Native Americans
Eastern
The Native Americans on the East
coast were fishermen and farmers.
They were the first to encounter
many of the Eu...
Plains
Tribes in the plains, the middle
of North America, largely
hunted bison. They were
famous for their encounters
with...
Northwestern
The peoples of the Pacific
Northwest were fishermen. They
lived in longhouses designed to
keep them dry from ...
Arctic
Alaskan Natives made their
clothes and homes to battle the
cold temperatures. Ice fishing
and snowshoeing were
comm...
Southwestern
Southwestern Native
Americans made their
homes and pots out of
clay. They are also
famous for making
colorful...
Houses
• Different tribes had different houses
• Some tribes lived in houses made of wood
• Other tribes lived in houses m...
Adobe Mud Houses
Teepee
Wigwam
Beliefs and Values
•Strong connection to nature - using resources
from Mother Earth in moderation
•Respect for elders
•Cod...
Totem Poles
Traditional rain dance
Dream Catchers
• Dream catchers catch
bad dreams in the web,
and let good dreams
pass through the
center
Fun Facts
Native Americans invented lacrosse, a sport now played
internationally.
Another invention
was the toboggan
which...
Native American
Reservations
• Now, there are areas of the United States
that are reserved only for Native Americans
• The...
Native AmericanNative American
ConflictConflict
& Assimilation& Assimilation
North America was not just a vast empty plain
before Europeans arrived, there were native tribes
from coast to coast.
Native tribes of the plains depended
on buffalo hunting for most of their
needs
During the
greatWestern
migration,
thousands of
settlers set out
across the
plains
At first, some people tried to negotiate a way to
peacefully share theWest.
First lady Mary Todd
Lincoln (at Right)
welcom...
But others were hostile to Native Americans and
efforts were made to systematically kill off the
buffalo, the source of th...
Piles of buffalo hides killed by white settlers
The
government
began forcing
Native
Americans off
of their land
and selling it to
white settlers.
Native
Americans
retaliated, and
encounters with
settlers often
ended in
violence.
The U.S.
Calvary
wages a
campaign
against the
Native
Americans
all across
the West.
George Armstrong
Custer commanded the
7th
Calvary in the Battle
of Little Bighorn, the
worst U.S. Army defeat
against Nati...
The battle is also called Custer’s Last Stand
Sitting Bull led
the Native
American
forces to
victory at Little
Bighorn.
There were
2,000-3,000
Lakota,
Northern
Cheyenne...
Native
Americans
fight back
But eventually it
came to an end…
The Battle
of
Wounded
Knee
marked
the end of
Native
American
resistance.
With it,
they were
forced to
accept
defeat.
At Wounded
Knee, U.S.
forces
massacred 300
unarmed Native
Americans with
deadly Gatlin
guns (left). This
included women
an...
Burying the Native American dead in a mass grave at Wounded Knee
After they were forced to
accept defeat, the U.S. policy
for Native Americans was
“assimilation.” This meant
that they wou...
After assimilation school
Students were taught how to exist in white society, like job skills.
They were taught
Christianity…
The Bible translated to
…and how to meet white society’s social expectations.
Native American children were sent by the hundreds to
assimilation boarding schools that taught them to reject
their nativ...
Today’s
Struggles
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Nativeamericans 150815224648 lva1 app6891

Native Americans
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Nativeamericans 150815224648 lva1 app6891

  • 1. Native Americans
  • 2. Eastern The Native Americans on the East coast were fishermen and farmers. They were the first to encounter many of the Europeans who came to settle in the new world.
  • 3. Plains Tribes in the plains, the middle of North America, largely hunted bison. They were famous for their encounters with pioneers in the 1800’s sparking many long wars.
  • 4. Northwestern The peoples of the Pacific Northwest were fishermen. They lived in longhouses designed to keep them dry from the rain. Totem Poles were a traditional art practiced.
  • 5. Arctic Alaskan Natives made their clothes and homes to battle the cold temperatures. Ice fishing and snowshoeing were common in the winter.
  • 6. Southwestern Southwestern Native Americans made their homes and pots out of clay. They are also famous for making colorful jewelry.
  • 7. Houses • Different tribes had different houses • Some tribes lived in houses made of wood • Other tribes lived in houses made of buffalo skin so they could move when they needed to hunt • Others made houses made of mud bricks
  • 8. Adobe Mud Houses
  • 9. Teepee
  • 10. Wigwam
  • 11. Beliefs and Values •Strong connection to nature - using resources from Mother Earth in moderation •Respect for elders •Code of Ethics •Land is not property to be owned by one, but a resource to be shared with all. All things share the same breath - the beast, the tree, the man, the air shares its spirit with all the life it supports. Chief Seattle
  • 12. Totem Poles
  • 13. Traditional rain dance
  • 14. Dream Catchers • Dream catchers catch bad dreams in the web, and let good dreams pass through the center
  • 15. Fun Facts Native Americans invented lacrosse, a sport now played internationally. Another invention was the toboggan which is a favorite winter pastime. The U.S. one dollar coin features Sacagawea, a famous native american woman.
  • 16. Native American Reservations • Now, there are areas of the United States that are reserved only for Native Americans • They make their own laws and govern themselves. • Native Americans are citizens of the US and many live in the general population.
  • 17. Native AmericanNative American ConflictConflict & Assimilation& Assimilation
  • 18. North America was not just a vast empty plain before Europeans arrived, there were native tribes from coast to coast.
  • 19. Native tribes of the plains depended on buffalo hunting for most of their needs
  • 20. During the greatWestern migration, thousands of settlers set out across the plains
  • 21. At first, some people tried to negotiate a way to peacefully share theWest. First lady Mary Todd Lincoln (at Right) welcoming Native Americans at the White House
  • 22. But others were hostile to Native Americans and efforts were made to systematically kill off the buffalo, the source of their livelihood.
  • 23. Piles of buffalo hides killed by white settlers
  • 24. The government began forcing Native Americans off of their land and selling it to white settlers.
  • 25. Native Americans retaliated, and encounters with settlers often ended in violence.
  • 26. The U.S. Calvary wages a campaign against the Native Americans all across the West.
  • 27. George Armstrong Custer commanded the 7th Calvary in the Battle of Little Bighorn, the worst U.S. Army defeat against Native Americans.
  • 28. The battle is also called Custer’s Last Stand
  • 29. Sitting Bull led the Native American forces to victory at Little Bighorn. There were 2,000-3,000 Lakota, Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho warriors compared to Custer’s 700 soldiers.
  • 30. Native Americans fight back
  • 31. But eventually it came to an end…
  • 32. The Battle of Wounded Knee marked the end of Native American resistance. With it, they were forced to accept defeat.
  • 33. At Wounded Knee, U.S. forces massacred 300 unarmed Native Americans with deadly Gatlin guns (left). This included women and children.
  • 34. Burying the Native American dead in a mass grave at Wounded Knee
  • 35. After they were forced to accept defeat, the U.S. policy for Native Americans was “assimilation.” This meant that they would have to give up their way of life and adopt American culture. Young boy before attending assimilation school.
  • 36. After assimilation school
  • 37. Students were taught how to exist in white society, like job skills.
  • 38. They were taught Christianity… The Bible translated to
  • 39. …and how to meet white society’s social expectations.
  • 40. Native American children were sent by the hundreds to assimilation boarding schools that taught them to reject their native cultures.
  • 41. Today’s Struggles