and education. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative measures- to formulate and effective implementation of measures. </li></ul></ul>

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