International workshop
Improving Cycling Culture in Cities
...
BACKGROUND
• FORMER CYCLE SHOP OWNER
• FORMER M.D. OF PEUGEOT CYCLES UK
• FORMER M.D. OF TWO MANUFACTUR...
THE PRODUCTS
RULES OF COMPLIENCE
FOR NON
...
THE REGULATIONS
• THE POWER OUTPUT MUST BE NO MORE
THAN 250 WATTS
• THE MOTOR CAN ONLY ASSIST THE CYCLI...
PRODUCTS
The display
...
SENSORS
2 Display
6 4 ...
THE MARKET
• THERE ARE FEW STATISICS FOR ELECTRIC POWERED
BIKES
• IN 2009 THE SIZE WAS GUESSTIMATED AT 750K
• ESTIMA...
THE PERCEPTION
ELDERLY PEOPLE
PHYSICALLY IMPAIRED
On-site tr...
THE REALITY
IN A SURVEY TAKEN IN BELGIUM
THE MOST TYPICAL PEDELEC USERS WERE
...
OPPORTUNITIES
REASONS FOR USING AN EPAC INTERESTED IN USING AN EPAC
CYCLING MAY BECOME TOO DIFFICULT ...
OPPORTUNITIES
2008 IN THE SWISS TOWN OF BASEL
• -INCREASING SHARE OF FEMALE BUYERS
...
OPPORTUNITIES
USER GROUPS
CAR DRIVERS:
...
OPPORTUNITIES
PARENTS AND SHOPPERS
THE EXTRA BURDEN OF CARRYI...
OPPORTUNITIES
PROFESSIONAL GROUPS
DOCTORS - POLICE - REAL ESTATE AGENTS
...
OPPORTUNITIES
THE ELDERLY
OFFICAL STATISTICS SHOW THAT IN EUROPE
84.6 MIL...
OPPORTUNITIES
HEALTH ASSISTANCE
CARDIO VASICULAR
...
OPPORTUNITIES
TOURISM
CYCLING ON THE TURBACZ ETC
...
SUMMARY
CHECK THE GUIDE
SEE THE POTENTIAL
...
THE PRODUCTS
WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN CHOOSING
AN EPAC AND WHY?
• FRAM...
THE PRODUCTS
BATTERIES
•Li-ion
...
BATTERIES
LI-ION BATTERY
(LITHIUM-ION)
...
BATTERIES
Li-ion
SPECIAL NOTE 1
THIS TYPE INITIALLY MUST BE ...
BATTERIES
Li-ion
SPECIAL NOTE 2
THIS TYPE OF BATTERY WILL L...
BATTERIES
Ni-MH Battery:
NICKLE METALHYDRID
...
BATTERIES
Lithium-ion LG Lithium-ion Sanyo NI-MH Sanyo NI-MH Sanyo
V...
BATTERIES
Ni-CD Battery:
NICKLE CADMIUM
...
BATTERIES
Typical effect
of temperature on the
efficiency of the 100km
battery
...
BATTERIES
UN REGULATIONS
TRANSPORTATION OF BATTERIES
...
THE SENSOR
THE SENSOR
SENDS A SINGNAL TO THE BRAIN OR THE DRIVER
FITTED TO THE...
THE SENSOR
THE BASIC SENSOR
THIS SYSTEM IS VERY LOW COST
...
THE SENSOR
THE TORQUE SENSOR: 2 EXAMPLES
On-site training: Tczew
...
THE SENSOR
AS PRESSURE IS
APPLIED
THE GAP IN THE
TWO CONTACTS
CHANGES.
THIS VARIABLE
IMPULSE
INDICATES
...
THE SENSOR
AXLE MOUNTED SENSOR
On-site training: Tczew
...
THE SENSOR
AXLE MOUNTED SENSOR
WORKS BY STRESS APPLICATION
On-s...
THE SENSOR
HALL SENSOR
...
THE SENSOR
HALL SENSOR
MAGNET
On-site training: Tczew
Electric bicycles
THE SENSOR
On-site training: Tczew
Electric bicycles
THE SENSOR
THE BASIC SENSOR
THE MOTOR IS ALWAYS PROVIDING FULL POWER
...
MOTORS
THE MOTOR
On-site training: Tczew
Electric bicycl...
MOTORS
A MOTOR USING BRUSHES
LOTS OF NOISE
...
MOTORS
THE WORKINGS OF SOME
ELECTRIC MOTORS
Planeetwiel drager me...
MOTORS
THE BRUSHLESS MOTOR
SENSOR
On-site training: Tczew
...
MOTORS
THE BRUSHLESS MOTOR
LIGHTER
...
MOTORS
ON CERTAIN MODELS SUCH AS
BATAVUS, KOGA-MIYATA, SPARTA AND HERCULES
THE PRINCIPLE IS THAT THE W...
MOTORS
BATAVUS,KOGA MIATA,SPARTA AND
HERCULES
On-site ...
MOTORS
On-site training: Tczew
Electric bicycles
TECHNICAL
SPECIALIST TOOLS
REQUIRED
...
THE MULTIMETER
On-site training: Tczew
Electric bicycles
EXPECTATIONS
PRE-DELIVERY INSPECTIONS
SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
CUSTOMER MAINTENANCE
On-site training...
EXPECTATIONS
PRE DELIVERY INSPECTIONS
NON STD BIKE PARTS
...
EXPECTATIONS
SERVICE REQUIREMENTS
INTERVALS
AT THE MANUFACT...
THE END USER INSTRUCTIONS
STORAGE FOR LONG PERIODS
DEPENDING ON THE BATTERY
THE BATT...
International workshop
Improving Cycling Culture in Cities
...
International workshop
Improving Cycling Culture in Cities
...
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Presto Topic 5 Electric Bicycles

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Presto Topic 5 Electric Bicycles

  • 1. International workshop Improving Cycling Culture in Cities February 26th-27th, 2010 Tczew - POLAND Electric bicycles KNOWLEDGE SHARING INTRODUCTION THE MARKET THE PRODUCTS THE EXPECTATIONS Bremen Tczew EDDIE ECCLESTON Venice Grenoble Zagreb Presto is supported by
  • 2. BACKGROUND • FORMER CYCLE SHOP OWNER • FORMER M.D. OF PEUGEOT CYCLES UK • FORMER M.D. OF TWO MANUFACTURES IN THE UK • PAST PRESIDENT OF THE BICYCLE ASSOCIATION OF UK • PAST PRESIDENT (a.i.) OF COLIBI • CURRENT CEO OF A CYCLE FACTORY IN TUNISIA • BOARD MEMBER OF LEVA On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 3. THE PRODUCTS RULES OF COMPLIENCE FOR NON “TYPE APPROVED” EPAC ELECTRIC POWER ASSITED CYCLES Electric bikes On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 4. THE REGULATIONS • THE POWER OUTPUT MUST BE NO MORE THAN 250 WATTS • THE MOTOR CAN ONLY ASSIST THE CYCLIST AS HE PEDALS, NO “TWIST AND GO” • THE MOTOR MUST CUT OUT AT 25kmh • THIS PRODUCT WILL NOT REQUIRE TYPE-APPROVAL On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 5. PRODUCTS The display The Electric Motor The Driver or Brain 1 or 2 Batteries Torque Sensor On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 6. SENSORS 2 Display 6 4 45 Power Frontwheel Output Driver Battery Motor Electric pulse 3 Power swithch Torque sensor 1 Pressure on pedal On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 7. THE MARKET • THERE ARE FEW STATISICS FOR ELECTRIC POWERED BIKES • IN 2009 THE SIZE WAS GUESSTIMATED AT 750K • ESTIMATES FOR 2010 IS: ONE MILLION • ONE THING TO NOTE IS THAT THE MARKET IS INCREASING AND IS EXPECTED TO CONTINUE TO INCREASE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 8. THE PERCEPTION ELDERLY PEOPLE PHYSICALLY IMPAIRED On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 9. THE REALITY IN A SURVEY TAKEN IN BELGIUM THE MOST TYPICAL PEDELEC USERS WERE COMMUTERS 61.4% ELDERLY 32.5% PHYSICALLY IMPAIRED 10.7% SEE GUIDE FOR FULLER DETAILS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 10. OPPORTUNITIES REASONS FOR USING AN EPAC INTERESTED IN USING AN EPAC CYCLING MAY BECOME TOO DIFFICULT 65% TO MAKE CYCLING AGAINST A HEAD WIND EASIER 36% TO BE ABLE TO CYCLE GREATER DISTANCES 33% EASIER TO CLIMB HILLS 19% AN ALTERNATIVE ENVIROMENTAL MEANS OF TRANSPORT 20% SEE POLICY GUIDE FOR FULLER DETAILS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 11. OPPORTUNITIES 2008 IN THE SWISS TOWN OF BASEL • -INCREASING SHARE OF FEMALE BUYERS • CHANGES IN THE AVERAGE AGE • CHANGES IN THE LEVEL OF EMPLOYMENT • CHANGES IN THE LEVEL OF EDUCATION & INCOME IN 2003, 98% OF THE BUYERS HAD A CAR DRIVER’S LICENSE, IN 2008 THAT WAS 82% CONCLUSION: THE DEMOGRAPHIC MIX OF EPAC BUYERS IS BROADENING On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 12. OPPORTUNITIES USER GROUPS CAR DRIVERS: OVER 50% OF ALL CAR TRIPS ARE LESS THAN 6 KM On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 13. OPPORTUNITIES PARENTS AND SHOPPERS THE EXTRA BURDEN OF CARRYING CHILDREN CAN BE REDUCED PARKING ISSUES ARE REDUCED FOR SHOPPERS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 14. OPPORTUNITIES PROFESSIONAL GROUPS DOCTORS - POLICE - REAL ESTATE AGENTS HOME DELIVERIES POSTMEN- BUTCHERS- GROCERS PIZZA BOYS- FISH MONGERS + + + On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 15. OPPORTUNITIES THE ELDERLY OFFICAL STATISTICS SHOW THAT IN EUROPE 84.6 MILLION PEOPLE ARE OVER 65 On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 16. OPPORTUNITIES HEALTH ASSISTANCE CARDIO VASICULAR DIABETES TYPE 2 HYPERTENSION … SECONDARY BENIFITS: MOBILITY On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 17. OPPORTUNITIES TOURISM CYCLING ON THE TURBACZ ETC OR DISCOVERING CITIES BY BIKE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 18. SUMMARY CHECK THE GUIDE SEE THE POTENTIAL DECIDE IF IT IS FOR YOU On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 19. THE PRODUCTS WHAT TO LOOK FOR WHEN CHOOSING AN EPAC AND WHY? • FRAME • FORKS • RIMS • WIRING • SENSOR POSITION • ACCESS TO SERVICE ITEMS • BATTERIES On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 20. THE PRODUCTS BATTERIES •Li-ion •Ni-MH •Ni-CAD •LEAD ACID On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 21. BATTERIES LI-ION BATTERY (LITHIUM-ION) •600 CHARGES •MUCH LIGHTER •NO MEMORY EFFECT •NOT SO SENSITIVE TO TEMPERATURE •SOME CHARGING ISSUES •MORE EXPENSIVE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 22. BATTERIES Li-ion SPECIAL NOTE 1 THIS TYPE INITIALLY MUST BE CHARGED TO THE FULL THEN DISCHARGED TO COMPLETELY EMPTY THREE TIMES. THIS WILL REGISTER TO THE BATTERRY WHAT IS FULL AND WHAT IS EMPTY. On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 23. BATTERIES Li-ion SPECIAL NOTE 2 THIS TYPE OF BATTERY WILL LOSE ABOUT 20% PER YEAR. THEREFORE THE LIFE EXPECTANCY IS FIVE YEARS. On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 24. BATTERIES Ni-MH Battery: NICKLE METALHYDRID 20 cells x 1,2v = 24 Volt. P = 24V x 11 Ah =250 Watt. 500 CHARGES NOT AS EXPENSIVE AS LI-ION HAS A MEMORY EFFECT THIS BATTERY TYPE IS NOT GOOD FOR POLAND DUE TO TEMPERATURE RESTRICTIONS HOT AND COLD. On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles .
  • 25. BATTERIES Lithium-ion LG Lithium-ion Sanyo NI-MH Sanyo NI-MH Sanyo Voltage ( V ) 27,2 V 27,2 V 24.0 V 24.0 V Amperage ( A ) 10.0 A 9.0 A 9.0 A 8.0 A Wattage ( W ) (W=V x A) 272W (=27,2Vx10A) 244W(=27.2Vx9A) 216W (=24Vx9A) 192W(=24Vx8A) Weight 2.6 kg 4.3 kg 4.0 kg 2.6 kg Charges 600 600 500 500 NO NO YES YES Memory effect On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 26. BATTERIES Ni-CD Battery: NICKLE CADMIUM • POISON INSIDE • HAS A MEMORY EFFECT LEAD ACID Battery: • VERY HEAVY • SHORT LIFE SPAN • GOOD INDICATOR OF A LOW QUALITY BIKE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 27. BATTERIES Typical effect of temperature on the efficiency of the 100km battery 37km 25km 25°C 0°C -15°C On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 28. BATTERIES UN REGULATIONS TRANSPORTATION OF BATTERIES DO NOT POST BATTERIES On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 29. THE SENSOR THE SENSOR SENDS A SINGNAL TO THE BRAIN OR THE DRIVER FITTED TO THE BIKE THE SINGNAL INFORMS THE DRIVER TO USE POWER On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 30. THE SENSOR THE BASIC SENSOR THIS SYSTEM IS VERY LOW COST BUT HAS A GREAT DEAL OF LIMITATIONS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 31. THE SENSOR THE TORQUE SENSOR: 2 EXAMPLES On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 32. THE SENSOR AS PRESSURE IS APPLIED THE GAP IN THE TWO CONTACTS CHANGES. THIS VARIABLE IMPULSE INDICATES TOTHE DRIVER THE POWER REQUIRED On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 33. THE SENSOR AXLE MOUNTED SENSOR On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 34. THE SENSOR AXLE MOUNTED SENSOR WORKS BY STRESS APPLICATION On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 35. THE SENSOR HALL SENSOR SPRING On-site training: Tczew FIXED POINT CHANGES Electric bicycles
  • 36. THE SENSOR HALL SENSOR MAGNET On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 37. THE SENSOR On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 38. THE SENSOR THE BASIC SENSOR THE MOTOR IS ALWAYS PROVIDING FULL POWER RESULTS IN: •SHORTER MAXIMUM JOURNEYS BEFORE RECHARGE •FAST ACCELERATION THAT MAY NOT BE REQUIRED •REQUIRES A CUT-OFF SYSTEM FOR BRAKING On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 39. MOTORS THE MOTOR On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 40. MOTORS A MOTOR USING BRUSHES LOTS OF NOISE PARTS THAT WEAR OUT REQUIRES ADDITIONAL WIRING WEIGHT 2.3kg On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 41. MOTORS THE WORKINGS OF SOME ELECTRIC MOTORS Planeetwiel drager met planetaire tandwielen. LOTS OF MOVING PARTS
  • 42. MOTORS THE BRUSHLESS MOTOR SENSOR On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 43. MOTORS THE BRUSHLESS MOTOR LIGHTER LESS MOVING PARTS LONGER LIFE MUCH QUIETER MORE INFORMATION GATHERED MORE INTELLIGENT On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 44. MOTORS ON CERTAIN MODELS SUCH AS BATAVUS, KOGA-MIYATA, SPARTA AND HERCULES THE PRINCIPLE IS THAT THE WHEEL IS THE MOVING PART On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 45. MOTORS BATAVUS,KOGA MIATA,SPARTA AND HERCULES On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 46. MOTORS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 47. TECHNICAL SPECIALIST TOOLS REQUIRED MULTIMETER VOLTS • Spanningsmeting • Weerstandsmeting AMPS • Diode test OHM • Stroommeting WATT On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 48. THE MULTIMETER On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 49. EXPECTATIONS PRE-DELIVERY INSPECTIONS SERVICE REQUIREMENTS CUSTOMER MAINTENANCE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 50. EXPECTATIONS PRE DELIVERY INSPECTIONS NON STD BIKE PARTS SENSOR SETTINGS GREASE (SPECIALTY) ON CERTAIN PARTS REAR WHEEL NUTS ON SOME CYCLES TO BETWEEN 25TO 28 NM On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 51. EXPECTATIONS SERVICE REQUIREMENTS INTERVALS AT THE MANUFACTURERS INSTRUCTIONS OR EVERY 1000 K OR EVERY SIX MONTHS On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 52. THE END USER INSTRUCTIONS STORAGE FOR LONG PERIODS DEPENDING ON THE BATTERY THE BATTERY MAY HAVE TO BE LEFT ON CHARGE On-site training: Tczew Electric bicycles
  • 53. International workshop Improving Cycling Culture in Cities February 26th-27th, 2010 Tczew - POLAND ? Bremen Tczew ANY Grenoble Venice Zagreb QUESTIONS? Promoting Cycling for Everyone as a Daily Transport Mode is supported by
  • 54. International workshop Improving Cycling Culture in Cities February 26th-27th, 2010 Tczew - POLAND Thank you for your attention! More information on: www.presto-cycling.eu Bremen Tczew Contanct: e_eccleston@yahoo.com Venice Grenoble Zagreb Promoting Cycling for Everyone as a Daily Transport Mode is supported by

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