National Perspective of Open Access: Botswana
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Transcripts - National Perspective of Open Access: Botswana
Regional Workshop on Benefits of Open Accessfor Research Dissemination, Usage, Visibility & Impact 22nd - 23rd November 2010, Pretoria, South Africa National Perspective of Open Access: Botswana Mogodisheng B.M. Sekhwela Research Quality Management OFFICE OF RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT University of Botswana
Recognitions Grateful to have been invited Sponsors: Academy of Science of South Africa (ASSAF) Eifl UNESCO University of Botswana for the permission and support Hopefully more enlightenment on how best to speed up open access by end of workshop
Open Access in Botswana: HistoricalContext Botswana gained independence in 1966 Anthropological Research Act enacted 1967 Govern the pursuit of research, but prompted by the ‘over-researching’ of the San in Kalahari Monitor research, in particular on the San Obligation of researcher to deposit research results & findings at designated repositories: National Library, National Archives and University of Botswana Library - Support Open Readership Research Permit REQUIRED for research.
Historical Context Cont.:Researchers mainly from outside Botswana Research Participation Trends 200 Figure 1 180 Permits Approved 160 140 120 100 Locals 80 Expatriates 60 40 20 0 1966-76 1977-79 1983 1984-1987 Period
Dissemination: Whose Knowledge? E.g. University of Botswana Research Outputs Figure 2 1995-03 Books 1000 800 In_Prep 600 Chapters 400 200 0 Dissertation Journal Articles Other_Publication Conf_Papers
Office of Research and Development Institutional Control of Outputs Peer reviews Research Proposal Revision/ Review Process NoQuality Improvement and ManagementQuality Improvement and Management Improvement (suggestions) Yes Figure 3 Funding No Yes (suggestions) Ethics Reviews ORD Funds Faculty Office of Research (ORD) Office of Research (ORD) Outside ORD Research Teaching & Publishers Control Progress Training Publishers Administrative Reports UB Control Peer Reviews Research Output Research Report Publication Development/Client Outputs s Database Commercialization Source: Sekhwela, 2006, SARIMA
Dissemination: Whose Content? Quality in Research = High Quality Publication UB: 2004-07 Figure 4 Book 1000 Other 800 Book Chapter Publications 600 400 200 0 Refereed Paper Non Refereed in Conference Journal Non Refereed Refereed Journal Papers in…
Research to Inform Nationally & Globally(Botswana) National Developments: Food and Energy Production Systems Sustainable Development Paths Etc. Aspirations: VISION 2016 Informed and Innovative Nation Wealthy and Healthy Nation – HIV/AIDS fight Global Climatic & Environmental Changes - DROUGHTS Etc. ALL EYES ON UNIVERSITY RESEARCH!!
Research in ‘Public Focus’ Knowledge is critical for sustainable development in the competitive global economy (Ramphele, 2004) Application of knowledge to inform practice and policy is growing, confidence in quality of research and information generated (Boaz, ud). Knowledge is ‘public good’ that every research is expected to contribute Research is about knowledge generation, and increasing mandatory dissemination of publicly funded research Sekhwela (SARIMA, 2006)
Initiatives for Research & Innovation Draft Botswana Science and Technology Policy 1998 Public and private sector partnership initiatives Botswana National Research Science & Technology Plan (2005) – Competitive research suppliers New Botswana International University of Science and Technology (BIUST) approved Botswana Innovation Hub (BIH) (2006)– UB regarded as a partner New Tertiary Education Policy (2008) – Knowledge & Innovation for national development
Research Drive & AccountabilityNeed to access existing body of knowledgeHigh cost to access current knowledge.Realisation that knowledge is generated byresearchers, but transferred to PublishersKnowledge becomes ‘CONTENT’ controlled bycontent creatorsQuality of research is assured by researchersthrough peer review processes ‘free’ to contentcreators?Further knowledge generation constrained bycontent creators’ high pricing to access!Knowledge generators push for cheaper access
Open Access: Whose Content?Grey literature: Unpublished reports - RepositoriesWhite literature: Published research – owned by publishers. Quality assured Reputable knowledge Highly valued Various format/media Cost involved What does Open Access mean then?
Situation in BotswanaOpen Access still just the obligatory reposition ofresearch reportsUB lead institution like other Universities worldwidethat are pushing for Open Access to its own researchpublicationsRecently held national awareness raising workshop onOpen AccessHowever, UB still to develop clear Open Access policyInstitutional Repository policy – Open Accessmentioned.Policy implementation ongoing: University ofBotswana Research, Innovation & Scholarship Archive(UBRISA)
UB: Research PublicationsAvailability Institutional Repository Archive Access to information International VISIBILTY and Impact Marketing Capabality Capacity Etc. University of Botswna Research, Innovation & Scholarship Archive (UBRISA) (http://ubrisa.ub.bw)
UBRISA Impact UB visibility Access to UB research outputs Statistics on use/access (hits) of UB research outputs Source of UB research for official purposes Collections/communities to attract more collaborations and partnerships Outputs from ongoing research work ETC
RMS & UBRISA Online Systems Research Information Funding data Research Data Analysis Research Information access University research outputs stored and accessible Researcher outputs monitoring University research visibility enhanced Overall research output in pursuit of institutional goals – eg. Excellence tracked!
Own UB Content: Journals, etc. Figure 5
Other Strategic Links: PMS UB Vision: Strategy For Excellence Figure 6 University Research Strategy Research Management UBRISA System PMS Source: Sekhwela, 2009