National Forum
on the
State of the Ugandan Child
September 9, 2015
Population Statistics
Total population 34.9 million
• 18% of the population is under 5 years of age, 35% under 10, 49%
und...
Social Protection Indicators
GOU MoGLSD Budget
Budget in real terms:
– 40.4 billion Ugs 2012-13
– 41.7 billion Ugs in 2013-14
– 60.7 billion Ugs in 201...
8.1
43
45
3.9
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
Critically Vulnerable
Moderately Vulnerable
Generally Vulnerable
Not Vulnerab...
20.6
70.4
27
91.2
32.7
73.7
40.5
94.3
0 20 40 60 80 100
Extreme vulnerability
Individual
Household
Community
Adolescent Gi...
77.7
74.3
46
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
Sexual abuse
Physical abuse & corporal punishment
Emotional abuse & bullying
Sch...
11.5
13.4
14.6
12.3
11.3
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
1999/00 2002/03 2005/06 2009/10 2012/13
Percentage of Orphanhood in Uganda
5.9
54.4
33.7
6
4.9
56.5
33.1
5.4
0 10 20 30 40 50 60
Work
School only
School & Work
Neither School nor Work
Activities of...
The Girl Child
 Sexual violence is most experienced by girls
 Helping at home and affordability affect the girl child’s
...
Health Indicators
GOU Health Budget
• 940 Billion Ush in 2013-2014
• 1.2 Trillion Ush in 2014-2015
• 963 Billion Ush proposed for 2015-2016
4.9
9.8
11.0
12.1
10.7 10.5
7.7
5.5
2.1
4.0
9.1
11.0
11.3
10.2
6.5
5.8
0.0
2.0
4.0
6.0
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
15-24 25-29 30-3...
30.6
30.3
29.7
26.4
25.6
23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
East Central
Eastern
Karamoja
West Nile
North
Adolescent Pregnancy
Nat...
40.0 40.4 40.5
30.3
36.7 36.9
35.6
25.7
0.0
10.0
20.0
30.0
40.0
50.0
1995 2000 2006 2011
Percentage of Children Under 5 Ye...
The Girl Child
• Higher HIV prevalence rate among adolescents years
• 25% National average for adolescent pregnancies
• Gi...
Education
Education Statistics
• The Primary Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) is 95.5%
(95.1% m; 95.9% f)
• Despite universal secondary edu...
GOU Education Budget
• Percentage share of the national budget has been
declining from 17% in 2012/13, to 13.3% in 2013/14...
The Status of Reading in Uganda
21
UWEZO 2012: Only 1 in 10 P3 learners can read a P2 level text
NAPE 2012: Only 5 in 10 U...
33
35
37
44 44 44
55
58
47
52
54
36
38
40
47 47
45
57 57
49
56 56
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013
% P...
1.5
4.6
7.6
11.6
2.4
3.6
0.2
6.7
0.4 0.4 0.9
2.8
0
5
10
15
WordsPerMinute
Baseline Findings: P3 Local Language Oral Readin...
Language differences in reading…..mirror underlying inequities
24
Individual and school level indicators associated with s...
21
27 28 27 27 27
29 30
32
30 3022
29 30 29 28 28 28 29
31 30 30
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2...
41.6
15.7
17.5
4.7
2.9
3.3
2.2
1.5
11
Lack of interest
Search for job
School transfer
Parental decision
Marriage
Expensive...
17
70.2
4.5
7.1
1.3
14.8
70.2
4.4
8.8
1.9
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
Incomplete P1 & below
Incomplete Primary
Complete Prim...
The Girl Child
• Lower competency in literacy at P3
• Lower competency in numeracy at P3 & P6
• Pregnancy and marriage maj...
Summary of Demographics
– 20% of females and 13% of males over six never had any formal
education
– 32% make it to lower s...
Why invest in Children
• Rates of return on investments made during the
primary years average between 7 and 10 percent,
gr...
The Uganda Child Forum
It is a national movement to improve the wellbeing of boys
and girls in Education, Health and Socia...
The girl child:
Address practices, cultural,
traditional and gender norms that
negatively affect girls
Create an environ...
Social protection:
Reduction of violence against
children in all its forms (physical,
sexual and emotional)
Reduction of...
Health:
Reduction of adolescent
HIV & AIDs and teenage
pregnancy
Reduction of stunting and
improved nutrition
Education:
Improve the quality of
education and reading skills
Reduction of dropout rates
and school-based, gender-
base...
Illustrative National Targets
– Reduce the number of children not reaching
age-appropriate growth and developmental
milest...
Thank you
of 36

National Forum on the State of the Ugandan Child

Presentation for the National Forum on the State of the Ugandan Child
Published on: Mar 3, 2016
Published in: Health & Medicine      
Source: www.slideshare.net


Transcripts - National Forum on the State of the Ugandan Child

  • 1. National Forum on the State of the Ugandan Child September 9, 2015
  • 2. Population Statistics Total population 34.9 million • 18% of the population is under 5 years of age, 35% under 10, 49% under 15 and 60% under 20 • Primary School Age population (6-12 years) is 8.2 million (23.5%) • Secondary School Age population (13-18 years) is 4.3 million
  • 3. Social Protection Indicators
  • 4. GOU MoGLSD Budget Budget in real terms: – 40.4 billion Ugs 2012-13 – 41.7 billion Ugs in 2013-14 – 60.7 billion Ugs in 2014-15 – 69.3 billion Ugs in 2015-16 On average this sector received 0.4% of the national budget
  • 5. 8.1 43 45 3.9 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Critically Vulnerable Moderately Vulnerable Generally Vulnerable Not Vulnerable Child Vulnerability (%)
  • 6. 20.6 70.4 27 91.2 32.7 73.7 40.5 94.3 0 20 40 60 80 100 Extreme vulnerability Individual Household Community Adolescent Girls Vulnerability Rate 2006 2011
  • 7. 77.7 74.3 46 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Sexual abuse Physical abuse & corporal punishment Emotional abuse & bullying School Based Child Violence (%)
  • 8. 11.5 13.4 14.6 12.3 11.3 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 1999/00 2002/03 2005/06 2009/10 2012/13 Percentage of Orphanhood in Uganda
  • 9. 5.9 54.4 33.7 6 4.9 56.5 33.1 5.4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 Work School only School & Work Neither School nor Work Activities of Children Aged 6-17 Female Male
  • 10. The Girl Child  Sexual violence is most experienced by girls  Helping at home and affordability affect the girl child’s school attendance  High vulnerability rates at the community and individual level for adolescent girls
  • 11. Health Indicators
  • 12. GOU Health Budget • 940 Billion Ush in 2013-2014 • 1.2 Trillion Ush in 2014-2015 • 963 Billion Ush proposed for 2015-2016
  • 13. 4.9 9.8 11.0 12.1 10.7 10.5 7.7 5.5 2.1 4.0 9.1 11.0 11.3 10.2 6.5 5.8 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 14.0 15-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 Age Group HIV Prevalence by Sex and Age - AIS 2011 Female Male
  • 14. 30.6 30.3 29.7 26.4 25.6 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 East Central Eastern Karamoja West Nile North Adolescent Pregnancy National Average - 24.8 %
  • 15. 40.0 40.4 40.5 30.3 36.7 36.9 35.6 25.7 0.0 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 1995 2000 2006 2011 Percentage of Children Under 5 Years Stunting Male Female
  • 16. The Girl Child • Higher HIV prevalence rate among adolescents years • 25% National average for adolescent pregnancies • Girls orphaned by HIV/AIDS more likely to engage in transactional sex, especially if burdened by poverty • Girls who have never attended school are 50% more likely to be sexually active and 53% more likely to be married.
  • 17. Education
  • 18. Education Statistics • The Primary Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) is 95.5% (95.1% m; 95.9% f) • Despite universal secondary education, only 32% of children make it to lower secondary and only 12% complete the full secondary cycle • 20% of females and 13% of males over age six have never had any formal education
  • 19. GOU Education Budget • Percentage share of the national budget has been declining from 17% in 2012/13, to 13.3% in 2013/14 and 11.2% in 2014/15 • In real terms, budget has changed from Ugs 1.66 trillion, to Ugs 1.76 trillion and Ugs 1.69 trillion respectively • Education expenditures are 3.3% of GDP (2012)
  • 20. The Status of Reading in Uganda 21 UWEZO 2012: Only 1 in 10 P3 learners can read a P2 level text NAPE 2012: Only 5 in 10 Ugandan P3 learners proficient in Reading
  • 21. 33 35 37 44 44 44 55 58 47 52 54 36 38 40 47 47 45 57 57 49 56 56 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 % Pupils reaching a level of competency in literacy at P3 Male Female 20 26 32 33 48 48 48 50 42 40 39 20 24 28 34 51 48 48 51 41 42 40 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 % Pupils reaching a level of competency in literacy at P6 Male Female
  • 22. 1.5 4.6 7.6 11.6 2.4 3.6 0.2 6.7 0.4 0.4 0.9 2.8 0 5 10 15 WordsPerMinute Baseline Findings: P3 Local Language Oral Reading Fluency In School Health and Reading Program schools * *Baselinefor Cluster 1 languages (Ateso, Leblango, Luganda and Runyankore-Rukiga) collected February/March,2013. Baselinefor Cluster 2 langauges (LebAcoli,Lugbarati, Lumasasba,and Runyoro-Rutooro) collected February/March,2014 Baselinefor Cluster 3 languages (Lhukonzo, Lugwere, Lusoga, Ŋarimojongcollected in February/March,2015. 23
  • 23. Language differences in reading…..mirror underlying inequities 24 Individual and school level indicators associated with school performance Ateso Leblango Luganda Runyankore- Rukiga % of learners wearing shoes 10 14 56 25 % of learners attending preschool 21 45 81 53 Ate breakfast before school 7 26 71 31 Does anyone read to you at home? 36 43 65 61 School has functioning electricity 9 12 35 7 Average class size (enrollment records) 117 122 40 63
  • 24. 21 27 28 27 27 27 29 30 32 30 3022 29 30 29 28 28 28 29 31 30 30 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 Primary 7 Survival Rate (%) Boys Girls
  • 25. 41.6 15.7 17.5 4.7 2.9 3.3 2.2 1.5 11 Lack of interest Search for job School transfer Parental decision Marriage Expensive Orphanhood Harassment at home Other Reasons for Boys (6 -15 years) Leaving School (%) 12.6 1.6 13.6 5.7 31.2 2.8 20.5 1.3 10.7 Lack of interest Search for job School transfer Parental decision Marriage Expensive Pregnancies Tradition Other Reasons for Girls (6 -15 years) Leaving School (%)
  • 26. 17 70.2 4.5 7.1 1.3 14.8 70.2 4.4 8.8 1.9 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 Incomplete P1 & below Incomplete Primary Complete Primary Incompete Secondary & Higher Not Stated Education Attainment for Children Aged 6-17 Years Female Male
  • 27. The Girl Child • Lower competency in literacy at P3 • Lower competency in numeracy at P3 & P6 • Pregnancy and marriage major causes of leaving primary school • Low survival rates for boys and girls
  • 28. Summary of Demographics – 20% of females and 13% of males over six never had any formal education – 32% make it to lower secondary and only 12% complete secondary cycle – 62% of those living in poverty are children – One in 19 children die before their first birthday; one in 11 die before their fifth birthday – 33% of children under 5 are stunted – 78% of children disclosed sexual abuse at school – Fertility rate is 6.9 – HIV prevalence 7.3 • We know that there are too many child headed households • Too many teenage pregnancies • Too many children are orphaned due to HIV/AIDS
  • 29. Why invest in Children • Rates of return on investments made during the primary years average between 7 and 10 percent, greater returns than investments made at any other time in the life cycle. • Average social rate of return from completing primary education in low-income countries is 21 percent, estimated returns from secondary (16 percent) and tertiary education (11 percent) • Global data show that the single greatest predictor of improved well-being in a household is the mother’s education level
  • 30. The Uganda Child Forum It is a national movement to improve the wellbeing of boys and girls in Education, Health and Social protection. The movement is grounded on data and best practices and implemented through an agreed upon National Action Plan with achievable and measurable targets.
  • 31. The girl child: Address practices, cultural, traditional and gender norms that negatively affect girls Create an environment that supports the growth and development of a healthy empowered girl child
  • 32. Social protection: Reduction of violence against children in all its forms (physical, sexual and emotional) Reduction of vulnerabilities including access to school and care, and child rights
  • 33. Health: Reduction of adolescent HIV & AIDs and teenage pregnancy Reduction of stunting and improved nutrition
  • 34. Education: Improve the quality of education and reading skills Reduction of dropout rates and school-based, gender- based violence
  • 35. Illustrative National Targets – Reduce the number of children not reaching age-appropriate growth and developmental milestones by 40% by 2017. – Reduce the number of children experiencing violence in schools by 80% by 2017. – Increase survival rates to primary 7 by 50% – Reduce Teen Pregnancies by 60% and Child Marriages by 50%
  • 36. Thank you

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