A Perspective on Natural Hazard Resilience in Iranian CitiesDavid Alexander...
The rosebud and the soulWrite mysteries on their margins,Fold by fold,Stay closed,And wait.Hafez Shirazi
BENIGN (healthy) at the service of the peopleIDEOLOGY interplay dialectic CULTURE MA...
Aspects ofpreparedness in Iran
Earthquake preparedness information campaigns
Seismic monitoring
Civil protectionand emergency response
Emergency planning
Critical infrastructure protection
The complexity and diversity ofIranian urban environments presentsa challenge to disaster risk reduction
Tehran• 8-16 million inhabitants• three fault systems: mag. 6.9-7.1• last major quake 1840: seismic gap?• 50% building sto...
Elements of vulnerability and resilience of ...
Islamic architecture and dynamic hazards • domes and vaults: heavy and rigid • arches: shallow and round-headed • minarets...
Mitigating factors in Iran• widespread use of acute arch (stress distribution more contained)• high quality of masonry an...
An unknown quantity...
Problems ofEnvironmental Protection
Where theres no sign of hope in the desertSo much hope still lives inside despairHeart, dont kill that hope,Even willows b...
Kheyli mamnoon va khoda hafez! david.alexander@ucl.ac.ukemergency-planning.blogspot.comwww.slideshare.net/dealex...
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran
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Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran

Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Education      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - Natural Hazard Resilience in Iran

  • 1. A Perspective on Natural Hazard Resilience in Iranian CitiesDavid AlexanderUniversity College London
  • 2. The rosebud and the soulWrite mysteries on their margins,Fold by fold,Stay closed,And wait.Hafez Shirazi
  • 3. BENIGN (healthy) at the service of the peopleIDEOLOGY interplay dialectic CULTURE MALIGN (corrupt) at the service of vested interestsJustification Development [spiritual, cultural, political, economic]
  • 4. Aspects ofpreparedness in Iran
  • 5. Earthquake preparedness information campaigns
  • 6. Seismic monitoring
  • 7. Civil protectionand emergency response
  • 8. Emergency planning
  • 9. Critical infrastructure protection
  • 10. The complexity and diversity ofIranian urban environments presentsa challenge to disaster risk reduction
  • 11. Tehran• 8-16 million inhabitants• three fault systems: mag. 6.9-7.1• last major quake 1840: seismic gap?• 50% building stock not antiseismic• predicted 400,000 deaths.
  • 12. Elements of vulnerability and resilience of historic buildings in IranContrasting Sinān with Bahā al-dīn al-Āmilī
  • 13. Islamic architecture and dynamic hazards • domes and vaults: heavy and rigid • arches: shallow and round-headed • minarets: tall, slender and fragile = rigidity, spreading stress distribution, high centre of mass.
  • 14. Mitigating factors in Iran• widespread use of acute arch (stress distribution more contained)• high quality of masonry and design• use of flexible, energy- absorbing wooden spacers.
  • 15. An unknown quantity...
  • 16. Problems ofEnvironmental Protection
  • 17. Where theres no sign of hope in the desertSo much hope still lives inside despairHeart, dont kill that hope,Even willows bear sweet fruitIn the garden of the soul.Maulana (Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī)Kolliyat-e-Shams-e-Tabrizi
  • 18. Kheyli mamnoon va khoda hafez! david.alexander@ucl.ac.ukemergency-planning.blogspot.comwww.slideshare.net/dealexander