PREVENTION AND
CARE OF PRESSURE
SORE
DEFINITION

Pressure ulcers are localized areas of necrotic soft
tissue that occur when pressure applied to the
skin ove...
RISK FACTORS
CLINICAL
MANIFESTATION

Contd..
STAGES
MANAGEMENT
STAGE-1
Pressure to be removed
 Nutritional electrolyte balances are maintained
 Friction and shear reduced
 Avoid mois...
STAGE -2

Wash with sterile saline solution

Avoid antiseptic solution

Semi permeable occlusive dressing

Mini...
STAGE 3 AND 4

Drain the necrotic tissues and cleaned /debrided

Topical treatment is prescribed


New granulati...
SURGICAL
MANAGEMENT
Debridement
 Drainage
 Bone resection
 Skin grafting

NURSING MANAGEMENT
PREVENTION
Change position at least every 2 hours to relieve
pressure.
 Use items that can help reduce pressure -pillows,...
CONTD….
Drink plenty of water (8 to 10 cups) every day.
 Exercise daily, including range-of-motion
exercises.
 Keep the ...
COMPLICATION
autonomic dysreflexia
 bladder distension
 osteomyelitis
 pyarthroses
 sepsis
 amyloidosis,
 anemia, ur...
NURSING INTERVENTION
BIBLIOGRAPHY
Lewis “medical surgical nursing” sixth edition
Mosby publication (2000) vol 2page no 1207-1208
 Brunner and ...
Prevention and care of pressure sore
Prevention and care of pressure sore
Prevention and care of pressure sore
Prevention and care of pressure sore
Prevention and care of pressure sore
of 21

Prevention and care of pressure sore

Published on: Mar 4, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Prevention and care of pressure sore

  • 1. PREVENTION AND CARE OF PRESSURE SORE
  • 2. DEFINITION  Pressure ulcers are localized areas of necrotic soft tissue that occur when pressure applied to the skin over time is greater than normal capillary closure pressure which is about 32 mm hg
  • 3. RISK FACTORS
  • 4. CLINICAL MANIFESTATION  Contd..
  • 5. STAGES
  • 6. MANAGEMENT
  • 7. STAGE-1 Pressure to be removed  Nutritional electrolyte balances are maintained  Friction and shear reduced  Avoid moisture to the skin 
  • 8. STAGE -2  Wash with sterile saline solution  Avoid antiseptic solution  Semi permeable occlusive dressing  Minimizing the loss of fluid and proteins
  • 9. STAGE 3 AND 4  Drain the necrotic tissues and cleaned /debrided  Topical treatment is prescribed   New granulation tissue must be protected  Prevent further trauma pressure
  • 10. SURGICAL MANAGEMENT Debridement  Drainage  Bone resection  Skin grafting 
  • 11. NURSING MANAGEMENT
  • 12. PREVENTION Change position at least every 2 hours to relieve pressure.  Use items that can help reduce pressure -pillows, sheepskin, foam padding, and powders from medical supply stores.  Eat well-balanced meals that contain enough calories to keep you healthy. 
  • 13. CONTD…. Drink plenty of water (8 to 10 cups) every day.  Exercise daily, including range-of-motion exercises.  Keep the skin clean and dry.  After urinating or having a bowel movement, clean the area and dry it well. A doctor can recommend creams to help protect the skin. 
  • 14. COMPLICATION autonomic dysreflexia  bladder distension  osteomyelitis  pyarthroses  sepsis  amyloidosis,  anemia, urethral fistula, gangrene and very rarely malignant transformation 
  • 15. NURSING INTERVENTION
  • 16. BIBLIOGRAPHY Lewis “medical surgical nursing” sixth edition Mosby publication (2000) vol 2page no 1207-1208  Brunner and sudharth “medical surgical nursing” 12th edition Lippincott publication (2010)page no 185190 Net references www.google.pressure sore.com www.wikipedia.pressure sore.com www.google pressure sore prevention. com 

Related Documents