Samuel Hallam
 1903  Lone Wolf vs. Hitchcock  Native American land that
had been granted to the male heads of the families earlier be...
 1974  Oneida vs. Oneida and Madison Counties, New York 
The Oneida tribe sued for their land to be returned. Their lan...
 1887  The Dawes Severalty Act (General Allotment Act)  Land on the
Plains reservations was divided up and given to the...
 1934  Wheeler-Howard Act (Indian Reorganisation Act)  Native
Americans had more power over the reservations; they coul...
 Ronald Reagan  1981 – 89  Wanted to end the Native
Americans dependency on the Federal Government. Wanted to
develop t...
 Nixon  1968 – 74  Wanted to try and improve the Native Americans
lives after past injustices. Appointed someone of Nat...
 Society of American Indians (SAI)  1911 – 21  Made of 50
educated Native American men and women from various tribes.
T...
 National Congress of American Indians  1944 (Established)  Made up of 80
educated Native Americans from all 50 tribes....
 The Massacre of Wounded Knee  1890  This was when a lot of NA were brutally
murdered by the Whites and as a result led...
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Native american civil rights (1865 – 1992)

Native American Civil Rights and the various influences (1865 - 1992)
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Native american civil rights (1865 – 1992)

  • 1. Samuel Hallam
  • 2.  1903  Lone Wolf vs. Hitchcock  Native American land that had been granted to the male heads of the families earlier because of the Dawes Severalty Act (1887) could be taken back and all treaties could be revoked. This basically meant that all the land the Native Americans had had could now be taken away from them and the Native Americans couldn’t do a single thing about it. *
  • 3.  1974  Oneida vs. Oneida and Madison Counties, New York  The Oneida tribe sued for their land to be returned. Their land was successfully returned. This began the Native Americans reclaiming what they had lost in previous years. *  1982  The Seminole Tribe vs. Butterworth  Native Americans could build gambling establishments (casinos for example), even if the state laws prohibited gambling.
  • 4.  1887  The Dawes Severalty Act (General Allotment Act)  Land on the Plains reservations was divided up and given to the father of each family, not the chief of the tribe like before. Whatever land was not assigned, the White people could buy it up. Part of the assimilation plot by the Federal Government. This basically began to destroy the Native Americans ways of life and assimilate them.  1898  The Curtiss Act  Ended the self-governing methods the tribes had, made the Native Americans follow the American laws. This was bad for many NA since very few knew their rights and where they stood in terms of the law. Ass well, this continued to destroy the NA way of life.
  • 5.  1934  Wheeler-Howard Act (Indian Reorganisation Act)  Native Americans had more power over the reservations; they could now practise their religion freely and could assert their cultural identity. Unallocated land that was taken from Native Americans was also returned. Part for the “NA New Deal”.  1946  ICC (Indian Claims Commission)  To thanks Native Americans for their war efforts, the ICC was set up. It aimed to resolve the land issues Native Americans had. This was a change from the past because now the government was listening to the Native Americans pleas.  1975  The Indian Self-Determination and Education Acts  Basically ended the policy of assimilation by Federal Government. It also moved the NA back to a self governing state, gave them contracts to negotiate over key issues such as healthcare and education. *
  • 6.  Ronald Reagan  1981 – 89  Wanted to end the Native Americans dependency on the Federal Government. Wanted to develop the Native Americans business skills by developing enterprises and letting the Native Americans run them. In other words, Reagan though the Native Americans were free loading off the Government and make a profit off of them.
  • 7.  Nixon  1968 – 74  Wanted to try and improve the Native Americans lives after past injustices. Appointed someone of Native American heritage, Louis R. Bruce Junior, of the Mohawk-Sioux tribe, as Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Started to return some of the land that was lost. 2 tribes that were mainly getting land were the Makah and Pueblo tribes. Wanted Native Americans to regain their lost credibility. Wanted Native Americans to get a fair and equal education, so passed the Indian Education Act (1972). *  Ford  1974 – 77  Followed the ideas that Nixon had before. Passed a few Acts that benefited the Native Americans. Ford was basically continuing the work of Nixon, which was basically to help the NA lives.
  • 8.  Society of American Indians (SAI)  1911 – 21  Made of 50 educated Native American men and women from various tribes. This was one of the first, unsuccessful, attempts at an inter-tribal movement. They wanted improvements to be made to the Native Americans education and healthcare. It failed due to a lack of support and lack of funding from the Native Americans. *
  • 9.  National Congress of American Indians  1944 (Established)  Made up of 80 educated Native Americans from all 50 tribes. Many had worked in the Bureau of Indian Affairs. They wanted to show themselves to be normal to the Native Americans in an attempt to not alienate them in any way. If they alienated the Native Americans in anyway support may be lost. Much like the NAACP, they worked their ways through the courts peacefully. They also campaigned about various things including; discrimination in the working world, inequalities in the education system and the trail of broken treaties over the years. This was the first successful inter-tribal movement in terms of pursuing their rights.  Native Americans Rights Fund (NARF)  Established 1970  The main aim of NARF was to defend tribal cultures. They began as the California Indian Legal Services. They wanted to restore the tribes who had been terminated as well as reinstate lost land. Fought for the right to vote in states where it was still restricted. To help with further legal battles, NARF helped train up Native Americans to be lawyers and attorneys.
  • 10.  The Massacre of Wounded Knee  1890  This was when a lot of NA were brutally murdered by the Whites and as a result led to them staring to come together.  1903  Lone Wolf vs. Hitchcock  Basically ended the Native Americans having “free land off the government” leading many to live in poverty and be homeless.  Society of American Indians (SAI)  1911 – 21  This group was one of the first attempts at an inter-tribal movement and showed the NA coming together to fight for their rights.  Nixon  1968 – 74  Nixon’s presidency marked a new era for the NA’s and their lives improved massively as a result of him. And his policies.  The Siege of Alcatraz  1969  The NA began to gain attention for their civil rights and as a result they managed to get a lot of media attention and more people feeling sympathetic towards them over past injustices.  1974  Oneida vs. Oneida and Madison Counties, New York  One of the first Supreme Court cases that resulted in the NA not getting a cash settlement for the land they had lost, but got the land back.  1975  The Indian Self-Determination and Education Acts  Officially ended the Federal Government plot of assimilation.