Population & census
Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Transcripts - Population & census
Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision.
1.18 Billion people ( Indian Official Population Clock ) Birth Rate – 23.8 / 1000 Population Death Rate – 7.6 / 1000 Population Growth Ratio – 1.62 Percent ( Source : Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (GOI), 2006 ) Life expectancy : Male: 62.3 years Female: 69.3 years ( Registrar General of India ) Total Fertility Rate: 2.72 children born/woman (NFHS-3, 2008)
Total process of collecting, compiling and publishing demographic, economic and social data pertaining at a specified time, to all persons in a country or delimited territory.
Governing Body : Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI Census Act of India 1948 Registrar General & Census Commissioner of India
Powers : - Notify date for census - Power to ask for the services of any citizen for census work - Compulsory for every citizen to answer the census questions truthfully - Penalties for giving false / no answers Provisions of Law : - G uarantee for the maintenance of secrecy of the information collected - The census records are not open to inspection and also not admissible in evidence
First regular census – 1881 Last census – March, 2001 Done after every 10 years Usually conducted at the end of the first quarter of the first year in each decade
A particular moment of a day is fixed for the commencement of the census. The persons born after the census moment or the persons dying before the census moment are not included in the census. Census moment was- 00.00 hours of 1 st March in 2001 - 00.00 hours of 1 st April in 2010
20 lakh enumerators and supervisors were employed Estimated cost was Rs.1403 crore Rs.14 Per person Data processing done using ICR ( Intelligent Character Recognition ) This involves the scanning of the Census Forms at high speed and extracting the data automatically using computer software.
Slogan – “ Our Census Our Future ” Started on 1 st May, 2010 15 th National census of the country Involve 25 lakh officials. It is estimated to cost Rs. 2,209 crore Approx. Rs. 18 per person
The Census forms are printed in 16 languages and the Instruction Manuals in 18 languages. The census would cover – 35 States & UT 640 Districts 5767 Tehsils 7742 Towns More than 6 lakh villages 24 Crore household 1.2 Billion people
Who will collect the information - Govt. servants appointed as enumerators To visit each and every house Carrying an ID card & appointment letter DM / localTehsildar can be contacted for any complaint
2011 census will be conducted in two phases – 1. House listing (April to September 2010) 2. Population enumeration phase (starting from 9 th Feb, 2011) - Education - Mother tongue - Religion - Details of ST / SC, if any
Two types of data will be collected – 1. Data on your House and Assets : 35 Questions regarding – Use of house & facility in the home ( drinking water, latrine, electricity, internet etc.) - Assets in your home ( appliances, computers etc. ) - Possessions ( car, mobile phones etc. )
2. National Population Register ( NPR ) : Biometric data ( photograph, finger prints ) Unique I D Number ( 16 digits ) to all persons > 15 years Name, Gender, Date & Place of birth, Marital status, Name of parents & spouse, Relation to head of family, Present & Permanent address, Duration of stay at present address, Educational qualification and Occupation
Census Process Visit each & every household ↓ Gather information ( by asking questions & filling up forms ) ↓ Forms are transported to data processing centres ↓ Processing of the data using ICR software ↓ Final results of census
Social & economical planning of the country Scientific analysis & research Most credible source of information on - Demography - Economic activity - Literacy - Housing & household amenities - Fertility & Mortality - Disability - ST, SC & OBC - Religion & Language