ISOLATION OF RNA
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - ISOLATION OF RNA
The isolation of RNA with high quality is a crucial step required to perform various
molecular biology experiment.
TRIzol Reagent is a ready-to-use reagent used for RNA isolation from cells and
TRIzol works by maintaining RNA integrity during tissue homogenization, while at
the same time disrupting and breaking down cells and cell components.
Addition of chloroform, after the centrifugation, separates the
solution into aqueous and organic phases.
RNA remains only in the aqueous phase.
After transferring the aqueous phase, RNA can be recovered by precipitation with
isopropyl alcohol. But the DNA and proteins can recover by sequential separation
after the removal of aqueous phase.
Precipitation with ethanol requires DNA from the interphase, and an additional
precipitation with isopropyl alcohol requires proteins from the organic phase. Total
RNA extracted by TRIzol Reagent is free from the contamination of protein and DNA.
This RNA can be used in Northern blot analysis, in vitro translation, poly (A)
selection, RNase protection assay, and molecular cloning
• Chloroform (without any additives, such as
• Isopropyl alcohol
• 75% Ethanol (in DEPC-treated water)
• RNase-free water or 0.5% SDS solution
• Growth medium on the cells was discarded
and cells were washed with ice cold 1X PBS.
The monolayer was then covered with 1 ml of
l TRIzol and the cells were lysed and
homogenized by repeated pipetting.
• The homogenized samples were incubated for 5 minutes at 15 to
30°C for the complete dissociation of nucleoprotein complexes.
• 0.2 ml (200 microliters)of chloroform per 0.75 ml of TRIZOL LS
Reagent was added. The tubes were shaked vigorously by hand for
15 seconds and incubated them at 15 to 30°C for 2 minutes.
• The samples were centrifuged for 15 minutes at no more than
12,000 g (4°C).
• The aqueous phase was transferred to other tubes. ( Following
centrifugation, the mixture separates into a lower red, phenolchloroform phase, an interphase, and a colorless upper aqueous
phase. RNA remains only in the aqueous phase. The volume of the
aqueous phase is about 70% of the volume of TRIZOL LS Reagent
used for homogenization.)
3. RNA Precipitation
• The RNA was precipitated from the aqueous
phase by mixing with 3 microlitre of glycogen
and 500 microlitre of isopropyl alcohol.
• The mixture was centrifuged for 30 minutes at
12,000 × g (2 to 8°C).( The RNA precipitate
forms a gel-like pellet on the side of the tube
4. RNA Wash
• The supernatant was removed. The RNA pellet
was washed once with 75% ethanol, adding
900 microlitre of 75% ethanol per 0.75 ml of
TRIZOL LS Reagent used for the initial
• The sample were inverted and mixed and
centrifuged at 12,000 rpm for 30 minutes at 4
5. Redissolving RNA
• The RNA pellet was dried .
• RNA was dissolved in RNase-free water (or
0.5% SDS solution) by passing the solution
through the pipette tip for a few times, and
incubating for 10 minutes at 55 to 60°C.
- To deduct the gene expression
- Hepatitis c