NANO SATELLITIES USING ARDUINO – “ THE NEW PHASE IN SPACE EXPLORATION”
BY
R.SRIDHAR
R.SUDHIR KUMAR
PERI INSTITUTE OF TECHN...
WHAT ? & WHY ?
What ?
 Nano Satellites - Artificial satellities of low mass and small size usually under 500Kg are termed...
ARDUSAT & 1U CUBESAT
EQUATION OF LIFE !
( Arduino + sensors ) + ( Structure ) + ( Antenna ) + ( Solar Panels ) = ArduSat
 Arduino is the brain...
PING OUT - PONG BACK
PING OUT
 Each and every data to be sent are sent in the form of small packets.
 Everything can be ...
HICCUPS WITH THE TRANSCEIVER
 Due to high radiation and intense heat it might affect the components if the flash memory o...
APPLICATIONS
 Search and rescuing operations
 Stopping Piracy
 Navigation
 Maritime Surveillance
 Assert Tracking
 I...
TRENDING AROUND THE GLOBE
 In the 10 year s of nano satellite launches prior to 2014 only 75 launched
 Launch rates pick...
THE NEXT EXPLORATION HAS JUST BEGUN !
“Orbiting the earth in the spaceship I saw how beautiful our planet is . People let ...
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NANO SATELLITIES USING ARDUINO –

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - NANO SATELLITIES USING ARDUINO –

  • 1. NANO SATELLITIES USING ARDUINO – “ THE NEW PHASE IN SPACE EXPLORATION” BY R.SRIDHAR R.SUDHIR KUMAR PERI INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY,CHENNAI
  • 2. WHAT ? & WHY ? What ?  Nano Satellites - Artificial satellities of low mass and small size usually under 500Kg are termed as Nano satellites  Ardusat (Nano Satellites) - It is an open source arduino based Nano Satellite platform based on cubesat standard  CubeSat – It is basically a miniaturized satellite for space reasearcch whose dimension are 10cm X 10cm X 10cm and which weigh less than 1.33Kg. Why ?  Low in manufacturing cost and launching cost  Manufacturing time is less  Can do our personal experiments  Open-Source platform with large community support
  • 3. ARDUSAT & 1U CUBESAT
  • 4. EQUATION OF LIFE ! ( Arduino + sensors ) + ( Structure ) + ( Antenna ) + ( Solar Panels ) = ArduSat  Arduino is the brain of the satellite if any little bit of malfunction well lead to the failure of the mission,  Sensor are the various components required for the mission and for the space lab eperiments  The microcontroller is programmed using c/c++ AVR./Arduino  Structure which is a 1U cubeSat structure its just a cuboid with the dimension of 10cm X 10cm X 10cm depending upon the requirement we can even join one or more cubeSat to form a group to make it more efficient and acquire large amounts of information  Antenna is a simple UHF Dipole antenna for transmitting and receiving data .  Solar panels on the sides of the cube which is the main source of power for the satellite  Finally the structure of the satellite is totally covered with lots and lots of aluminum foil for protection against high radiation and heat which might lead to failure of a small component , eventually leading to failure of the entire mission
  • 5. PING OUT - PONG BACK PING OUT  Each and every data to be sent are sent in the form of small packets.  Everything can be done with the help of IDE – Integrated Development Environment. 1) Open a channel to transmit 2) Open the pipe and the address through which we need to need and receive the data 3) type the required command to make the transicever listen for the data 4) Write the set of lines you want and open writing mode for the data to be sent through the pipes 5) Now stop listening as there is no data to be sent up  By this way we send have transmitted the data. PONG BACK  Each and every data to be recived are in the form of small packets.  We use the same IDE to type the receiving codes 1) Channel and pipe are already open 2) Make the receiver mode start lisintening 3) We need to first check whether data is available if so we will make the data to be received 4) Now we open the read mode and all the data sent from the earth and read and stored. 5) Now we stop listening as there is no data available to be read
  • 6. HICCUPS WITH THE TRANSCEIVER  Due to high radiation and intense heat it might affect the components if the flash memory or microcontroller is taken out there is no chance of transmitting or receiving through out the mission.  There is a high danger of RAM getting flipped or to be simple problem with setting the packets up to satellite in that chance they have a security looping program which is reset the payload thus not jamming the system.  If the GPS it is impossible to locate the position of the satellite thus willl lead to the problem of sending the data back and fro  If the uplink and downlink doesn’t work or respond properly it will be very difficult to gather data as there are only limited ground station and time.
  • 7. APPLICATIONS  Search and rescuing operations  Stopping Piracy  Navigation  Maritime Surveillance  Assert Tracking  Illegal Fishing  Border surveillance  Trade Monitoring  Low cost weather forecasting  Disaster management  Personal Communication network  Space experiments  Land use and natural resource management  Agriculture and forestry  Earth intelligence and analysis  Global science and environmental mangaement Its applications go on and on !
  • 8. TRENDING AROUND THE GLOBE  In the 10 year s of nano satellite launches prior to 2014 only 75 launched  Launch rates picked up sustainably when in the three month period between Novemeber 2013 to January 2014 , 94 satellites were launched.  As of June 2014 more than 1000 satellites are projected to be launched in the next 5 years.  Due to this low cost and wide range of application new startup companies have come and are steady gaining their presence in space with in a short period of time. Some of the companies having a good presence are ,  Dhruv Space , Bangalore , INDIA  NanoSatisfi , California , USA  Surrey Satellite Technologies , Surrey , UK  Dauria Aerospacce ,Munich, Germany
  • 9. THE NEXT EXPLORATION HAS JUST BEGUN ! “Orbiting the earth in the spaceship I saw how beautiful our planet is . People let us preserve & increase this beauty not destroy it “ - Yuri Gagarin , First man into space

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